Patrick Hepburn, 3rd Earl of Bothwell

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Patrick Hepburn, 3rd Earl of Bothwell

Birthdate:
Birthplace: Bothwell, Scotland
Death: Died in Dumfries, Dumfries and Galloway, United Kingdom
Immediate Family:

Son of Adam Hepburn, 2nd Earl of Bothwell and Agnes Stewart, Countess of Bothwell
Husband of Margaret Home and Agnes Sinclair, Countess of Bothwell
Father of Sir James Hepburn, 1st & Last Duke of Orkney; Jean Hepburn, Mistress of Caithness, Lady Morham and Ann Tudor
Half brother of Janet Home; Katherine Clendenin; Robert Maxwell, 4th Lord Maxwell; Mary Johnstone; Isobel Porterfield and 5 others

Occupation: 3rd of Bothwell, Earl, 3rd Earl of Bothwell
Managed by: Gary Arthur Neveln
Last Updated:

About Patrick Hepburn, 3rd Earl of Bothwell

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Patrick_Hepburn,_3rd_Earl_of_Bothwell

Patrick Hepburn, 3rd Earl of Bothwell (b. 1512 - died September 1556 at Dumfries), was the son of Adam Hepburn, Lord Hailes, who died at the Battle of Flodden the year after Patrick's birth.

Hepburn was known as the Fair Earl. He owed this more to his looks than his character, being described as "fair and white" whilst a young boy.

He was imprisoned in 1529 for two years for harbouring robbers. Once released he decided to exact revenge by beginning a treasonable correspondence with England. He then spent much of the next years in England, and after James V died at the Battle of Solway Moss, Hepburn signed a pact with Henry VIII promising to serve him and aid the commitment of the then infant Mary Queen of Scots into Henry's custody.

Despite having sworn loyalty to Henry VIII, Hepburn was awarded an annual pension of £1,000 from Mary of Guise (Mary Queen of Scots' mother) in return for his patriotic fidelity. It was said that Hepburn believed there was the possibility of marrying into royalty, and that it was the reason he obtained a divorce from his wife. However, the prospects for royal marriage were thin and despite Henry VIII engaging in another bloody invasion of Scotland, Hepburn resumed correspondence with the English Court.

In the intervening years, Hepburn played a role in the death of George Wishart.

In 1548 Hepburn renounced his loyalty to the Scottish crown, and became a pensioner of England, earning £3,000 annually. However, in 1554 he returned to Scotland after his formal pardon by Mary of Guise.

The Earl of Bothwell married in 1534, Agnes (d.1572), daughter of Henry 3rd Lord Sinclair (who also fell at Flodden). They were divorced before October 16, 1543, whereafter she was styled Lady Morham until her death. They had two children:

James Hepburn, 4th Earl of Bothwell, his son and heir, who eventually became the third and last husband of Mary, Queen of Scots.

Jean Hepburn (d. before 27 July 1599) whose first husband was John Sinclair, Master of Caithness (d.1578, v.p.), with issue; her second husband was John Stewart, Lord Darnley, Prior of Coldingham, by whom she had Francis Stewart, 1st Earl of Bothwell; her third husband the notorious Archibald Douglas, Parson of Douglas, a Senator of the College of Justice, and brother of William Douglas of Whittinghame.

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nformation from the Peerage.com:

