Yuliy Borisovich Bryner (1920 - 1985) MP

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Nicknames: "יול Yul", "Julius Brynner", "Yuli Borisovich", "Yuli Brynner", "יוליוס ברינר", "יולי ברינר"
Birthplace: Russia
Death: Died in New York, NY, USA
Occupation: Stage and Film Actor, Musician, Photographer, Author
Managed by: Malka Mysels
Last Updated:
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Immediate Family

About Yuliy Borisovich Bryner

Yuliy Borisovich Bryner, Yul Brynner Юлий Борисович Бринер, (July 11, 1920  – October 10, 1985) was a Russian stage and film actor. He was best known for his portrayal of Mongkut, king of Siam, in the Rodgers and Hammerstein musical The King and I, for which he won an Academy Award for Best Actor for the film version; he also played the role more than 4,500 times onstage. He is also remembered as-:


  • Rameses II in the 1956 Cecil B. DeMille blockbuster The Ten Commandments,
  • General Bounine in Anastasia and
  • Chris Adams in The Magnificent Seven.

Brynner was noted for his distinctive voice and for his shaven head, which he maintained as a personal trademark long after adopting it for his initial role in The King and I. He was also a photographer and the author of two books.

  • In 1952 he received the Tony Award for Best Featured Actor in a Musical for his portrayal of The King in The King and I (musical).
  • 1956 Academy Award for Best Actor for his portrayal of the King of Siam in The King and I
  • 1957 "Top 10 Stars of the Year" list
  • 1958 "Top 10 Stars of the Year" list
  • 1985 Special Tony Award honoring his 4,525 performances in The King and I.

Early life

Yul Brynner was born Yuliy Borisovich Bryner in 1920. He exaggerated his background and early life for the press, claiming that he was born Taidje Khan of part-Mongol parentage, on the Russian island of Sakhalin. In reality, he was born at home in a four-storey residence at 15 Aleutskaya Street, Vladivostok, in the Far Eastern Republic (present-day Primorsky Krai, Russia). He also occasionally referred to himself as Julius Briner, Jules Bryner, or Youl Bryner. A biography written by his son, Rock Brynner, in 1989 clarified these issues.

His father, Boris Yuliyevich Bryner, was a mining engineer whose father, Jules Bryner, was Swiss, and whose mother, Natalya Iosifovna Kurkutova, was a native of Irkutsk and was partly of Buryat ancestry. His mother, Marousia Dimitrievna (née Blagovidova), came from the intelligentsia and studied to be an actress and singer; she was the granddaughter of a doctor who had converted from Judaism to the Russian Orthodox Church.

He also had a strong personal connection to the Romani people, thanks to his close association with the Dmitrievitch family, with whom he performed in Paris night clubs in the 1930s. In 1977, he was named Honorary President of the International Romani Union, an office that he kept until his death.

After Boris Bryner abandoned his family, his mother took Yul and his sister, Vera Bryner, to Harbin, Manchuria (present day China), where they attended a school run by the YMCA. In 1934 she took them to Paris. By 1940, Brynner had returned to China and he emigrated from Dairen aboard the S.S. President Cleveland, arriving in the U.S. October 25, 1940. During World War II, Brynner worked as a French-speaking radio announcer and commentator for the U.S. Office of War Information, broadcasting propaganda to occupied France.

Career

Yul Brynner began acting and modeling in his twenties and early in his career he was photographed nude by George Platt Lynes. After his radio work during World War II Brynner moved into the nascent television industry, directing and acting in live productions in New York. In 1949 Brynner made his film debut in Port of New York, his only film with his natural head of hair.

His best-known role remains that of King Mongkut of Siam in the Broadway production of Rodgers and Hammerstein's musical The King and I which he played 4,525 times on stage over the span of his career. He appeared in the original production and later touring productions as well as a 1977 Broadway revival, London Production in 1979 and another Broadway revival in 1985. He also appeared in the film version for which he won an Academy Award as Best Actor and in a short-lived TV version (Anna and the King) on CBS in 1972. Brynner is one of only nine people who have won both a Tony Award and an Academy Award for the same role. His connection to the story and the role of King Mongkut is so deep he was mentioned in the song "One Night in Bangkok" from the 1984 musical Chess whose second act is set in Bangkok.

In 1951 Brynner shaved his head for his role in The King and I. Following the huge success of the Broadway production and subsequent film, Brynner continued to shave his head for the rest of his life though he would sometimes wear a wig for certain roles. Brynner's shaved head was very unusual at the time and his striking appearance helped to give him an iconic appeal.[15] Some fans shaved off their hair to emulate him, and a shaved head was often referred to as the "Yul Brynner look".

Brynner made an immediate impact upon launching his mainstream film career in 1956 and quickly gained superstar status after appearing not only in The King and I that year but also in starring roles in The Ten Commandments with Charlton Heston which remains one of the top five highest grossing films in history when adjusted for inflation and Anastasia with Ingrid Bergman. Brynner, at 5'10", was reportedly concerned about being overshadowed by Heston's height and physical presence in The Ten Commandments and prepared his impressive physique seen in the film with an intensive weight-lifting program.

He later starred in films such as the epic Solomon and Sheba (1959), The Magnificent Seven (1960), Taras Bulba (1962) and Kings of the Sun (1963). He co-starred with Marlon Brando in Morituri (1965), Katharine Hepburn in The Madwoman of Chaillot (1969) and William Shatner in a film version of The Brothers Karamazov (1958). He played the titular role of The Ultimate Warrior (1975) and starred with Barbara Bouchet in Death Rage (1976). Among his final feature film appearances were in Michael Crichton's Westworld (1973) and its sequel Futureworld (1976). Brynner also appeared in drag (as a torch singer) in an unbilled role in the Peter Sellers comedy The Magic Christian (1969).

Photographer, author, and musician

In addition to his work as a performer, Brynner was an active photographer and wrote two books. His daughter Victoria put together Yul Brynner: Photographer (ISBN 0-8109-3144-3) a collection of his photographs of family, friends, and fellow actors, as well as those he took while serving as a UN special consultant on refugees. Brynner wrote Bring Forth the Children: A Journey to the Forgotten People of Europe and the Middle East (1960) with photographs by himself and Magnum photographer Inge Morath and also The Yul Brynner Cookbook: Food Fit for the King and You (1983 ISBN 0-8128-2882-8).

