Manasseh Cutler (1742 - 1823) MP

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Rev. Manasseh Cutler's Geni Profile

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Birthplace: Killingly, Windham County, Connecticut Colony
Death: Died in Ipswich, Essex County, Massachusetts, United States
Managed by: Phillip Balch
Last Updated:

About Manasseh Cutler

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Manasseh_Cutler

Manasseh Cutler (May 13, 1742 – July 28, 1823) was an American clergyman involved in the American Revolutionary War. Cutler was also a member of the United States House of Representatives and a founder of Ohio University.

Cutler was born in Killingly, Connecticut. In 1765, he graduated from Yale College and after being a school teacher and a merchant – and occasionally appearing in court as a lawyer – he decided to enter the ministry. From 1771 until his death, he was pastor of the Congregational church in what was the parish of Ipswich, Massachusetts until 1793, now Hamilton.

For a few months in 1776, he was chaplain to the 11th Massachusetts Regiment commanded by Colonel Ebenezer Francis, raised for the defense of Boston. In 1778, he became chaplain to General Jonathan Titcomb's brigade and took part in General John Sullivan's expedition to Rhode Island. Soon after his return from this expedition he trained in medicine to supplement the scanty income of a minister. In 1782, he established a private boarding school, directing it for nearly a quarter of a century.

In 1786, Cutler became interested in the settlement of western lands by American pioneers to the Northwest Territory. The following year, as agent of the Ohio Company of Associates that he had been involved in creating, he organized a contract with Congress whereby his associates (former soldiers of the Revolutionary War) might purchase one and a half million acres (6,000 km²) of land at the mouth of the Muskingum River with their Certificate of Indebtedness. Cutler also took a leading part in drafting the famous Ordinance of 1787 for the government of the Northwest Territory, which was finally presented to Congress by Massachusetts delegate Nathan Dane. In order to smooth passage of the Northwest Ordinance, Cutler bribed key congressmen by making them partners in his land company. By changing the office of provisional governor from an elected to an appointed position, Cutler was able to offer the position to the president of Congress, Arthur St. Clair.[1] From 1801 to 1805, Cutler was a Federalist representative in Congress. He died in 1823 at Hamilton, Massachusetts.

Cutler was one of the early members of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Besides being proficient in the theology, law and medicine of his day, he conducted painstaking astronomical and meteorological investigations and was one of the first Americans to conduct significant botanical research. He is considered a founder of Ohio University and the National Historic Landmark Cutler Hall on that campus is named in his honor. He received the degree of Doctor of Laws from Yale University in 1789.

Manasseh Cutler was featured on a U.S. postage stamp issued in 1937.

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Rev. Manasseh Cutler's Timeline

1742
May 13, 1742
Killingly, Windham County, Connecticut Colony
1766
September 7, 1766
Age 24
Dedham, Norfolk, Massachusetts
1767
April 13, 1767
Age 24
Edgartown, USA
1768
September 12, 1768
Age 26
1771
May 5, 1771
Age 28
Dedham, Norfolk, Massachusetts, United States
1771
Age 28
1773
1773
Age 30
1775
1775
Age 32
1779
1779
Age 36
1823
July 28, 1823
Age 81
Ipswich, Essex County, Massachusetts, United States