Marthinus Godfried Joubert

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About Marthinus Godfried Joubert

Middelburg Refugee Camp 1901 – 1902

Personal Details

Name: Mr Marthinus Godfried Joubert

Born in camp? No

Died in camp? No

Gender: male

Race: white

Marital status: married

Nationality: Transvaal

Occupation: bywoner

Registration as head of family: Yes

Unique ID: 84638

Camp History

Name: Middelburg RC

Age arrival: 37

Date arrival: 29/05/1901

Date departure: 13/09/1901

Reason departure: transferred

Destination: Belfast RC

Tent number: I 1087

Name: Belfast RC

Age arrival: 37

Date arrival: 14/09/1901

Tent number: 493

Farm History

Name: Gevonden

District: Carolina


Type: Surrendered

Notes: 20 May 1901


Mr Marthinus Godfried Joubert

is the husband of Mrs Elsie Aletta Suzula Petronella Joubert (Mrs Marthinus Godfried)

is the father of Master Jan Stefanus Joubert (Jan Stephanus)

is the father of Master Gerhardus Hermanus Joubert

is the father of Master Marthinus Godfried Joubert

is the father of Master Hendrik Stefanus Joubert (Hendrik Stephanus)

is the father of Miss Elsie Aletta Cicilia Petronella Joubert (Elsie Aletta Susara Petronella; Elsie Aletta; Elsie Aletta Cecilia)


Title: DBC 83 Middelburg CR

Type: Camp register

Location: National Archives, Pretoria

Reference No.: DBC 83

Notes: p. 240

Title: DBC 57 Belfast CR

Type: Camp register

Location: National Archives, Pretoria

Notes: p.078

view all 11

Marthinus Godfried Joubert's Timeline

January 30, 1865
April 16, 1865
South Africa
April 8, 1888
Age 23
Ermelo, South Africa
February 7, 1890
Age 25
Ermelo, South Africa
April 23, 1892
Age 27
Ermelo, South Africa
November 6, 1895
Age 30
Age 32
- 1902
Age 35
South Africa

The camps were formed by the British army to house the residents of the two Boer republics of the South African Republic and the Orange Free State. They were established towards the end of 1900, after Britain had invaded the Boer republics. This database was designed to investigate mortality and morbidity in the camps during the war. Although it will include everyone listed in the registers during the war, it usually excludes returning prisoners-of-war and men who came back from commando at the end of the war, as well as the considerable movement of people which took place after 31 May 1902, when families were repatriated to their homes.

Belfast was one of the later camps, started by the civilian administration rather than the military, between 4 and 10 June 1901.

The camp was finally closed in December 1902 after a land settlement scheme made it possible for the most indigent families to return to the land.

- 1902
Age 35
South Africa

Middelburg camp presents a problem in trying to understand why so many people died in the camps. It was the largest camp in the Transvaal system, reaching over 7,000 inmates at one point, and the reports of Dr Kendal Franks and the Ladies Committee suggest that it was very badly run. Dr Franks was critical of the layout of the camp and complained that the administration was ‘lax’, while the Ladies Committee thought it ‘one of the most unsatisfactory we have seen’.1 An intake of over 3,000 in May 1901 brought in desperately impoverished and debilitated people, which precipitated disease. By all these criteria the mortality in Middelburg ought to have been amongst the worst in the system, yet this was not the case, as a comparison with Mafeking camp shows. Indeed, apart from the May peak (a pattern which appeared in almost all the camps) mortality was little worse than the camp average, which was a record few camps achieved.