Margaretha de Hainault (1311 - 1356) MP

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Nicknames: "Margaretha Countess /Hainaut/", "van Holland", "Margarethe d'Avesnes", "von Avesnes", "Margaretha van Henegouwen"
Birthplace: Le Quesnoy, Nord, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France
Death: Died in Le Quesnoy, Nord, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France
Occupation: Countess of Hainaut and Countess of Holland, Countess of Hainaut
Managed by: Timothy Alan Davis
Last Updated:

About Margaretha de Hainault

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Margaret_II,_Countess_of_Hainault

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Margaret II, Countess of Hainault

Margaret II of Avesnes (1311 – June 23, 1356) was Countess of Hainaut and Countess of Holland (as Margaret I) from 1345 to 1356. Margaret was the daughter of William I, Count of Hainaut and his wife, Jeanne of Valois. On 26 February 1324 in Cologne she married Emperor Louis IV the Bavarian.

She succeeded in 1345 her brother William IV following his death in battle: The emperor was conferring Hainaut, Holland, Zeeland and Friesland upon his wife, and shortly later also upon their son William V. The hereditary titles of Margaret's sisters, including Philippa of Hainaut who was Queen consort of Edward III of England, were ignored. Due to the dangerous hostility of the House of Luxemburg Louis had increased his power base ruthlessly. Margaret then returned to Holland in 1346 to secure her position of power but did not manage to prevent the coronation of the Luxemburg Charles IV as anti-king in Aix-la-Chapelle by force.

When Louis IV died on October 11, 1347, he was succeeded by his six sons. In 1349 the brothers decided to partition their possessions; Louis V, Duke of Bavaria kept Brandenburg and Tyrol, he and his younger brothers Louis VI the Roman and Otto V the Bavarian received Upper Bavaria. Stephen II, William and Albert received Lower Bavaria, Holland and Hainaut. Louis V and Stephen were no sons of Margaret and her youngest sons Albert and Otto were still minors. Louis VI released Holland and Hainaut for his brothers William and Albert in 1349 since he expected the Polish crown by his marriage with Cunigunde of Poland. In 1353 also Stephen released Holland and Hainault to his brother William.

Also Margaret had resigned her sovereignty in favour of her son William. In 1350, the nobles of Holland asked Margaret to return to Holland again. She then battled for the power in Holland and Hainaut for some years with her son William who had refussed to pay her alimony. The Cod league was formed in May 23, 1350 by a number of supporters of William. On September 5 of the same year, the Hook league was formed. Soon afterward, these factions clashed, and a civil war began.

Edward III of England, Margaret's brother-in-law through her sister Philippa of Hainault, came to her aid, winning a naval engagement off Veere in 1351; a few weeks later the Hooks and their English allies were defeated by William and the Cods at Vlaardingen, an overthrow which ruined Margaret's cause. Edward III shortly afterwards changed sides, and the empress saw herself compelled (1354) to come to an understanding with her son, he being recognized as count of Holland and Zeeland, she of Hainaut. Margaret died two years later, leaving William, in possession of the entire Holland-Hainaut inheritance (July 1356). William was married to Matilda ("Maud" in the English style) of Lancaster, sister to Blanche of Lancaster.

In 1324 she married Louis IV, Holy Roman Emperor. Their children were:

Margarete (1325–1374), married:

in 1351 in Ofen Stephen, Duke of Slavonia (d. 1354);

1357/58 Gerlach von Hohenlohe.

Anna (c. 1326 – June 3, 1361, Fontenelles) married John I of Lower Bavaria (d. 1340)

Louis VI the Roman (1328–1365), duke of Upper Bavaria, elector of Brandenburg.

Elisabeth (1329 – August 2, 1402, Stuttgart), married with:

Cangrande II della Scala, Lord of Verona (d. 1359) in Verona on November 22, 1350;

Count Ulrich of Württemberg (d. 1388) in 1362.