A student of music from childhood, Brynner was an accomplished guitarist and singer. In his early period in Europe he often played and sang gypsy songs in Parisian nightclubs with Aliosha Dimitrievitch. He sang some of those same songs in the film The Brothers Karamazov. In 1967 he and Dimitrievitch released a record album The Gypsy and I: Yul Brynner Sings Gypsy Songs (Vanguard VSD 79265).

Personal life

Brynner was married four times, the first three ending in divorce. He fathered three children and adopted two. He and his first wife, actress Virginia Gilmore (1944–1960), had one child, Rock Yul Brynner, born on December 23, 1946. His father nicknamed him "Rock" when he was six in honor of boxer Rocky Graziano. Rock is a historian, novelist, and university history lecturer at Marist College in Poughkeepsie, New York and Western Connecticut State University in Danbury, Connecticut. In 2006, Rock wrote a book about his father and his family history titled Empire and Odyssey: The Brynners in Far East Russia and Beyond. Rock regularly returns to Vladivostok, the city of his father's birth, for the "Pacific Meridian" Film Festival.

His daughter Lark Brynner (born 1959) was born out of wedlock and raised by her mother, Frankie Tilden, who was 20 years old when her daughter was born. Brynner supported her financially. His second wife, from 1960 to 1967, Doris Kleiner, was a Chilean model whom he married on the set during shooting of The Magnificent Seven in 1960. They had one child, Victoria Brynner (born November 1962), whose godmother was Audrey Hepburn.

His third wife, Jacqueline Thion de la Chaume (1971–1981), was a French socialite, the widow of Philippe de Croisset (the victim of a car accident; he was the son of French playwright Francis de Croisset and a publishing executive). Brynner and Jacqueline adopted two Vietnamese children: Mia (1974), and Melody (1975). The first house that he ever owned was the Manoir de Cricqueboeuf, a sixteenth-century manor house that he and Jacqueline purchased.

At the age of 63, he married his fourth wife, Kathy Lee, a 24-year-old ballerina from a small town in Malaysia whom he had met in a production of The King and I in which she had a small dancing role. They remained married for the last 2 years (1983–1985) of Brynner's life.

According to Marlene Dietrich's daughter Maria Riva (as she wrote in her memoir Marlene Dietrich, 1994), he had a passionate affair with the famous actress during the first production of The King and I.

Citizenship

Brynner, a Russian-born citizen, renounced his naturalized US citizenship in June 1965 at the US Embassy in Berne, Switzerland for tax reasons. He had lost his tax exemption as an American resident abroad by working too long in the U.S. and would have been bankrupted by his tax and penalty debt.

Death

Brynner died of lung cancer on October 10, 1985 in New York City, the same day as his Battle of Neretva co-star Orson Welles.

Knowing he was dying of cancer, Brynner starred in a run of farewell performances of his most famous role, The King and I, on Broadway from January 7 to June 30, 1985, with Mary Beth Peil as Anna Leonowens. His last performance marked the 4,633rd time he had played the role of the King.

Throughout his life Brynner was often seen with a cigarette in his hand. In January 1985, nine months before his death, he gave an interview on Good Morning America, expressing his desire to make an anti-smoking commercial. A clip from that interview was made into a public service announcement by the American Cancer Society and released after his death. It includes the warning "Now that I'm gone, I tell you don't smoke. Whatever you do, just don't smoke. If I could take back that smoking, we wouldn't be talking about any cancer. I'm convinced of that." This advertisement is now featured in the Body Worlds exhibition.

His remains are interred in France on the grounds of the Saint-Michel-de-Bois-Aubry Russian Orthodox monastery near Luzé between Tours and Poitiers.

Yul Brynner Park

On September 28th, 2012, an eight-foot-tall statue was inaugurated at Yul Brynner Park, in front of the home where he was born at Aleutskaya St. No. 15 in Vladivostok, Russia. Created by local sculptor Alexei Bokiy, the monument was carved in granite from China. The grounds for the park were donated by the city of Vladivostok, which also paid additional costs. Vladivostok Mayor Igor Pushkariov, U.S. Consul General Sylvia Curran, and Rock Brynner participated in the ceremony, along with hundreds of city residents. Brynner has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 6162 Hollywood Blvd.

The cottage at his childhood country home, at Sidimi near Vladivostok, is now a family museum.

Awards

In 1952 he received the Tony Award for Best Featured Actor in a Musical for his portrayal of The King in The King and I (musical).

He won the 1956 Academy Award for Best Actor for his portrayal of the King of Siam in The King and I and made the "Top 10 Stars of the Year" list in both 1957 and 1958.

In 1985 he received a Special Tony Award honoring his 4,525 performances in The King and I.

Filmography

  • ▪ Port of New York (1949)
  • ▪ The King and I (1956)
  • ▪ The Ten Commandments (1956)
  • ▪ Anastasia (1956)
  • ▪ The Brothers Karamazov (1958)
  • ▪ The Buccaneer (1958)
  • ▪ The Journey (1959)
  • ▪ The Sound and the Fury (1959)
  • ▪ Solomon and Sheba (1959)
  • ▪ Once More, with Feeling! (1960)
  • ▪ Testament of Orpheus (1960)
  • ▪ Surprise Package (1960)
  • ▪ The Magnificent Seven (1960)
  • ▪ Goodbye Again (1961)
  • ▪ Escape from Zahrain (1962)
  • ▪ Taras Bulba (1962)
  • ▪ Kings of the Sun (1963)
  • ▪ Flight from Ashiya (1964)
  • ▪ Invitation to a Gunfighter (1964)
  • ▪ Morituri (1965)
  • ▪ Cast a Giant Shadow (1966)
  • ▪ The Poppy Is Also a Flower (1966)
  • ▪ Return of the Seven (1966)
  • ▪ Triple Cross (1966)
  • ▪ The Double Man (1967)
  • ▪ The Long Duel (1967)
  • ▪ Villa Rides (1968)
  • ▪ The Picasso Summer (1969)
  • ▪ The File of the Golden Goose (1969)
  • ▪ Battle of Neretva (1969)
  • ▪ The Madwoman of Chaillot (1969)
  • ▪ The Magic Christian (1969)
  • ▪ Adiós, Sabata (1971)
  • ▪ The Light at the Edge of the World (1971)
  • ▪ Romance of a Horsethief (1971)
  • ▪ Catlow (1971)
  • ▪ Fuzz (1972)
  • ▪ Night Flight from Moscow (1973)
  • ▪ Westworld (1973)
  • ▪ The Ultimate Warrior (1975)
  • ▪ Death Rage (1976)
  • ▪ Futureworld (1976)

