Adrianus Franciscusz De Lange

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Adrianus Franciscusz De Lange

Also Known As: "Adrian", "Arrie", "Arie", "Arrie/Adrian /Frazen/Fransen /DeLong/Langet/Langerth", "Adrian Fransen", "Aryan Fransen", "Ary Frans Langet"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Etten-Leur, Etten-Leur, North Brabant, Netherlands
Death: before April 17, 1699
Brabant (an area of Kingston on the northern side of the present Esopus Creek), Ulster County, New York
Immediate Family:

Son of Franciscus Adrianus De Lange and Anna De Lange
Husband of Rachel Jansen de Lange
Father of Willemje Langen de Lange; Frans Arie DeLong; Jannetie de Lange; Marytje de Lange; Rachel de Lange and 10 others
Brother of Cornelia Maria Delange and Maria De Lange

findagrave: https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/103436998/arie-fransen-langet
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Adrianus Franciscusz De Lange

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In 1671, Arie (Adrian) (Arian) Fransen Langet first appeared in the Kingston, NY area, Ulster County. In 1680 he married Rachel Jansen Pier who came from Amsterdam as a young child with her parents in 1661. She sailed on the ship 'St. Jan Baptist. Arrie and Rachael had 10 children who were baptised in the Dutch Reformed Church. He was living in 1693/5 and deceased by 1699. (car)


GEDCOM Source

@R201164675@ Ancestry Family Trees Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com. Original data: Family Tree files submitted by Ancestry members.

GEDCOM Source

Ancestry Family Tree


The following notes from the late John D. Baldwin III (50+ year Delong researcher).

ARIE FRANSEN a Dutch Patronymic meaning Aaron son of Frans, was probably born in the Netherlands. No Frans has been found in the new world who would be a good candidate for father, however a sister may well have been the Jannetie Francen who (in 1668?) requested judicial enforcement of a sentence dated Nov. 17, 1666 against Cornelis Vernoy (Versteeg: NY Hist. Mss Dutch Kingston Papers I;315).

Another possibly younger relative might be Judith Fransen born Flesinger [Vlissingen, or Flensburg, in Province of Zeeland, Netherlands] who marriage banns with Johanis Wincoop born Albany were dated June 7, 1687. In 1688, Johannes Wynkoop, Evert Wyncoop and Judith Fransen were sponsors for a son of Moses de Puits [DePu] and Maria Wynkoop (where?).

Also Henricus Cooke and Wyntje Franse had Elsie born June 6, 1695 (where?)

Mention will now be made of an Amsterdam church record for the reference of future researchers, however it seems a few years too late to be subject Arie who was in the N.Y. Militia in 1670, and far too late if he were the immigrant of 1659. This reference is either a birth or baptism on March 5, 1656 in Amsterdam, Netherlands for one Ariaen Fransen, son of Frans Fransen and Ariaantje Pieters (Ref: Bijzonderh 105 Kerk 61).

Another-European record merits mention if only because it has been attributed without any particular justification to Arie. This was the birth in Etten-Leur, Brabant Feb. 4, 1634 of Adrianus Fransciscuszn, son of Franciscus Adrianns and Johanna Jacobusdochter. The record was fortuitously obtained by Joan DeLong of Vancouver who on seeing that Arie's son was born in Brabant, actually in Ulster Co. NY, wrote the archives in Brabant Holland. The record may well pertain to subject, particularly if he were the immigrant of 1659, but it is open to conjecture, and it is unfortunate that some researchers have published it as fact. Of interest is the fact that the Van Etten family of New Netherlands at times used the surname DeLong; Etten is adjacent to Etten-Leur.

Surnames were just coming into common usage among the Dutch in Arie's lifetime, in some but not all records, he is surnamed Langet and similar variations, probably a reference to his height and conveniently serving to distinguish him from shorter Arie nearby though we have no reason to think it was another Arie Fransen. Thus he is found in either church or other documents as Ary Frans Langet, Ariaan France Lange and Aria Fransen Langerth, but in others simply as Aryan Fransen, Ary Frans, Arie Franssen, Ary Franze, Ariaan France, Adriaan Franzen etc. His children became DeLangs, grandchildren DeLongs.

Such versions as France reflect solely the inconsistency of spelling in this era but regrettably are the source of such mistranslations as "Aaron the Frenchman". It is of course possible that he could have originated from a French Reformed (Huguenot) family, many of which did go into the Netherlands, but there is absolutely nothing existing in primary evidence which would confirm so, and in 35 years (in 1994) of DeLong research I have seen nothing to make me believe so.


Mention is made above of two or three Fransens who lived up-Hudson. Many are found under various spellings in the early records of NY City. In T. S. DeVoe's Genealogy of the DeVeaux Family (1885), mention is made on p. 18 of David Du Four and identifying his wife as Jeanne Frances, age 32 when she married David July 10, 1657, presumably NYC, as his second wife. DeVoe quotes this from James Riker's History of Haarlem which continues that she was from Queivrain, a little East of Mons (Belgium). Might Queivrain be the Jever from whence an Arent Franken reached New Netherlands in 1659? (See 1st para. Sheet 2).

DeVoe further states that David lived at Haarlem when he and son John obtained a 60-acre grant near Turtle Bay on the East River in 1677 and lived until his death ca 1698 with will proved 1699.

This correlates fairly well but not completely with Fernow's Calendar of Wills. This book reports the Sept. 14, 1671 will of David Du Four and wife Jannetje Frans, apparently a joint will "the survivor to be executor." Fernow infers there is no clear record of probate, but mentions an endorsement May 1699 by Johannes Kip which correlates with 1699 probate reported in DeVoe.

