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12th Ohio Infantry, (US Civil War)

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  • Martin VanBuren Oviatt (1839 - 1904)
    Martin was born 9 Dec 1839 in Braceville, Trumbull, Ohio. His parents were Julius Oviatt(1808-1846) and Editha S Lamphier(1818-1890). After Julius died, Editha married John Bosley(1812-1896). Martin ...
  • Brig. Gen. Jacob Ammen, USA (1806 - 1894)
    Jacob Ammen was a college professor, civil engineer, and a general in the Union Army during the American Civil War. His younger brother, Daniel Ammen, was an admiral in the United States Navy. Amme...
  • John Taylor Carle, (USA) (1831 - 1884)
    12th Regiment, Ohio Infantry (3 months, 1861) SIDE: Union COMPANY: K SOLDIER'S RANK IN: Private SOLDIER'S RANK OUT: Private ALTERNATE NAME: FILM NUMBER: M552 ROLL 16 PLAQUE NUMBER: NOTES: none

12th Ohio Infantry was an infantry regiment in the Union Army during the American Civil War.

History:

The 12th OVI was organized at Camp Dennison, Cincinnati, Ohio, on May 3, 1861, for three-months service, and reorganized on June 28 for three years, under Colonel John W. Lowe, who was killed early in the war and was succeeded by Col. Carr B. White. The 12th Ohio served in western Virginia until August 1862, when it was transferred to the Army of the Potomac and participated in the battles of Second Bull Run, South Mountain and Antietam.

In the fall of 1862, it was again transferred to western Virginia and did efficient service until the spring of 1864, when it joined Hunter's expedition to Lynchburg, Virginia. The regiment returned to Columbus, Ohio, and was mustered out July 11, 1864.

Union Army Brigadier General Jacob Ammen began his Civil War service as a Captain in the 12th Ohio Volunteer Infantry before being promoted to command the 24th Ohio Volunteer Infantry.

The 12th OVI sustained 455 men killed, wounded and missing.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/12th_Ohio_Infantry

