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Profiles

  • Brevet Brig. General Frederick Townsend (USA) (1825 - 1897)
    Frederick Townsend (September 21, 1825 – September 12, 1897) was a Union officer in the American Civil War. He founded and was Colonel of the 3rd New York Regiment, and later served with the U...
  • Darius Ogden Mills (1825 - 1910)
    Darius Ogden Mills (September 25, 1825 – January 3, 1910) was a prominent American banker, philanthropist and, for a time, California's wealthiest citizen. Biography He was born in North S...
  • Maj. General Hugh Boyle Ewing (USA) (1826 - 1905)
    Hugh Boyle Ewing, (October 31, 1826 – June 30, 1905), was a diplomat, author, attorney, and Union Army general during the American Civil War. He was a member of the prestigious Ewing family, s...
  • Brig. General Birkett D. Fry (CSA) (1822 - 1891)
    Birkett Davenport Fry (June 24, 1822 – January 21, 1891) was an adventurer, soldier, lawyer, cotton manufacturer, and a Confederate general in the American Civil War. A survivor of four battle...
  • Maj. General Benjamin F. Cheatham (CSA) (1820 - 1886)
    Benjamin Franklin Cheatham (October 20, 1820 – September 4, 1886), known also as Frank, was a Tennessee aristocrat, California gold miner, and a General in the Confederate States Army during t...

The Gist:

All people associated with the California Gold Rush era.

Brief History

In January of 1848, James Marshall had a work crew camped on the American River at Coloma near Sacramento. The crew was building a saw mill for John Sutter. On the cold, clear morning of January 24, Marshall found a few tiny gold nuggets. Thus began one of the largest human migrations in history as a half-million people from around the world descended upon California in search of instant wealth.

The first printed notice of the discovery was in the March 15 issue of "The Californian" in San Francisco. Shortly after Marshall's discovery, General John Bidwell discovered gold in the Feather River and Major Pearson B. Reading found gold in the Trinity River. The Gold Rush was soon in full sway.

In 1849, quartz mining began at the Mariposa mine in Mariposa County. Gold deposits were often found inside quartz veins. In 1850, California became a state. Also that year, gold-bearing quartz was found at Gold Hill in Grass Valley. This led to the development of the great underground mines in that district and a major industry the continued for more than 100 years.

In 1851, Gold was discovered in Greenhorn Creek, Kern County. This discovery led to the rush to the upper Kern River region. By 1852, California's annual gold production reached a then all-time high of $81 million.

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California Gold Rush Links

http://ceres.ca.gov/ceres/calweb/geology/goldrush.html

http://museumca.org/goldrush/

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/goldrush/

http://www.historichwy49.com/goldrush.html

http://www.calgoldrush.com/

http://www.amazon.com/Blacks-California-Lamar-Western-History/dp/0300065450