William V of Holland (1330–1389), as William I duke of Lower Bavaria, as Wiliam V count of Hainaut and Holland

Agnes (Munich, 1335 – November 11, 1352, Munich)

Albert I of Holland (1336–1404), duke of Lower Bavaria, count of Hainaut and Holland

Otto V the Bavarian (1340–1379), duke of Upper Bavaria, elector of Brandenburg

Beatrix of Bavaria (1344 – December 25, 1359), married bef. October 25, 1356 Eric XII of Sweden

Louis (October 1347 – 1348)

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http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Margarethe_I._%28Holland%29

Margarethe I. (Holland)

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Margarethe von Holland[1]

Margarethe I. von Holland (* 1311; † 23. Juni 1356), auch Margarethe von Avesnes genannt, war die zweite Ehefrau Kaiser Ludwigs des Bayern, den sie am 26. Februar 1324 in Köln heiratete. Als Margarethe I. war sie Gräfin von Holland, Seeland und Friesland von 1345 bis 1354, als Margarethe II. zudem Gräfin von Hennegau von 1345 bis 1356.

Margarethe war die Tochter von Graf Wilhelm III. von Holland (Wilhelm I. von Hennegau) aus dem Haus Avesnes und seiner Frau Johanna von Valois und folgte gemeinsam mit ihrem Gemahl ihrem gefallenen Bruder Wilhelm IV. von Holland (Wilhelm II. von Hennegau) im Jahre 1345 in den niederländischen Grafschaften.

1346 kehrte Margarethe nach Holland zurück, um ihren Anspruch auf die niederländischen Grafschaften abzusichern, konnte aber die Krönung des Luxemburgers Karls IV. in Bonn nicht verhindern. Ihr Gemahl Ludwig der Bayer starb 1347 noch ehe es zur Entscheidungsschlacht der beiden Könige gekommen war. Seine Söhne regierten zunächst gemeinsam die wittelsbachischen Besitzungen, teilten ihr Erbe 1349 jedoch untereinander auf und söhnten sich 1350 mit Karl IV. aus. Magarethes zweitältester Sohn Wilhelm, von seinem Vater bereits als Mitregent vorgesehen, bekam schließlich die niederländischen Grafschaften zugesprochen, als 1349 zunächst sein Bruder Ludwig VI., später auch sein Halbbruder Stephan II. auf ihren Anspruch verzichtet hatten. Margarethe gab ihren Anspruch zu Gunsten ihres Sohnes Wilhelm ebenfalls auf. In der Folge verweigerte Wilhelm seiner Mutter jedoch den ihr zustehenden Unterhalt.

Margarethe kehrte auf Wunsch des holländischen Adels 1350 wiederum nach Holland zurück. Als Reaktion wurde am 23. Mai 1350 von Anhängern ihres Sohnes Wilhelms der Kabeljau-Bund gegründet. Am 5. September desselben Jahres entstand der Haken-Bund. Wenig später gerieten diese beiden Gruppen in Streit und ein Bürgerkrieg begann. König Eduard III. von England, Margarethes Schwager, kam ihr zu Hilfe und gewann 1351 eine Seeschlacht vor Veere. Einige Wochen später wurden die Haken und ihre englischen Verbündeten von Wilhelm und den Kabeljauen bei Vlaardingen besiegt: Eine Niederlage, die Margarethes Sache ruinierte. Denn Eduard III. wechselte daraufhin die Seiten und die Kaiserin sah sich 1354 zu einer Vereinbarung mit ihrem Sohn gezwungen: Er wurde Graf von Holland und Seeland, sie Gräfin vom Hennegau.

Wilhelm heiratete 1352 Maud of Lancaster. 1356 starb Margarethe.

Nachkommen [Bearbeiten]

Margarethe hatte mit Ludwig dem Bayern zehn Kinder.

