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Hon. Abbott Lawrence

Birthdate: (62)
Birthplace: Groton, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States
Death: August 18, 1855 (62)
Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts, United States
Place of Burial: Cambridge, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States
Immediate Family:

Son of Major Samuel Lawrence (Continental Army) and Susanna Lawrence
Husband of Katherine Bigelow
Father of Annie Bigelow Lawrence; James Lawrence; John Abbott Lawrence; Abbott Lawrence, Jr; Timothy Bigelow Lawrence and 2 others
Brother of Luther Lawrence; William Lawrence; Amos Lawrence; Susan Lawrence; Mary Woodbury and 2 others

Occupation: Businessman, Politician, and Philanthropist, and Founder of Lawrence, Massachusetts, Minister to Great Britain
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Abbott Lawrence

Abbott Lawrence (December 16, 1792, Groton, Massachusetts – August 18, 1855) was a prominent American businessman, politician, and philanthropist. He founded Lawrence, Massachusetts.

Born in Groton, Massachusetts, the son of Revolutionay War officer Samuel Lawrence, Abbott Lawrence attended Groton Academy, (now Lawrence Academy at Groton.) Upon his graduation in 1808, Lawrence became an apprentice to his brother, Amos. Soon the Lawrences formed a partnership, specializing in imports from Britain and China, and later expanded their interests to textile manufacturing. They became extraordinarily wealthy. Many cite the Lawrence brothers as the founders of New England's influential textile industry.

In the 1820s, Lawrence became a prominent public figure--a vocal supporter of railroad construction for economic benefit, a very controversial stance at the time. In 1834, Lawrence was elected to the 24th Congress, as a Whig from Massachusetts. He did not run for renomination to the 25th Congress, but was re-elected to the 26th Congress. In 1842, he was appointed commissioner to settle the Northeastern Boundary Dispute between Canada and the United States.

In 1848, Lawrence was an unsuccessful candidate for the vice-presidency on the Whig ticket, headed by Zachary Taylor. With Taylor's presidential victory, he offered Lawrence a choice of administrative positions. After rejecting a cabinet appointment, Lawrence chose the post of minister to Great Britain. He filled that position with great distinction, and was involved in the negotiations of the Clayton-Bulwer Treaty. He resigned in 1852, and returned to the United States to join the presidential campaign of Gen. Winfield Scott; however, he soon grew dissatisfied with the Whig stand on slavery, and estranged himself from the party.

Lawrence was active in Boston's Unitarian Church. He actively promoted education for lower-class citizens, and donated money to various causes. He supported Lawrence Academy, affordable housing in Boston, and the Boston Public Library. He also provided funds to establish the Lawrence Scientific School at Harvard College. He died in Boston on August 18, 1855, aged 62, and was interred in Mount Auburn Cemetery, Cambridge, Massachusetts.

His nephew, Amos Adams Lawrence is also well-known.

ABBOTT LAWRENCE

 

Birth: Dec. 16, 1792 Death: Aug. 18, 1855

US Congressman. Elected to represent Massachusetts' 1st District in the United States House of Representatives, serving from 1835 to 1837, and 1839 to 1840. Also served as United States Minister to Great Britain from 1849 to 1852. (bio by: K)

 

Burial: Mount Auburn Cemetery Cambridge Middlesex County Massachusetts, USA


Edit Virtual Cemetery info [?]


Maintained by: Find A Grave Record added: May 27, 2003 Find A Grave Memorial# 7499786



Abbott Lawrence was a prominent American businessman, politician, and philanthropist. He founded Lawrence, Massachusetts.

Born in Groton, Massachusetts, the son of American Revolutionary War officer Samuel Lawrence, Abbott Lawrence attended Groton Academy, (now Lawrence Academy at Groton.) Upon his graduation in 1808, Lawrence became an apprentice to his brother, Amos, as chief clerk in his brother's firm. On the conclusion of his apprenticeship, in 1814, the Lawrences formed a partnership, specializing in imports from Britain and China, and later expanded their interests to textile manufacturing. Initially called A. & A. Lawrence, the firm later was named A. & A. Lawrence and Co. It continued until Amos's death, and became the greatest wholesale mercantile house in the United States.[citation needed] It was successful even in the hard times of 1812-1815.