12th Ohio Infantry

compiled by Larry Stevens

References for this Unit

see also Bibliography of State-Wide References Ohio In The War-Volume II. Whitelaw Reid. Moore, Wilstach & Baldwin. Cincinnati 1868 Twelfth Ohio Volunteer Infantry. J.E.D. Ward. 88 pgs. NP. Ripley. Ohio. 1864. Call# Rare Books E525.5 12th .W37x. State Library of Ohio. Columbus. Ohio Greene County in the War. Being a History of the Seventy-Fourth Regiment with Sketches of the Twelfth, Ninety-Fourth, One Hundred and Tenth, Forty-Fourth and One Hundred and Fifty-Fourth Regiments and the Tenth Ohio Battery, Embracing Anecdotes, Incidents and Narratives of the Camp, March and Battlefield, and the Author's Experience While In the Army. Ira S. Owens. 196 pgs. Torchlight Job Rooms. Xenia. Ohio. 1872. Call# Rare Books E525.5 74th .O93x c.2. State Library of Ohio. Columbus. Ohio Greene County Soldiers in the Late War: Being a History of the Seventy-Fourth O.V.I.: With Sketches of the Twelfth, Ninety-Fourth, One Hundred and Tenth, Forty-Fourth, Tenth Ohio Battery, One Hundred and Fifty-Fourth, Fifty-Fourth, Seventeenth, Thirty-Fourth, One Hundred and Eighty-Fourth: Together With a List of Greene County's Soldiers. by Ira S. Owens. 294 pgs. Christian Publishing House. Dayton. Ohio. 1884. Call# Rare Books E525.4 74th .O92 1884x. State Library of Ohio. Columbus. Ohio The Twelfth Ohio Volunteer Infantry. in Military History of Ohio. Illustrated in Editions by Counties. Soldiers Edition. ..... Licking County Edition. pg. 313. H.H. Hardesty Publisher. Toledo. 1886 Bull Run Bridge. Robert B. Wilson. From: G.A.R. War Papers. Cincinnati. Fred C. Jones Post. 1891. pp. 35-48. 8 photocopied pages. E464G72v1. USAMHI. Carlisle Barracks. PA. The Dublin Raid. Robert B. Wilson. From: G.A.R. War Papers. Cincinnati. Fred C. Jones Post. 1891. pp. 92-120. 15 photocopied pages. E464G72v1. USAMHI. Carlisle Barracks. PA. Held on to the Rebel Captain. by Corporal Leonidas H. Inscho. Co E. 12th OVI. On pgs. 71-72 of Deeds of Valor: How America's Civil War Heroes Won the Medal of Honor. Edited by W.F. Beyer and O.F. Keydel. 558 pgs. Perrien-Keydel Co. Detroit. Michigan. 1903: Reprint of above by Longmeadow Press. Stamford. CT. 1992 Twelfth Ohio Infantry. by Captain R.B. Wilson. pgs. 58-65. Ohio at Antietam. Report of the Ohio Antietam Battlefield Commission. By D. Cunningham and W.W. Miller. Springfield Publishing Company. State Printers. Springfield. Ohio. 1904 Unit Bibliography. U.S. Army Military History Institute. Carlisle Barracks. PA. 1995 Correspondence and Diaries of Thomas Taylor. Thomas Thomson Taylor. Georgetown. Ohio. Officer 12th OVI - 47th OVI. 1 ft. Letters and diaries. Ohio Historical Society. Archives Library Division. Columbus. Ohio James Mitchell Papers. James Mitchell. 12th OVI & 94th OVI. 2 items. Reminiscences of the Civil War, 69 pages and 23 pages respectively, written in 1914 by Mitchell, who had enlisted from Xenia, Ohio, in 1861 in the 12th Ohio Infantry, and served 1862-1864 in the 94th O.V.I.. Location of originals unknown. Call# General VFM1605. Ohio Historical Society. Columbus. Ohio Samuel A. Worthington Letters. Sgt. Samuel A. Worthington Co K. 12th OVI. Photocopies and transcripts of 10 letters of Worthington. Call# VFM 4710. Ohio Historical Society. Columbus. Ohio James D. Webb. 2nd O.V.I. and 12th O.V.I. Correspondence 1861-1865. Dr. James D. Webb. Assistant Surgeon of the 2nd O.V.I. and 12th O.V.I. Rutherford B. Hayes Presidential Center. Spiegel Grove. Fremont. Ohio. 43420 Russell D. Van Deusen Papers. Chaplain Russell D. Van Deusen. 12th OVI. 11 items from Aug. 1861 to July 25, 1862. Call# VFM1835. Ohio Historical Society. Columbus. Ohio James Ireland Diaries. James Ireland. 12th OVI. Transcriptions from James Ireland Diaries, 1862-1864, 1866, 1867. by Craig Weaver, 1971-1972. 150 pgs. Call# VFM2304. Ohio Historical Society. Columbus. Ohio Blazer's Scouts. Selected members of the 12th OVI also served in Blazer's Scouts. Placed on the web by Darl L. Stephenson and Larry Stevens. 1998 Headquarters in the Brush. Blazer's Independent Union Scouts. by Darl L. Stephenson. 352 pgs. 70 illustrations. Ohio University Press. Athens. Ohio. 2001. Selected members of the 12th OVI also served in Blazer's Scouts. Architects of Our Fortunes The Journal of Eliza A. W. Otis, 1860 - 1863 with Letters and Civil War Journal of Harrison Gray Otis. Eliza A. W. Otis and Harrison Gray Otis. Edited and with an introduction by Ann Gorman Condon. 267 pages. Huntington Library Press. San Marino. CA. 2001. Otis served as an officer in both 12th & 23rd OVI. Leonidas Hamalin Inscho. Licking County's 1st Medal of Honor Recipient. by E. Chris Evans. The Licking County Historical Society Quarterly. Vol. 17. No. 4. Fall. 2007. Licking County Historical Society. Newark. Ohio

Col. John W. Lowe Killed at Carnifex Ferry, W.Va.