Short subjects:

  • ▪ On Location with Westworld (1973)
  • ▪ Lost to the Revolution (1980) (narrator)

Stage work

* ▪ Twelfth Night (December 2–13, 1941) (Broadway)

  • ▪ The Moon Vine (February 11–27, 1943) (Broadway)
  • ▪ Lute Song (February 6 – June 8, 1946) (Broadway)
  • ▪ The King and I (March 29, 1951 – December 17, 1955) (Broadway and national tour)
  • ▪ Home Sweet Homer (January 4, 1976) (Broadway)
  • ▪ The King and I (Revival) (May 2, 1977 – December 30, 1978) (Broadway and national tour)
  • ▪ The King and I (Revival) (January 7 – June 30, 1985) (Broadway)

-------------------- יול ברינר

יול ברינר בטריילר לסרט עשרת הדיברות יול ברינר (אנגלית: Yul Brynner, רוסית:Юл Бриннер‏; 11 ביולי 1920, ולדיווסטוק - 10 באוקטובר 1985, ניו יורק) היה שחקן קולנוע ותיאטרון (במיוחד בברודוויי) אמריקאי. חייו[עריכת קוד מקור | עריכה]

ברינר נולד בוולדיווסטוק שברוסיה ושמו המלא יוּל בּוֹ‏ריסוֹביץ' בּרינר. הוא הופיע בארצות הברית בסרטי קולנוע והפקות תיאטרון רבים. אמו, מרוסיה בּלגובידובה, הייתה בתו של רופא רוסי ממוצא יהודי שהמיר את דתו לנצרות. אביו, בוריס ברינר, היה ממציא ומהנדס ממוצא שווייצרי ומונגולי. הוא נקרא יול על שם סבו. ילדותו של יול הייתה אקזוטית, אך הוא טרח והגביר את האקזוטיות על ידי המצאת פרטים ביוגרפיים שלא היו ולא נבראו. בין היתר, טען שנולד בחצי האי הרוסי סחלין להורים ממוצא יפני ושווייצרי ושמו היה טאייג'ה חאן. בנו פרסם ביוגרפיה שלו ב-1989 ובה הבהיר פרטים אלו ואחרים. האב נטש את משפחתו כשיול היה ילד, והאם לקחה אותו ואת אחותו ורה לחרבין שבסין, שם למדו בבית ספר שהופעל על ידי ימק"א. ב-1934 עברה האם עם ילדיה לפריז. ברינר נשלח שם לבית ספר יוקרתי אך נעדר מהלימודים ולבסוף נשר ממנו. הוא נעשה מוזיקאי וניגן בגיטרה במועדוני לילה. בשלב מסוים גם הצטלם בעירום. ב-1941 נסע לארצות הברית ללמוד משחק אצל מייקל צ'כוב, שם נלווה ללהקת התיאטרון שלו במסע הופעות שלה ברחבי ארצות הברית. באותה שנה הופיע לראשונה בניו יורק בתפקיד פביאן במחזה "הלילה השנים עשר". בשנות ה-40 הופיע באחת מסדרות הטלוויזיה הראשונות ובמחזות בברודוויי. הדמות המפורסמת ביותר שגילם ברינר הייתה של מונגקוט מלך סיאם בגרסאות הקולנוע והתיאטרון של המחזמר "המלך ואני". על משחקו זה זכה בפרס אוסקר לשחקן הטוב ביותר. הוא אחד משבעת השחקנים היחידים שזכו גם באוסקר וגם בפרס הטוני על גילום אותה הדמות. בברודוויי גילם ברינר את תפקיד המלך בין 1951 ל-1954, ומאוחר יותר הועלה המחזה לחצי שנה נוספת ב-1977 וחצי שנה נוספת ב-1985 - הופעתו האחרונה הייתה כארבעה חודשים לפני מותו. ברינר התפרסם מיידית כשהתחיל לשחק בקולנוע ב-1956. באותה שנה הופיע לא רק ב"אנה ומלך סיאם" אלא גם בתפקידים ראשיים ב"עשרת הדיברות" וב"אנסטסיה". ברינר התחתן ארבע פעמים. בין 1944 ל-1960 היה נשוי לווירג'יניה גילמור, שחקנית, ובנם יול ברינר השני נולד. ב-1958 נולדה לו בת מחוץ לנישואין, ואמה היא שגידלה אותה. בין 1960 ל-1967 היה נשוי לדוריס קליינר, דוגמנית מצ'ילה. בין 1971 ל-1981 היה נשוי לז'קלין דה קרואסה, עמה אימץ ב-1974 וב-1975 שתי בנות נוספות מוייטנאם. מ-1983 ועד מותו ב-1985 היה נשוי לקתי לי, רקדנית אסייתית ממופע "אנה ומלך סיאם". סיבת מותו של ברינר הייתה סרטן ריאות שנגרם מעישון - הוא נהג לעשן חמש חבילות סיגריות מדי יום. תשעה חודשים לפני מותו התראיין לתוכנית הטלוויזיה "בוקר טוב אמריקה" והביע את רצונו להשתתף בפרסומת נגד עישון. חלק מאותו ריאיון אכן שובץ במשדר כזה של האגודה למלחמה בסרטן האמריקאית ששודר לאחר מותו. הוא נקבר בבית הקברות שבמנזר סן-מישל דה בואה אוברי שבעיר לוז שליד פואטייה שבצרפת. בשדרת הכוכבים של הוליווד, מול בית מס' 6162, יש כוכב על שמו, ובית ילדותו בוולדיווסטוק הוא כעת מוזיאון. סרטים שהשתתף בהם[עריכת קוד מקור | עריכה]

