Brig. General John Frederick Frelinghuysen

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About Brig. General John Frederick Frelinghuysen

John Frederick Frelinghuysen (March 21, 1776 – April 10, 1833) was an American general and lawyer.


John Frelinghuysen was born in Millstone, New Jersey on March 21, 1776 to Frederick Theodore Frelinghuysen and Gertrude Schenck. He had four siblings: Catharine, Maria, Theodore, and Frederick. John graduated from Queen's College (now Rutgers University) in 1792 after studying law, and he was admitted to the bar in the state of New Jersey in 1797. He was a member representing Somerset County, New Jersey in the New Jersey Legislative Council (now the New Jersey Senate) from 1805 to 1814 and 1815 to 1820, and served three consecutive five-year terms on the Surrogate Court for Somerset County, New Jersey. During the War of 1812, he joined the military, and commanded the New Jersey State Militia at Sandy Hook, where his assignment was to prevent ships from attacking New York City. At the close of the war he was promoted to brigadier general.

John Frelinghuysen married Louisa Mercer in 1797, and they had two daughters: Gertrude and Mary Ann. Louisa died around 1809 and John married Elizabeth Mercereau Van Vechten on November 13, 1811. They had eight children: Louisa, Theodore, Frederick J., Catharine, Sallie, Sophia, and Elizabeth LaGrange Frelinghuysen.

John Frelinghuysen died in Millstone, New Jersey on April 10, 1833, and was buried in the Old Somerville Cemetery in Somerville, New Jersey. His tombstone reads: "Sacred to the memory of General John Frelinghuysen who died on the 10th day of April A.D. 1833 in the fifty eighth [sic] year of his age ..."


His circa 1801 house was donated to the Raritan Public Library in 1970 and retains its 19th-century interior finishes and exterior appearance and serves as an active community library.

eath of mother: After his mother, Gertrude Schenck, died, his father married Ann Yard.

First marriage: John married Louisa Mercer in 1797 and they had the following children: Gertrude Frelinghuysen; and Mary Ann Frelinghuysen.

Second marriage: After the death of Louise, John married Elizabeth Mercereau Van Vechten and had the following children: Louisa Frelinghuysen; Theodore Frelinghuysen; Frederick J. Frelinghuysen; Catharine Frelinghuysen; Sallie Frelinghuysen; Sophia Frelinghuysen; and Elizabeth LaGrange Frelinghuysen.

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Brig. General John Frederick Frelinghuysen's Timeline