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Jewish Families of Skole, Poland (Galicia)

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  • Hermann Armin Freiherr Groedel von Gyulafalva und Bogdán (1856 - 1930)
    The Groedel family tree is fairly well documented from 1782 through the mid 1900s. Born in Friedberg, Hessen, Germany in 1856 to Zadyk Groedel and Fanny Ahl, Hermann and his two younger brothers, Bernh...
  • Rabbi Shem Klingberg of Zalushitz (1872 - 1943)
    יRabbi Shem Klingsberg of Zalushitz (1872-1943) was the author of Ohelei Shem and one of the greatest kabbalah scholars of his time. A descendant of the Chassidic dynasties of Ziditschov and Kom...
  • Baruch Pinchas Admur Skolye Rabinowitz (1874 - 1920)
    The Rebbe was sixth-generation descendant of both the Ba'al Shem Tov and the Zlotichver Maggid. He traced his lineage to Rashi, Maharal, Rema, and the "Sheloh" (R. Isaiah HaLevi Horowitz 1565-1630) ...
  • Grand Rabbi Eliezer Chaim Rabinowitz (1845 - 1916)
    R' Eliezer Chaim Rabinowitz of Yampola was the founder of the Skoyle Hasidic Dynasty. Grandfather of David Isaac Rabinowitz, Skolyer Rebbe Jewish Dynasties
  • Grand Rabbi David Yitzchok Eizik Rabinowitz, Skoyle Rebbe (c.1898 - 1979)
    Skolyer Rebbe, author of "Mekor Ha Beracha", New York 1967 Ancestry of the Rabinowitz descendants: Re. Skolyer Rebbe, Brooklyn, NY : "His brilliance in Torah was matched by his concern for his fe...

Skolye Hasidic Dynasty

Great hassidic rabbi Shem Klingberg was born in Skole in 1870 to Mordechai and Raizel nee Rottenberg. He was married to Shlomtze nee Horowitz. Prior to WWII he lived in Krakow, Poland. Source

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SKOLE FAMILIES

The Groedel family tree is fairly well documented from 1782 through the mid 1900s. Born in Friedberg, Hessen, Germany in 1856 to Zadyk Groedel and Fanny Ahl, Hermann and his two younger brothers, Bernhard and Albert, built an empire their father is said to have founded called the Transylvanian Forest Industry Co. (also known as the Transylvanian Forestcraft shareholder group), exporting lumber throughout the world. It is said that at the time they were the largest exporters of lumber in the world.

The Groedel family had immigrated to Transylvania from Germany in the middle 1870s and acquired citizenship in 1890. Considered “nouveau-riche,” they owned large tracts of property throughout the greater portion of Central Europe, including Romania, Hungary, Poland and other countries.

They owned land all over but Skole was their business headquarters and had 36000 hectares,

Hermann married Caroline Melanie Weiner in Budapest's Doheny Temple in 1885 by Rabbi Samuel Kohn. Melanie was the daughter of Nina Hertzfeld and Adolph Weiner who owned a successful tailoring business in Budapest, and was noted as a tailor to the king.

The Groedels were Jewish but over time, Hermann, Melanie and the children, converted to a variety of Christian faiths. It appears however that Hermann’s brothers and their children continued to practice Judaism.

In 1903, the three Groedel families were bestowed with the title of Baron von Gulyafalva by King Franz Josef and in 1905 upgraded to Baron von Gulyafalva und Bogdan.

SKOLE HISTORY

Skole, city in Lvov district, Ukraine; formerly within Poland, passed to Austria in 1772, and reverted to independent Poland between 1919 and 1939.

A Jewish community existed in Skole from the 18th century. There were 1,063 Jews in the city and surrounding villages who paid the poll tax in 1765. In the second half of the 18th century Jews in Skole imported wine from Hungary. In the second half of the 19th century many Jews in Skole earned their livelihood in the timber trade, wood processing, manufacture of building materials, commerce in agricultural produce, and transportation. Jewish workers were employed in the local match factory.

When Skole became a summer mountain resort toward the end of the 19th century, the Jews there also derived a livelihood in occupations connected with the holiday season. A summer camp for Jewish children of Lvov was situated there.

The community numbered 1,338 (65% of the total population) in 1880; 2,095 (61%) in 1900; 3,099 (48%) in 1910; and 2,410 (40.2%) in 1921. In the period of independent Poland, after World War I, the Jews in Skole were impoverished, and received support from Jewish relief funds. There was an active communal and cultural life. The Zionist movement gained many adherents among the youth.

In the 1930s antisemitism grew rampant in the area. In 1938 there were 2,670 Jews in Skole. Commercial and community life were brought to an end in September 1939 when Skole was annexed to the Soviet Union.

The Hungarian army arrived in July 1941; in August, the Germans took over and set up a Judenrat. In September 1942 most of the Jews were sent to labor camps. The Jews of Skole were ultimately executed in June and August of 1943. Source

BIBLIOGRAPHY:

  • Halpern, Pinkas, index; David Mi-Boekhov, Zikhronot (1922), 50–51;
  • B. Wasiutyński, Ludność źdowska w Polsce w wiekach XIX i XX1 (1930), 100, 108, 123, 148;
  • I. Schiper, Dzieje handlu zydowskiego na ziemiach polskich (1937), index.

Skole Cemetary The earliest mention about Jewish Community is second half of 16th century. 1888 fire in Skole and 1808 building of synagogue by Isaak Levenvert, who paid for it. The cemetery was created is 17th century with last known Orthodox Jewish burial before June 1941.