Abraham Brodersson (Tjurhuvud)

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Abraham Brodersson

Danish: Abraham Brodersen, Norwegian: Abraham Brodersen
Also Known As: "Brodersson", "Tjurhuvud", "Tjuhufvud"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Halland, Sweden
Death: August 27, 1410 (55-64)
Sønderborg, Denmark (Beheaded)
Immediate Family:

Son of Broder Simonsen Baad, af Halland and N.N. (Tjurhuvud)
Husband of Merete Pedersdotter Budde and Cecilie Nielsdatter Jernskjæg
Partner of Frilla
Father of Älessewe Abrahamsdotter; Birgitta Abrahamsdotter (Tjurhuvud) and Cecilia Abrahamsdotter, Bonde (Baad av Halland)
Brother of Svend Brodersen Baad, af Halland; Esbjörn Brodersen Baad, af Halland and Peder Brodersen Baad, af Halland
Half brother of Kristina Toresdotter Tjurhufvud and Sven Toresson Tjurhuvud

Occupation: Riddare, riksråd
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Abraham Brodersson (Tjurhuvud)

Abraham Brodersson (ca. 1350 – 27 August 1410) was a Swedish statesman and military commander who lived in the 14th and early 15th century.

He was a very able military leader and trusted advisor who contributed greatly to the rise of Queen Margaret I of Denmark, although initially he might have been introduced to the Queen and raised in her favors due to his handsome appearance. He is reported to have had a daughter with Margaret.

Biography

As a member of one of the richest and most powerful families in Sweden, the Baad family from Halland, he joined the pro-Margaret party in his country and helped her to depose Albert of Mecklenburg. He then supported Margaret in uniting the three crowns of Scandinavia and designating as her heir Eric of Pomerania.

He led Margaret's land forces and fleet together with Algot Magnusson in sieges of Stockholm during 1393-1394. He also participated in the campaign against the Island of Gothland a decade later.

On Trinity Sunday, 17 July 1397, Margaret caused her grand nephew Eric to be crowned, and on the same day conferred knighthood on 133 people, among them Abraham Brodersson. An old chronicle recounts that "Amidst all the fine folk present, none shone in manly beauty and bravery of apparel like Abraham Broderson ... Abraham was always present in her mind."

From 1403 to 1405 Brodersson was the castellan of the Kalmar Castle. He was also District Councillor of Halland, Värend and Finnveden. He became powerfully favored by her, and about him the people sang a lay "The whole forest is full of Abraham."

He was one of the largest and richest landowners in the Kalmar Union, with much property in Småland, Västergötland and Denmark. In Sweden, he had more servants than the king . According to Ahlbäck and Helle, as the castellan of the Kalmar Castle (a powerful office), he was notorious for levying heavy taxes, and he abused Margaret's trust in unashamedly acquiring lands from widows and petty nobility, possibly amassing some 500 holdings. He became the owner of a lot of property through his first wife Margareta as well. The total number of farms Abraham owned might be more than 600.

In 1410, Queen Margaret appointed her nephew, King Eric of Pomerania, as the commander-in-chief in a campaign against Holstein. Based on abilities and experience, Abraham Brodersson should have been made the commander, but Margaret wanted to use this opportunity to reform and train her heir, who had been a disappointment to her. Thus, Abraham Brodersson was given a battalion, while the campaign was led by an untested and untried Eric to disastrous results. Resentful of Abraham Brodersson's presence and his power, after a failed siege against the Sønderborg Castle, Eric blamed his defeat on Abraham Brodersson, (possibly falsely) accused him of raping a woman and had him executed by sword, unknown to Margaret. According toLouis Gabriel Michaud, by this time, Abraham Brodersson had become so powerful and was held by the queen in such high regards that he became a rival who threatened Eric's throne.

Abraham Brodersson has been praised for his bravery and military skills in such documents as the Rhyme chronicles, but also has a reputation for greed, brutality and dissolute life. Margaret lamented the death of her favourite knight greatly (although, the patient Queen again forgave Eric for this act of treachery) and caused an altar for him to be raised in the Cathedral of Lund, where masses for him and herself would be held conjointly, and did not long survive him. The two years between his death and her own death were marked with great turbulence in Denmark, where people were heavily taxed to support the war Eric was waging. The Queen though tried to keep her composure, took it upon herself to direct the Holstein-Schleswig war and was bringing it to a promising conclusion by diplomatic means when she suddenly died (some authors speculate that Abraham's death might have contributed to it), leaving the war to Eric who made a disastrous situation out of it again.

