Admiral Henry Kent Hewitt

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Henry Kent Hewitt

Birthdate:
Birthplace: Hackensack, Bergen, New Jersey, United States
Death: September 15, 1972 (85)
Middlebury, Vermont
Place of Burial: Annapolis, Anne Arundel, Maryland, United States
Immediate Family:

Son of Robert Anderson Hewitt and Mary Hewitt
Husband of Floride* Louisa Hewitt
Father of Mary Kent Norton and NN Taylor

Occupation: Admiral
Managed by: Sharon Doubell
Last Updated:
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Immediate Family

About Admiral Henry Kent Hewitt

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_Kent_Hewitt

http://ww2gravestone.com/people/hewitt-henry-kent/

Henry Kent Hewitt (February 11, 1887 – September 15, 1972) was born in Hackensack, New Jersey on February 11, 1887 and graduated from the U.S. Naval Academy in 1906. Hewitt served on USS Missouri in the Great White Fleet's circumnavigation of the globe from 1907-1909. He later chaired and taught mathematics at the Naval Academy during the 1930's. During that time the US Naval Academy developed the Keuffel & Esser Log Log Trig slide rule. Afterwards he commanded the yacht Eagle. During World War I, Hewitt commanded the destroyer USS Cummings and, years later, the cruiser USS Indianapolis.

Beginning in 1941, he commanded Atlantic Fleet Task Groups in neutrality patrols and convoys until becoming Commander, Amphibious Force, Atlantic Fleet, in April 1942. This force, also called Task Force 34, became the U.S. component of the Operation Torch landings in November 1942. Hewitt was then assigned as Commander, U.S. Naval Forces, Northwest Africa Waters or COMNAVNAW. His flagship was USS Augusta, when he commanded American naval forces at the Battle of Casablanca. Hewitt remained in this post until 1945, when he chaired a Pearl Harbor investigation.

Following World War II, he commanded U.S. Naval Forces Europe, advised the Naval War College, and served as a Navy representative to the United Nations. Hewitt retired from active duty in 1949.

USS Hewitt (DD-966) was named in his honor.

Awards

The President of the United States of America takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Commander Henry Kent Hewitt, United States Navy, for distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. CUMMINGS, engaged in the important, exacting and hazardous duty of patrolling the waters infested with enemy submarines and mines, in escorting and protecting vitally important convoys of troops and supplies through these waters, and in offensive and defensive action, vigorously and unremittingly prosecuted against all forms of enemy naval activity during World War I.

Action Date: World War I

Service: Navy

Rank: Commander

Company: Commanding Officer

Division: U.S.S. Cummings

The President of the United States of America, authorized by Act of Congress, July 9, 1947, takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Admiral [then Vice Admiral] Henry Kent Hewitt (NSN: 0-5819), United States Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commander, Western Naval Task Force, in action against enemy German forces during the invasion of Salerno, in September 1943. In command of more than 600 Allied Men-O'-War, ships and large landing craft responsible for the safe sea borne movements of the Allied FIFTH Army to the Gulf of Salerno, Admiral Hewitt brought them skillfully through mined approach courses and developed a sea frontier length of approximately fifty miles despite limited maneuvering space. As the second wave of our landing boats reached the shore, strong German armored elements, deployed along selected beaches, launched heavy counterattacks. They raked the sands where our troops were trying to dig in, tanks rolled out of the valley and charged; hostile artillery continually shelled ships in the anchorage; enemy air forces attacked with high and low-level bombings, dive-bombing and strafing, and with radio-controlled and rocket-glider bombs. The entire operation was in jeopardy. Aware of the narrow margin of success, Admiral Hewitt went ashore. He made a personal reconnaissance of the situation and learned of the peril in flat coastal plains where Allied formations were enveloped in two small detached areas pounded by artillery fire from rugged high ground inland, and requested immediate air and sea reinforcements. With his Flagship marked for destruction by the German Command and pursued as a vital target, he shifted his Flag to a less important unit. His long-range Naval guns blasted enemy formations without respite. German penetration was sealed off and rendered an immobile target for heavy strikes by Allied bombers, thus insuring the success of the Salerno Campaign. By his courage, initiative and inspiring leadership under fire, Admiral Hewitt upheld the finest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

