Capt. John Underhill

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Capt. John Underhill

Also Known As: "Edward", "Jan Jans", "Onderberch", "Onderhill"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Bagnton, Warwickshire, England (United Kingdom)
Death: July 21, 1672 (74)
Oyster Bay, Queens County, Province of New York
Place of Burial: Mill Neck, Nassau County, New York, United States of America
Immediate Family:

Son of Sir John Underhill and Honor or Leora Morris
Husband of Heylken de Hooch and Elizabeth Underhill
Father of Deborah Underhill; John Underhill, II; Benoni Underhill; Elizabeth Underhill (died young); Deborah Townsend and 4 others
Brother of Lettice Bulgar (Underhill) and Petronella Lupold (Underhill)

Occupation: Quaker, Captain, soldier, privateer
Managed by: willard deuel
Last Updated:

About Capt. John Underhill

John Underhill (7 October 1597 – 21 July 1672) was an early English settler and soldier in the Massachusetts Bay Colony, the Province of New Hampshire, where he also served as governor; the New Haven Colony, New Netherland, and later the Province of New York, settling on Long Island. Hired to train militia in New England, he is most noted for leading colonial militia in the Pequot War (1636–1637) and Kieft's War which the colonists mounted against two different groups of Native Americans. He also published an account of the Pequot War.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Underhill_(captain)

John Underhill was one of three children of John Edward Underhill (1574–1608) and Leonora Honor Pawley. His great-grandfather Sir Hugh Underhill was Keeper of the Wardrobe for Queen Elizabeth at Greenwich, and his grandfather Thomas Underhill held the same position at Kenilworth Castle for Elizabeth's favorite, Robert Dudley, 1st Earl of Leicester.

John Underhill was born in 1597 in Baginton, Warwickshire, England. The family escaped to the Netherlands after a failed plot by the Earl of Essex to overthrow the Queen. There they stayed in Bergen op Zoom, a heavily fortified city. John Edward Underhill was sergeant in the company of Captain Roger Orme. He died there in October 1608 and is buried in the Church of St. Gertrude.

Following his father's death, John Underhill and his siblings lived with their mother and a group of Puritan exiles in the Netherlands. While there he received military training as a cadet in the service of Philip William, the Prince of Orange. He also married a Dutch girl, Helena (Heylken) de Hooch on 12 December 1628 in the Kloosterkerk, The Hague, Holland.[1] They had one child born in the Netherlands before emigrating, Deborah Underhill, and two other children after emigrating: Elizabeth (born 1635) and John Underhill (1642–1692).

Following the death of his first wife and his mother in 1658, Underhill married his second wife Elizabeth Feake on 2 December 1658, in Oyster Bay. Feake was a Quaker and converted John to Quakerism before he died.

Elizabeth Feake and her family, much like Underhill, had an important role in the shaping of colonial America. She was the daughter of Elizabeth Fones[8] and her second husband Robert Feake. Her mother was known to have married her third husband William Hallet while her second husband Robert Feake was still alive. Robert Feake had abandoned Elizabeth, and was considered mentally ill, but the couple had not obtained a divorce.

Hannah Feake, the second daughter of Robert Feake and Elizabeth Fones and sister of Elizabeth Feake, became an important figure in the fight for religious freedom in colonial America. Governor Peter Stuyvesant banned the rights of Quakers to assemble and worship. On 27 December 1657, thirty townspeople of Flushing signed the Flushing Remonstrance protesting this ban. The ban was later tested when Hannah, a Quaker minister herself, held services in her own home. Her husband John Bowne was arrested and returned to England, only to be released and allowed to return. The events contributed to the principles codified a century later in the First Amendment in the Bill of Rights, granting religious and political freedom to all citizens.

Captain John Underhill and Elizabeth Feake had five children: Deborah (1659–1697), Nathaniel (1663–1710), Hannah (1666–1757), Elizabeth (1669–1704), and David (1672–1708). Son Nathaniel Underhill settled in Westchester County, New York, where he became a prominent citizen and the progenitor of a large number of descendants. Several streets in Nassau County (Locust Valley and Syosset), and Westchester County are named for Underhill and his descendants.

Captain John Underhill died on 21 July 1672 and is buried in the Underhill Burying Ground in Locust Valley, New York.