   * Margarete (1325–1374)
  1. ∞ 1351 Stefan von Kroatien, Dalmatien und Slawonien (1332–1353), Sohn König Karl II. Robert von Ungarn aus dem Hause Anjou
  2. ∞ 1358 Gerlach von Hohenlohe († 1387)
   * Anna (1326–1361) ∞ 1339 Johann I. von Niederbayern (1329–1340)
   * Ludwig VI. der Römer (1328–1365), Herzog von Oberbayern und Kurfürst von Brandenburg
  1. ∞ 1352 Kunigunde von Polen (1334–1357)
  2. ∞ 1360 Ingeburg von Mecklenburg (1340–1395)
   * Elisabeth (1329–1402), Herrin von Verona und später Gräfin von Württemberg
  1. ∞ 1350 Cangrande II. von Verona aus dem Hause della Scala (1332–1359, ermordet)
  2. ∞ 1362 Ulrich von Württemberg (1342–1388, gefallen)
   * Wilhelm I. (1330–1388), Herzog von Niederbayern-Straubing, als Wilhelm V. auch Graf von Holland sowie als Wilhelm III. Graf von Hennegau ∞ 1352 Maud of Lancaster (1339–1362)
   * Albrecht I. (1336–1404), Herzog von Niederbayern-Straubing und Graf von Holland und Hennegau
  1. ∞ 1353 Margarete zu Brieg und Schlesien (1336–1386)
  2. ∞ 1394 Margarete von Kleve und der Mark (1375–1412)
   * Otto V. (1340–1379), Kurfürst von Brandenburg ∞ 1366 Katharina, Tochter Kaiser Karl IV.
   * Beatrix (1344–1359) ∞ 1356 Erik XII. von Schweden (1339–1359)
   * Agnes (1345–1352)
   * Ludwig (1347–1348)

Literatur [Bearbeiten]

   * Laetitia Boehm: Das Haus Wittelsbach in den Niederlanden. In: Zeitschrift für bayerische Landesgeschichte. Band 44, 1981, S. 93–130, insbesondere S. 111–115 (online). 
   * Alfons Huber, Johannes Prammer (Hrsg.): 650 Jahre Herzogtum Niederbayern-Straubing-Holland. Vortragsreihe des Historischen Vereins für Straubing und Umgebung. Historischer Verein für Straubing und Umgebung, Straubing 2005, ISBN 3-00-014600-8, S. 7–39. 
   * Dorit-Maria Krenn, Joachim Wild: „fürste in der ferne“. Das Herzogtum Niederbayern-Straubing-Holland 1353–1425. Haus der Bayerischen Geschichte, Augsburg 2003, ISBN 3-927233-86-2 (Hefte zur bayerischen Geschichte und Kultur, Band 28). 
   * Heinz Thomas: Margarethe von Holland-Hennegau. In: Neue Deutsche Biographie (NDB). Band 16. Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1990, S. 154 f.
   * Theodor Wenzelburger: Margaretha, deutsche Kaiserin. In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Band 20. Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1884, S. 317–319.
   * Joachim Wild: Holland. Die Wittelsbacher an der Nordsee (1346–1436). In: Alois Schmid, Katharina Weigand (Hrsg.): Bayern mitten in Europa. Vom Frühmittelalter bis ins 20. Jahrhundert. C. H. Beck, München 2005, ISBN 3-406-52898-8, S. 92–106. 

Anmerkungen [Bearbeiten]

  1. ↑ Aus Michiel Vosmeer, Principes Hollandiae et Zelandiae, Antwerpen 1578.

Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am 29. Juli 2010 um 21:51 Uhr geändert.

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Margaret II, Countess of Hainault

Margaret II of Avesnes (1311 – June 23, 1356) was Countess of Hainaut and Countess of Holland (as Margaret I) from 1345 to 1356. Margaret was the daughter of William I, Count of Hainaut and his wife, Jeanne of Valois. On 26 February 1324 in Cologne she married Emperor Louis IV the Bavarian.

She succeeded in 1345 her brother William IV following his death in battle: The emperor was conferring Hainaut, Holland, Zeeland and Friesland upon his wife, and shortly later also upon their son William V. The hereditary titles of Margaret's sisters, including Philippa of Hainaut who was Queen consort of Edward III of England, were ignored. Due to the dangerous hostility of the House of Luxemburg Louis had increased his power base ruthlessly. Margaret then returned to Holland in 1346 to secure her position of power but did not manage to prevent the coronation of the Luxemburg Charles IV as anti-king in Aix-la-Chapelle by force.