Fernow indicates Du Four was from Bergen in Henegan, which Yvette Dwyer indicates is Mons, Hainaut, Belgium today. The will also seemingly indicates Du Four lived at Turtle Bay when it was written in 1671, while DeVoe indicates he moved there in 1677.

Note above that Jannetje was from Queivrain per DeVoe. Fernow gives her as from Guevrerin near Valencyn. No doubt Queivrain and Guevrerin are the same place. There is however perhaps a slight uncertainty as to its location. Dwyer suggests, I think correctly that Valencyn is probably today's Valenciennes, France which is roughly 20 miles to the West of Mons. But DeVoe's text puts Jannetje's town of origin a little East of Mons.

There is no proof this is Arie Fransen (1) 1659 - The February 12, 1659 passenger list for the ship "De Trouw" [The Faith] from Netherlands to New Netherlands includes Arent Franken, a baker from Jever, no doubt a place somewhere in Holland though some researchers have associated it with both the French towns of Evron near Lavalle in Moyenne, and Evran, Cotes-du-Nord, Brittany. Another correspondent substituted Ieveren for Jever, perhaps he saw a different publication of the passenger list. This version supposedly reads "Arent Franken, of Arthur: Frenchman, arrived in New Amsterdam on the ship "Faith" 12 February 1659, from Ieveren." I suspect Arther. Frenchman is a mistranslation of Arent Franken (= Arie, Son of Frans). Can Ievren possibly be Deventer from where Arie's eventual grandfather-in-law originated? In NYG&B Record XIV:181 as ship Faith Feb 1659 - Frankese, Arent, from Ioeren, baker.

1670 - Under yet another version of his patronymic, he appears as Arian ffrancon, one of a group of militiamen. (New York State Library #22:99, Minutes of Executive Council of Province of New York). Perhaps this is also the source of the statement he appeared this year on the muster roll of Captain Pawling's company. The Minutes apparently indicate he and others drew lots "the following day" at Kingston, Marbletown and Esopus. This is presumably the origin of the 32 acres he reportedly had at "ye roundout kill" which is Esopus. Thus he was in Ulster county by this date and likely earlier.

1671 - Adrian Fransen was witness in a knife assult (Versteeg's NY Historical Manuscripts Dutch - Kingston Papers p. 464)

1671 - ...Appeared... Capt. Thomas Chambers [of the first part] and Hendrick Albertson and Adriaen Fransen of the second part, who declare having agreed in the following manner: Capt. Chambers declares having let the aforesaid Hend. Alberts and Adraien Fransen having leased certain farm near "Wisquaemsickx" of the same extent as expressed in the deed existing of the same, for the period of ten consecutive years which shall commence immediately, Oct. 7, 1671, and terminate Oct. 7, 1681. The aforesaid Chambers is to furnish with the farm two good horses, mares, with a stallion or gelding, two Cows, a wagon and a plow. The natural increase of the horses and cows shall be equally divided, the risk shall be equally borne, but at the expiration of the lease they are to return the same number they have received. Also will return the wagon and the plow, at the expiration of the lease, in as good condition as they have received the same. The natural increase is to be divided every three years. The lessees are permitted at the expiration of the lease to sow, for their own benefit, ten morgens of land with winter grain. The lessees will yet receive two sows which are to be returned as big at the expiration of the lease. The buildings such as dwellings, barn or stack as also the fence shall be appraised in the lessees' behalf by impartial men, and thus be paid for by the lessor at the expiration of the lease. The lessees shall pay nothing the first year, but during the other nine years shall pay for each year 140 sch. of wheat, in all grains, in proportion, as the value of the same shall be at the time. In case war should break out, which God forbid, with the aborigines of this land, so that the animals should be destroyed, the losses shall be equally divided, and in case, on account thereof it should not be safe to cultivate the land, they shall during such a time pay no rent, but when at the re-establishment of peace they can again cultivate the same, shall pay as per contract. Promise to comply with the above under obligation as per law and have, on both sides, subscribed to the same in the presence of Matthys Mattysen and Thomas Tonnesen Quick as witnesses invited for the purpose this October 7, 1671, at Kingston. (Signed) Thomas Chambers, the mark * of Hendrick Albertsen, by himself, the mark * of Adriaen Fransen, by himself. (Signed) Matys Matysen, the mark of Toomas Tonnesen Quick. To which certifies, (signed) W. Montagne, Secretary. (Ibid 703)

1671/2 - Adriaen Fransen as debtor (Ibid 476).

At the top of sheet 2 we see Arent Franken of Jever as passenger of the ship "De Trouw" in 1659, with Jever also rendered as Ieveren, Ioeren and Arthur (and with Franken as Frankese in one instance). We know Arie Fransen was older than his wife; he was in the militia in 1670, interestingly as francon (would the c have been pronounced as a K?). And it seems to me he would have arrived before the loss of New Netherlands to the English, so it is not totally far-fetched to suggest he could have arrived in 1659.

David Smith (grandson of Clifton Jacob DeLong) has located Jever on the North Sea coast of East Friesland/Oldenberg (the modern German state of Hanover) near the present Dutch border. (Interestingly, another of David's forebears, Philip Langelan also came on the "De Trouw").

He calls attention to the town of Langen about 25 miles east of Jever (map available in JDB's textscript which came from National Georgraphic June 1959) and wonders if this could be the source of the DeLang surname. Indeed this merits study by an expert. In oppition to this possibility, I point out that "de" is Dutch for "the", which supports the idea that our immigrant was Arie "The Tall"; also would not the Dutch have been Van Langen? Or German Von Langen? (To round out the possibilities, David also notes the town of Langwarden between Jever and Langen, and also the East Frisian island of Langeoog).