General Orders: Authority: Board of Awards: Serial 3065 (July 8, 1947)

Action Date: Sep-43

Service: Navy

Rank: Admiral

Company: Commander

Division: Western Task Force

Army Distinguished Service Medal

The President of the United States of America, authorized by Act of Congress, July 9, 1918, takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Rear Admiral Henry Kent Hewitt (NSN: 0-5819), United States Navy, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility. Admiral Hewitt, in his capacity as Commander of the Amphibious Force Atlantic Fleet, and of Naval Task Force No. THIRTY-FOUR (34), with the highest type of skill and leadership, conducted his large fleet from the United States to the shores of French Morocco, through waters infested with hostile submarines, without loss. Through his care, foresight, and leadership, the forces he transported were landed 8 November 1942 on a hostile and unknown shore, during hours of darkness, in a heavy sea, at the proper time and places. In subsequent tactical action he handled his forces so as to prevent interference by hostile naval units with the landing of our forces as planned. His services contributed in marked degree to the success of the enterprise.

General Orders: War Department, General Orders No. 28 (1942)

Action Date: November 7 - 15, 1942

Service: Navy

Rank: Rear Admiral

Army Distinguished Service Medal

The President of the United States of America, authorized by Act of Congress, July 9, 1918, takes pleasure in presenting a Bronze Oak Leaf Cluster in lieu of a Second Award of the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Vice Admiral Henry Kent Hewitt (NSN: 0-5819), United States Navy, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility. As Naval Commander, Western Naval Task Force, from 13 August to 27 September 1944, Admiral Hewitt was responsible for all Naval activities in connection with the invasion of southern France. Displaying great technical skill, efficiency and a broad knowledge of the tremendous task entrusted to him, he coordinated all Naval activities of both United States and Allied Forces involved in the operation. His wide professional experience, sound judgment and energy were of the greatest service in executing combined operations. His forces engaged in amphibious offensive operations with marked effectiveness and made an invaluable contribution to the success of the invasion of southern France. His initiative and tact enlisted the enthusiastic cooperation of all forces under his command.

General Orders: War Department, General Orders No. 84 (1944)

Service: Navy

Rank: Vice Admiral

The President of the United States of America, authorized by Act of Congress, July 9, 1918, takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Distinguished Service Medal to Rear Admiral Henry Kent Hewitt (NSN: 0-5819), United States Navy, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility, as Commander of the United States Naval Forces which escorted and supported the United States Army Forces in successful landings and occupation of certain objectives in French Morocco from 7 November 1942 to 15 November 1942. By his careful and exhaustive planning and his able and efficient conduct of escort and coverage of United States Army landing forces, Rear Admiral Hewitt contributed greatly to the successful accomplishment of one of three major objectives in the occupation of North Africa.

General Orders: Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 311 (February 1943)

Action Date: November 7 - 15, 1942

Service: Navy

Rank: Rear Admiral

The President of the United States of America, authorized by Act of Congress, July 9, 1918, takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Distinguished Service Medal to Vice Admiral Henry Kent Hewitt (NSN: 0-5819), United States Navy, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility as Commander of the EIGHTH Fleet during the period from 1943 to 1945. Operating jointly with the forces of the United States Army, the forces under Vice Admiral Hewitt's command executed a successful landing on hostile shores. The meticulous planning and sound tactical knowledge which were essential to the accomplishment of a particularly strategic mission reflect great credit upon Vice Admiral Hewitt and the United States Naval Service.

General Orders: Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 311 (February 1943)

Action Date: July 1943 - May 1945

Service: Navy

Rank: Vice Admiral

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Admiral Henry Kent Hewitt's Timeline

1887
February 11, 1887
Hackensack, Bergen, New Jersey, United States
1923
July 5, 1923
Long Beach, California
1972
September 15, 1972
Age 85
Middlebury, Vermont
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Plot Section, 2 Lot 209, United States Naval Academy Cemetery, Annapolis, Anne Arundel, Maryland, United States