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Profiles

  • Bernard Snow (1822 - 1893)
    Bernard Snow (1822 - 1893) , son of Ebenezer Snow (1784 - 1867) and Polly Hayes (1788 - 1854), was born 22 January 1822 at Pomfret, Windsor County, Vermont; he died at the age of 71 on 22 February 1893...
  • James Joseph Eubank (1826 - 1907)
    James Joseph Eubank was born December 11, 1826, in Maury County, Tennessee. His sister Martha Ann was born about two years later in 1828, also in Tennessee. Sometime shortly after that, James and Marth...
  • William F. Holcomb, San Bernardino Pioneer (1831 - c.1909)
    William Francis "Grizzly Bill" Holcomb (1831–1909), was an American prospector and the first to discover gold in the region which became known as Holcomb Valley, near present-day Big Bear Lake, ...
  • Hiram H. Marsh (1807 - 1880)
    In the 1810 federal census, 91 Marshes are listed in Massachusetts.
  • Commodore Stephen Decatur Rose (1818 - 1899)
    Birth: Aug. 12, 1818 Graves County Kentucky, USA Death: Jan. 11, 1899 Wolf Creek (Josephine County) Josephine County Oregon, USA Parents: Randolph Rose and Rebecca Bozorth [Bozier?]. Randolph was b...

The Gist:

All people associated with the California Gold Rush era.

Brief History

In January of 1848, James Marshall had a work crew camped on the American River at Coloma near Sacramento. The crew was building a saw mill for John Sutter. On the cold, clear morning of January 24, Marshall found a few tiny gold nuggets. Thus began one of the largest human migrations in history as a half-million people from around the world descended upon California in search of instant wealth.

The first printed notice of the discovery was in the March 15 issue of "The Californian" in San Francisco. Shortly after Marshall's discovery, General John Bidwell discovered gold in the Feather River and Major Pearson B. Reading found gold in the Trinity River. The Gold Rush was soon in full sway.

In 1849, quartz mining began at the Mariposa mine in Mariposa County. Gold deposits were often found inside quartz veins. In 1850, California became a state. Also that year, gold-bearing quartz was found at Gold Hill in Grass Valley. This led to the development of the great underground mines in that district and a major industry the continued for more than 100 years.

In 1851, Gold was discovered in Greenhorn Creek, Kern County. This discovery led to the rush to the upper Kern River region. By 1852, California's annual gold production reached a then all-time high of $81 million.

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California Gold Rush Links

http://ceres.ca.gov/ceres/calweb/geology/goldrush.html

http://museumca.org/goldrush/

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/goldrush/

http://www.historichwy49.com/goldrush.html

http://www.calgoldrush.com/

http://www.amazon.com/Blacks-California-Lamar-Western-History/dp/0300065450