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  • Dr. Louis Schwab (1850 - 1926)
    Mayor of Cincinnati, Physician. Born in Cincinnati, Ohio, he was elected as Mayor and served from 1910 to 1911. He studied medicine, received his pharmacist's license in 1874, and earned his M.D. from ...
  • Thomas Marshall Duke (1795 - 1867)
    Thomas Marshall Duke, the first constitutional alcalde of Austin's colony and one of Stephen F. Austin's Old Three Hundred colonists, the son of Dr. Basil and Charlotte (Marshall) Duke, was born at Lex...
  • Richard M. Dudley (1862 - 1925)
    Richard M. Dudley, engineer and El Paso mayor, was born near Waco, Kentucky, on January 1, 1862, the son of a Baptist clergyman. He helped build the New York harbor and later directed construction of t...
  • John Newton Doyle (1838 - 1895)
    John Newton Doyle, physician, Confederate surgeon, Texas state representative, farmer, and stock raiser, was born in Pickens District (later Oconee County), South Carolina, on November 27, 1838, the so...
  • Benjamin Shacklett Dowell (1818 - 1880)
    Benjamin Shacklett (Uncle Ben) Dowell, pioneer settler and first mayor of El Paso, son of James Board and Barbara (Shacklett) Dowell, was born in Meade County, Kentucky, on November 30, 1818. He served...

The mayor is the leader in most United States municipalities (such as cities, townships, etc.). In the United States, there are several distinct types of mayors, depending on the system of local government. Under council-manager government, the mayor is a first among equals on the city council, which acts as a legislative body while executive functions are performed by the appointed manager. The mayor may chair the city council, but lacks any special legislative powers. The mayor and city council serve part-time, with day-to-day administration in the hands of a professional city manager. The system is most common among medium-sized cities from around 25,000 to several hundred thousand, usually rural and suburban municipalities.

In the second form, known as mayor-council government, the mayoralty and city council are separate offices. Under a strong mayor system, the mayor acts as an elected executive with the city council exercising legislative powers. They may select a chief administrative officer to oversee the different departments. This is the system used in most of the United States' large cities, primarily because mayors serve full-time and have a wide range of services that they oversee. In a weak mayor or ceremonial mayor system, the mayor has appointing power for department heads but is subject to checks by the city council, sharing both executive and legislative duties with the council. This is common for smaller cities, especially in New England. Charlotte, North Carolina and Minneapolis, Minnesota are two notable large cities with a ceremonial mayor.

Many American mayors are styled "His/Her Honor" while in office.