Port of New York 1949 המלך ואני (1956) The King and I עשרת הדיברות (1956) The Ten Commandments אנסטסיה (1956) Anastasia האחים קרמזוב (1958) The Brothers Karamazov The Buccaneer (1958) The Journey (1959) The Sound and the Fury (1959) שלמה ומלכת שבא (1959) Solomon and Sheba Once More, with Feeling! (1960) The Testament of Orpheus (1960) Surprise Package (1960) שבעת המופלאים (1960) The Magnificent Seven Goodbye Again (1961) Escape from Zahrain (1962) טאראס בולבה (1962) Taras Bulba Kings of the Sun (1963) Flight from Ashiya (1964) Invitation to a Gunfighter (1964) מוריטורי (1965) Morituri הטל צל ענק (1966) Cast a Giant Shadow The Poppy Is Also a Flower (1966) 1966) חזרת שבעת המופלאים Return of the Magnificent Seven Triple Cross (1967) The Double Man (1967) The Long Duel (1967) Villa Rides (1968) קרב על נרטבה (1968) The Battle of Neretva The File of the Golden Goose (1969) The Madwoman of Chaillot (1969) The Magic Christian (1969) (הופעה לרגע) Adios Sabata חלק מThe Sabata Trilogy (1971) בשבי הפיראטים (1971) The Light at the Edge of the World Romance of a Horsethief (1971) Catlow (1971) חוק הוא אני (1972) Fuzz On Location with Westworld (1973) (סרט קצר) The Serpent (1973) Westworld (1973) העיר האסורה (1975) The Ultimate Warrior Death Rage (1976) עולם המחר (1976) Futureworld Lost in the Revolution (1980) (סרט קצר) (דמות המספר) קישורים חיצוניים[עריכת קוד מקור | עריכה]

מיזמי קרן ויקימדיה ויקישיתוף תמונות ומדיה בוויקישיתוף: יול ברינר יול ברינר, במסד הנתונים הקולנועיים IMDb (באנגלית) אוסף קישורים לתמונות, לביוגרפיות ולביקורות על סרטיו בנו של ברינר מפעיל אתר המתאר את היסטורית המשפחה

[הסתרה] פרס אוסקר לשחקן הטוב ביותר

1928‏-1940 אמיל יאנינגס (1928) • ורנר בקסטר (1929) • ג'ורג' ארליס (1930) • ליונל ברימור (1931) • פרדריק מארץ'/ואלאס בירי (1932) • צ'ארלס לוטון (1933) • קלארק גייבל (1934) • ויקטור מקלגלן (1935) • פול מוני (1936) • ספנסר טרייסי (1937) • ספנסר טרייסי (1938) • רוברט דונט (1940) • ג'יימס סטיוארט 1941‏-1960 גרי קופר (1941) • ג'יימס קאגני (1942) • פול לוקאס (1943) • בינג קרוסבי (1944) • ריי מילאנד (1945) • פרדריק מארץ' (1946) • רונלד קולמן (1947) • לורנס אוליבייה (1948) • ברודריק קרופורד (1949) • חוזה פרר (1950) • המפרי בוגרט (1951) • גרי קופר (1952) • ויליאם הולדן (1953) • מרלון ברנדו (1954) • ארנסט בורגנין (1955) • יול ברינר (1956) • אלק גינס (1957) • דייוויד ניבן (1958) • צ'רלטון הסטון (1959) • ברט לנקסטר (1960) 1961‏-1980 מקסימיליאן של (1961) • גרגורי פק (1962) • סידני פואטייה (1963) • רקס הריסון (1964) • לי מרווין (1965) • פול סקופילד (1966) • רוד סטייגר (1967) • קליף רוברטסון (1968) • ג'ון ויין (1969) • ג'ורג' סי. סקוט (1970) • ג'ין הקמן (1971) • מרלון ברנדו (1972) • ג'ק למון (1973) • ארט קרני (1974) • ג'ק ניקולסון (1975) • פיטר פינץ' (1976) • ריצ'רד דרייפוס (1977) • ג'ון ווייט (1978) • דסטין הופמן (1979) • רוברט דה נירו (1980) 1981‏-2000 הנרי פונדה (1981) • בן קינגסלי (1982) • רוברט דובאל (1983) • פ. מוריי אברהם (1984) • ויליאם הרט (1985) • פול ניומן (1986) • מייקל דאגלס (1987) • דסטין הופמן (1988) • דניאל דיי לואיס (1989) • ג'רמי איירונס (1990) • אנתוני הופקינס (1991) • אל פצ'ינו (1992) • טום הנקס (1993) • טום הנקס (1994) • ניקולס קייג' (1995) • ג'פרי ראש (1996) • ג'ק ניקולסון (1997) • רוברטו בניני (1998) • קווין ספייסי (1999) • ראסל קרואו (2000) 2001-היום דנזל וושינגטון (2001) • אדריאן ברודי (2002) • שון פן (2003) • ג'יימי פוקס (2004) • פיליפ סימור הופמן (2005) • פורסט ויטאקר (2006) • דניאל דיי לואיס (2007) • שון פן (2008) • ג'ף ברידג'ס (2009) • קולין פירת' (2010) • ז'אן דוז'רדן (2011) • דניאל דיי לואיס (2012) קטגוריות: שחקני קולנוע וטלוויזיה אמריקאיםשחקני תיאטרון אמריקאיםזוכי פרס טוניזוכי אוסקר: השחקן הטוב

Yul Brynner From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Yul Brynner S.Kragujevic, Yul Brynner in Sarajevo,1969.JPG Yul Brynner in Sarajevo (1969) Born Yuliy Borisovich Briner July 11, 1920 Vladivostok, Far Eastern Republic (present-day Vladivostok, Russia) Died October 10, 1985 (aged 65) New York, New York, US Occupation Actor Years active 1941–1985 Spouse(s) Virginia Gilmore (m. 1944–60) (divorced) Doris Kleiner (m. 1960–67) (divorced) Jacqueline Thion de la Chaume (m. 1971–81) (divorced) Kathy Lee (m. 1983–85) (his death) Yul Brynner (Russian: Юлий Борисович Бринер, Yuliy Borisovich Briner; July 11, 1920 – October 10, 1985)[1] was a Russian-born United States-based actor of stage and film.[2] He was best known for his portrayal of the King of Siam in the Rodgers and Hammerstein musical The King and I, for which he won two Tony Awards and an Academy Award for the film version; he played the role 4,625 times on stage. He is also remembered as Rameses II in the 1956 Cecil B. DeMille blockbuster The Ten Commandments, General Bounine in the 1956 film Anastasia and Chris Adams in The Magnificent Seven. Brynner was noted for his distinctive voice and for his shaved head, which he maintained as a personal trademark long after adopting it in 1951 for his role in The King and I. Earlier, he was a model and television director, and later a photographer and the author of two books. Contents [hide] 1 Early life 2 Career 3 Photographer, author, and musician 4 Personal life 5 Citizenship 6 Illness and death 7 Awards 8 Honors 9 Other 10 Filmography 11 Select stage work 12 References 13 Further reading 14 External links Early life[edit]