1672 - Ordinary Session, December 3, 1672. Present: ... Gorge Hal, Plaintiff vs. Adrian Fransen, Defendant Plaintiff demands as per obligation an amount of 32 sch. of wheat, for which Hendrick Jochemsen has become surety. Adriaen Fransen admits the debt. Adriaen Fransen, Plaintiff vs. Schout Grevenraedt, Defendant Adriaen Fransen says that the schout has dismissed Van der Coelen upon surety, without plaintiff's permission. The schout says that Van der Coelen called on him and said that the court of sessions had ordered him to go to the schout to give bail, and took with him as surety Gerrit Cornelissen, whereupon the schout said, "Why does not the secretary write the bond?" He answered, "The Secretary is so busy that he cannot possibly write the bond," whereupon the schout said, It is the same with me." And Van der Coelen said, "I am about to depart. I have 'Esenties.' Won't you believe it? The court will immediately be here." Whereupon the schout wrote the bond and as soon as the same had been finished, it was shown to the court of sessions when they appeared at the schout's house for the purpose of having dinner, and asked them whether the same was sufficient and was satisfactorily gotten up. And they answered, "Yes," whereupon Van der Coelen took leave. ..Henderick Jochemsen and Jan Cornelissen request that the attachment shall be declared valid against certain moneys which are coming to Van der Coelen from Michiel Modt amounting to 276 gldrs. Schout Grevenraedt gives notice of an attachment levied against the money of Reynier Van der Coelen, laying on Wallerand DuMon's loft. ..Wallerand DuMont says that Van der Coelen owes him 18 sch. of wheat and says that Van der Coelen told him that he had to pay Hendrick Jochesem 8 sch. of wheat, and to pay it from his grain. ..The hon. court, in case Adrian Fransen is not satisfied with the surety, refers him to the hon. court of sessions, because the judgment was pronounced by the hon. court of sessions. (ibid p. 488)

1672 - Appeared before me, Willem Montagne, secretary for the hon. court at Kingston, Adriaen Fransen and Dirck Hendricksen. Dirck Hendricksen takes upon himself, and takes the place of Adriaen Fransen, in the share of the hired farm which Hendrick Albertsen and Adriaen Fransen had leased of Capt. Thoomas Chambers, but with the proviso that Adriaen Fransen shall receive his share of the grain which is just at present in the stack, and which had, last summer, been grown on the land. Dirck Hendricksen, with the consent or Capt. Thoomas Chambers, discharges Adriaen Fransen from the conditions and lease entered upon with said Capt. Chambers, so that Adriaen Fransen is released of the same, and Dirck Hendericksen is taken in full partnership under conditions as are fully specified in the proper form by the lease, and with which tie is obliged to fully comply. And we, Hendrick Alberts and Dirck Hendricks, being now present, declare to bc partners, and are to comply as fully with the conditions of the lease as prior to this should have been done by Hend. Albertsen and Adriaen Fransen, and also declare having re-ceived of Capt. Chambers what said Chambers was obliged to furnish by virtue of the lease. Promise to comply with the foregoing, pledging person and estates, movable and immovable, present and future, submitting them as per law. For the purpose of legalizing this we have subscribed to the same, in the presence of Jan Hendrickx and Nicolaes Willem Stuy-vesant, this November 5, 1672, at Foxhall. (Signed) the mark * of Adriaen Fransen, the mark + of Dirck Hendericks, the mark * of Hendrick Alberts, Thomas Chambers. (Signed) Jan Heynderickez, N. W. Stuyvesant. To which testifies. (Signed) W. D. LaMontague, Secretary. (Ibid 724)

      

1672/3 - Adrian Fransen sued as debtor (Ibid 492).

1672/3 - Adraien Frans sued as debtor (Ibid 493).

1672/3 - The court orders the officer to judicially enforce the judgement against Adrian Fransen in behalf of Mr. Hall.

1674 - Schout Grevenraedt, plaintiff, vs Adriaen Fransen, defendant. Plaintiff says that defending had been fighting with several persons, yea, till blood was shed, and was the cause of the quarrel. On this account, he demands a fine of 50 guilders, with the costs of the present. Defendant says he knows nothing about it, and requests the plaintiff shall pay the same. The honorable court condemns defendant to pay a fine of 30 guilders, with the costs of the present. (Ibid 515)

1674 - Hendrick Paeldin vs. Adriaen Fransen. Plaintiff demands of defendant a sum of 32½ sch. of wheat for vendue, and furthur for the mirror nine guilders, five st[aters?]. Defendant admits the debt. (Ibid 519)

1675 - Adraien Fransen a witness to lease of parcel of land called the Brabander's thicket. (Ibid 746) (Note a Jan Brabanter in 1662 held the old lot #10 in Wilkwyck.

16xx - Unreferenced correspondence reports he was skipper of a yacht. New Amsterdam Records 3:49 reports a suit by Werner Wessels vs. Derek Smitt which centers around 120 florins of tobacco asked of Arie Fransen. It seems Arie was to go to Virginia [as a skipper?] but didn't, and Wessels was demanding payment of tobacco.(Year = ?)

1678 - Could he have had a first wife? Maria daughter of Arie Freese was baptised at Hurley, Ulster County, September 29; Subject Arie Fransen's known daughter Maritje baptised Kingston, Ulster County in 1684. Maritje is Dutch for Mary/Maria and the marriages of two distinct Maritje DeLangs are found in the early 1700s, both of whom are clearly associated with subject's family. See discussion under children.

