Anne Quarles Calhoun Mathews

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Anne Mathews (Calhoun)

Birthplace: Augusta, Virginia, United States
Death: Died in Abbeville, South Carolina, United States
Immediate Family:

Daughter of William Caldwell Calhoun and Agnes "Nancy" Colhoun
Wife of Isaac Mathews
Mother of Joseph Calhoun Mathews and James L Mathews
Sister of Col. Joseph Calhoun; William Calhoun; Ezekiel Calhoun; Agnes (Nancy) Hutton; Catherine Calhoun and 5 others

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About Anne Quarles Calhoun Mathews

Anne was taken captive by Indians in the Long Cane massacre 1 Feb 1760. Although accounts vary widely concerning the time of her release, it seems plausible that she was released in 1772, as part of a truce brokered by Andrew Pickens with the Cherokees. Anne would have been 17 years old at that time. See also : Anne Calhoun returned after living with Indians After the end of the Cherokee War, there was a prisoner release by the Cherokee Indians, brought about through the negotiations of Andrew Pickens. Upon the appointed day, William Calhoun attended the proceedings with the obscure hope that he might find his Anne and Mary, who had been carried away by the Indians more than a year earlier. Anne had been 4 and Mary 2. Watching with eagerness as each prisoner was brought forward, he at last saw Anne, and instantly identified her by a burn scar scar. She had the appearance of an Indian maiden and spoke not a word of English. But the day also brought sad news when it was revealed that Mary Calhoun was, on the day of the massacre, scalped and her body thrown into Long Cane Creek. Anne Calhoun, then nine years old, learned to speak English again but would never learn to read or write. She would throughout her life wear moccasins made of the bark of certain trees. A Calhoun family descendant wrote that Anne retained the character of an Indian woman and "was almost hated by her family." Anne later in life would sadly assert that she was punished by the Indians to make her cultivate their ways and, in turn, admonished by her family to revert to theirs. Anne married Isaac Matthews, a nearby farmer, in 1784, when she was 29. They raised six children, Joseph, Mary, Nancy, Ann, John, and Lewis. The descendant wrote, "she did not fancy the harsh name of Isaac so she called her lover Zacky. Her great strength of endurance and energy lent a charm to the young farmer as a helpmate." Anne often longed for her wild Indian life and would steal away sometimes at early dawn and spend the whole day in the woods. Into the dense forest she would go, she said to whisper to the spirits that she could not see, but could hear them gliding away from tree to tree. Once Zacky followed her and found her eating lizards and frogs. She had imbibed the old way of eating. She never revealed emotions or got excited. Her children grew up and left her. Then in 1801 Zacky died. Afterward she led a lonely desolate life. Her brother, Joseph Calhoun, owned Calhoun Mill. During his life Anne was allowed to get anything she wished from the mill. Every week she could be seen on the old white mare wending her way with two sacks, for meal and flour. She enjoyed telling children stories of her life among the Cherokees. On her last Christmas, a relative made Anne a muslin cap with two wide frills on it and a kerchief to match. The old lady was much pleased with the present and thanked the giver saying, "It's too nice to wear now. I will save it until I die. You must put it on me. Then when Zacky will meet me, he will say, Anne, how beautiful you look!".

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Anne Quarles Calhoun Mathews's Timeline

May 18, 1755
Augusta, Virginia, United States
July 11, 1785
Age 30
Abbeville, SC, USA
December 19, 1830
Age 75
Abbeville, South Carolina, United States