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Minsk Ghetto גטו מינסק

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  • Ernst Oppenheimer (1897 - c.1943)
  • Ernst Lawner (1898 - 1941)
    Dokumentationsarchiv des österreichischen Widerstandes First Name Ernst Last Name Lawner Date of Birth 12.04.1898 Place of Birth Wien Residence Wien 1, Heinrichsgasse 4 Deportati...
  • Ella Gruenewald (1898 - c.1943)
    Updated from MyHeritage Family Trees via sister Paula Neuhaus (born Gruenewald) by SmartCopy : Jan 19 2015, 10:38:00 UTC
  • Georg Neustadt (1878 - 1941)
    Eintrag im »Gedenkbuch« des Bundesarchivs: Neustadt, Georg geboren am 24. August 1878 in Schwarzenau (poln. Czerniejewo) / Witkowo / Posen wohnhaft in Berlin Deportationsziel: ab Berl...
  • Eugen Gruenewald (1893 - 1943)
    Updated from MyHeritage Family Trees by SmartCopy : Jan 5 2015, 13:04:27 UTC

The Minsk Ghetto was created soon after the German invasion of the Soviet Union. It was one of the largest in Eastern Europe, and the largest in the German-occupied territory of the Soviet Union. It housed close to 100,000 Jews, most of whom perished in The Holocaust.

The ghetto was created soon after the German invasion of the Soviet Union and capture of the city of Minsk, capital of the Belorussian SSR, on 28 June 1941.

On the fifth day after the occupation, 2,000 Jewish intelligentsia were massacred by the Germans; from then on, murders of Jews became a common occurrence. About 20,000 Jews were murdered within the first few months of the German occupation, mostly by the Einsatsgruppen squads.

The ghetto was liquidated on 21 October 1943, with many Minsk Jews perishing in the Sobibor extermination camp.

Several thousands were massacred at Maly Trostenets extermination camp (before the war, Maly Trostenets was a village a few miles to the east of Minsk). By the time the Red Army retook the city on 3 July 1944, there were only a few Jewish survivors.

El Male Rachamim Holocaust Prayer