1679-80 - He was married by this time to RACHEL JANS (their son Frans born 1681). Again we have a Dutch patronymic, Maritje, daughter of Jan. She was one of two daughters, age 1 1/2 and 4, who appear unnamed with their parents, JAN THEUNISSEN and MARITJE JANS on the May 9, 1661 passenger list of the ship "De St. Jan Baptist" [The St. John the Baptist]. The record of her second marriage shows that Maritje was born Amsterdam. The father was very likely the Jan Teunisze who was born at Amsterdam 10-19-1631, son of TEUNIS JANS from Deventer, Ourjas, Netherlands and his wife JANNETJE ARENTS which couple had married (Amsterdam?) September 14, 1624. [The Lost Palatine 16:10].

Jan Theunissen's family was accompanied to America by his brother Arent Theunissen, Arent's wife Geesje Jans and their two children age 7 and 4. Both brothers had further families here, Jan and Maritje becoming parents of Teunis baptised New York City March 5, 1664.

The two "sons of Teunis", Jan and Arent, adopted the surname of PIER, also found as PYER. Jan's daughter Rachel, the wife of Arie Fransen is found as Rachel Jansen Pyer, Rachel Janse Pier, Rachel Jansen Pier, Rachel Pier, also simply by the patronymic Rachel Jans and Ragel [Dutch for Rachel] Jans.

Jan Theunissen appears among the older members of the Brooklyn New York Dutch Reformed Church on a list of March 12, 1670. He died prior to 1676 when his widow remarried: "Willem Janszen Romen, Wedr van [widower of] Jannetje Jans, en [and] Maritje Jans wede van [widow of] Jan Theunissen, 'living at the Fresh Water' married April 12, 1676".

1685 - "15 February 1685 Leanard Coale of Marbletown and Mary his wife to Mr. Francis Rombout of the "city of new york," deeds for 10 shillings land over the Rideouts Kill or creek at Mombackes which Leonard hath let unto farme to Arien France of Mombackus.." (Early English Deeds, Ulster Country 1:26)

1687 - He was naturalized Ulster County September 1. Why such a long wait?

1689 - Arrie France on a list of Ulster County inhabitants (Early NY State Census Recs.)

1694/5 - "Tjercke Clase de witt of Kingston sells for L 50 to Cornelis Swits of Mombackus land at Mombackus to west of other lands of sd. [said] Tjerck de witt, now in possession of Jan de witt; and East of land of Mr. Frederick Philips, containing about 60 acres, and formerly sold to Tjerck de witt by Ariaan France and James Pemmits; with small piece of paster land..." Signed in Kingston Feb. 1694/5 (Early English Deeds, Ulster Co. I:150)

1696-98 - Death of Arie occured during this period.

1699 - On April 17, the widow Rachel married Allert Hendrickson Ploeg. "In the presence of Ariaan Roos, Geesje Pier [her uncle Arent Theunissen's wife? Her unnamed sibling on the 1661 passenger list?], Maria Nucella [wife of the Domine Nucella] and Mary Singer was Raachel Pier with her chemise over her clothes married to Allert Hendrickson Ploeg by me [Domine] Nucella". She is called widow of Arie Franssen born Amsterdam, residing Kingston.

The significance of the chemise is that she brought none of her first husband's debts to her second. I understand however that this was symbolic, without legal binding.

1700, 1701 - Sons Hendrick and Teunis Ploeg were baptised Kingston these years respectively.

1703, 1707, 1711 - Likely she used her married surname as the Maritje Ploeg, sponsor at baptisms of four of her DeLong grandchildren.

1712 - A witness to baptism of child in Kingston.

1716 - Sponsor at birth of Neeltje, daughter of probable daughter Willemtje.

1720/1 - Rachel and Henrick Ploeg on Kingston tax list, perhaps the mother and son.

1723 - Sponsor in Kingston.

His name appears in various forms in the baptismal and other records as: Aryan Fransen, Ary Franz Langet, Ary Franze, Ariann France, and Arie Frannssen. Aire was probably of Dutch-Germanic origin. The family name DeLong is a partially Anglicised Germanic name, consisting of two elements: The Germanic definite article 'd' = the English 'the'; and the adjective 'lang'. The latter was Anglicised as 'long.' The name Delange (variants: Delanghe, Delangh, Delange, Delang, DeLang, etc.) is the Low German equivalent of the High German; der Lange. The name DeLong in its High German form occurs still earlier than the year 1366, the year in which is found its earliest occurrence in its Low German form.


Children of ARIE FRANSEN LANGET:

Possible child by a possible first wife: [0] MARIA baptised Hurley, Ulster County, September 29, 1678, daughter of Arie Freese. Might this be Arie Fransen? Unfortunately the name of the mother was not recorded. Maria is rendered Maritje in Dutch, and two contemporary Maritjes appear in the records in association with the family of Arie Fransen. One would be his daughter of 1684, below. Perhaps the other is this Maria. This "possible" child is numbered [0] to retain existing system.

Probable child, mother unknown:

  1. WILLEMTJE born ca 1680, in New York City per her marriage record. She was a baptismal sponsor in 1713 for child of Maritie (DeLang) Keyser, one of the two Maritjes discussed below. Willemtje married first 1696 Teunis Cool, 2nd 1715 Hendrick Klaas Schoonhoven.