When Louis IV died on October 11, 1347, he was succeeded by his six sons. In 1349 the brothers decided to partition their possessions; Louis V, Duke of Bavaria kept Brandenburg and Tyrol, he and his younger brothers Louis VI the Roman and Otto V the Bavarian received Upper Bavaria. Stephen II, William and Albert received Lower Bavaria, Holland and Hainaut. Louis V and Stephen were no sons of Margaret and her youngest sons Albert and Otto were still minors. Louis VI released Holland and Hainaut for his brothers William and Albert in 1349 since he expected the Polish crown by his marriage with Cunigunde of Poland. In 1353 also Stephen released Holland and Hainault to his brother William.

Also Margaret had resigned her sovereignty in favour of her son William. In 1350, the nobles of Holland asked Margaret to return to Holland again. She then battled for the power in Holland and Hainaut for some years with her son William who had refussed to pay her alimony. The Cod league was formed in May 23, 1350 by a number of supporters of William. On September 5 of the same year, the Hook league was formed. Soon afterward, these factions clashed, and a civil war began.

Edward III of England, Margaret's brother-in-law through her sister Philippa of Hainault, came to her aid, winning a naval engagement off Veere in 1351; a few weeks later the Hooks and their English allies were defeated by William and the Cods at Vlaardingen, an overthrow which ruined Margaret's cause. Edward III shortly afterwards changed sides, and the empress saw herself compelled (1354) to come to an understanding with her son, he being recognized as count of Holland and Zeeland, she of Hainaut. Margaret died two years later, leaving William, in possession of the entire Holland-Hainaut inheritance (July 1356). William was married to Matilda ("Maud" in the English style) of Lancaster, sister to Blanche of Lancaster.

In 1324 she married Louis IV, Holy Roman Emperor. Their children were:

Margarete (1325–1374), married:

in 1351 in Ofen Stephen, Duke of Slavonia (d. 1354);

1357/58 Gerlach von Hohenlohe.

Anna (c. 1326 – June 3, 1361, Fontenelles) married John I of Lower Bavaria (d. 1340)

Louis VI the Roman (1328–1365), duke of Upper Bavaria, elector of Brandenburg.

Elisabeth (1329 – August 2, 1402, Stuttgart), married with:

Cangrande II della Scala, Lord of Verona (d. 1359) in Verona on November 22, 1350;

Count Ulrich of Württemberg (d. 1388) in 1362.

William V of Holland (1330–1389), as William I duke of Lower Bavaria, as Wiliam V count of Hainaut and Holland

Agnes (Munich, 1335 – November 11, 1352, Munich)

Albert I of Holland (1336–1404), duke of Lower Bavaria, count of Hainaut and Holland

Otto V the Bavarian (1340–1379), duke of Upper Bavaria, elector of Brandenburg

Beatrix of Bavaria (1344 – December 25, 1359), married bef. October 25, 1356 Eric XII of Sweden

Louis (October 1347 – 1348)

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Margaret of Avesnes (1311 – 23 June 1356)

Comtesse de Hollande in 1345.

Comtesse de Hainaut in 1345.

Abdicated as Countess of Holland in 1354

By Marriage Holy Roman Empress 1328-1347

Links:

The Peerage: http://www.thepeerage.com/p200.htm#i1991

Geneall: http://www.geneall.net/W/per_page.php?id=11833

Wikipedia:

English: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Margaret_II,_Countess_of_Hainault

Deutsch: http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Margarethe_I._(Holland)

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Margaret II, Countess of Hainault

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Margaret II of Avesnes (1311 – June 23, 1356) was Countess of Hainaut and Countess of Holland (as Margaret I) from 1345 to 1356. Margaret was the daughter of William I, Count of Hainaut and his wife, Jeanne of Valois. On 26 February 1324 in Cologne she married Emperor Louis IV the Bavarian.

