The venerable Bede wrote: Those who came over to England were of the three most powerful nations of Germany - Saxons, Angles, and Jutes. From the Jutes are descended the people, of Kent, and of the Isle of Wight, including those in the province of the West-Saxons who are to this day called Jutes, seated opposite to the Isle of Wight. From the Saxons, that is, the country which is now called Old Saxony, came the East-Saxons, the South-Saxons, and the West Saxons. From the Angles, that is, the country which is called Angulus, and which is said, from that time, to have remained desert to this day, between the provinces of the Jutes and the Saxons, are descended the East-Angles, the Midland-Angles, the Mercians, all the race of the Northumbrians, that is, of those nations that dwell on the north side of the river Humber, and the other nations of the Angles.
Kingdom of Kent Cantwarena The 'Men of Kent' — 15,000 hides
Kingdom of Sussex Suþsexena The South Saxons — 7,000 hides
Kingdom of Essex East sexena The East Saxons — 7,000 hides
Kingdom of East Anglia East engle The East Angles — 30,000 hides
Kingdom of Northumbria
Kingdom of Mercia in 655 southern Mercia consisted of 5,000 families, Bede reports, while northern Mercia was populated by 7,000 families, and the two were divided by the River Trent. -30,000 hides
Kingdom of Wessex Westsexena The West Saxons — 100,000 hides
Kingdom of the Hwicce The territory of the Hwicca was assessed at 7000 hides in the Tribal Hidage, giving it a similar sized economy to the kingdoms of Essex and Sussex.
Archbishops of Canterbury
Archbishops of York
12 Law Men of Lincoln from reign of Edward the Confessor to William the Conqueror
- Hardecnute replaced by Swardinc his son
- Swarting As before
- Ulf replaced by Swartbrand his son.
- Walraven replaced by Agemund his son.
- Alwold As before
- Brictric replaced by Godwin his son.
- Guret > Normannus Crassus
- Ulbert As before
- Godric > Petrus de Valoignes
- [Siward] replaced by Ulfnod
- Lewine replaced by Burwold his son.
- [Aldene] > Ledwine