Statue of Yul Brynner in front of his birthplace in Vladivostok, Russia Yul Brynner was born Yuliy Borisovich Briner in 1920.[3][4] He exaggerated his background and early life for the press, claiming that he was born Taidje Khan of part-Mongol parentage, on the Russian island of Sakhalin.[5] In reality, he was born at home in a four-story residence at 15 Aleutskaya Street, Vladivostok, in the Far Eastern Republic (present-day Primorsky Krai, Russia).[6] He occasionally referred to himself as Julius Briner,[1] Jules Bryner, or Youl Bryner.[3] The 1989 biography by his son, Rock Brynner, clarified some of these issues.[5] His father, Boris Yuliyevich Briner, was a mining engineer whose father, Jules Briner, was a Swiss citizen who moved to Vladivostok in the 1870s and established a successful import-export company.[7] Brynner's paternal grandmother, Natalya Yosifovna Kurkutova, was a native of Irkutsk and was partly of Buryat ancestry. His mother, Marousia Dimitrievna (née Blagovidova), came from the intelligentsia and studied to be an actress and singer. He felt a strong personal connection to the Romani people; in 1977, Yul Brynner was named Honorary President of the International Romani Union, an office that he kept until his death.[8][9] Boris Briner's work required extensive travel, and in 1923 he fell in love with an actress, Katya Kornukova, at the Moscow Art Theatre, and soon after abandoned his family. Yul's mother took him and his sister, Vera (born 1916), to Harbin, Manchuria (present day China), where they attended a school run by the YMCA. In 1932, fearing a war between China and Japan, she took them to Paris.[7] Brynner played his guitar in Russian nightclubs in Paris, sometimes accompanying his sister, playing Russian and gypsy songs. He trained as a trapeze acrobat and worked in a French circus troupe for three years, and had a brief flirtation with professional Soccer for PSG, but after sustaining a back injury, he turned to acting.[7][10] In 1938, his mother was diagnosed with leukemia, and they briefly moved back to Harbin.[7] In 1940, speaking very little English, Brynner and his mother emigrated to the US aboard the S.S. President Cleveland, arriving in New York City on October 25, 1940, where his sister already lived.[3][7] Vera, a singer, starred in The Consul on Broadway in 1950[11] and appeared at The Metropolitan Opera as Prince Orlofsky in Die Fledermaus and on television in the title role of Carmen. She later taught voice in New York.[12] Career[edit]

During World War II, Brynner worked as a French-speaking radio announcer and commentator for the US Office of War Information, broadcasting propaganda to occupied France.[13] At the same time, he studied acting in Connecticut with the Russian teacher Michael Chekhov. Brynner’s first Broadway performance was a small part in Shakespeare's Twelfth Night in December 1941. Brynner found little acting work during the next few years,[7] but among other acting stints, he co-starred in a 1946 production of Lute Song with Mary Martin. He also did some modeling work and was photographed nude by George Platt Lynes.[14] Brynner married his first wife, actress Virginia Gilmore, in 1944, and soon after began working as a director at the new CBS television studios, directing Studio One, among other shows. In 1949, he made his film debut in Port of New York, his only film with his natural head of hair.[citation needed] The next year, at the urging of Martin, he auditioned for Rodgers and Hammerstein's new musical in New York. He recalled that, as he was finding success as a director on television, he was reluctant to go back on the stage. Once he read the script, however, he was fascinated by the character of the King and was eager to do the project.[15] woman kneeling in front of a standing man; the two are conversing and each is gesturing with one hand as if ringing a small bell

Brynner with Gertrude Lawrence in the original production of The King and I (1951) His best-known role remains that of King Mongkut of Siam in The King and I, which he played 4,625 times on stage over the span of his career. He appeared in the original 1951 production and later touring productions as well as a 1977 Broadway revival, a London Production in 1979 and another Broadway revival in 1985. He won Tony Awards for both the first and the last of these Broadway productions. He also appeared in the 1956 film version, for which he won an Academy Award as Best Actor and in a short-lived TV version (Anna and the King) on CBS in 1972. Brynner is one of only nine people who have won both a Tony Award and an Academy Award for the same role.[16] His connection to the story and the role of King Mongkut is so deep that he was mentioned in the song "One Night in Bangkok" from the 1984 musical Chess whose second act is set in Bangkok. In 1951 Brynner shaved his head for his role in The King and I.[17][18] Following the huge success of the Broadway production and subsequent film, Brynner continued to shave his head for the rest of his life, though he would sometimes wear a wig for certain roles. Brynner's shaved head was unusual at the time, and his striking appearance helped to give him an iconic appeal.[19] Some fans shaved off their hair to emulate him,[20] and a shaved head was often referred to as the "Yul Brynner look".[21][22][23] Brynner reprised his "Shall We Dance?" segment with Patricia Morison on the TV special General Foods 25th Anniversary Show: A Salute to Rodgers and Hammerstein, broadcast March 28, 1954 on all four American TV networks of the time. Brynner made an immediate impact upon launching his mainstream film career in 1956 and quickly gained superstar status after appearing not only in The King and I that year but also in starring roles in The Ten Commandments, and Anastasia with Ingrid Bergman. Brynner, at 5'8" was reportedly concerned about being overshadowed by co-star Charlton Heston's height and physical presence in The Ten Commandments and prepared his impressive physique seen in the film with an intensive weight-lifting program.[citation needed] He appeared in more than 40 other films over the next two decades,[7] including the epic Solomon and Sheba (1959), The Magnificent Seven (1960), Taras Bulba (1962) and Kings of the Sun (1963). He co-starred with Marlon Brando in Morituri (1965), Katharine Hepburn in The Madwoman of Chaillot (1969) and Lee J. Cobb in a film version of The Brothers Karamazov (1958). He played the titular role of The Ultimate Warrior (1975) and starred with Barbara Bouchet in Death Rage (1976). Among his final feature film appearances were in Michael Crichton's Westworld (1973) and its sequel Futureworld (1976). Brynner also appeared in drag (as a torch singer) in an unbilled role in the Peter Sellers comedy The Magic Christian (1969).[24] Photographer, author, and musician[edit]

