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  • John Haws (c.1690 - d.)
    Recorded as written: A number of other clans/families are septs (sub branches) of the Campbells including Burns/Burnes, Caddell, Hastings, Hawes/Haws/Hawson,Lorne, Loudon, Mac Connechey, MacDermid/Ma...
  • William Greeneberry "Green" Russell (1818 - 1877)
    William Greeneberry "Green" Russell (1818–1877) was an American prospector and miner. Early life Green Russell was born in South Carolina but moved with his family to Georgia as a small chil...
  • Bechias Dustin (1793 - 1874)
    In July of 1798 when Bechias was not quite five years old, his mother, Susanna, died. His baby sister, Susanna, was just over a month old when her mother died. Seven months after their mother died, the...
  • Dr. Mahlon Schooley (1812 - 1877)
    Biography Dr. Mahlon Schooley was born December 12, 1812 at Leesburg, Loudoun Co., Virginia to Samuel and Cecilia (Allen) Schooley and was raised in the Quaker Faith. He would leave the state of Virg...
  • Brevet Maj. Gen. Isaac H. Duval, US Congress (1824 - 1902)
    Civil War Union Brevet Major General, US Congressman. From 1846 to 1849, he was secretary to the commissioners sent by President Polk to treaty with the Indians on the Texas frontier. At the beginn...

The Gist:

All people associated with the California Gold Rush era.

Brief History

In January of 1848, James Marshall had a work crew camped on the American River at Coloma near Sacramento. The crew was building a saw mill for John Sutter. On the cold, clear morning of January 24, Marshall found a few tiny gold nuggets. Thus began one of the largest human migrations in history as a half-million people from around the world descended upon California in search of instant wealth.

The first printed notice of the discovery was in the March 15 issue of "The Californian" in San Francisco. Shortly after Marshall's discovery, General John Bidwell discovered gold in the Feather River and Major Pearson B. Reading found gold in the Trinity River. The Gold Rush was soon in full sway.

In 1849, quartz mining began at the Mariposa mine in Mariposa County. Gold deposits were often found inside quartz veins. In 1850, California became a state. Also that year, gold-bearing quartz was found at Gold Hill in Grass Valley. This led to the development of the great underground mines in that district and a major industry the continued for more than 100 years.

In 1851, Gold was discovered in Greenhorn Creek, Kern County. This discovery led to the rush to the upper Kern River region. By 1852, California's annual gold production reached a then all-time high of $81 million.

California Gold Rush Links