Ramon Borrell I de Barcelona, XVI comte de Barcelona (971 - 1017) MP

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Nicknames: "Raymond Berengar Borrell III"
Death: Died in Barcelona, Barcelona, Cataluña, Spain
Occupation: Comte, de Barcelone, de Girona, d'Osana, Count of Barcelona, Girona, and Ausona, Greve i Barcelona, Girona och Ausona från 992, Foi conde de Barcelona, de Ausona e de Girona., Comte de Barcelone, de Ribagorce, Count of Brugundy, and Ausona (992-1017)
Managed by: Jocelynn Elaine Oakes
Last Updated:

About Ramon Borrell I de Barcelona, XVI comte de Barcelona

http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/CATALAN NOBILITY.htm

RAMON BORRELL [I] de Barcelona ([971/26 May 972]-25 Feb 1017). The Gesta Comitum Barcinonensium names (in order) "Raimundum Borrelli et Ermengaudum" as the two sons of "Borrellus comes"[213]. The Annales Barcinonenses name "Raimundus Barchinonensis comes, filius Borelli comitis" when recording his death[214]. The dating clause of a charter dated 26 May 972, under which "Borrellus…comes et marchio et coniux nostra Ledgardis" granted property, specifies that the year was "anno primo quo natus est filius eius Raimundus"[215].

“Borellus…comes et marchio…filios meos Raymundo et Ermengode” ordered the security of “castro…Cardona”, constructed by “avus meus Wifredus comes et marchio”, by charter dated 9 Apr 986, subscribed by “Geribertus vicecomes…Gocefridus frater Borelli comes”[216]. "Borrellus…comes et marchio" exchanged property with "uxori mee Ermerud comitissa" which she held "in comitatu Urgellense" by charter dated 5 Sep 988 subscribed by "Raimundus comes filio Borrello comitis"[217].

He succeeded his father in 992 as Comte de Barcelona, Girona, i Ausona. The testament of "Borellus comes" dated 24 Sep 993 appoints "filio meo Raimundo comite" to "comitatu Gerundense…[et] comitatu Barchinonense"[218]. He reversed the advances of al-Mansur and Abd-el-Malik, culminating in an attack on Córdoba 1010. “Raimundo…comiti et conjugi…Ermesendi” bought property from Petro Rogerio Bishop of Girona by charter dated 20 Nov 1015, subscribed by “Berengarius comes”[219]. The necrology of Girona records the death “IV Kal Mar…1016” (presumably O.S.) of “Raymundus comes”[220].

m ([990/91]) ERMESINDE de Carcassonne, daughter of ROGER [I] de Comminges Comte de Carcassonne & his wife Adelais de Rouergue (-1 Mar 1058).  "Remundus comes et marchio, Ermensides comitissa" donated property to Saint-Victor, Marseille by charter dated 11 Jun 996[221].  Her parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 2 Sep 1019 which names “Raymondus…comes Borreli comitis proles” and by which “Ermisindi…coniux eius comitissa, filia…comitis Carcasonensis Rodegarii” records her husband´s burial “infra canonicalem claustram S. Crucis sedis” and confirms a donation by “femina…Bellazez uxor quæ fuit Sesemundi fratris Seniofredi Gerundensis vicecomitis”, with the consent of “filio suo domno Barengario marchione comite…Amato vicecomite Gerundense…”[222].  “Raimundo…comiti et conjugi…Ermesendi” bought property from Petro Rogerio Bishop of Girona by charter dated 20 Nov 1015, subscribed by “Berengarius comes”[223].  "Ermessindis comitissa et Amato de castro Surice et Sunifredo de Riorubio, Gondebaldus de Besora, Lobeto de Celra" signed a document dated 12 Nov 1018 as executors of "condam Remundo comite et marchio"[224].  Regent during the minority of her son until early 1020s.  She acquired considerable power during her regency, quarrelling with her son.  She continued to be a disruptive influence in Catalonia until her death[225].  The testament of "Ermesindis comitissa", dated 25 Sep 1057, names "domnum Raymundum Berengarium comitem nepotem meum…domna Almodis comitissa coniuge vestra"[226].  The codicil of "domna Ermesindis comitissa", dated 6 Mar 1057 (O.S.), names "Guillermo Berengarii suo nepoti…Sancio suo nepoti…Bernardo Berengarii suo nepoti"[227].  

