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The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum tells the story of one survivor of the Einsatzgruppen in Piryatin, Ukraine, when they killed 1,600 Jews on April 6, 1942, the second day of Passover:

I saw them do the killing. At 5:00 p.m. they gave the command, "Fill in the pits." Screams and groans were coming from the pits. Suddenly I saw my neighbor Ruderman rise from under the soil … His eyes were bloody and he was screaming: "Finish me off!" … A murdered woman lay at my feet. A boy of five years crawled out from under her body and began to scream desperately. "Mommy!" That was all I saw, since I fell unconscious.

  • Babi Yar

The most notorious massacre of Jews in Ukraine was at the Babi Yar ravine outside Kiev, where 33,771 Jews were killed in a single operation on September 29–30, 1941. (An amalgamation of 100,000 to 150,000 Ukrainian and other Soviet citizens were also killed in the following weeks). The mass killing of Jews in Kiev was decided on by the military governor Major-General Friedrich Eberhardt, the Police Commander for Army Group South (SS-Obergruppenführer Friedrich Jeckeln) and the Einsatzgruppe C Commander Otto Rasch.

  • Dzerzhinsk (Romanov)

Between August 1941 and June 1942, 1,800 Jews were murdered in four mass executions in the town and nearby locations.

  • Kamien Koszyrski

On 10 August 1942, all the Jews were expelled from their houses, led to the cemetery and murdered. This preceded the final, total annihilation of the Jews in Kamien Koszyrski. The place no longer exists.

  • Piryatin
  • Rovno and Volhynia

Rovno was the administrative center of Nazi activity in the Ukraine, and therefore the elimination of the town’s Jews was intensive from the start. On 6 November 1941 about 21,000 Jews were led to a pine grove in nearby Sosenki and massacred. The remaining 5,000 were packed into a ghetto. In summer 1942 a new wave of killings was launched. The remaining Jews in Rovno were killed on 13 July 1942. Until October of that year some 142,000 Jews in Volhynia were murdered. By the beginning of 1943 all remaining Jews in ghettos and camps where liquidated. Those who managed to escape joined the partisans in Volhynia’s forests. Even there, Jews were often faced with hostility and antisemitism and found that they were rejected by non-Jewish resisters. It is estimated that only 1.5% of Volhynia’s Jews survived.



El Moley Rachamim Holocaust Prayer