Children by wife Rachel Jansen Pyer:

  1. FRANS bapt. Kindston 1681 to Arie & Rachel.
  2. JANNETJE bapt. Kingston 1683.
  3. MARITJE bapt. Kingston 1684.
  4. RACHEL bapt. Kingston 1686.
  5. ARIAANTJE born Rochester, Ulster Co., bapt. Kingston 1688.
  6. JAN born Rochester, Ulster Co, ca 1690.
  7. WYNTIE/WEYNTJEN bapt. Kingston 1693.
  8. JONAS born Brabant, Ulster Co., bapt. Kingston 1696.
  9. GEESJEN, prob. a dau. She was a sponsor 1713 at baptisms of sons of Frans and Jan above.

The following notes from the late John D. Baldwin III (50+ year Delong researcher).

ARIE FRANSEN a Dutch Patronymic meaning Aaron son of Frans, was probably born in the Netherlands. No Frans has been found in the new world who would be a good candidate for father, however a sister may well have been the Jannetie Francen who (in 1668?) requested judicial enforcement of a sentence dated Nov. 17, 1666 against Cornelis Vernoy (Versteeg: NY Hist. Mss Dutch Kingston Papers I;315).

Another possibly younger relative might be Judith Fransen born Flesinger [Vlissingen, or Flensburg, in Province of Zeeland, Netherlands] who marriage banns with Johanis Wincoop born Albany were dated June 7, 1687. In 1688, Johannes Wynkoop, Evert Wyncoop and Judith Fransen were sponsors for a son of Moses de Puits [DePu] and Maria Wynkoop (where?).

Also Henricus Cooke and Wyntje Franse had Elsie born June 6, 1695 (where?)

Mention will now be made of an Amsterdam church record for the reference of future researchers, however it seems a few years too late to be subject Arie who was in the N.Y. Militia in 1670, and far too late if he were the immigrant of 1659. This reference is either a birth or baptism on March 5, 1656 in Amsterdam, Netherlands for one Ariaen Fransen, son of Frans Fransen and Ariaantje Pieters (Ref: Bijzonderh 105 Kerk 61).

Another-European record merits mention if only because it has been attributed without any particular justification to Arie. This was the birth in Etten-Leur, Brabant Feb. 4, 1634 of Adrianus Fransciscuszn, son of Franciscus Adrianns and Johanna Jacobusdochter. The record was fortuitously obtained by Joan DeLong of Vancouver who on seeing that Arie's son was born in Brabant, actually in Ulster Co. NY, wrote the archives in Brabant Holland. The record may well pertain to subject, particularly if he were the immigrant of 1659, but it is open to conjecture, and it is unfortunate that some researchers have published it as fact. Of interest is the fact that the Van Etten family of New Netherlands at times used the surname DeLong; Etten is adjacent to Etten-Leur.

Surnames were just coming into common usage among the Dutch in Arie's lifetime, in some but not all records, he is surnamed Langet and similar variations, probably a reference to his height and conveniently serving to distinguish him from shorter Arie nearby though we have no reason to think it was another Arie Fransen. Thus he is found in either church or other documents as Ary Frans Langet, Ariaan France Lange and Aria Fransen Langerth, but in others simply as Aryan Fransen, Ary Frans, Arie Franssen, Ary Franze, Ariaan France, Adriaan Franzen etc. His children became DeLangs, grandchildren DeLongs.

Such versions as France reflect solely the inconsistency of spelling in this era but regrettably are the source of such mistranslations as "Aaron the Frenchman". It is of course possible that he could have originated from a French Reformed (Huguenot) family, many of which did go into the Netherlands, but there is absolutely nothing existing in primary evidence which would confirm so, and in 35 years (in 1994) of DeLong research I have seen nothing to make me believe so.

Mention is made above of two or three Fransens who lived up-Hudson. Many are found under various spellings in the early records of NY City. In T. S. DeVoe's Genealogy of the DeVeaux Family (1885), mention is made on p. 18 of David Du Four and identifying his wife as Jeanne Frances, age 32 when she married David July 10, 1657, presumably NYC, as his second wife. DeVoe quotes this from James Riker's History of Haarlem which continues that she was from Queivrain, a little East of Mons (Belgium). Might Queivrain be the Jever from whence an Arent Franken reached New Netherlands in 1659? (See 1st para. Sheet 2).

DeVoe further states that David lived at Haarlem when he and son John obtained a 60-acre grant near Turtle Bay on the East River in 1677 and lived until his death ca 1698 with will proved 1699.

This correlates fairly well but not completely with Fernow's Calendar of Wills. This book reports the Sept. 14, 1671 will of David Du Four and wife Jannetje Frans, apparently a joint will "the survivor to be executor." Fernow infers there is no clear record of probate, but mentions an endorsement May 1699 by Johannes Kip which correlates with 1699 probate reported in DeVoe.

Fernow indicates Du Four was from Bergen in Henegan, which Yvette Dwyer indicates is Mons, Hainaut, Belgium today. The will also seemingly indicates Du Four lived at Turtle Bay when it was written in 1671, while DeVoe indicates he moved there in 1677.

Note above that Jannetje was from Queivrain per DeVoe. Fernow gives her as from Guevrerin near Valencyn. No doubt Queivrain and Guevrerin are the same place. There is however perhaps a slight uncertainty as to its location. Dwyer suggests, I think correctly that Valencyn is probably today's Valenciennes, France which is roughly 20 miles to the West of Mons. But DeVoe's text puts Jannetje's town of origin a little East of Mons.