Ramon Borrell [I] & his wife had [three] children:

a) BERENGUER RAMON de Barcelona ([1000/05]-26 May 1035, bur Santa Maria de Ripoll). The Crónica de San Juan de la Peña names "Berenguer" as the son of "Remon Burrel conte de Barchinona"[228]. He succeeded his father in 1018 as BERENGUER RAMON I "el Curvo" Comte de Barcelona, Girona, i Ausona.

b) [--- de Barcelona . Adémar de Chabannes records that Roger de Tosny lost his brother-in-law with whom he was fighting the Moors, but does not identify him by name[229].]

c) [ADELAIDA [Papia] de Barcelona . The Chronicle of Adémar de Chabannes records that "Normanni duce Rotgerio", who had been fighting Saracens in Spain, asked "comitissa Barzelonensi Ermensende…vidua" for the hand of her daughter, but does not name the latter[230]. It is not clear that "dux Rotgerius" is Roger de Conches, particularly as it seems surprising that Adémar would have accorded him the title "dux". It is assumed that this marriage proposal took place in 1018 or soon after: if it had taken place much later, there would have been little reason to have referred to the bride's mother as "vidua". In addition, the other events recorded by Adémar in the same paragraph, all relate to 1016/18. The Chronici Hugonis Floriacensis records that "Rotgerius filius Rodulfi comitis" married "sororem Raymundi-Berengarii Stephaniam" in Spain, specifying that she later married "rex Hispaniæ Garsias"[231], but this account is even more confused and clearly conflates several different individuals. The Chronico S Petri Vivi Senonensi records the same marriage using the same wording[232]. The primary source which confirms her name has not yet been identified. [m (after 1018) as his first wife, ROGER [I] de Conches, son of RAOUL [II] de Tosny & his wife --- ([990]-killed in battle [1040]). He left Normandy for Spain [1030/35], fought against the Moors, and lived there for 15 years with his Spanish wife[233].]

d) [--- . m ---.] [One possible] child:

i) ADELAIDA (-after 12 May 1078). Her parentage is suggested by the charter dated 10 Apr 1078 under which "Remundus Berengarius et Berengarius Remundus…Barchinonensium comites atque marchiones" granted property "intra muros Barchinone urbis" to "Adaledi femine consubrine nostre"[234]. It is unlikely that Adelaida was related to the two brother comtes de Barcelona through their mother Sancha de Castilla. It is possible that she was the child of an otherwise unknown child of Comte Ramon Borrell [I], although as can be seen here no definite information is known about his other possible children. Alternatively she could have been a more remote descendant, possibly granddaughter, of one of the brothers or sisters of Comte Ramon Borrell. She was the same person as "Adaledis femina" who sold property "intra muros Barchinone urbis" to "Remundo Dalmatii levite" by charter dated 12 May 1078, as the description of the two properties appears to be the same[235]. -----------------------

Ramón Borrell

(972-1018) Conde de Barcelona (992-1018). Organizó una expedición contra los sarracenos (1003) quienes, en represalia, asolaron el Penedès y destruyeron Manresa. Aprovechó los problemas sucesorios suscitados en Córdoba para apoyar al califa Muhammad II contra Sulaymán. La victoria que obtuvo sobre éste (1010) sirvió para consolidar sus posesiones.

RAMÓN BORRELL (972-1018). Conde de Barcelona. Intervino en las guerras civiles que azotaron a la España musulmana durante la caída del califato, y obtuvo retribuciones por ello. Saqueó Córdoba en 1010

________________________________________________

Ramon Borrell, Count of Barcelona From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Raymond Borrel (in Catalan, Ramon Borrell and Spanish, Ramón Borrell) (972-1017) , was count of Barcelona, Girona, and Ausona from 992. Son of Borrell II of Barcelona and Letgarda de Rouergue. He was associated with his father from 988.

In 993 he married Ermesinde of Carcassonne with whom he had one son: Berengar Raymond (c.1006).

Between 1000 and 1002 he had to deal with a number of incursions by Al-Mansur. However Al-Mansur was killed in Battle of Calatañazor by Navarran and Leon forces. Seeing an opportunity Raymond counter-attacked in 1003 leading an expedition to Lleida. However this prompted a new raid on the County of Barcelona by Al-Mansur's son, Abd al-Malik. This was defeated by an alliance of Christian forces at the Battle of Torà.[1] Ramon was also present at the Battle of Albesa shortly thereafter.

In 1010, with the Cordoban Caliphate crumbling into civil war Raymond saw another opportunity. He organised a campaign against the Caliphate, with Armengol I of Urgell, Bernard I of Besalú, and joined forces with Muhammad II of Córdoba. The army destroyed the forces of Caliph Suleiman II and sacked Cordoba. As a result Catalonia remained free from further Moorish dominion. Armengol died in battle on September 1 at Córdoba.