Marriages and descendants

He married Margareta Petersdotter Dudde in 1382. The couple had one child named Birgitta (Brita). The girl's biological mother is suspected to be Queen Margaret. Brita accompagnied Queen Margaret to Vadstena where the fair young child, who apparently bore great resemblance to the Queen and certified by Margaret as having royal blood, was educated in a convent. Later, Brita married Thure Bjelke and gave birth to the first wife of King Charles VIII of Sweden and thus was the ancestress of Christina Gyllenstierna. After his first wife's death, he married Cecilia Nilsdotter Jaernskaegg. He reportedly had many children born out of wedlock.



Om Abraham Brodersen (Tjurhuvud) (Dansk)

Abraham Brodersen Baad (af Halland)

http://finnholbek.dk/genealogy/getperson.php?personID=I21426&tree=2

Død 27 Aug 1410 Executed, Sønderborg, Als

til Skedalmed meget mere Gods i Halland og Skaane, 1382 forlehnet med Kongsbak, 1389 med Varberg, 1399 med Laholm, siden med Kalmar, var 1393 Medanfører ved Stockholms og 1398 ved Visbys Beleiring, blev 28 Aug. 1410 halshugget udenfor Sønderborg paa Als for Brud paa Landefreden (Voldtægt); han var en rig og mægtig Mand, der stod i stor Gunst hos Dronning Margrethe, som enddog stiftede en Sjælemesse for ham; men ellers var han ilde lidt for Tyrani og løse Sæder.

Halshugget udenfor Sønderborg paa Als for Brud paa Landefreden (Voldtægt)


Born : Før 1382


Halshugget i Sønderborg


Abraham Brodersson var hallänning, tillhörig en släkt som förde ett tjur- eller oxhuvud i vapnet. Han var dansk riddare, riksråd, hövitsman på Varberg och Laholm och en av de medeltidsmänniskor, som då och då dyker upp även i nutiden.

Rykten har gjort gällande att han var drottning Margaretas älskare. Detta är nog en överdrift, men han var utan tvivel en av hennes bästa politiska vänner, en av de mänskliga stöttepelare på vilken hennes makt vilade, såväl i krig som i fred.

Abrahams stora godsinnehav hade temporärt konfiskerats efter hans avrättning, men senare återställdes det till dottern Birgitta och hennes man, Ture Stensson (Bielke).

(Källa: Dick Harrison: Karl Knutsson och Lars-Olof Larsson - Kalmarunionens tid)


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Källor

1)  Dick Harrison - Karl Knutsson 
 


Abraham Brodersson (Oxehufvud)

dansk riddare och riksråd

AVRÄTTAD 1410-08-27


Abraham Brodersson (i vapenskölden förde han ett tjurhuvud) (ca 1350-1410) var riddare och riksråd på drottning Margaretas och Erik av Pommerns tid. Han stod högt i gunst hos de båda och var under Kalmarunionen en framgångsrik befälhavare. Hans politiska och militära insatser belönades så rikligt att han kom att bli en av de förmögnaste i unionen, så rik att han kunde låna ut stora belopp åt danska staten. Mot slutet av sin levnad ägde han 200 gårdar och byar i södra Sverige, i Finland och på Själland.

När de svenska stormännen ville göra sig av med Albrekt av Mecklenburg hölls ett möte med Danmarks drottning Margareta i Dalsland. En av undertecknarna av det upprättade Dalaborgstraktaten år 1388 var Abraham Brodersson. Traktatet följdes av striderna mot kung Albrekt, vilket ändades i februari 1389 vid Åsle mosse utanför Falköping då kung Albrekt togs tillfånga och avsattes.

I november 1403 skickades unionens krigsflotta till Gotland för att återta ön från Tyska Orden, som gjort sig herrar efter att ha kastat ut Vitaliebröderna. Befälhavare var Abraham Brodersson, Algot Månsson Sture och Sven Sture. Krigsföretaget misslyckades militärt, men efter stor blodutgjutelse uppnåddes en överenskommelse genom Gotlands lösen. Den gick ut på att unionen mot 9000 engelska nobler (http://www.guteinfo.com/historia/?id=2781) fick återköpa Gotland. Åren 1403-05 var han hövitsman på Kalmar slott.

Under unionstidens envisa och prestigefyllda krigspolitik i Holsteinfrågan var också Abraham Brodersson inbegripen. Under ett för honom ödesdigert anfall på Sønderborgs slott förgrep han sig på en försvarslös ung kvinna. Att stillestånd rådde för tillfället gjorde inte saken bätte, och han fördes inför Erik av Pommerns domare och dömdes till svärdet. Det kom lägligt – den rike militären hade blivit ett potentiellt hot även för kungen.

Drottning Margareta lät uppföra ett kapell med altare i Lunds domkyrka, där skulle hållas mässor för såväl hans själ som för hennes.

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