In addition to his work as a director and performer, Brynner was an active photographer and wrote two books. His daughter Victoria put together Yul Brynner: Photographer (ISBN 0-8109-3144-3) a collection of his photographs of family, friends, and fellow actors, as well as those he took while serving as a UN special consultant on refugees. Brynner wrote Bring Forth the Children: A Journey to the Forgotten People of Europe and the Middle East (1960), with photographs by himself and Magnum photographer Inge Morath, and The Yul Brynner Cookbook: Food Fit for the King and You (1983 ISBN 0-8128-2882-8). Brynner was an accomplished guitarist. In his early period in Europe he often played and sang gypsy songs in Parisian nightclubs with Aliosha Dimitrievitch. He sang some of those same songs in the film The Brothers Karamazov. In 1967 he and Dimitrievitch released a record album The Gypsy and I: Yul Brynner Sings Gypsy Songs (Vanguard VSD 79265).[citation needed] Personal life[edit]

Brynner married four times. The first three ended in divorce. He fathered three children and adopted two. He and his first wife, actress Virginia Gilmore (1944–1960), had one child, Rock Yul Brynner (born December 23, 1946). His father nicknamed him "Rock" when he was six years old in honor of boxer Rocky Graziano. Rock is a historian, novelist, and university history lecturer at Marist College in Poughkeepsie, New York and Western Connecticut State University in Danbury, Connecticut. In 2006, Rock wrote a book about his father and his family history titled Empire and Odyssey: The Brynners in Far East Russia and Beyond. He regularly returns to Vladivostok, the city of his father's birth, for the "Pacific Meridian" Film Festival. Brynner's daughter, Lark Brynner, was born out of wedlock in 1959 and raised by her mother, Frankie Tilden, who was 20 years old when Lark was born. Brynner supported her financially. His second wife, from 1960 to 1967, Doris Kleiner, was a Chilean model whom he married on the set during shooting of The Magnificent Seven in 1960. They had one child, Victoria Brynner (born November 1962), whose godmother was Audrey Hepburn.[25] His third wife, Jacqueline Thion de la Chaume (1971–1981), a French socialite, was the widow of Philippe de Croisset (son of French playwright Francis de Croisset and a publishing executive). Brynner and Jacqueline adopted two Vietnamese children: Mia (1974) and Melody (1975). The first house Brynner owned was the Manoir de Criqueboeuf, a sixteenth-century manor house that he and Jacqueline purchased.[26] His 1980 announcement that he would continue in the role of the King for another long tour and Broadway run, together with his affairs with female fans and his neglect of his wife and children, purportedly broke up this marriage.[27] On April 4, 1983, aged 62, Brynner married his fourth and last wife, Kathyyam Lee (born 1957/1958), a 24-year-old ballerina from Malaysia, whom he had met in a production of The King and I in which she had a small dancing role. They remained married for the last 2 years (1983–85) of Brynner's life.[28] Citizenship[edit]

Brynner, a Swiss citizen, was naturalized as a U.S. citizen, but in June 1965, he renounced his US citizenship at the US Embassy in Berne, Switzerland for tax reasons. He had lost his tax exemption as an American resident abroad by working too long in the United States and would have been bankrupted by his tax and penalty debts.[26] Illness and death[edit]

Brynner began smoking heavily at age 12 and, although his promotional photos often showed him with a cigarette in-hand, he quit the habit in 1971. In September 1983, Brynner found a lump on his vocal cords. In Los Angeles, only hours before his 4,000th performance in The King and I, he received the test results. His throat was fine, but he had inoperable lung cancer. Brynner and the national tour of the musical were forced to take a few months off while he underwent radiation therapy, which hurt his throat and made it impossible for him to sing or speak easily.[7] The tour then resumed.[29][30] In January 1985, nine months before his death, the tour reached New York for a farewell Broadway run. Aware he was dying, Brynner gave an interview on Good Morning America discussing the dangers of smoking and expressing his desire to make an anti-smoking commercial. The Broadway production of The King and I ran from January 7 to June 30 of that year, with Mary Beth Peil as Anna. His last performance marked the 4,625th time he had played the role of the King. Meanwhile, Brynner and the American Cancer Society created a public service announcement using a clip from the Good Morning America interview. Brynner died of lung cancer on October 10, 1985 in New York City on the same day as his Battle of Neretva co-star Orson Welles.[31][32] Only a few days after his death, the public service announcement was showing on all the major US television networks and was shown in many other countries. The PSA showed him expressing his desire to make an anti-smoking commercial after discovering how sick he was, and that his death was imminent. He then looked directly into the camera for 30 seconds and said, "Now that I'm gone, I tell you: Don’t smoke. Whatever you do, just don’t smoke. If I could take back that smoking, we wouldn't be talking about any cancer. I'm convinced of that." His remains are interred in France on the grounds of the Saint-Michel-de-Bois-Aubry Russian Orthodox monastery near Luzé between Tours and Poitiers. Awards[edit]

In 1952, he received the Tony Award for Best Featured Actor in a Musical for his portrayal of The King in The King and I (musical). In 1985, he received a Special Tony Award honoring his 4,625 performances in The King and I.[33] He won the 1956 Academy Award for Best Actor for his portrayal of the King of Siam in The King and I and made the "Top 10 Stars of the Year" list in both 1957 and 1958. He has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 6162 Hollywood Blvd. Honors[edit]

On September 28, 2012, an 2.4-metre (8-foot) tall statue was inaugurated at Yul Brynner Park, in front of the home where he was born at Aleutskaya St. No. 15 in Vladivostok, Russia. Created by local sculptor Alexei Bokiy, the monument was carved in granite from China. The grounds for the park were donated by the city of Vladivostok, which also paid additional costs. Vladivostok Mayor Igor Pushkariov, US Consul General Sylvia Curran, and Yul's son, Rock Brynner, participated in the ceremony, along with hundreds of local residents.[citation needed] Other[edit]

The cottage at his childhood country home, at Sidimi, near Vladivostok, is a family museum.[citation needed] In a label-initiated publicity stunt, the 1960s surf group "The De-Fenders" shaved their heads and re-cast themselves as "The Brymers", inspired by Brynner.[34] Filmography[edit]

