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  • Rosalie James (c.1700 - c.1738)
    Captive anglo-américaine, fille du révérend James Article on Rosalie James:
  • Thomas Sawyer (1649 - 1736)
    Thomas was born to Thomas and Mary (Prescott) Sawyer, the first born of 14 children.He was a Blacksmith, Millwright, and Builder. On Sept. 21, 1672, he married his 2nd wife, Hannah Lewis of Lancaster...
  • Frances Holder (1763 - 1803)
    A Patriot of the American Revolution for VIRGINIA. DAR Ancestor # A018366 After the outbreak of the American Revolutionary War in 1775, violence increased between American Indians and settlers in K...
  • Amaziah Morgan (1753 - 1791)
    BIOGRAPHY-MARRIAGE-RESIDENCE-DEATH: A Standard history of Ross County, Ohio Lyle S. Evans, ed. 1917. Amaziah was captured by the Indians in Virginia when he wasfive years of age and carried into the wi...
  • Sarah Baxter (1705 - 1726)
    Philip Durrell (Duday) gave to his daughter and her husband a slice of land running from the river, cut out of the Durrell Property in the middle. They built a home there. But on Oct 27, 1726 Indians c...

During the westward expansion of pioneers in the 17th through 19th centuries, thousands of European and African settlers were captured by American Indians.

Indians waging war against settlers and other tribes often killed adult men and took women and children captive. These captives were adopted and integrated into tribal society. Their presence helped strengthen the tribe.

Settlers in pioneer areas lived with periodic threats of Indian attack and the fear that they or their families might be killed or captured. Whites perceived Indians as savages, so in their worldview a woman who was captured would be degraded by being forced to enter into relationships with Indian men, and children would be barbarized.

Settlers went to great lengths to rescue or ransom these captives, but the efforts often dragged on for years because of the difficulty of locating them and the reluctance of the Indians to return them.

Whites had a horrified fascination with "capture stories". Lurid accounts of "White Indians" were bestsellers among whites living at a distance from the frontier. These highly sensationalized accounts of returned captives told about the horrors of captivity and the indomitable spirit that kept the captives alive through years of despair.

Such stories reinforced white views that the Indians were savages. The stories were often used to justify further encroachment on Indian lands. However, the reality was often disappointingly different. The captives who survived were those who assimilated successfully, so the captives themselves were often reluctant to return when offered the opportunity years later.