There is no proof this is Arie Fransen (1) 1659 - The February 12, 1659 passenger list for the ship "De Trouw" [The Faith] from Netherlands to New Netherlands includes Arent Franken, a baker from Jever, no doubt a place somewhere in Holland though some researchers have associated it with both the French towns of Evron near Lavalle in Moyenne, and Evran, Cotes-du-Nord, Brittany. Another correspondent substituted Ieveren for Jever, perhaps he saw a different publication of the passenger list. This version supposedly reads "Arent Franken, of Arthur: Frenchman, arrived in New Amsterdam on the ship "Faith" 12 February 1659, from Ieveren." I suspect Arther. Frenchman is a mistranslation of Arent Franken (= Arie, Son of Frans). Can Ievren possibly be Deventer from where Arie's eventual grandfather-in-law originated? In NYG&B Record XIV:181 as ship Faith Feb 1659 - Frankese, Arent, from Ioeren, baker.

1670 - Under yet another version of his patronymic, he appears as Arian ffrancon, one of a group of militiamen. (New York State Library #22:99, Minutes of Executive Council of Province of New York). Perhaps this is also the source of the statement he appeared this year on the muster roll of Captain Pawling's company. The Minutes apparently indicate he and others drew lots "the following day" at Kingston, Marbletown and Esopus. This is presumably the origin of the 32 acres he reportedly had at "ye roundout kill" which is Esopus. Thus he was in Ulster county by this date and likely earlier.

1671 - Adrian Fransen was witness in a knife assult (Versteeg's NY Historical Manuscripts Dutch - Kingston Papers p. 464)

1671 - ...Appeared... Capt. Thomas Chambers [of the first part] and Hendrick Albertson and Adriaen Fransen of the second part, who declare having agreed in the following manner: Capt. Chambers declares having let the aforesaid Hend. Alberts and Adraien Fransen having leased certain farm near "Wisquaemsickx" of the same extent as expressed in the deed existing of the same, for the period of ten consecutive years which shall commence immediately, Oct. 7, 1671, and terminate Oct. 7, 1681. The aforesaid Chambers is to furnish with the farm two good horses, mares, with a stallion or gelding, two Cows, a wagon and a plow. The natural increase of the horses and cows shall be equally divided, the risk shall be equally borne, but at the expiration of the lease they are to return the same number they have received. Also will return the wagon and the plow, at the expiration of the lease, in as good condition as they have received the same. The natural increase is to be divided every three years. The lessees are permitted at the expiration of the lease to sow, for their own benefit, ten morgens of land with winter grain. The lessees will yet receive two sows which are to be returned as big at the expiration of the lease. The buildings such as dwellings, barn or stack as also the fence shall be appraised in the lessees' behalf by impartial men, and thus be paid for by the lessor at the expiration of the lease. The lessees shall pay nothing the first year, but during the other nine years shall pay for each year 140 sch. of wheat, in all grains, in proportion, as the value of the same shall be at the time. In case war should break out, which God forbid, with the aborigines of this land, so that the animals should be destroyed, the losses shall be equally divided, and in case, on account thereof it should not be safe to cultivate the land, they shall during such a time pay no rent, but when at the re-establishment of peace they can again cultivate the same, shall pay as per contract. Promise to comply with the above under obligation as per law and have, on both sides, subscribed to the same in the presence of Matthys Mattysen and Thomas Tonnesen Quick as witnesses invited for the purpose this October 7, 1671, at Kingston. (Signed) Thomas Chambers, the mark * of Hendrick Albertsen, by himself, the mark * of Adriaen Fransen, by himself. (Signed) Matys Matysen, the mark of Toomas Tonnesen Quick. To which certifies, (signed) W. Montagne, Secretary. (Ibid 703)

1671/2 - Adriaen Fransen as debtor (Ibid 476).

At the top of sheet 2 we see Arent Franken of Jever as passenger of the ship "De Trouw" in 1659, with Jever also rendered as Ieveren, Ioeren and Arthur (and with Franken as Frankese in one instance). We know Arie Fransen was older than his wife; he was in the militia in 1670, interestingly as francon (would the c have been pronounced as a K?). And it seems to me he would have arrived before the loss of New Netherlands to the English, so it is not totally far-fetched to suggest he could have arrived in 1659.

David Smith (grandson of Clifton Jacob DeLong) has located Jever on the North Sea coast of East Friesland/Oldenberg (the modern German state of Hanover) near the present Dutch border. (Interestingly, another of David's forebears, Philip Langelan also came on the "De Trouw").

He calls attention to the town of Langen about 25 miles east of Jever (map available in JDB's textscript which came from National Georgraphic June 1959) and wonders if this could be the source of the DeLang surname. Indeed this merits study by an expert. In oppition to this possibility, I point out that "de" is Dutch for "the", which supports the idea that our immigrant was Arie "The Tall"; also would not the Dutch have been Van Langen? Or German Von Langen? (To round out the possibilities, David also notes the town of Langwarden between Jever and Langen, and also the East Frisian island of Langeoog).

