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  • John J. Allen Jr., U.S. Congress (1899 - 1995)
    John Joseph Allen, Jr., a Representative from California; born in Oakland, Alameda County, Calif., November 27, 1899; attended the public schools; while a student in college enlisted during the First...
  • Joshua G. Newbold, Governor (1830 - 1903)
    Joshua G. Newbold (May 12, 1830, Fayette County, Pennsylvania – June 10, 1903, Mount Pleasant, Iowa) was the tenth Governor of Iowa. Early life Newbold grew up in a Quaker family in Pennsylvania....
  • Wilhelmina Morgan (1843 - 1910)
    Wilhelmina Morgan (Yoast) (1843-1910) was active in many social and political organizations, working for woman suffrage and prohibition, and was elected mayor of Cottonwood Falls, Kansas in 1885 on a p...
  • James Armstrong Troutman (1853 - 1926)
    James Armstrong Troutman (1 December 1853 – 25 December 1926) was an American politician. Between 1895 and 1897 he served as Lieutenant Governor of Kansas. Life James Troutman was born in Fulto...
  • Warren Wesley Finney (1874 - 1935)
    Son of Hellen McConnell and David Finney. When Mr. Finney was 16, he enrolled in the prep class at Washburn Academy, a Congregational institution in Topeka, KS. The following year he was admitted to ...

The mayor is the leader in most United States municipalities (such as cities, townships, etc.). In the United States, there are several distinct types of mayors, depending on the system of local government. Under council-manager government, the mayor is a first among equals on the city council, which acts as a legislative body while executive functions are performed by the appointed manager. The mayor may chair the city council, but lacks any special legislative powers. The mayor and city council serve part-time, with day-to-day administration in the hands of a professional city manager. The system is most common among medium-sized cities from around 25,000 to several hundred thousand, usually rural and suburban municipalities.

In the second form, known as mayor-council government, the mayoralty and city council are separate offices. Under a strong mayor system, the mayor acts as an elected executive with the city council exercising legislative powers. They may select a chief administrative officer to oversee the different departments. This is the system used in most of the United States' large cities, primarily because mayors serve full-time and have a wide range of services that they oversee. In a weak mayor or ceremonial mayor system, the mayor has appointing power for department heads but is subject to checks by the city council, sharing both executive and legislative duties with the council. This is common for smaller cities, especially in New England. Charlotte, North Carolina and Minneapolis, Minnesota are two notable large cities with a ceremonial mayor.

Many American mayors are styled "His/Her Honor" while in office.