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  • Richard Smith (1735 - 1803)
    Richard Smith (March 22, 1735 – September 17, 1803) was a lawyer and politician who served in the Continental Congress. Richard Smith was born in Burlington, New Jersey to Richard Smith, a mem...
  • James Kinsey (1731 - 1803)
    Continental Congressman. Elected to represent New Jersey in the Cotinental Congress, he served in 1774. Also served as a member of the New Jersey State Legislature and was an Associate Justice of the N...
  • John Dehart (1727 - 1795)
    John De Hart (July 25, 1727 – June 1, 1795) was an American lawyer, jurist, and statesman from Elizabeth, New Jersey. He represented New Jersey as a delegate to the Continental Congress in 1774 ...
  • John Haring (1739 - 1809)
    John Haring (September 28, 1739 – April 1, 1809) was an American lawyer from New York City. He was a delegate for New York to the Continental Congress. John was born to a large Dutch family at...
  • Issac Low (1735 - 1791)
    Isaac Low (April 13, 1735 – July 25, 1791) was an American merchant in New York City. He was an active speaker against taxation without representation and the chairman of New York City's Commi...

Overview

The Continental Congress was a convention of delegates from the Thirteen Colonies that became the governing body of the United States during the American Revolution. The Congress met from 1774 to 1789 in three incarnations. The leader, moderator or presiding member was not officially given the title of President until the Articles of Confederation were ratified.

The First Continental Congress This met in Philadelphia on September 4, 1774. All colonies but Georgia were represented. Each colony had equal voting power. The Congress adopted a Declaration of Rights on October 14, 1774, and claimed that each colonial assembly had the right to make laws governing everything except foreign trade.

The Second Continental Congress This met in Philadelphia on May 10, 1775, not quite a month after the battles at Lexington and Concord. This body adopted the Declaration of Independence on July 2, 1776, after which it drew up the Articles of Confederation. These were the operating basis for government during the Revolution, but due to significant disagreements over the boundaries between the states they were not fully ratified until February, 1781.

The Congress of the Confederation The Articles of Confederation were in force from March 1, 1781, until the Constitution (ratified on June 21, 1788 by the ninth state, New Hampshire, giving the required 2/3 majority) went into effect on March 4, 1789.

George Washington took office as the first President of the United States on April 30, 1789, thus ending the role of President of the Continental Congress.

Related projects

Presidents of the Continental Congress

  1. Peyton Randolph
  2. Henry Middleton
  3. Peyton Randolph
  4. John Hancock
  5. Henry Laurens
  6. John Jay
  7. Samuel Huntington
  8. Thomas McKean
  9. John Hanson
  10. Elias Boudinot
  11. Thomas Mifflin
  12. Richard Henry Lee
  13. John Hancock
  14. Nathaniel Gorham
  15. Arthur St. Clair
  16. Cyrus Griffin

Delegates

For a complete list of the 342 attending delegates and the 90 delegates who were elected but did not attend, visit these sites: http://www.gpoaccess.gov/serialset/cdocuments/hd108-222/delegates.pdf http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_delegates_to_the_Continental_Congress

  1. Benjamin Franklin
  2. Alexander Hamilton
  3. Edmund Pendleton