Erzsébet KUN / of the Kumans (Of Cumenia), Queen consort (1239 - 1290) MP

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Nicknames: "Elizabeth of Bosnia. Erzsebet of the Kumans", "Elisabeth Princess of The Kumans", "Erzsébet", "Princesa de los Coumanos of Bosnia", "Ержибет Куманска", "Елизабет Куманката"
Birthplace: Cumania
Death: Died in Hungary
Occupation: Queen consort of Stephen V of Hungary, куманка
Managed by: Jason Scott Wills
Last Updated:

About Erzsébet KUN / of the Kumans (Of Cumenia), Queen consort

Wikipedia

  • Magyar / Hungarian

Kun Erzsébet magyar királyné

  • English

Elizabeth the Cuman

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http://homepages.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~cousin/html/p405.htm#i5409

Erzsebet of the Kumans

b. 1240, d. after 1290

Erzsebet of the Kumans|b. 1240\nd. a 1290|p405.htm#i5409|Kuthen, Kahn of the Polowets|b. 1214\nd. 1241|p392.htm#i5410|N. N. of Galicia||p198.htm#i22328|||||||Mstislav U. M., Prince of Novgorod and Galicia|b. c 1153\nd. 1228|p389.htm#i22330|N. N. of the Polovets||p198.htm#i22331|

Father Kuthen, Kahn of the Polowets1,2 b. 1214, d. 1241

Mother N. N. of Galicia3

    Also called Elizabeth of Bosnia. Erzsebet of the Kumans was born in 1240. She was the daughter of Kuthen, Kahn of the Polowets and N. N. of Galicia.1,2,3 Erzsebet of the Kumans married István V, Király Magyarország, son of Béla IV, Király Magyarország and Maria Laskarina, in 1255; His father had him married for political reasons. "In the interests of protecting Christianity," Bela advised the Pope, "we married our first born son to a Cuman girl... to secure the possibility of converting these people to Christianity."4,1 Erzsebet of the Kumans died after 1290.

Family

István V, Király Magyarország b. 18 October 1239, d. 6 August 1272

Children

   * Erzsébet, Hercegnõ Magyarország b. 1255, d. bt 1313 - 13261
   * Katalina, Hercegnõ Magyarország+ b. c 12561
   * Mária, Hercegnõ Magyarország+ b. 1258, d. 25 Mar 13234,1,5
   * Anna, Hercegnõ Magyarország b. c 1260, d. c 12814,1
   * László IV "the Cuman", Király Magyarország b. 1262, d. 10 Jul 12904,1
   * András, Herceg of Slovenia b. 1268, d. 12781

http://www.infoplease.com/ce6/society/A0814241.html

Cumans or Kumans (both: kOO'mänz) [key], nomadic East Turkic people, identified with the Kipchaks (or the western branch of the Kipchaks) and known in Russian as Polovtsi. Coming from NW Asian Russia, they conquered S Russia and Walachia in the 11th cent., and for almost two centuries warred intermittently with the Byzantine Empire, Hungary, and Kiev. They founded a nomadic state in the steppes along the Black Sea, and were active in commerce with Central Asia and Venice. In the early 12th cent. the main Cuman forces were defeated by the Eastern Slavs. The Mongols decisively defeated the Cumans c.1245. Some were sold as slaves, and many took refuge in Bulgaria and also in Hungary, where they were gradually assimilated into the Hungarian culture. Others joined the khanate of the Golden Horde (also called the Western Kipchaks), which was organized on the former Cuman territory in Russia.

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Wikipedia:

http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elisabeth_von_Cumania

Elisabeth von Cumania

aus Wikipedia, der freien Enzyklopädie

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Elisabeth von Cumania (* 1240; † 1290) war Königin von Ungarn.

Sie wurde als Tochter von Kuthen (* 1214), Khan von Cumania (Häuptling der Kyptschaken), und dessen Gemahlin, einer Prinzessin Halitsch, geboren.

Im Jahre 1253 wurde sie erst 13-jährig mit dem nur um ein Jahr älteren Stephan aus dem Haus der Arpaden, den späteren Stephan V., König von Ungarn, Kroatien, Dalmatien und Rama, verheiratet. Die Ehe wurde von Stephan's Vater, König Béla IV. arrangiert und sollte die Beziehungen zu dem heidnischen Volk der Kyptschaken verbessern. Elisabeth wurde vor der Ehe katholisch getauft, das Paar galt jedoch trotzdem als halb-heidnisch.

Das Paar hatte drei Kinder. Stephan betrieb eine intensive und kluge Heiratspolitik und verheiratete seine beiden Töchter mit dem Haus Anjou und dem byzantinischen Kaiserhaus.

König Stephan regierte nur zwei Jahre und verstarb im Jahre 1272 im Alter von erst 33 Jahren. Königin Elsiabeth überlebte ihn um 18 Jahre und wurde an seiner Seite im Dominikanerkloster Csepel in Budapest beigesetzt.

