Abital .

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Abital .

Hebrew: אביטל .
Also Known As: "Avital bint Fulan"
Birthdate:
Death:
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Amiel Ben Achitofel
Wife of King David
Mother of Shephatiah .

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Immediate Family

About Abital .

Abital or Avital (אֲבִיטַל) : Son Shephatiah possible ancestor of Hillel and Rashi.

Bavli Ketubot 62b states that Rabbi Yehudah ha-Nasi was a descendant of Shephatiah the son of Avital, ie, the wife of David.

Scripture References—2 Samuel 3:4; 1 Chronicles 3:3

Name Meaning—Whose father is as dew

The historian took a mere seven words to tell us all there is to know about this colorless female character. Born in Hebron, she was one of David’s many wives. In his most profitable study, Personal Names in the Bible, W. F. Wilkinson reminds us that in the figurative language of Scripture poetry, “Dew often represents blessing, beneficence, refreshment, consolation; and in this sense it may be understood in such a name. Or its significance, when thus used, may be found in the early appearance and rapid evanescence of dew (Hosea 6:4; 13:3); and so it may intimate the death of a young husband, perhaps the birth of a child.” Perhaps the name Abital was chosen by the parents to whom her birth came as a blessing, as a source of consolation.


Abital is one of King David's wives. She's mentioned only once in 2 Samuel 3:4 and once in the mirror text of 1 Chronicles 3:3. She lived with David in Hebron. She is the mother of David's fifth son Shephatiah.

From he.wiki בגמרא מובאת מסורת על פיה: "רבי אתי משפטיה בן אביטל" [מסכת כתובות דף סב עמוד ב], דהיינו שרבי יהודה הנשיא היה מצאצאיה. מסורת אחרת גורסת שרבי חייא הוא מצאצאי אביטל: ." "אמר רבי לוי: מגילת יוחסין מצאו בירושלים, וכתוב בה: הלל - מדוד, רבי חייא רבה - משפטיה בן אביטל בראשית רבה צ"ח, ח

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Abital .'s Timeline

-1040
-1040
-1020
-1020
Age 19
Hebron
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