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Jewish Families of Gaya (Kyjov)

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This project identifies individuals connected to the town of Gaya (Kyjov) in the Hodonín district of Southern Moravia. Individuals who lived in Gaya and its surrounding villages, or who were raised in families with immediate connections to the town, will be tagged here.

A list entitled Namen das Familianten appears in the Czech Jewish Registers volume on "Kyjov, #931: N [births] 1818, 1823, 1825, 1830-1846," images #6 and #7 of the online file. A spreadsheet listing the names is available, in Excel format. Copies of the original images with names transcribed appear in the Photos section of this Project page. You may find it necessary to download an image and enlarge. Note that Familiant numbers could be transferred, and some were used by more than one person.

The following are GENI profiles of some Jewish families in Gaya / Kyjov:

  1. Dr. Moritz Duschak, Rabbi in Gaya during the 1860s
  2. Samuel Deutsch
  3. Herschel Ehrenfest
  4. Salomon Fischer
  5. Dr. David Haas
  6. Isak Jellinek
  7. Aron Platczek (1786)
  8. Abraham Sonnenschein
  9. Salomon Hayek
  10. Samuel Fischer
  11. Aron Redlich
  12. Markus Redlich
  13. Herman / Josef Strakosch, Vlkoš, near Gaya
  14. Herschel / Herman Konig, Vlkoš, near Gaya

Birth, Death and Marriage records for the region are online at two Badatelna websites: Badatelna/Fond/1073 (the original set of "Czech Registers") and Badatelna/Fond/241, with newly available records for localities in the Czech lands. In both cases, go to the INVENTAR tab to start a search. Information on using these valuable records, called the Czech Jewish Registers, is here. To read these early records, you will need to study up on the old German script, Kurrent.

History. The Jews in Gaya (Kyjov) were protected by a royal charter of 1613. Gaya was the only one of the royal cities in which Jews were allowed to live. The community had existed long before then, the ancient synagogue (demolished in 1851) having been built in 1506 (an inscription on the ceiling of the old synagogue bore the date 1507). Jews remained in Kyjov in 1650, when they were expelled from all communities which had not existed before 1618.

There were 12 Jewish houses in Kyjov in 1688. The burghers petitioned several times for their expulsion, asking Emperor Leopold I "to free them from the troublesome Jews who are encroaching upon all branches of industry." But their request was refused, and the royal charter was adhered to. In 1651, a compromise was signed, which included a clause permitting the Jews to distill spirits. In 1727, under Charles VI, the Jews of Gaya were organized as an independent municipality, which still exists. The number of Jewish families permitted by the Familiants Law was 74.

In 1848 the number of members contributing to the expenses of the Jewish community was 94; the Jewish quarter remained a politische Gemeinde until 1918. The Jews numbered about 900 in a total population of about 3,800. The community numbered 427 in 1830, 510 in 1848, 884 in 1869; it declined to 820 in 1890, and numbered 620 in 1900. [See footnote]

Gaya has a synagogue which was dedicated in 1852; an old and a new cemetery; and a school building with four classrooms.

The "Memorbuch" contains the names of twenty rabbis, among whom are Isaac of Janow (author of "Pene Yiẓḥaḳ Zuṭa)" Amsterdam, 1731, Josef Weisse, and Moritz Duschak. When the latter was called to Cracow in 1872, the rabbinate remained vacant until 1902, when Moritz Bauer was called.

The Gaya (Kyjov) community includes the former communities of Kosteletz and Koritschan; Vlkoš was close by. Kyjov (Czech: [ˈkɪjof]; Latin: Gaya, German: Gaya or Geyen) is in the South Moravian Region, Hodonin District, of the present-day Czech Republic, 45 km SE of Brno.

According to the International Jewish Cemetery Project, "The unmarked Jewish cemetery [at Kyjov], called Old Cemetery, is .4 km SW on Rude Armady Str. It originated at the beginning of 17th century with the last known Conservative Jewish burial in the late 19th century. The isolated, flat urban site has no sign; it is now private property with no wall, fence or gate. Size of cemetery before WWII was .77 ha. Present size of cemetery is about .4 ha with no stones or structures. Property is used for crops or grazing. Vegetation overgrowth seasonally prevents access."