Nachkommen [Bearbeiten]

   * Maria (* 1258; † 1323), ∞ Karl II. von Anjou, König von Neapel (* 1254; † 1309)
   * Anna (* 1260; † 1331/32), ∞ Andronikos II. Palaiologos, Kaiser von Byzanz (* 1259/60; † 1332)
   * Ladislaus IV., König von Ungarn, Kroatien und Dalmatien (* 1262; † 1290)

Literatur [Bearbeiten]

   * Brigitte Sokop: Stammtafeln europäischer Herrscherhäuser. 3. Aufl. Wien 1993.

Vorgängerin

Maria Laskaris von Nicäa

Königin von Ungarn

1270-1272 Nachfolgerin

Elisabeth von Sizilien

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Elizabeth the Cuman

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Elizabeth the Cuman was the Queen consort of Stephen V of Hungary.

She was born c. 1239/40, a daughter of Kuthen, leader of the Kun (or Kuni) clan of Cumans and his Russian wife, Galicie of Halicz. The Cumans were the western tribes of the Kipchaks. The Kipchaks were a confederation of Turkic peoples who spoke the Kipchak language. Her people followed a Shamanist religion and were considered Pagans by their contemporary Christians of Europe.

In 1238, Kuthen led the Kuni and a number of other clans in invading the Kingdom of Hungary while fleeing from the advancing hordes of the Mongol Empire. In time, Béla IV of Hungary negotiated an alliance with Kuthen and his people, granting them asylum in exchange for their conversion to the Roman Catholic Church and loyalty to the King.

The agreement was eventually sealed with the betrothal of Elizabeth to Stephen, oldest son Béla IV. The agreement seems to have occurred while Stephen was an infant. Elizabeth is considered unlikely to have been older than her future husband. In 1241, the Mongol invasion of Europe under the leadership of Batu Khan and Subutai begun with Hungary among its primary targets. Kuthen was assassinated by Hungarian nobles fearing he could lead a defection to the other side.

Béla IV and the Hungarian forces suffered a crushing defeat at the Battle of Mohi (11 April 1241). The King fled to the Duchy of Austria while Batu Khan and Subutai tried to set up the Mongol occupation of Hungary until the end of 1242. However news eventually reached them that their overlord Ögedei Khan, Khagan of the Mongol Empire, had died in 1241. His widow Töregene Khatun was serving as regent until a successor could be elected in a Kurultai. Batu decided to return to Karakorum for the Kurultai. He called off the invasion and Mongol troops were withdrawn from most of Europe, in the process evacuating Hungary.

[edit]Princess of Hungary

Béla IV returned from Austria following the Mongol evacuation. Upon his return to power, Béla began rebuilding his country, including a massive construction campaign which produced the system of castles as a defense against the threat of a Mongol return.

Kuthen was deceased but the betrothal was still in effect. Elizabeth was converted to Roman Catholicism in preparation of her marriage. The marriage of Stephen and Elizabeth occurred in 1253. The groom was twelve-years-old and the bride close in age to him.

In 1262, Stephen convinced his father to give him twenty-nine counties as a reward of assistance in the war against Ottokar II of Bohemia. He was crowned junior co-ruler and in practice ruled his regions as a separate kingdom, setting up his own capital and adopting foreign policies directly contrary to those of his father. Elizabeth was now his Queen.

[edit]Queen consort

Béla IV died on 3 May 1270. Stephen succeeded him as senior King. Among his successes were the conclusion of the war against Ottokar II of Bohemia. According to the Peace of Pressburg (2 July 1271, Stephen renounced his claims on parts of present-day Austria and Slovenia while Ottokar renounced his claims on territories of Hungary briefly conquered by him during the war.

Stephen died on 6 August 1272. Elizabeth became Regent for their ten-year-old son Ladislaus IV of Hungary. Her regency lasted until 1277 and saw palace revolutions and civil wars.

Her upbringing of her son would cause further problems for his reign. Ladislaus favored the society of the "semi-pagan" Cumans, from whom he was descended through his mother. He wore Cuman dress as his court wear, surrounded himself with Cuman concubines and thus alienated the Hungarian nobility. His later attempts to regain Hungarian loyalty instead alienated parts of the Cumans. He was murdered in his tent by Cumans while camped in Bihar county on 10 July 1290.

By that time Elizabeth herself seems to have also been deceased. There is no mention of her in the reign of his successor Andrew III of Hungary.There is a tradition that she died in the year 1290.

Children

She and her husband Stephen V of Hungary were parents to six known children:

Elizabeth of Hungary (c. 1255 - 1313). Married firstly Zavis Vítkovci, Lord of Rosenberg, Skalitz and Falkenstein. Married secondly Stefan Uroš II Milutin of Serbia.

Catherine of Hungary (c. 1256 - after 1314). Married Stefan Dragutin of Serbia.

Maria of Hungary (c. 1257 - 25 March 1323). Married Charles II of Naples.