In 1015 and 1016 Raymond made further expeditions to the Rivers Ebro and Segre. The treasure obtained in these campaigns maintained the loyalty of his barons.

In the County of Barcelona he ensured the repopulation of the Segarra, Conca de Barberà and Camp de Tarragona. He began the construction of the cathedral in Barcelona. He was also the first Catalan ruler to mint his own coinage.

At his death in 1017, he was succeeded by his son Berengar Raymond under the regency of his mother. He was buried at Barcelona Cathedral, but his grave was lost.

Notes

  1. ^ Carl Erdmann (1977), The Origin of the Idea of Crusade (Princeton: Princeton University Press), 99–100.

-------------------- http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/CATALAN%20NOBILITY.htm#RamonBorelIdied1018

-------------------- Raymond Borrel (in Catalan, Ramon Borrell and Spanish, Ramón Borrell) (972-1017) , was count of Barcelona, Girona, and Ausona from 992. Son of Borrell II of Barcelona and Letgarda de Rouergue. He was associated with his father from 988.

In 993 he married Ermesinde of Carcassonne with whom he had one son: Berengar Raymond (c.1006).

Between 1000 and 1002 he had to deal with a number of incursions by Al-Mansur. However Al-Mansur was killed in Battle of Calatañazor by Navarran and Leon forces. Seeing an opportunity Raymond counter-attacked in 1003 leading an expedition to Lleida. However this prompted a new raid on the County of Barcelona by Al-Mansur's son, Abd al-Malik.

In 1010, with the Cordoban Caliphate crumbling into civil war Raymond saw another opportunity. He organised a campaign against the Caliphate, with Armengol I of Urgell, Bernard of Besalú, and joined forces with Muhammad II of Córdoba. The army destroyed the forces of Caliph Suleiman II and sacked Cordoba. As a result Catalonia remained free from further Moorish dominion. Armengol died in battle on September 1 at Córdoba.

In 1015 and 1016 Raymond made further expeditions to the Rivers Ebro and Segre. The treasure obtained in these campaigns maintained the loyalty of his barons.

In the County of Barcelona he ensured the repopulation of the Segarra, Conca de Barberà and Camp de Tarragona. He began the construction of the cathedral in Barcelona. He was also the first Catalan ruler to mint his own coinage.

At his death in 1017, he was succeeded by his son Berengar Raymond under the regency of his mother. -------------------- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ramon_Borrell,_Count_of_Barcelona -------------------- Ramon Borrell, Count of Barcelona From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Raymond Borrel (in Catalan, Ramon Borrell and Spanish, Ramón Borrell) (972-1017) , was count of Barcelona, Girona, and Ausona from 992. Son of Borrell II of Barcelona and Letgarda de Rouergue. He was associated with his father from 988. In 993 he married Ermesinde of Carcassonne with whom he had one son: Berengar Raymond (c.1006). Between 1000 and 1002 he had to deal with a number of incursions by Al-Mansur. However Al-Mansur was killed in Battle of Calatañazor by Navarran and Leon forces. Seeing an opportunity Raymond counter-attacked in 1003 leading an expedition to Lleida. However this prompted a new raid on the County of Barcelona by Al-Mansur's son, Abd al-Malik. In 1010, with the Cordoban Caliphate crumbling into civil war Raymond saw another opportunity. He organised a campaign against the Caliphate, with Armengol I of Urgell, Bernard of Besalú, and joined forces with Muhammad II of Córdoba. The army destroyed the forces of Caliph Suleiman II and sacked Cordoba. As a result Catalonia remained free from further Moorish dominion. Armengol died in battle on September 1 at Córdoba. In 1015 and 1016 Raymond made further expeditions to the Rivers Ebro and Segre. The treasure obtained in these campaigns maintained the loyalty of his barons. In the County of Barcelona he ensured the repopulation of the Segarra, Conca de Barberà and Camp de Tarragona. He began the construction of the cathedral in Barcelona. He was also the first Catalan ruler to mint his own coinage. At his death in 1017, he was succeeded by his son Berengar Raymond under the regency of his mother. -------------------- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ramon_Borrell,_Count_of_Barcelona

Ramon Borrell, Count of Barcelona

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Raymond Borrel (in Catalan, Ramon Borrell and Spanish, Ramón Borrell) (972-1017) , was count of Barcelona, Girona, and Ausona from 992. Son of Borrell II of Barcelona and Letgarda de Rouergue. He was associated with his father from 988.

