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Army of the Potomac (USA), US Civil War

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  • Maj. General Irvin McDowell (USA) (1818 - 1885)
    Irvin McDowell (October 15, 1818 – May 4, 1885) was a career American army officer, famous for his defeat during the First Battle of Bull Run, the first large-scale battle of the American Civi...
  • Brig. General Andrew Porter (USA) (1820 - 1872)
    ) Andrew Porter (July 10, 1820 – January 3, 1872) was an American army officer who was a brigadier general in the Union Army during the American Civil War. He was an important staff officer un...
  • Gen. Alexander Sandor Asboth (USA) (1811 - 1868)
    ivil War Union Brigadier General. One of a number of Hungarians to reach high rank in the Union Army. Served in the Hungarian Army as a Cuirassier (Heavy Cavalry soldier) before allying himself wit...
  • John Kirk Tarr (1844 - 1923)
    Served in Company M in the 14th Regiment of the Pennsylvania Cavalry. He enlisted on September 8, 1864, and was honorably discharged on May 30, 1865.
  • Maj. General William B. Franklin (USA) (1823 - 1903)
    William Buel Franklin (February 27, 1823 – March 8, 1903) was a career United States Army officer and a Union Army general in the American Civil War. He rose to the rank of a corps commander i...

The Union Army of the Potomac fought in most of the Eastern Theater campaigns, primarily in (Eastern) Virginia, Maryland, and Pennsylvania. After the end of the war, it was disbanded on June 28, 1865, shortly following its participation in the Grand Review of the Armies.

Famous Units

Because of its proximity to the large cities of the North, such as Washington, D.C., Philadelphia, and New York City, the Army of the Potomac received more contemporary media coverage than the other Union field armies. Such coverage produced fame for a number of this army's units. Individual brigades, such as the Irish Brigade, the Philadelphia Brigade, the First New Jersey Brigade, the Vermont Brigade, and the Iron Brigade, all became well known to the general public, both during the Civil War and afterward.

Commanders

  • Brigadier General Irvin McDowell: Commander of the Army and Department of Northeastern Virginia (May 27 – July 25, 1861)
  • Major General George B. McClellan: Commander of the Military Division of the Potomac, and later, the Army and Department of the Potomac (July 26, 1861 – November 9, 1862)
  • Major General Ambrose E. Burnside: Commander of the Army of the Potomac (November 9, 1862 – January 26, 1863)
  • Major General Joseph Hooker: Commander of the Army and Department of the Potomac (January 26 – June 28, 1863)
  • Major General George G. Meade: Commander of the Army of the Potomac (June 28, 1863 – June 28, 1865; Major General John G. Parke took brief temporary command during Meade's absences on four occasions during this period); Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant, general-in-chief of all Union armies, located his headquarters with the Army of the Potomac and provided operational direction to Meade from May 1864 to April 1865, but Meade retained formal command.

Major Battles and Campaigns

  • First Bull Run Campaign or First Manassas: McDowell
  • Peninsula Campaign, including the Seven Days Battles: McClellan
  • Northern Virginia Campaign, including the Second Battle of Bull Run (three corps participated under the control of the Army of Virginia)
  • Maryland Campaign, including the Battle of Antietam or Sharpsburg: McClellan
  • Fredericksburg Campaign: Burnside
  • Chancellorsville Campaign: Hooker
  • Gettysburg Campaign: Meade
  • Bristoe Campaign: Meade
  • Mine Run Campaign: Meade
  • Overland Campaign: Meade
  • Richmond-Petersburg Campaign, including the Battle of the Crater: Meade
  • Appomattox Campaign, including Lee's surrender at Appomattox Court House: Meade

Sources

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Army_of_the_potomac