Capt. John Stewart

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John Stewart

Birthdate: (49)
Birthplace: Bristol Parish, VA
Death: Died in Amhearst County, Virginia
Immediate Family:

Husband of Anne Stewart
Father of Charles Stewart; Brig. General John Stewart; James Stewart; William Blanton Stewart; Mary Ward and 9 others

Occupation: Captain of the American Revolution, then General of Georgia troops after the Revolution.
Managed by: Ben M. Angel, still catching up
Last Updated:

About Capt. John Stewart

A Patriot of the American Revolution for VIRGINIA. DAR Ancestor # A109575

N. J. Floyd, historical twist to the Stewart legends:
   (from Southern Biographies and Genealogies, 1500s-1940s)
   "Tradition, preserved by the Virginia and Georgia Stewarts, states that the grandfather of Mary--Colonel John Stewart--who came to Virginia from Berwickshire, Scotland--was a younger son of the Duke of Berwick, born in Berwick Castle about 1660. On account of political troubles he fled from the coast of England in the night and landed in the New World with only his sword and a stout heart."
   As is later related, some believe this sword lies at Oak Hill beside Permelia Stewart.
   We think our General John Stewart's father is the John born 16 Oct., 1734, in Bristol Parish, Va, and entered in the Register. The Stewart Clan Magazine (hereafter SCM) cites John's birth from church records; see Tome B, vol. VIII, No. 12, Jun., 1930. However, there is at least reasonable doubt that John Stewart, known to be the father of General John Stewart and 12 other children, is this John. The Bristol Parish record says: "John S(on) of John and Mary Stuart, Born 16 octob' 1734 Bapt 19 Ap' 1735." (p. 367) But in 1783, there is a record noting:
   "March 5, 1783, Amherst county: deposition of Martha Cole West that she was 21 years old, or 22 years old, last June, from a register kept by her father. John Stewart, aged 53 years, deposed that to his certain knowledge Miss West, daughter of John West, was over 21 years old."
   About this record, the SCM (G, p. 239) notes that this bond was signed Mar. 7, 1783, by George Gilbert, with Daniel Gaines as his fellow bondsman, for Gilbert's marriage to Martha Cole West. The marriage took place on the same day....
   If our John Stewart (Stuart) was born in 1734, then he was not 53 in 1783. He was 50 and stated his age incorrectly. Or it was recorded incorrectly.
   John married about 1755, Anne Howe (Haw), in Hanover Co., VA, and was in Amherst Co. by 1762 when William was born.
   The Stewarts before John, christened 19 Apr 1735, are uncertain, although some believe to have sorted them out. This uncertainty tends to abet long-standing family stories relating the descent from a "natural" son of King James II of England. (Others have tied the descent to Charles II.) The Georgia Stewarts have an old tradition that their ancestor, the first Duke of Berwick was a royal Stewart, a younger son of the Scottish James II. That may be, but until, and if, we ever know the true descent of John Stewart, the notion of royal linkage will persist, and not without some whimsical charm. Elsewhere I have shown a notional link to the Stewarts through James FitzJames, a son of the English James II.
   William Richard Stewart, who has extensive information on numerous Stewarts, says: "On Sep. 20 1683, Mr.Thomas Anderson is granted 400 acres in Charles City Co., Westover Parish, south side of the James River for transporting 8 persons. The list is as follows: John Stewart, Elizabeth Kish, Valen Taylor, Thomas Barrow, William Sheffield, Thomas Barret,William Stock, and Joseph Fells. It should be pointed out that Charles City, Bristol Parish, is on the south side of the Appomattox River, now Chesterfield County. However, Bristol Parish, became part of Hanover Co., on May 12,1755, Saint Paul and St. Martin were divided in Hanover County. On November 20,1683, Ann Hall, is transported by Lt. Abraham Jones, into the Bristol Parish. A tradition preserved by Virginia and Georgia Stewarts of this particular line is that.... this John Stewart of the headright is Colonel John Stewart, of Berwickshire, Scotland, the son of the Duke of Berwick. (See N.J. Floyd, p. 19.) Henrico County reflects John Stewart buying 670 acres, in 1683, p. 126."