  Patrick HEPBURN, 3RD EARL OF BOTHWELL was born between 1511 & 1513. He was the son of Adam HEPBURN, 2nd EARL OF BOTHWELL and Agnes STEWART.
  He first married Agnes SINCLAIR daughter of Henry SINCLAIR, 3rd LORD ST. CLAIR & Margaret HEPBURN about 1533/34. He and Agnes SINCLAIR were divorced circa October 1543. He married, secondly, Margaret HOME after October 1543. He died in September 1556 at Dumfries, Dumfries-shire, Scotland.
  Patrick HEPBURN, 3rd EARL OF BOTHWELL succeeded to the title of 4th LORD HAILES (S 1453) on 9 September 1513. He succeeded to the title of 3rd EARL OF BOTHWELL on 9th September 1513.
  In December 1531 he went to England and intrigued against the King of Scotland. Before June 1533 he was imprisoned in Edinburgh Castle.
  In September 1538 he was compelled to resign the LORDSHIP OF LIDDISDALE because he had plotted against Kinv James V.
  In 1543 he recovered the LORDSHIP OF LIDDISDALE.
  On the 15th March 1542/43 he opposed the match of the Infant Queen and Prince Edward of England in Parliament but at the same time was trying to obtain a marriage for himself to Mary of GUISE, the Queen Dowager. Between 1545 and 1547 he was imprisoned.
  He held the office of High Admiral (Scotland) on the 14th September 1546.
  Sadler wrote "as to the Earl of Bothwell, who hath rule of Liddisdale, I think him the most vain and insolent man in the world, full of pride and folly, and here nothing at all esteemed" Pitscottie describes him as "fair and whitely, somthing hanging shouldered and going forward, but of a gentle, humane countenance".

Information from: http://uk.geocities.com/nassarawa@btinternet.com/bothwell.htm

  Son of the 2nd Earl and Lady Agnes STEWART (b 1495 d 1557) an illigitimate daughter of James STEWART 1st Earl of BUCHAN. She went through a number of husbands and had a child by James IV of Scotland)
  In 1531 he indulged in treasonable intrigue with England and signed a pact with Henry VIII. However, he seems to have played both sides, and divorced his wife in the hopes of marrying Mary of Guise, the Queen Dowager. However, when this possibility evaporated, he returned to his plotting with England. A measure of the man is the fact that while he spent various terms in prison, he also held office as the Lord High Admiral In 1548 he renounced his loyalty to Scotland and went to live in England, but he was pardoned by Mary of Guise in 1554 and returned to the Hermitage shortly before his death.

-------------------- Patrick Hepburn, 3rd Earl of Bothwell1 M, #108326, b. between 1511 and 1513, d. September 1556

Patrick Hepburn, 3rd Earl of Bothwell|b. bt 1511 - 1513\nd. Sep 1556|p10833.htm#i108326|Adam Hepburn, 2nd Earl of Bothwell|b. c 1492\nd. 9 Sep 1513|p481.htm#i4810|Agnes Stewart|d. c Feb 1557|p10832.htm#i108317|Patrick Hepburn, 1st Earl of Bothwell|d. 18 Oct 1508|p10827.htm#i108262|Lady Margaret Gordon||p482.htm#i4815|James Stewart, 1st Earl of Buchan|d. 1499|p10832.htm#i108318|Margaret Murray||p482.htm#i4819|

Last Edited=6 Feb 2011 Consanguinity Index=1.6%

    Patrick Hepburn, 3rd Earl of Bothwell was born between 1511 and 1513.1 He was the son of Adam Hepburn, 2nd Earl of Bothwell and Agnes Stewart.1 He married, firstly, Agnes Sinclair, daughter of Henry Sinclair, 3rd Lord Sinclair and Margaret Hepburn, circa 1533/34.2 He and Agnes Sinclair were divorced circa October 1543.2 He married, secondly, Margaret Home after October 1543.2 He died in September 1556 at Dumfries, Dumfries-shire, Scotland.2
    Patrick Hepburn, 3rd Earl of Bothwell succeeded to the title of 4th Lord Hailes [S., 1453] on 9 September 1513.3 He succeeded to the title of 3rd Earl of Bothwell [S., 1488] on 9 September 1513.1 In December 1531 he went to England, and intrigued against the King of Scotland.1 Before June 1533 he was imprisoned in Edinburgh Castle.1 In September 1538 he was compelled to resign the Lordship of Liddisdale because he had plotted against King James V.1 In 1543 he recovered the Lordship of Liddisdale.1 On 15 March 1542/43 he opposed in Parliament the match of the infant Queen and Prince Edward of England, but at the same time was trying to obtain a marriage for himself to Mary of Guise, the Queen Dowager.1 Between 1545 and 1547 he was imprisoned.1 He held the office of High Admiral [Scotland] on 14 September 1546.1 
    Sadler wrote "as to the Earl of Bothwell, who hath rule of Liddisdale, I think him the most vain and insolent man in the world, full of pride and folly, and here nothing at all esteemed." Pitscottie describes him as "fair and whitely, something hanging shouldered and going forward, but of a gentle humane countenance."1

