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Army of the Potomac (USA), US Civil War

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  • Erasmus Gruber (1838 - 1911)
    Civil War Veteran. Erasmus H. Gruber was a private in Company G (Bernville men), 151st Regiment (nine months), Pennsylvania Infantry, 1st Brigade 3rd division, 1st corps (Major General John F. Reynolds...
  • Brevet Maj. General James C. Veatch (USA) (1819 - 1895)
    James Clifford Veatch (December 19, 1819 – December 22, 1895) was a lawyer who served as an Indiana state legislator and county auditor. He later served as a Union general during the American ...
  • Maj. General Napoleon J.T. Dana (USA) (1822 - 1905)
    Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Dana (April 15, 1822 – July 15, 1905) was a career U.S. Army officer who fought with distinction during the Mexican–American War and served as a general in the...
  • Brevet Maj. General John C. Tidball (USA) (1825 - 1906)
    John Caldwell Tidball (January 25, 1825 – May 15, 1906) was a career military officer, noted for his service in the horse artillery in the cavalry in the Union Army during the American Civil W...
  • Benjamin G Lefevre (1845 - 1923)
    In 1860 he was a farm laborer living with his family in Drumore Township, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania. He stood 5' 9" tall and had light hair and blue eyes. A Civil War veteran, his military histo...

The Union Army of the Potomac fought in most of the Eastern Theater campaigns, primarily in (Eastern) Virginia, Maryland, and Pennsylvania. After the end of the war, it was disbanded on June 28, 1865, shortly following its participation in the Grand Review of the Armies.

Famous Units

Because of its proximity to the large cities of the North, such as Washington, D.C., Philadelphia, and New York City, the Army of the Potomac received more contemporary media coverage than the other Union field armies. Such coverage produced fame for a number of this army's units. Individual brigades, such as the Irish Brigade, the Philadelphia Brigade, the First New Jersey Brigade, the Vermont Brigade, and the Iron Brigade, all became well known to the general public, both during the Civil War and afterward.

Commanders

  • Brigadier General Irvin McDowell: Commander of the Army and Department of Northeastern Virginia (May 27 – July 25, 1861)
  • Major General George B. McClellan: Commander of the Military Division of the Potomac, and later, the Army and Department of the Potomac (July 26, 1861 – November 9, 1862)
  • Major General Ambrose E. Burnside: Commander of the Army of the Potomac (November 9, 1862 – January 26, 1863)
  • Major General Joseph Hooker: Commander of the Army and Department of the Potomac (January 26 – June 28, 1863)
  • Major General George G. Meade: Commander of the Army of the Potomac (June 28, 1863 – June 28, 1865; Major General John G. Parke took brief temporary command during Meade's absences on four occasions during this period); Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant, general-in-chief of all Union armies, located his headquarters with the Army of the Potomac and provided operational direction to Meade from May 1864 to April 1865, but Meade retained formal command.

Major Battles and Campaigns

  • First Bull Run Campaign or First Manassas: McDowell
  • Peninsula Campaign, including the Seven Days Battles: McClellan
  • Northern Virginia Campaign, including the Second Battle of Bull Run (three corps participated under the control of the Army of Virginia)
  • Maryland Campaign, including the Battle of Antietam or Sharpsburg: McClellan
  • Fredericksburg Campaign: Burnside
  • Chancellorsville Campaign: Hooker
  • Gettysburg Campaign: Meade
  • Bristoe Campaign: Meade
  • Mine Run Campaign: Meade
  • Overland Campaign: Meade
  • Richmond-Petersburg Campaign, including the Battle of the Crater: Meade
  • Appomattox Campaign, including Lee's surrender at Appomattox Court House: Meade

Sources

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Army_of_the_potomac