   Others have asserted that there is no Duke of Berwick in Berwickshire and the whole story is preposterous. This belief holds our John Stewart to be one of 12 or more John Stewarts shipped to the new world variously after 1650 beginning with the Cromwell cleansing of Royalist supporters and continuing through the Monmouth Rebellion collapse in 1685 and into the 1700s. Among these is Capt. John Stewart, one of the "List of Ninety Rebells by the 'Happy Return' of Pool, Capt. Roger Wadham, Commander, with the names of the Masters to whom they were disposed of, by the Honble Col. John Hallett & Company, for account of Sir William Booth and Captain James Kendall, December 1685. (See the excellent unpublished work by Jim Mordy, sent to me by Lawrence Reno, May, 2001, which cites John C. Hotten's "Original Lists of Persons of Quality.... Who went from Great Britain to the American Plantations, 1600- 1700," Baltimore, 1962, reprint of the 2nd ed., 1880, p. 329.) This John, or any of the others arriving on these passages, could be our forebear.
   John Stewart's will (from photocopy from Terry Honan, a descendant of John):
   Will of John Stewart
   Will Book 2 p.s 190-191
   Amherst Co., VA
   April 14, 1784
   In the name of God Amen, I John Stewart of the parish & County of Amherst Co. make and ordain this my last will and testament. In manner and form as followith, Viz.: I lend unto my well beloved wife Ann Stewart as long as she liveth three Negro women, Sharlotte, Molley and Esther and it is my desire that my youngest children may be educated from the labour of the above mentioned slaves, Sharlotte, Molley and Esther my son Samuel Stewart is have three years schooling also my son David Stewart to have three years schooling Richard Stewart to have three years schooling my daughter Salley Stewart to have two years also it is my desire that my wife Ann Stewart should have peaceable possession of all my stock of horses, goats, hogs & sheep as long as she lives and also of my household and kitchen furniture as long as she lives and it is my desire at her death that all the estate both real & personal should be equally divided among my children, Charles Stewart, John Stewart, James Stewart, Robert Stewart, Mary Stewart, Thomas Stewart, Elizabeth Stewart, Ann Stewart, Samuel Stewart, David Stewart, Salley Stewart, Richard Stewart & William Stewart to them & their heirs to share & share alike after I give to my son John Stewart Three thousand seven hundred & fifty acres of land lying & being in Kentucky to him & his heirs forever to have immediate possession. I constitute, nominate and appoint my two sons Charles Stewart & John Stewart executors of this my last will and testament hereby revoking all former wills. In witness here of I have set my hand and seal this fourteenth day of April 1784.
   Wiatt Powell John Stewart
   Wm Chappell
   Thomas Stewart
   Probated August 2, 1784
   _________________<nowiki>--------------</nowiki> _________<nowiki>--------</nowiki>
   The order given in these notes for his 13 children is based on his will order, interspersed with those birth dates we know with certainty.
   _________________<nowiki>--------------</nowiki> _________<nowiki>---------</nowiki>
   Doreen Pool, 22 Dec., 1998 says "I found Capt. John Stewart and Mourning Floyd's marriage record in Amherst County records along with
   Charles Stewart m. Sally Furbush. 15 Dec 1785
   James Stewart m. Clary Pollard 21 Oct 1782
   Robert Stewart m. Sally Miles 5 Dec 1792"
   _________________<nowiki>--------------</nowiki> _________<nowiki>-----------</nowiki>
   From William Richard Stewart, Jan 1999: "Our cousin Thomas William Stewart said that John Stewart (editorial note: 1734-1784) died before his father...... I still think John Stewart can be traced back through Cumberland Co., to Louisa, and on to Chesterfield, Bristol Parish, and Hanover County Virginia. "
   Marriage 1 Ann Haw b: ABT. 1738 in Hanover Co., VA
   Married: 1755 in Hanover Co., VA
   Elizabeth Stewart b: ABT. 1756 in Hanover Co., VA
   Charles Stewart b: ABT. 1758 in Hanover Co., VA
   John Stewart b: 1760 in Amherst Co., VA
   William Stewart b: 8 NOV 1762 in Hanover Co., VA
   Mary Stewart b: 12 JAN 1764 in Amherst Co., VA
   James Stewart b: ABT. 1766 in Hanover Co., VA
   Robert Stewart b: ABT. 1768
   Thomas Stewart b: ABT. 1770
   Ann Stewart b: 11 JUL 1773
   Samuel Stewart b: ABT. 1775
   David Stewart b: ABT. 1777 in Amherst Co., VA
   Sarah Stewart b: ABT. 1779
   Richard Stewart b: 9 DEC 1784 in Amherst Co., VA
   Bristol Parish record: " John S(on) of John and Mary Stuart, Born 16 octob' 1734 Bapt 19 Ap' 1735." (p. 367)
   Louise Fair Henderson of Mississippi, a descendant of Richard Stewart and Polly Culbertson, gives this date as 14 April 1783
   The John Burford Floyd family bible, cited by Anna M Cartlidge in her 1966 unpublished paper.
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Capt. John Stewart's Timeline

October 16, 1734
Bristol Parish, VA
Age 21
Hanover, Virginia, USA
Age 25
Amherst County, Province of Virginia
Age 25
Hanover, Virginia, USA
November 8, 1762
Age 28
Hanover County, Virginia, United States
January 12, 1764
Age 29
Amherst County, Province of Virginia
January 12, 1764
Age 29
Hanover, Virginia, USA
Age 33
Bedford, Virginia, USA
Age 35
Hanover, Virginia, USA