1672 - Ordinary Session, December 3, 1672. Present: ... Gorge Hal, Plaintiff vs. Adrian Fransen, Defendant Plaintiff demands as per obligation an amount of 32 sch. of wheat, for which Hendrick Jochemsen has become surety. Adriaen Fransen admits the debt. Adriaen Fransen, Plaintiff vs. Schout Grevenraedt, Defendant Adriaen Fransen says that the schout has dismissed Van der Coelen upon surety, without plaintiff's permission. The schout says that Van der Coelen called on him and said that the court of sessions had ordered him to go to the schout to give bail, and took with him as surety Gerrit Cornelissen, whereupon the schout said, "Why does not the secretary write the bond?" He answered, "The Secretary is so busy that he cannot possibly write the bond," whereupon the schout said, It is the same with me." And Van der Coelen said, "I am about to depart. I have 'Esenties.' Won't you believe it? The court will immediately be here." Whereupon the schout wrote the bond and as soon as the same had been finished, it was shown to the court of sessions when they appeared at the schout's house for the purpose of having dinner, and asked them whether the same was sufficient and was satisfactorily gotten up. And they answered, "Yes," whereupon Van der Coelen took leave. ..Henderick Jochemsen and Jan Cornelissen request that the attachment shall be declared valid against certain moneys which are coming to Van der Coelen from Michiel Modt amounting to 276 gldrs. Schout Grevenraedt gives notice of an attachment levied against the money of Reynier Van der Coelen, laying on Wallerand DuMon's loft. ..Wallerand DuMont says that Van der Coelen owes him 18 sch. of wheat and says that Van der Coelen told him that he had to pay Hendrick Jochesem 8 sch. of wheat, and to pay it from his grain. ..The hon. court, in case Adrian Fransen is not satisfied with the surety, refers him to the hon. court of sessions, because the judgment was pronounced by the hon. court of sessions. (ibid p. 488)

1672 - Appeared before me, Willem Montagne, secretary for the hon. court at Kingston, Adriaen Fransen and Dirck Hendricksen. Dirck Hendricksen takes upon himself, and takes the place of Adriaen Fransen, in the share of the hired farm which Hendrick Albertsen and Adriaen Fransen had leased of Capt. Thoomas Chambers, but with the proviso that Adriaen Fransen shall receive his share of the grain which is just at present in the stack, and which had, last summer, been grown on the land. Dirck Hendricksen, with the consent or Capt. Thoomas Chambers, discharges Adriaen Fransen from the conditions and lease entered upon with said Capt. Chambers, so that Adriaen Fransen is released of the same, and Dirck Hendericksen is taken in full partnership under conditions as are fully specified in the proper form by the lease, and with which tie is obliged to fully comply. And we, Hendrick Alberts and Dirck Hendricks, being now present, declare to bc partners, and are to comply as fully with the conditions of the lease as prior to this should have been done by Hend. Albertsen and Adriaen Fransen, and also declare having re-ceived of Capt. Chambers what said Chambers was obliged to furnish by virtue of the lease. Promise to comply with the foregoing, pledging person and estates, movable and immovable, present and future, submitting them as per law. For the purpose of legalizing this we have subscribed to the same, in the presence of Jan Hendrickx and Nicolaes Willem Stuy-vesant, this November 5, 1672, at Foxhall. (Signed) the mark * of Adriaen Fransen, the mark + of Dirck Hendericks, the mark * of Hendrick Alberts, Thomas Chambers. (Signed) Jan Heynderickez, N. W. Stuyvesant. To which testifies. (Signed) W. D. LaMontague, Secretary. (Ibid 724)

1672/3 - Adrian Fransen sued as debtor (Ibid 492).

1672/3 - Adraien Frans sued as debtor (Ibid 493).

1672/3 - The court orders the officer to judicially enforce the judgement against Adrian Fransen in behalf of Mr. Hall.

1674 - Schout Grevenraedt, plaintiff, vs Adriaen Fransen, defendant. Plaintiff says that defending had been fighting with several persons, yea, till blood was shed, and was the cause of the quarrel. On this account, he demands a fine of 50 guilders, with the costs of the present. Defendant says he knows nothing about it, and requests the plaintiff shall pay the same. The honorable court condemns defendant to pay a fine of 30 guilders, with the costs of the present. (Ibid 515)

1674 - Hendrick Paeldin vs. Adriaen Fransen. Plaintiff demands of defendant a sum of 32½ sch. of wheat for vendue, and furthur for the mirror nine guilders, five st[aters?]. Defendant admits the debt. (Ibid 519)

1675 - Adraien Fransen a witness to lease of parcel of land called the Brabander's thicket. (Ibid 746) (Note a Jan Brabanter in 1662 held the old lot #10 in Wilkwyck.

16xx - Unreferenced correspondence reports he was skipper of a yacht. New Amsterdam Records 3:49 reports a suit by Werner Wessels vs. Derek Smitt which centers around 120 florins of tobacco asked of Arie Fransen. It seems Arie was to go to Virginia [as a skipper?] but didn't, and Wessels was demanding payment of tobacco.(Year = ?)

1678 - Could he have had a first wife? Maria daughter of Arie Freese was baptised at Hurley, Ulster County, September 29; Subject Arie Fransen's known daughter Maritje baptised Kingston, Ulster County in 1684. Maritje is Dutch for Mary/Maria and the marriages of two distinct Maritje DeLangs are found in the early 1700s, both of whom are clearly associated with subject's family. See discussion under children.

1679-80 - He was married by this time to RACHEL JANS (their son Frans born 1681). Again we have a Dutch patronymic, Maritje, daughter of Jan. She was one of two daughters, age 1 1/2 and 4, who appear unnamed with their parents, JAN THEUNISSEN and MARITJE JANS on the May 9, 1661 passenger list of the ship "De St. Jan Baptist" [The St. John the Baptist]. The record of her second marriage shows that Maritje was born Amsterdam. The father was very likely the Jan Teunisze who was born at Amsterdam 10-19-1631, son of TEUNIS JANS from Deventer, Ourjas, Netherlands and his wife JANNETJE ARENTS which couple had married (Amsterdam?) September 14, 1624. [The Lost Palatine 16:10].

Jan Theunissen's family was accompanied to America by his brother Arent Theunissen, Arent's wife Geesje Jans and their two children age 7 and 4. Both brothers had further families here, Jan and Maritje becoming parents of Teunis baptised New York City March 5, 1664.