Anna of Hungary (c. 1260 - 1281). Married Andronikos II Palaiologos.

Ladislaus IV of Hungary (August, 1262 - 10 July 1290).

András, Duke of Slavonia (1268 - 1278).

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Elizabeth the Cuman was the Queen consort of Stephen V of Hungary.

She was born c. 1239/40, a daughter of Kuthen, leader of the Kun (or Kuni) clan of Cumans and his Russian wife, Galicie of Halicz. The Cumans were the western tribes of the Kipchaks. The Kipchaks were a confederation of Turkic peoples who spoke the Kipchak language. Her people followed a Shamanist religion and were considered Pagans by their contemporary Christians of Europe.

She and her husband Stephen V of Hungary were parents to six known children:

Elizabeth of Hungary (c. 1255 - 1313). Married firstly Zavis Vítkovci, Lord of Rosenberg, Skalitz and Falkenstein. Married secondly Stefan Uroš II Milutin of Serbia.

Catherine of Hungary (c. 1256 - after 1314). Married Stefan Dragutin of Serbia.

Maria of Hungary (c. 1257 - 25 March 1323). Married Charles II of Naples.

Anna of Hungary (c. 1260 - 1281). Married Andronikos II Palaiologos.

Ladislaus IV of Hungary (August, 1262 - 10 July 1290).

András, Duke of Slavonia (1268 - 1278).

--------------------

She was born c. 1239/40, a daughter of Kuthen, leader of the Kun (or Kuni) clan of Cumans and his Russian wife, Galicie of Halicz. The Cumans were the western tribes of the Kipchaks. The Kipchaks were a confederation of Turkic peoples who spoke the Kipchak language. Her people followed a Shamanist religion and were considered Pagans by their contemporary Christians of Europe.

In 1238, Kuthen led the Kuni and a number of other clans in invading the Kingdom of Hungary while fleeing from the advancing hordes of the Mongol Empire. In time, Béla IV of Hungary negotiated an alliance with Kuthen and his people, granting them asylum in exchange for their conversion to the Roman Catholic Church and loyalty to the King.

The agreement was eventually sealed with the betrothal of Elizabeth to Stephen, oldest son Béla IV. The agreement seems to have occurred while Stephen was an infant. Elizabeth is considered unlikely to have been older than her future husband. In 1241, the Mongol invasion of Europe under the leadership of Batu Khan and Subutai begun with Hungary among its primary targets. Kuthen was assassinated by Hungarian nobles fearing he could lead a defection to the other side.

Béla IV and the Hungarian forces suffered a crushing defeat at the Battle of Mohi (11 April 1241). The King fled to the Duchy of Austria while Batu Khan and Subutai tried to set up the Mongol occupation of Hungary until the end of 1242. However news eventually reached them that their overlord Ögedei Khan, Khagan of the Mongol Empire, had died in 1241. His widow Töregene Khatun was serving as regent until a successor could be elected in a Kurultai. Batu decided to return to Karakorum for the Kurultai. He called off the invasion and Mongol troops were withdrawn from most of Europe, in the process evacuating Hungary.

--------------------

Elizabeth the Cuman was the Queen consort of Stephen V of Hungary.

She was born c. 1239/40, a daughter of Kuthen, leader of the Kun (or Kuni) clan of Cumans and his Russian wife, Galicie of Halicz. The Cumans were the western tribes of the Kipchaks. The Kipchaks were a confederation of Turkic peoples who spoke the Kipchak language. Her people followed a Shamanist religion and were considered Pagans by their contemporary Christians of Europe.

She and her husband Stephen V of Hungary were parents to six known children:

Elizabeth of Hungary (c. 1255 - 1313). Married firstly Zavis Vítkovci, Lord of Rosenberg, Skalitz and Falkenstein. Married secondly Stefan Uroš II Milutin of Serbia.

Catherine of Hungary (c. 1256 - after 1314). Married Stefan Dragutin of Serbia.

Maria of Hungary (c. 1257 - 25 March 1323). Married Charles II of Naples.

Anna of Hungary (c. 1260 - 1281). Married Andronikos II Palaiologos.

Ladislaus IV of Hungary (August, 1262 - 10 July 1290).

András, Duke of Slavonia (1268 - 1278).

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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elizabeth_the_Cuman

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KUN Erzsébet of the Kumans, Queen consort of Hungary's Timeline

1239
1239
Cumania
1255
June 1255
Age 16
1255
Age 16
Buda, Pest, Hungary
1257
1257
Age 18
Buda (present part of Budapest), Hungary
1260
1260
Age 21
Buda, Pest, Hungary
1261
1261
Age 22
Of, Buda, Pest, Hungary
1262
August 5, 1262
Age 23
Buda, Pest, Hungary
1266
1266
Age 27
Hungary
1268
1268
Age 29
Buda, Pest, Hungary
1270
1270
Age 31
Of,Buda,Pest,Hungary