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New Netherland settlements

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New Netherland, or Nieuw-Nederland in Dutch, was the 17th century colonial province of the Republic of the Seven United Netherlands on northeastern coast of North America. The claimed territory were the lands from the Delmarva Peninsula to southern Cape Cod. Settled areas are now part of Mid-Atlantic states of New York, New Jersey, Delaware, with small out posts in Connecticut, and Pennsylvania. Its capital, New Amsterdam, was located at the southern tip of the island of Manhattan on the Upper New York Bay.

List of settlements, patroonships and homesteads

  • Bergen (1660), now Horseshoe, Jersey City
    • Achter Col (1641), patroonship under Myndert Myndertsen, now Bogota
      • Kewan
      • Minkakwa (1647), Dutch settlement, now Caven Point
      • Pamrapo (1654), patroonship, now Bayonne
    • Ashasimus, homestead of Cornelis Hendriksen Van Vorst now Harsimus
    • Communipaw (1634), former trading post, homestead of Jan Everts Bout, now Liberty State Park
    • Hoebuck (1643), homestead of Aert Van Putten, now Hoboken
    • Pavonia (1630), formally Oester Eylandt, patroonship under Michael Pauw, now lower Jersey City
      • Arresick (1633), trading-post and ferry slip, now Paulus Hook
      • Gemoenepaen (1633), homestead of Jan Evertsen Bout
  • Broncks Landt (1639), patroonship under Scandinavian-born Jonas Bronck, now the Bronx
  • Colen Donck (1646), patroonship under Jonkheer Adriaen van der Donck, now Yonkers
  • Conyne Eylandt, now Coney Island
  • Esopus (1652), patroonship under Thomas Chambers, now Ulster County
    • Fox Hall Manor, homestead of Thomas Chambers
    • Wiltwyk (1657), Dutch settlement, now Kingston
  • Kats Kill
  • Lange Eylandt, now Long Island
    • Boswyck (1661), now Bushwick
    • Gravesende (1645), patroonship under English Anabaptist Lady Deborah Moody and followers, now Gravesend
    • Hemsteede (1643), English settlement, now Hempstead
    • Nieuw Amersfoort (1647), now Flatlands
    • Nieuw Utrecht (1652), patroonship under Cornelius van Werckhoven, now Brooklyn
      • Breuckelen (1646), now Brooklyn Heights
    • Maspat (1642), patroonship under Rev. Francis Doughty, now Maspeth
    • Middelburgh (1652), now Newtown
    • Midwout (1652), now Midwood
    • Oester Baai (1653), English settlement, now Oyster Bay
    • Rustdorp (1656) land patent, now Jamaica
    • Vlissingen (1645) under Dutch patent, mostly English colonists, many of them Quakers, now Flushing
  • Manhatan, now Borough of Manhattan
    • New Amsterdam (1624), now Lower Manhattan
    • Nieuwe Haarlem (1637) and (1652) municipal charter
    • Noortwyck (1630s), now Greenwich Village
    • Stuyvesants (1649), homestead of Petrus Stuyvesant, Director-General of New Netherland
  • Nieuw-Zweden
    • Altena, now Wilmington, Delaware
    • Nieuw Amstel (1655), now New Castle, Delaware
    • Zwaanendael (1631), now Lewes, Delaware
  • Noten Eylandt (1624), Dutch military base and patroonship under Wouter van Twiller, now Governors Island
    • Kievets Hoek (1620s), Dutch trading post, now Old Saybrook
  • Quetenesse (1636), Dutch fur-trading post, now Dutch Island
  • Staaten Eylandt (1639), patroonship under Cornelius Meyln, Now Staten Island
    • Oude Dorpe (1661), Dutch-Walloon settlement, now Old Town, Staten Island
  • Rensselaerswyck (1630), patroonship under Kiliaen van Rensselaer, now Capital District
  • Varken Eylandt (1637), purchased by Wouter Van Twiller, now Roosevelt Island
  • Vriessendael (1640), patroonship under David de Vries, now Edgewater
  • Weehawken (1647), patroonship under Maryn Adriansen
  • Vriedelandt (1642), settlement founded by John Throckmorton, now Throg's Neck
  • Poughkeepsie (1650s), settlement founded by Barent Baltus Van Kleeck and Hendrick Jans van Oosterom
  • Plockhoy Zwaanendael (1663), settlement founded by Pieter Corneliszoon Plockhoy
  • Schenectady (1661), settlement founded by Arent van Corlaer
  • Claverack (1662), now Hudson
  • Eastchester (1643) settlement founded by Anne Hutchinson's family and followers
  • Southhold (1640), English settlement
  • Sachoes (1640s), Dutch settlement, now Peekskill
  • Rotterdam (1670), Dutch settlement known as Woestina
  • Konstapel's Hoeck (1646), patroonship under Jacob Jacobsen Roy, now Constable Hook
  • Greenwich (1642), patroonship under Capt. Daniel Patrick and Lt. Robert Feake
  • Roduins or Rodenbergh, Dutch fur-trading post, now New Haven
  • Beverwyck (1640s), Dutch fur-trading post, now Albany, New York

List of forts

  • Fort Nassau (1614) on Castle Eylandt in the North River, now Westerlo Island
  • Fort Nassau (1621) on the Zuyd River, dismantled and relocated in (1651), now Gloucester City
  • Fort Orange (1624) to replace Fort Nassau on the North River, now Albany
  • Fort Wilhelmus (1624), on the Zuyd Rivier
  • Fort Amsterdam (1625), at the tip of the isle of Manhattan
  • Fort Huis de Goed Hoop (1633) near the Fresh River, now Hartford
  • Fort Christina (1638), first of Swedish settlements on the Zuyd Rivier, Fort Altena in 1655, now Wilmington
  • Fort Beversreede (1648), on the Schuylkill River
  • Fort Casimir (1651), now New Castle