Biography

She succeeded in 1345 her brother William IV following his death in battle: The emperor was conferring Hainaut, Holland, Zeeland and Friesland upon his wife, and shortly later also upon their son William V. The hereditary titles of Margaret's sisters, including Philippa of Hainaut who was Queen consort of Edward III of England, were ignored. Due to the dangerous hostility of the House of Luxemburg Louis had increased his power base ruthlessly. Margaret then returned to Holland in 1346 to secure her position of power but did not manage to prevent the coronation of the Luxemburg Charles IV as anti-king in Aix-la-Chapelle by force.

When Louis IV died on October 11, 1347, he was succeeded by his six sons. In 1349 the brothers decided to partition their possessions; Louis V, Duke of Bavaria kept Brandenburg and Tyrol, he and his younger brothers Louis VI the Roman and Otto V the Bavarian received Upper Bavaria. Stephen II, William and Albert received Lower Bavaria, Holland and Hainaut. Louis V and Stephen were no sons of Margaret and her youngest sons Albert and Otto were still minors. Louis VI released Holland and Hainaut for his brothers William and Albert in 1349 since he expected the Polish crown by his marriage with Cunigunde of Poland. In 1353 also Stephen released Holland and Hainault to his brother William.

Also Margaret had resigned her sovereignty in favour of her son William. In 1350, the nobles of Holland asked Margaret to return to Holland again. She then battled for the power in Holland and Hainaut for some years with her son William who had refussed to pay her alimony. The Cod league was formed in May 23, 1350 by a number of supporters of William. On September 5 of the same year, the Hook league was formed. Soon afterward, these factions clashed, and a civil war began.

Edward III of England, Margaret's brother-in-law through her sister Philippa of Hainault, came to her aid, winning a naval engagement off Veere in 1351; a few weeks later the Hooks and their English allies were defeated by William and the Cods at Vlaardingen, an overthrow which ruined Margaret's cause. Edward III shortly afterwards changed sides, and the empress saw herself compelled (1354) to come to an understanding with her son, he being recognized as count of Holland and Zeeland, she of Hainaut. Margaret died two years later, leaving William, in possession of the entire Holland-Hainaut inheritance (July 1356). William was married to Matilda ("Maud" in the English style) of Lancaster, sister to Blanche of Lancaster.

Family and children

In 1324 she married Louis IV, Holy Roman Emperor. Their children were:

Margarete (1325–1374), married:

in 1351 in Ofen Stephen, Duke of Slavonia (d. 1354);

1357/58 Gerlach von Hohenlohe.

Anna (c. 1326 – June 3, 1361, Fontenelles) married John I of Lower Bavaria (d. 1340)

Louis VI the Roman (1328–1365), duke of Upper Bavaria, elector of Brandenburg.

Elisabeth (1329 – August 2, 1402, Stuttgart), married with:

Cangrande II della Scala, Lord of Verona (d. 1359) in Verona on November 22, 1350;

Count Ulrich of Württemberg (d. 1388) in 1362.

William V of Holland (1330–1389), as William I duke of Lower Bavaria, as Wiliam V count of Hainaut and Holland

Agnes (Munich, 1335 – November 11, 1352, Munich)

Albert I of Holland (1336–1404), duke of Lower Bavaria, count of Hainaut and Holland

Otto V the Bavarian (1340–1379), duke of Upper Bavaria, elector of Brandenburg

Beatrix of Bavaria (1344 – December 25, 1359), married bef. October 25, 1356 Eric XII of Sweden

Louis (October 1347 – 1348)

view all 18

Margaret II of Hainault, Empress of the Holy Roman Empire's Timeline

1311
1311
Le Quesnoy, Nord, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France
1324
February 25, 1324
Age 13
Köln, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Tyskland
1325
1325
Age 14
Bavaria, Germany
1326
1326
Age 15
Of, Mhunchen, Oberbayern, Bavaria
1328
May 7, 1328
Age 17
Roma, Italia
1329
1329
Age 18
München, Bayern, Deutschland(HRR)
1330
May 12, 1330
Age 19
Frankfurt Am Main, Hessen, Deutschland(HRR)
1333
1333
Age 22
1336
July 25, 1336
Age 25
München, Bayern, Deutschland(HRR)
1344
1344
Age 33
Of, Brandenburg, Brandenburg, Prussia