Children of Patrick Hepburn, 3rd Earl of Bothwell and Agnes Sinclair 1.Lady Jean Hepburn+4 d. b 27 Jul 1599 2.Lady Jean Hepburn+5 d. b 27 Jul 1599 3.James Hepburn, 1st and last Duke of Orkney+2 b. c 1535, d. 14 Apr 1578 Citations 1.[S6] G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume II, page 238. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage. 2.[S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume II, page 239. 3.[S37] Charles Mosley, editor, Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 107th edition, 3 volumes (Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.A.: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 2003), volume 1, page 572. Hereinafter cited as Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 107th edition. 4.[S37] Charles Mosley, Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 107th edition, volume 1, page 644. 5.[S11] Alison Weir, Britain's Royal Family: A Complete Genealogy (London, U.K.: The Bodley Head, 1999), page 242. Hereinafter cited as Britain's Royal Family.

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Hepburn is a family name of the Anglo-Scottish Border, that is associated with a variety of famous personages, eponyms, places, and things. Although commonly a Scottish name its origins lie to the south of the border in the north of England. Specifically, the name is thought to have derived from either the town of Hebron or Hebburn, both of which are in the Northumberland. The origins of the name are suggested to be the same as that of Hebborne from the Old English words heah ("high") and byrgen ("burial mound").Alternatively it could mean something along the lines of "high place beside the water", as the word burn is a still widely used in the Northumbrian andScots language as a word meaning "Stream".

Next to Chillingham Castle there remains a Bastle Tower where the family originated. This was the seat of a line of the family until the eighteenth century when that branch died out having left only a female heir. However, it is as the Earls of Bothwell that the Hepburn family are perhaps best remembered. This branch of the family originated in Lothian when a Hepburn was granted land having saved the Earl of March from a horse that had lost control. This family first became the Lords of Hailes before being granted the Earldom of Bothwell.

There were also Hepburns of Waughton, thought by some to have branched off from the Hailes line, thought by others to predate it. Another line was the Hepburns of Beanston, and yet another was the Hepburns of Athelstaneford. All of these families were prominent in various ways at various junctures of Scottish history, but all were primarily located around the East Lothian area.

[edit] Scottish noblesPatrick Hepburn, 1st Lord of Hailes (died 1483) Adam Hepburn, Master of Hailes (died 1479), son of Patrick, 1st Lord of Hailes John Hepburn (died after 1525), son of Patrick, 1st Lord of Hailes Patrick Hepburn, 1st Earl of Bothwell (died 1508), son of Adam, Master of Hailes Adam Hepburn of Craggis (died 1513), son of Adam, Master of Hailes George Hepburn (died 1513), son of Adam, Master of Hailes Adam Hepburn, 2nd Earl of Bothwell (died 1513), son of Patrick, 1st Earl of Bothwell Patrick Hepburn, 3rd Earl of Bothwell (1512–1556), son of Adam, 2nd Earl of Bothwell James Hepburn, 4th Earl of Bothwell (c. 1534–1578), son of Patrick, 3rd Earl of Bothwell, and husband of Mary, Queen of Scots Francis Stewart Hepburn, 1st Earl of Bothwell (before 1563–1612), nephew of James, 4th Earl of Bothwell

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Patrick Hepburn, 3rd Earl of Bothwell's Timeline

1512
1512
Bothwell, Scotland
1533
1533
Age 21
1535
1535
Age 23
Bothwell Castle, Lanarkshire, Scotland
1542
1542
Age 30
Caithness, Scotland
1543
October 1543
Age 31
1556
September 1556
Age 44
Dumfries, Dumfries and Galloway, United Kingdom
1933
November 6, 1933
Age 44
1934
April 2, 1934
Age 44
????