Year Film Role Notes 1949 Port of New York Paul Vicola 1956 The King and I King Mongkut of Siam Academy Award for Best Actor National Board of Review Award for Best Actor (also for Anastasia and The Ten Commandments) New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor (2nd place) Nominated-Golden Globe Award for Best Actor - Motion Picture Musical or Comedy Anastasia General Sergei Pavlovich Bounine National Board of Review Award for Best Actor (also for The King and I and The Ten Commandments) The Ten Commandments Rameses National Board of Review Award for Best Actor (also for The King and I and Anastasia) 1958 The Brothers Karamazov Dmitri Karamazov The Buccaneer Jean Lafitte 1959 The Journey Major Surov The Sound and the Fury Jason Compson Solomon and Sheba Solomon 1960 Once More, with Feeling! Victor Fabian Surprise Package Nico March The Magnificent Seven Chris Larabee Adams Laurel Award for Top Action Performance (5th place) 1962 Escape from Zahrain Sharif Taras Bulba Taras Bulba 1963 Kings of the Sun Chief Black Eagle 1964 Flight from Ashiya Sgt. Mike Takashima Invitation to a Gunfighter Jules Gaspard d'Estaing 1965 Morituri Captain Mueller 1966 Cast a Giant Shadow Asher Gonen The Poppy Is Also a Flower Colonel Salem (also titled Danger Grows Wild) Return of the Seven Chris Triple Cross Baron Von Grunen 1967 The Double Man Dan Slater/ Kalmer The Long Duel Sultan 1968 Villa Rides Pancho Villa 1969 The File of the Golden Goose Peter Novak Battle of Neretva Vlado The Madwoman of Chaillot The Chairman 1970 Adiós, Sabata Sabata/ Indio Black 1971 The Light at the Edge of the World Jonathan Kongre Romance of a Horsethief Captain Stoloff Catlow Catlow 1972 Fuzz The Deaf Man 1973 Night Flight from Moscow Col. Alexei Vlassov Westworld The Gunslinger 1975 The Ultimate Warrior Carson 1976 Futureworld The Gunslinger Death Rage Peter Marciani Short subjects On Location with Westworld (1973) Lost to the Revolution (1980) (narrator) Select stage work[edit]

Twelfth Night (1941) (Broadway) Lute Song (1946) (Broadway and US national tour) The King and I (1951) (Broadway and US national tour) Home Sweet Homer (1976) (Broadway) The King and I (1977) (Broadway, London and US national tour) The King and I (1985) (Broadway) References[edit]

^ Jump up to: a b Record of Yul Brynner, #108-18-2984. Social Security Administration. Born in 1920 according to the Social Security Death Index (although some sources indicate the year was 1915) Provo, Utah: MyFamily.com, Inc., 2006. In his biography of his father, Rock Yul Brynner, asserts that Yul Brynner was born in the later year (1920). Jump up ^ Obituary Variety, October 16, 1985. ^ Jump up to: a b c United States Declaration of Intent (Document No. 541593), Record Group 21: Records of District Courts of the United States, 1685–2004, filed June 4, 1943 Jump up ^ Some sources cite July 7, 1915 as his date of birth, though Brynner himself always gave the 1920 date in immigration and naturalization documents. ^ Jump up to: a b Brynner, Rock. Yul: The Man Who Would Be King Berkeley Books: 1991. ISBN 0-425-12547-5 Jump up ^ Briner Residence ^ Jump up to: a b c d e f g h Rochman, Sue. "A King's Legacy", Cancer Today magazine, Winter 2011 (December 5, 2011), accessed January 20, 2013 Jump up ^ "Gypsies Appeal to U.N. for Aid And Protection of Civil Rights". The New York Times. June 4, 1978. Retrieved September 19, 2008. Jump up ^ "Yul Brynner biography". filmreference.com. Retrieved 2009-10-13. Jump up ^ Seiler, Michael. "Yul Brynner Dies at 65; 30 Years in King and I", Los Angeles Times, October 10, 1985, accessed January 5, 2013. Jump up ^ Vera Brynner, at the Internet Broadway Database, accessed January 20, 2013 Jump up ^ "EBONY 10/1966" Jump up ^ Brynner, Rock. Yul: The Man Who Would Be King (p. 30) Berkeley Books: 1991. ISBN 0-425-12547-5 Jump up ^ Leddick, David. George Platt Lynes. New York: Taschen, 2000. Jump up ^ Capua, pp. 26, 28 Jump up ^ tonyawards.com Jump up ^ "Yul Brynner, 65, dies of cancer in N.Y. hospital". The Baltimore Sun. 10 October 1985. Jump up ^ "'Lost' actor stars in West End's 'King'". UPI.com. Jump up ^ Brynner, Rock (2006). Empire & odyssey: the Brynners in Far East Russia and beyond. Steerforth Press. Jump up ^ Crouse, Richard (2005). Reel Winners: Movie Award Trivia. Jump up ^ Doyle, Hubert (2008). Ventures with the World of Celebrities, Movies & TV. Jump up ^ Douty, Linda (2011). How Did I Get to Be 70 When I'm 35 Inside?: Spiritual Surprises of Later Life. Jump up ^ Yacowar, Maurice (1999). The Bold Testament. Jump up ^ Krafsur, Richard P., ed. American Film Institute Catalog, Feature Films 1961-1970 (p. 662), R.R. Bowker Company, 1976; ISBN 0-8352-0453-7 Jump up ^ Yul Brynner profile at elsur.cl ^ Jump up to: a b Capua, Michelangelo (2006). Yul Brynner, A Biography. McFarland. ISBN 0-7864-2461-3. Jump up ^ Capua, p 151. Jump up ^ tv.com. "Yul Brynner biography". Jump up ^ Capua, pp. 151–57 Jump up ^ Rosenfeld, Megan."Classic King and I". The Washington Post, December 6, 1984, p. B13. Retrieved December 28, 2012. (subscription required) Jump up ^ "A King's Legacy", Cancer Today magazine, Winter 2011 Jump up ^ Anti-smoking PSA on YouTube Jump up ^ IBDb profile Jump up ^ "Dick Lee interview on Outsight Radio Hours". Archive.org. October 20, 2013. Retrieved November 10, 2013. Further reading[edit]