History

This Regiment was organized May 3rd, 1861 for three months service, and June 28th for three years, under Colonel John W. Lowe, who was killed early in the war and was succeeded by Col. Carr B. White. The 12th served in West Virginia until August, 1862, when it was transferred to the Army of the Potomac, and participated in the battles of Bull Run, South Mountain and Antietam. In the fall of 1862, it was again transferred to West Virginia and did efficient service until the spring of 1864, when it joined Hunter's expedition to Lynchburg. The Regiment returned to Columbus, Ohio, and was mustered out July 11th, 1864. The 12th sustained a loss in killed, wounded and missing of 455 men. From Dyer's Compendium

12th Regiment Infantry (3 Months):

Organized at Camp Jackson, Columbus, Ohio, April and May, 1861. Moved to Camp Dennison, Ohio, May 6, and duty there till June 28. Reorganized for three years June 28, 1861. Three months' men mustered out July 25, 1861. 12th Regiment Infantry (3 Years). Organized at Camp Dennison, Ohio, June 28, 1861. Left State for the Kanawha Valley, W. Va., July 6. Attached to Cox's Kanawha Brigade, W. Va., to September, 1861. Bonham's Brigade, Dist. of the Kanawha, W. Va., to October, 1861. 1st Brigade, District of the Kanawha, to March, 1862. 1st Brigade, Kanawha Division West Virginia, Dept. of the Mountains, to September, 1862. 1st Brigade, Kanawha Division, 9th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to October, 1862. 1st Brigade, Kanawha Division, District of West Virginia, Dept. of the Ohio, to March, 1863. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 8th Army Corps, Middle Department, to June, 1863. 2nd Brigade, Scammon's Division, Dept. of West Virginia, to December, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, Army of West Virginia, to April. 1864. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Infantry, Division West Virginia, to July, 1864. SERVICE.--Action at Scary Creek, W. Va., July 17, 1861. Battle of Carnifex Ferry September 10. Operations in the Kanawha Valley, W. Va., and New River Region September to November. Gauley River September 12. Wilderness Ferry September 14. Hough's Ferry September 16. Advance to Sewell Mountain September 24. Sewell Mountain September 25. At Hawk's Nest October 10 to November 1. Movement on Cotton Mountain and pursuit of Floyd November 1-18. Laurel Creek November 12 (Co. "H"). Duty at Charleston till April, 1862. Advance on Princeton April 22-May 1. Narrows of New River May 4. Operations on Flat Top Mountain May 20 to August 14. Scout in Wayne County July 24-26 (Detachment). Moved to Washington August 14-24. Pope's Campaign in Northern Virginia August 24-September 2. Action at Bull Run Bridge August 27. Maryland Campaign September 6-22. Battle of South Mountain, Md., September 14. Battle of Antietam September 16-17. March to Clear Springs October 8, thence to Hancock and to the Kanawha Valley, W. Va., October 14-November 17. Moved to Fayette Court House December 4, and duty there till May, 1864. Action at Blake's Farm May 9, 1863. Repulse of McCausland's attack on Fayetteville May 17-20, 1863. Fayette Court House May 19. Pursuit of Morgan's forces and patrol on the Ohio River July 17-26. Expedition from Charlestown to Lewisburg November 3-13. Action at Meadow Bluff December 4, 1863. Scammon's demonstration from the Kanawha Valley December 8-25, 1863. Action at Big Sewell Mountain and Meadow Bluff December 11. Lewisburg and Greenbrier River December 12. Near Meadow Bluff December 14. Crook's Raid on Virginia & Tennessee Railroad May 2-19. Princeton May 6 (Cos. "B," "D"). Battle of Cloyd's Mountain May 9. New River Bridge May 10. Hunter's Raid to Lynchburg May 26-July 1. Diamond Hill June 17. Lynchburg June 17-18. Retreat to Charleston June 19-July 1. Ordered to Columbus, Ohio, July 2. Veterans and Recruits transferred to 23rd Ohio Infantry. Mustered out July 11, 1864, expiration of term. Regiment lost during service 3 Officers and 93 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 2 Officers and 77 Enlisted men by disease. Total 175.

http://www.ohiocivilwar.com/cw12.html