The firm did much for the establishment of the cotton textile industry in New England.[citation needed] In 1830, it came to the aid of financially distressed mills of Lowell, Massachusetts. In that year, the Suffolk, Tremont and Lawrence companies were established in Lowell, and Luther Lawrence, the eldest brother, represented the firm's interests there. When Amos retired from the business in 1831 due to ill health, Abbott became head of the firm. In 1845-1847, the firm established and built up Lawrence, Massachusetts, named in honour of Abbott, who was a director of the Essex Company, which controlled the water power of Lawrence, and later was president of the Atlantic Cotton Mills and Pacific Mills there. Many cite the Lawrence brothers as the founders of New England's influential textile industry.

In the 1820s, Lawrence became a prominent public figure—a vocal supporter of railroad construction for economic benefit. He was an ardent protectionist, and represented Massachusetts at the Harrisburg convention in 1827. Lawrence was highly influential among Massachusetts Whigs and in 1834 was elected to the 24th Congress as a Whig. He did not run for renomination to the 25th Congress, but was re-elected to the 26th Congress. In 1842, he was appointed commissioner to settle the Northeastern Boundary Dispute between Canada and the United States. He took an active part in the presidential campaign of 1844 as a supporter of Henry Clay, as he had done four years previously in the election of William Henry Harrison, and was a presidential elector in that year. Lawrence was elected a member of the American Antiquarian Society in 1846, and subsequently was also elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1847.

In 1848, Lawrence was an unsuccessful candidate for vice president on the Whig ticket, headed by Zachary Taylor. With Taylor's presidential victory, he offered Lawrence a choice of positions in the administration. After rejecting a cabinet appointment, Lawrence chose the post of minister to Great Britain. He was involved in the negotiations of the Clayton-Bulwer Treaty, and resigned in October 1852, and returned to the United States to join the presidential campaign of Gen. Winfield Scott; however, he soon grew dissatisfied with the Whig stand on slavery, and estranged himself from the party.

Lawrence was active in Boston's Unitarian Church and donated money to various causes.[6] He supported Lawrence Academy, affordable housing in Boston, and the Boston Public Library. He also provided $50,000 to establish the Lawrence Scientific School at Harvard College, and provided a similar sum in his will for the School. He died in Boston on August 18, 1855, aged 62, and was interred in Mount Auburn Cemetery, Cambridge, Massachusetts.


US Congressman. Elected to represent Massachusetts' 1st District in the United States House of Representatives, serving from 1835 to 1837, and 1839 to 1840. Also served as United States Minister to Great Britain from 1849 to 1852.

Find A Grave Memorial# 7499786

Birth, Death, Occupation (Merchant) and Parents:

"Massachusetts Deaths, 1841-1915," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:N7LH-76R : 10 December 2014), Abbott Lawrence, 18 Aug 1855; citing Boston, Massachusetts, v 95 p 56, State Archives, Boston; FHL microfilm 960,171.

Marriage:

"Massachusetts, Town Clerk, Vital and Town Records, 1626-2001," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:Q2ZT-295F : 5 January 2017), Abbott Laurence and Katharine Bigelow, 15 May 1819; citing Marriage, Middlesex, Massachusetts, United States, 15, town clerk offices, Massachusetts; FHL microfilm 860,000.

Child Annie:

"Massachusetts Deaths and Burials, 1795-1910," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:FCM6-28P : 10 December 2014), Katherine Bigelow in entry for Annie Bigelow Lawrence Rotch, 26 Aug 1893; citing , reference 116; FHL microfilm 813,196.

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Abbott Lawrence's Timeline

1792
December 16, 1792
Groton, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States
1820
April 28, 1820
Age 27
Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts, United States
1821
December 6, 1821
Age 28
Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts, United States
1824
April 16, 1824
Age 31
Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts, United States
1825
June 11, 1825
Age 32
Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts, United States
1826
November 22, 1826
Age 33
Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts, United States
1828
September 9, 1828
Age 35
Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts, United States
1832
February 21, 1832
Age 39
Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts, United States
1855
August 18, 1855
Age 62
Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts, United States