A New Cemetery is on Svatoborska Str., also unmarked. It originated at end of 19th century with last known Jewish burial in 1950s. Reached by passing a public hospital, access is open to all via no wall, fence, or gate. Size of cemetery before and after WWII: 0.34 ha. No stones or structures exist. Contains special memorial monuments to Holocaust victims: transferred 200 meters to the north. Rarely, private visitors stop. Vandalism occurred during World War II and between 1945 and ten years ago. Not maintained. Vegetation overgrowth seasonally prevents access.

Source: Jewish Virtual Library

Familianten in Gaya. A list entitled Namen das Familianten appears in "Kyjov, #931: N [births] 1818, 1823, 1825, 1830-1846," images #6 and #7. A spreadsheet listing the names is available, in Excel format. Copies of the images with names transcribed appear in the Photos section of this Project page. You may find it necessary to download an image and enlarge. Note that Familiant numbers could be transferred, and some were used by more than one person.

  1. Markus Trost
  2. Israel Platzek
  3. Israel Platzek
  4. Simon Platzek
  5. Markus Löw Mandl
  6. Joseph Hayek
  7. Joachim Langer
  8. Salomon Kämpf
  9. Josias Hayek
  10. Herschel Ehrenfest
  11. Jakob Buxbaum
  12. Moises Platzek
  13. David Ehrlich
  14. Markus Löwel
  15. Isak Müller
  16. Lazar Platzek
  17. Abraham Mandl
  18. Samuel Fischer
  19. Moises Klein
  20. Markus Redlich
  21. Joseph Steif
  22. Lazar Redlich
  23. Aaron Redlich
  24. Moises Ehrenfest
  25. Matias Steif
  26. Bernard Mondschein
  27. Matias Mondschein
  28. Lazar Ehrenfest
  29. Joseph Jellinek
  30. Abraham Hayek
  31. Moises Sonnenschein
  32. Lechner
  33. Bernard juny Mondschein
  34. Jakob Klein
  35. Sallomon Leichter
  36. Simon Platzek
  37. Moises Mandel
  38. Mathias Klein
  39. Benedikt Marrizek
  40. David Sommer
  41. Daniel Czuczka
  42. Isak Israel Mandel
  43. Jakob Platzek
  44. Löbl Krziwatzek
  45. Salloman Herschan
  46. Markus Mandl
  47. Moises Hayek Herschl
  48. Isak Sommer
  49. Salomon Boxhorn
  50. Aaron Boxhorn
  51. Moises Pollak
  52. Nathan Redlich
  53. Moises Weinberger
  54. Aron Czuczka
  55. Rudolph Buxbaum
  56. Markus Krziwatzek
  57. Isak Jellinek
  58. Markus Sonnenschein
  59. Jakob Mandl
  60. Jonas Klein
  61. Benedikt Wolf
  62. Michael Klein
  63. Isaak Berl Zweig
  64. Abraham Weinberger
  65. Salomon Hayek
  66. Markus Sonnenschein
  67. Moises Sonnenschein
  68. Bernard Fischer
  69. Salomon Müller
  70. Salomon Hayek
  71. Markus Herrschen
  72. Josias Trost
  73. Ignatz Fischer
  74. Salloman Fischer
  75. Salomon Redlich
  76. Isak Czuczka
  77. Michael Hayek
  78. Elias Fischer
  79. Abraham Bucher
  80. Markus Fischer
  81. Jakob Fischer
  82. Joachim Sonnenschein
  83. Moises Hayek Herschl
  84. Moises Baumann
  85. David Herschel Sonnenschein
  86. Lazar Hayek
  87. Simon Ehrlich
  88. Aron Platzek
  89. Jakob Pollak
  90. Aaron Löb Platzek
  91. Salomon Czuczka
  92. Abraham Platzek
  93. Joseph Platzek
  94. Jeremias Weinberger
  95. Abraham Mondschein
  96. Abraham Kämpf
  97. Moises Herschan
  98. Moises Jellinek
  99. Markus Klein
  100. Joachim Klein
  101. Jakob Herschan
  102. Lazar Redlich
  103. Elias Fischer