In 993 he married Ermesinde of Carcassonne with whom he had one son: Berengar Raymond (c.1006).

Between 1000 and 1002 he had to deal with a number of incursions by Al-Mansur. However Al-Mansur was killed in Battle of Calatañazor by Navarran and Leon forces. Seeing an opportunity Raymond counter-attacked in 1003 leading an expedition to Lleida. However this prompted a new raid on the County of Barcelona by Al-Mansur's son, Abd al-Malik. This was defeated by an alliance of Christian forces at the Battle of Torà.[1] Ramon was also present at the Battle of Albesa shortly thereafter.

In 1010, with the Cordoban Caliphate crumbling into civil war Raymond saw another opportunity. He organised a campaign against the Caliphate, with Armengol I of Urgell, Bernard I of Besalú, and joined forces with Muhammad II of Córdoba. The army destroyed the forces of Caliph Sulayman II and sacked Córdoba. As a result Catalonia remained free from further Moorish dominion. Armengol died in battle on September 1 at Córdoba.

In 1015 and 1016 Raymond made further expeditions to the Rivers Ebro and Segre. The treasure obtained in these campaigns maintained the loyalty of his barons.

In the County of Barcelona he ensured the repopulation of the Segarra, Conca de Barberà and Camp de Tarragona. He began the construction of the cathedral in Barcelona. He was also the first Catalan ruler to mint his own coinage.

At his death in 1017, he was succeeded by his son Berengar Raymond under the regency of his mother. He was buried at Barcelona Cathedral, but his grave was lost.

[edit] Notes

  1. ^ Erdmann, Carl (1977). The Origin of the Idea of Crusade. Princeton: Princeton University Press. pp. 99–100. .

Preceded by

Borrel II Count of Barcelona

992 – 1017 Succeeded by

Berengar Raymond I

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ramon_Borrell,_Count_of_Barcelona"

Categories: Counts of Barcelona | Burials at the Cathedral of Santa Eulalia, Barcelona

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   * This page was last modified on 2 March 2010 at 06:13.

-------------------- Condado de Ribagorza

De Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre

El condado de Ribagorza fue uno de los existentes en el territorio que, durante la primera mitad del siglo IX, algunos cronistas de la corte carolingia denominaron Marca Hispánica. Comprendía las cuencas de los ríos Ésera e Isábena, además de una buena parte de la cuenca del Noguera Ribagorzana.

Tabla de contenidos

1 Orígenes del condado

2 La dinastía de Ribagorza

3 Los condes de Ribagorza (se reproduce hasta aquí)

4 Sancho III de Navarra

5 El reino de Aragón

6 La nueva dinastía de Ribagorza

7 El gobierno del condado

8 La intervención de Felipe II

9 El fin del condado


Orígenes del condado

Dentro de la conquista franca al sur del Pirineo dirigida por Carlomagno, Guillermo I de Tolosa llevó a cabo personalmente la ocupación del Pallars y la Ribagorza, y los incorporó como pagi a su condado, a pesar de la oposición de las élites locales. En el año 833 Aznar Galindo, conde de Urgel y Cerdaña, se apoderó de estos pagi, sustrayéndolos así del dominio tolosano; gracias al sentimento indigenista, Aznar Galindo, a pesar de haber perdido el condado de Urgel y el condado de Cerdaña, concedidos el año 834 a Sunifredo de Urgel-Cerdaña por Luis el Piadoso, consiguió resistir en el Pallars y Ribagorza hasta 844, cuando lo expulsó el conde Frédol de Tolosa.

El sentimiento indigenista continuó a pesar de todo; en 872, el condado de Tolosa sufrió una crisis de poder a raíz del asesinato del conde Bernardo II de Tolosa por fieles de Bernardo Plantapilosa, reconocido después como conde por Carlos el Calvo. Entonces, un señor local, Ramón, aprovechó para independizar los territorios al sur de los Pirineos de los condados y crear una dinastía condal propia.

Ramón I de Pallars-Ribagorza (872–920) era hijo del conde Lope de Bigorra y biznieto de Lope Centulo, nombrado en 818 como duque de los vascones, pueblo predominante en las zonas interiores del Pirineo. Para consolidar su independencia, Ramón I procuró constituir un obispado propio en el Pallars, conseguido gracias a las intrigas de Esclua, y encontrar aliados contra los condes de Tolosa, que aspiraban a recuperar el dominio sobre sus territorios del sur del Pirineo; por eso, el conde de Pallars-Ribagorza buscó influir en los estados vecinos: en Navarra, intervino en 905 en el golpe de estado que entronizó a su sobrino Sancho Garcés I; y en Zaragoza estrechó vínculos con los Banu Qasi. Así mismo, en 904, el miembro de los Banu Qasi Lope ibn Muhamad, rompe con la orientación seguida por su padre, dirigiendo un ataque contra los condados de Pallars y Ribagorza; posteriormente, una nueva expedición, dirigida, en 907, por al-Tawil de Huesca, se apoderó en Ribagorza de Roda de Isábena y Montpedrós; por eso, el conde tuvo que abandonar la política de entendimiento con los musulmanes.