The two "sons of Teunis", Jan and Arent, adopted the surname of PIER, also found as PYER. Jan's daughter Rachel, the wife of Arie Fransen is found as Rachel Jansen Pyer, Rachel Janse Pier, Rachel Jansen Pier, Rachel Pier, also simply by the patronymic Rachel Jans and Ragel [Dutch for Rachel] Jans.

Jan Theunissen appears among the older members of the Brooklyn New York Dutch Reformed Church on a list of March 12, 1670. He died prior to 1676 when his widow remarried: "Willem Janszen Romen, Wedr van [widower of] Jannetje Jans, en [and] Maritje Jans wede van [widow of] Jan Theunissen, 'living at the Fresh Water' married April 12, 1676".

1685 - "15 February 1685 Leanard Coale of Marbletown and Mary his wife to Mr. Francis Rombout of the "city of new york," deeds for 10 shillings land over the Rideouts Kill or creek at Mombackes which Leonard hath let unto farme to Arien France of Mombackus.." (Early English Deeds, Ulster Country 1:26)

1687 - He was naturalized Ulster County September 1. Why such a long wait?

1689 - Arrie France on a list of Ulster County inhabitants (Early NY State Census Recs.)

1694/5 - "Tjercke Clase de witt of Kingston sells for L 50 to Cornelis Swits of Mombackus land at Mombackus to west of other lands of sd. [said] Tjerck de witt, now in possession of Jan de witt; and East of land of Mr. Frederick Philips, containing about 60 acres, and formerly sold to Tjerck de witt by Ariaan France and James Pemmits; with small piece of paster land..." Signed in Kingston Feb. 1694/5 (Early English Deeds, Ulster Co. I:150)

1696-98 - Death of Arie occured during this period.

1699 - On April 17, the widow Rachel married Allert Hendrickson Ploeg. "In the presence of Ariaan Roos, Geesje Pier [her uncle Arent Theunissen's wife? Her unnamed sibling on the 1661 passenger list?], Maria Nucella [wife of the Domine Nucella] and Mary Singer was Raachel Pier with her chemise over her clothes married to Allert Hendrickson Ploeg by me [Domine] Nucella". She is called widow of Arie Franssen born Amsterdam, residing Kingston.

The significance of the chemise is that she brought none of her first husband's debts to her second. I understand however that this was symbolic, without legal binding.

1700, 1701 - Sons Hendrick and Teunis Ploeg were baptised Kingston these years respectively.

1703, 1707, 1711 - Likely she used her married surname as the Maritje Ploeg, sponsor at baptisms of four of her DeLong grandchildren.

1712 - A witness to baptism of child in Kingston.

1716 - Sponsor at birth of Neeltje, daughter of probable daughter Willemtje.

1720/1 - Rachel and Henrick Ploeg on Kingston tax list, perhaps the mother and son.

1723 - Sponsor in Kingston.

His name appears in various forms in the baptismal and other records as: Aryan Fransen, Ary Franz Langet, Ary Franze, Ariann France, and Arie Frannssen. Aire was probably of Dutch-Germanic origin. The family name DeLong is a partially Anglicised Germanic name, consisting of two elements: The Germanic definite article 'd' = the English 'the'; and the adjective 'lang'. The latter was Anglicised as 'long.' The name Delange (variants: Delanghe, Delangh, Delange, Delang, DeLang, etc.) is the Low German equivalent of the High German; der Lange. The name DeLong in its High German form occurs still earlier than the year 1366, the year in which is found its earliest occurrence in its Low German form. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Children of ARIE FRANSEN LANGET:

Possible child by a possible first wife: [0] MARIA baptised Hurley, Ulster County, September 29, 1678, daughter of Arie Freese. Might this be Arie Fransen? Unfortunately the name of the mother was not recorded. Maria is rendered Maritje in Dutch, and two contemporary Maritjes appear in the records in association with the family of Arie Fransen. One would be his daughter of 1684, below. Perhaps the other is this Maria. This "possible" child is numbered [0] to retain existing system.

Probable child, mother unknown: 1. WILLEMTJE born ca 1680, in New York City per her marriage record. She was a baptismal sponsor in 1713 for child of Maritie (DeLang) Keyser, one of the two Maritjes discussed below. Willemtje married first 1696 Teunis Cool, 2nd 1715 Hendrick Klaas Schoonhoven.

Children by wife Rachel Jansen Pyer: 2. FRANS bapt. Kindston 1681 to Arie & Rachel. 3. JANNETJE bapt. Kingston 1683. 4. MARITJE bapt. Kingston 1684. 5. RACHEL bapt. Kingston 1686. 6. ARIAANTJE born Rochester, Ulster Co., bapt. Kingston 1688. 7. JAN born Rochester, Ulster Co, ca 1690. 8. WYNTIE/WEYNTJEN bapt. Kingston 1693. 9. JONAS born Brabant, Ulster Co., bapt. Kingston 1696. 10. GEESJEN, prob. a dau. She was a sponsor 1713 at baptisms of sons of Frans and Jan above.


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Adrianus Franciscusz De Lange's Timeline

1650
1650
Etten-Leur, Etten-Leur, North Brabant, Netherlands
1677
1677
Brabant, Ulster, New York
1677
Brabant, Ulster, New York
1679
1679
Kingston, Ulster, New York, United States
1681
April 24, 1681
Esopus, Ulster County, New York, United States
1683
January 1, 1683
Kingston, Ulster, New York, United States
1684
1684
Esopus, Ulster, NY
1686
November 7, 1686
Kingston, Ulster, New York