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  • Samuel Meredith, Gen. (1741 - 1817)
    Samuel Meredith (1741 – February 10, 1817) was an American merchant from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He was a delegate for Pennsylvania to the Continental Congress from 1786 to 1788. President...
  • Judge Jedediah Strong, Cont. Cong. (1738 - 1802)
    Continental Congressman. A native of Litchfield, Connecticut, he served as a Member of the Connecticut State House of Representatives from 1771 to 1801, and 1779 to 1788, County Judge from 1780 to 1791...
  • Gen. Daniel Roberdeau (1727 - 1795)
    Daniel Roberdeau (1727 – January 5, 1795) was an American merchant residing in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania at the time of the American War of Independence. He represented Pennsylvania from 1777...
  • Judge William Fleming, House of Burgesses (1736 - 1824)
    Birth: Jul. 6, 1736 Cumberland County Virginia, USA Death: Feb. 15, 1824 Chesterfield County Virginia, USA Continental Congressman and jurist. He graduated from the College of William and...
  • Judge Zephaniah Platt, Cont. Congress (1735 - 1807)
    Continental Congressman. He served as a Delegate to the Continental Congress from New York in 1784, Member of the New York State Senate for the Middle District from 1777 to 1783, and as a State Court...

Overview

The Continental Congress was a convention of delegates from the Thirteen Colonies that became the governing body of the United States during the American Revolution. The Congress met from 1774 to 1789 in three incarnations. The leader, moderator or presiding member was not officially given the title of President until the Articles of Confederation were ratified.

The First Continental Congress This met in Philadelphia on September 4, 1774. All colonies but Georgia were represented. Each colony had equal voting power. The Congress adopted a Declaration of Rights on October 14, 1774, and claimed that each colonial assembly had the right to make laws governing everything except foreign trade.

The Second Continental Congress This met in Philadelphia on May 10, 1775, not quite a month after the battles at Lexington and Concord. This body adopted the Declaration of Independence on July 2, 1776, after which it drew up the Articles of Confederation. These were the operating basis for government during the Revolution, but due to significant disagreements over the boundaries between the states they were not fully ratified until February, 1781.

The Congress of the Confederation The Articles of Confederation were in force from March 1, 1781, until the Constitution (ratified on June 21, 1788 by the ninth state, New Hampshire, giving the required 2/3 majority) went into effect on March 4, 1789.

George Washington took office as the first President of the United States on April 30, 1789, thus ending the role of President of the Continental Congress.

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Presidents of the Continental Congress

  1. Peyton Randolph
  2. Henry Middleton
  3. Peyton Randolph
  4. John Hancock
  5. Henry Laurens
  6. John Jay
  7. Samuel Huntington
  8. Thomas McKean
  9. John Hanson
  10. Elias Boudinot
  11. Thomas Mifflin
  12. Richard Henry Lee
  13. John Hancock
  14. Nathaniel Gorham
  15. Arthur St. Clair
  16. Cyrus Griffin

Delegates

For a complete list of the 342 attending delegates and the 90 delegates who were elected but did not attend, visit these sites: http://www.gpoaccess.gov/serialset/cdocuments/hd108-222/delegates.pdf http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_delegates_to_the_Continental_Congress

  1. Benjamin Franklin
  2. Alexander Hamilton
  3. Edmund Pendleton