A la muerte de Ramón I en el 920, sus dominios se repartieron entre sus hijos: Miró y Bernardo Unifredo rigieron Ribagorza, e Isarn y Llop cogobernaron el condado de Pallars.

La dinastía de Ribagorza

Bernardo Unifredo, casado con Tota, hija de Aznar Galindo, pudo recuperar los territorios ocupados por los musulmanes en 907. Como Miró falleció sin descendencia, Ramón II, hijo de Bernardo Unifredo y Tota, fue el único heredero de Ribagorza; a la muerte de Ramón II en 970, en Ribagorza, se sucedieron sus hijos Unifredo (970–979), Arnau (979–990) e Isarn (990–1003). Cuando murió este último, su hermana Tota, casada con Suñer de Pallars, rigió el condado, al cual, en 1011, habiéndose quedado viuda, asoció su sobrino Guillermo, hijo ilegítimo de Isarn, que con la ayuda de su primo, el conde de Castilla Sancho García, resistió los ataques de los musulmanes. A la muerte de Guillermo en 1017, Ribagorza fue anexionada al reino de Navarra, que también incluía el antiguo condado de Aragón.

Los condes de Ribagorza

Ramón I de Pallars-Ribagorza (872–920), ancestro directo

Bernardo Unifredo (920–950/955) , ancestro directo

Ramón II de Ribagorza (950/955–970) , ancestro directo

          Siguen descendientes de Ramón II

Unifredo de Ribagorza (970–979)

Arnau de Ribagorza (979–990)

Isarn de Ribagorza (990–1003)

Tota de Ribagorza (1003–d de 1011)

Guillermo de Ribagorza (1011–1017)

-------------------- Ramón I, conde Ribagorza y Pallars1,2

b. circa 855?, d. circa 916

Father Lupo I, comte de Bigorre1 b. circa 815, d. after 910

Mother N. N. de Toulouse3,2 b. circa 840

Charts Descendants of Charlemage

    Ramón I, conde Ribagorza y Pallars was born circa 855?. He was the son of Lupo I, comte de Bigorre and N. N. de Toulouse.1,3,2 Count of Ribagorza at Heusca Province, Aragón, Spain, circa 872.4 Count of Pallars at Provincia de Lérida, Catalonia, Spain, circa 872.4 Ramón I, conde Ribagorza y Pallars married Guinigenta Aznárez, daughter of Aznar Dato; His 1st.1,2 Ramón I, conde Ribagorza y Pallars married N. N. bint Mutarrif ibn Lope Banu Qasi, daughter of Mutarrif ibn Lope Banu Qasi; His 2nd. s.p.1,2 Ramón I, conde Ribagorza y Pallars died circa 916.2

Family 1

Guinigenta Aznárez b. circa 860

Child

Bernard I, conde de Ribagorza y Pallars+ b. c 885, d. a 9501

Family 2

N. N. bint Mutarrif ibn Lope Banu Qasi b. circa 865

Citations

[S204] Roderick W. Stuart, RfC, 286-38.

[S1265] Genealogy.eu, online genealogy.euweb.cz, Counts of Bigorre, Ribagorza and Pailhars.

[S204] Roderick W. Stuart, RfC, 286-39.

[S870] AHA, online http://fyl.unizar.es/Atlas_HA/index.html, Aragón, Sobrarbe y Ribagorza en los siglos IX y X: geografía condal - A. Durán Gudiol..

view all 18

Ramon Borrell I, XVI comte de Barcelona's Timeline

920
920
Spain
971
May 26, 971
992
January 20, 992
Age 20
Barcelona, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain
January 20, 992
Age 20
Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain
993
993
Age 21
inherited, Count of, Barcelona, Spain
993
Age 21
inherited, Count of, Barcelona, Spain
993
Age 21
inherited, Count of, Barcelona, Spain
995
995
Age 23
Barcelona,Spain
1000
1000
Age 28
1017
February 25, 1017
Age 45
Barcelona, Barcelona, Cataluña, Spain