Capua, Michelangelo (2006). Yul Brynner: A Biography. McFarland. ISBN 0-7864-2461-3. External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Yul Brynner. Yul Brynner at the Internet Broadway Database Yul Brynner at the Internet Movie Database Yul Brynner at the TCM Movie Database Yul Brynner at AllRovi Yul Brynner: The Magnificent King [hide] v t e Academy Award for Best Actor 1928–1940 Emil Jannings (1928) Warner Baxter (1929) George Arliss (1930) Lionel Barrymore (1931) Fredric March / Wallace Beery (1932) Charles Laughton (1933) Clark Gable (1934) Victor McLaglen (1935) Paul Muni (1936) Spencer Tracy (1937) Spencer Tracy (1938) Robert Donat (1939) James Stewart (1940) 1941–1960 Gary Cooper (1941) James Cagney (1942) Paul Lukas (1943) Bing Crosby (1944) Ray Milland (1945) Fredric March (1946) Ronald Colman (1947) Laurence Olivier (1948) Broderick Crawford (1949) José Ferrer (1950) Humphrey Bogart (1951) Gary Cooper (1952) William Holden (1953) Marlon Brando (1954) Ernest Borgnine (1955) Yul Brynner (1956) Alec Guinness (1957) David Niven (1958) Charlton Heston (1959) Burt Lancaster (1960) 1961–1980 Maximilian Schell (1961) Gregory Peck (1962) Sidney Poitier (1963) Rex Harrison (1964) Lee Marvin (1965) Paul Scofield (1966) Rod Steiger (1967) Cliff Robertson (1968) John Wayne (1969) George C. Scott (1970) Gene Hackman (1971) Marlon Brando (1972) Jack Lemmon (1973) Art Carney (1974) Jack Nicholson (1975) Peter Finch (1976) Richard Dreyfuss (1977) Jon Voight (1978) Dustin Hoffman (1979) Robert De Niro (1980) 1981–2000 Henry Fonda (1981) Ben Kingsley (1982) Robert Duvall (1983) F. Murray Abraham (1984) William Hurt (1985) Paul Newman (1986) Michael Douglas (1987) Dustin Hoffman (1988) Daniel Day-Lewis (1989) Jeremy Irons (1990) Anthony Hopkins (1991) Al Pacino (1992) Tom Hanks (1993) Tom Hanks (1994) Nicolas Cage (1995) Geoffrey Rush (1996) Jack Nicholson (1997) Roberto Benigni (1998) Kevin Spacey (1999) Russell Crowe (2000) 2001–present Denzel Washington (2001) Adrien Brody (2002) Sean Penn (2003) Jamie Foxx (2004) Philip Seymour Hoffman (2005) Forest Whitaker (2006) Daniel Day-Lewis (2007) Sean Penn (2008) Jeff Bridges (2009) Colin Firth (2010) Jean Dujardin (2011) Daniel Day-Lewis (2012) [hide] v t e National Board of Review Award for Best Actor Ray Milland (1945) Laurence Olivier (1946) Michael Redgrave (1947) Walter Huston (1948) Ralph Richardson (1949) Alec Guinness (1950) Richard Basehart (1951) Ralph Richardson (1952) James Mason (1953) Bing Crosby (1954) Ernest Borgnine (1955) Yul Brynner (1956) Alec Guinness (1957) Spencer Tracy (1958) Victor Sjöström (1959) Robert Mitchum (1960) Albert Finney (1961) Jason Robards (1962) Rex Harrison (1963) Anthony Quinn (1964) Lee Marvin (1965) Paul Scofield (1966) Peter Finch (1967) Cliff Robertson (1968) Peter O'Toole (1969) George C. Scott (1970) Gene Hackman (1971) Peter O'Toole (1972) Al Pacino / Robert Ryan (1973) Gene Hackman (1974) Jack Nicholson (1975) David Carradine (1976) John Travolta (1977) Jon Voight / Laurence Olivier (1978) Peter Sellers (1979) Robert De Niro (1980) Henry Fonda (1981) Ben Kingsley (1982) Tom Conti (1983) Victor Banerjee (1984) William Hurt / Raúl Juliá (1985) Paul Newman (1986) Michael Douglas (1987) Gene Hackman (1988) Morgan Freeman (1989) Robert De Niro / Robin Williams (1990) Warren Beatty (1991) Jack Lemmon (1992) Anthony Hopkins (1993) Tom Hanks (1994) Nicolas Cage (1995) Tom Cruise (1996) Jack Nicholson (1997) Ian McKellen (1998) Russell Crowe (1999) Javier Bardem (2000) Billy Bob Thornton (2001) Campbell Scott (2002) Sean Penn (2003) Jamie Foxx (2004) Philip Seymour Hoffman (2005) Forest Whitaker (2006) George Clooney (2007) Clint Eastwood (2008) George Clooney / Morgan Freeman (2009) Jesse Eisenberg (2010) George Clooney (2011) Bradley Cooper (2012) Bruce Dern (2013) [hide] v t e Tony Award for Best Performance by a Featured Actor in a Musical (1947–1975) David Wayne (1947) Myron McCormick (1950) Russell Nype (1951) Yul Brynner (1952) Hiram Sherman (1953) Harry Belafonte (1954) Cyril Ritchard (1955) Russ Brown (1956) Sydney Chaplin (1957) David Burns (1958) Russell Nype (1959) Tom Bosley (1960) Dick Van Dyke (1961) Charles Nelson Reilly (1962) David Burns (1963) Jack Cassidy (1964) Victor Spinetti (1965) Frankie Michaels (1966) Joel Grey (1967) Hiram Sherman (1968) Ron Holgate (1969) René Auberjonois (1970) Keene Curtis (1971) Larry Blyden (1972) George S. Irving (1973) Tommy Tune (1974) Ted Ross (1975) Complete list (1947–1975) (1976–2000) (2001–2025) Authority control WorldCat VIAF: 7573314 LCCN: n82115477 ISNI: 0000 0003 6861 6007 GND: 118857487 SUDOC: 066969638 Categories: 1920 births1985 deathsBest Actor Academy Award winnersDonaldson Award winnersRussian male film actorsRussian male television actorsRussian male stage actorsMale Spaghetti Western actorsTony Award winners20th-century male actorsEastern Orthodox Christians from RussiaSoviet emigrants to the United StatesRussian people of Buryat descentRussian expatriates in FranceRussian expatriates in ChinaRussian people of Swiss descentMale actors from HarbinPeople who lost United States citizenshipPeople from VladivostokCancer deaths in New YorkDeaths from lung cancer