Some of John Underhill's many descendants formed the Underhill Society of America.[9]

Biography

https://www.mygenealogyaddiction.com/Ancestors/Capt.-John-Underhill

Capt. John Underhill was reportedly born in Bagington, Warwickshire, England, on Oct. 5, 1597, according to the 1908 monument in Underhill Cemetery. Other sources suggest he was an Englishman born in 1609 in Holland. He "landed in Boston May 18, 1630, from the vessel over which he had command named John and Mary from his father and mother." His son John and wife, Helena (Kruger), a Dutch woman, came with him. He was banished from the Puritan Colony in 1638 and moved to New Hampshire where he was made governor for a short time. From there he went to Stamford, Connecticut, and by 1644 he was in Southold, Long Island, New York. Helena died there in 1658 and soon after, John sold his property to Thomas Moore and moved to Oyster Bay, Long Island. He was made High Sheriff of the North Riding on Long Island in 1665. He purchased land from the Matinecock Indians in 1667. The Underhill Cemetery was made on his property.

He married, second, to Elizabeth Feake (or Feke), daughter of Robert Feake and Elizabeth Fones. She was born in Watertown, Massachusetts, in 1633 and died in 1674-75. Copies of their children's births are recorded in the Fifteenth Street Meeting House, New York City.

Notable descendants of Capt. John Underhill include Amelia Earhart, Tom Selleck, Johnny Depp, and U.S. Secretary of State, John F. Kerry.


https://www.blacksheepancestors.com/international/capt-john-underhi...

Wife 1: Helena de Hooch, b. ca. 1608 at Gorinchem, the Netherlands; d. ca. 19 Aug 1658 at Southold, Long Island, NY. Marriage: 12 Dec. 1628, in the Kloosterkerk, the Hague, the Netherlands.

Note on Helena: The Underhills were living in the Netherlands prior to their departure for the New World in 1630. Young Capt. John had served with Dutch forces in the continental wars before being hired by John Winthrop and the Puritans as their first military commander and protector.

Children:

  1. Deborah, b. ca. 1629; d. ca. 1659
  2. Elizabeth, bap. 14 Feb 1636 in Boston, MA
  3. John Underhill, born Apr. 11, 1642, probably in Boston, married Mary Pryer at Oyster Bay, Aug. 11, 1668, and died May 29, 1698.

With second wife, Elizabeth (Feake):

  1. Deborah Underhill, born Sept. 29, 1659, married Henry Townsend.
  2. Nathaniel Underhill, born Dec. 22, 1663, married Mary Ferris. [Link]
  3. Hannah Underhill, born Oct. 2, 1666, married Richard Alsop.
  4. Elizabeth Underhill, born May 2, 1669, married Isaac Smith.
  5. David Underhill, born Feb. 1676, married Hanna Forman.

Family

m1. Helena (Kruger)

  1. - John
  2. - Benoni
  3. - Elizabeth, died young

m2. Elizabeth Feke

  1. - Deborah
  2. - Nathaniel
  3. - Hannah
  4. - Elizabeth
  5. - David

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Captain_John_Underhill

John Underhill (7 October 1597 – 21 July 1672) was an early English settler and soldier in the Massachusetts Bay Colony, the Province of New Hampshire, the New Haven Colony, New Netherland, and later the Province of New York. He is most noted for publishing an account of the Pequot War of 1636-1637 and for participating in destructive attacks against Native Americans during the Pequot War and during Kieft's War.

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Life and Activities of Capt. John Underhill

Edited from "Underhill Genealogy," by Jossephine C. Frost (Mrs. Samuel Knapp Frost) Brooklyn, NY Vol. 1

Published Privately by Myron C. Taylor in the interests of The Underhill Society of America, 1932

The English Ancestry of Capt. John Underhill has been established back to and including Hugh Underhill, keeper of the wardrobe to Queen Elizabeth in Greenwich Palace, examined, and passed, by the College of Arms in London and traced to armigerous Underhills of Ettington in Warkickshire and their predecessors of the thirteenth century. As to the year of his birth, legend varies between 1597 and 1600; as to place, tradition locates it at Baginton, near Kenilworth (Killingworth) in Warwickshire.

The mother of Capt. John Underhill was a widow living in Holland in 1618, and it should be conceded that he was residing there with her at that time, but no authentic evidence is found concerning him until Nov.28, 1628, on which date the Betrothal Records of Gorinchem and the Hague testify to his betrothal to Heylken, daughter of Willem de Hooch of the former place and in each entry he is described as a Cadet in the Guard of the Prince of Orange. As a sequel to those entries, the marriage of the couple on December 12, 1628, is recorded in the records of the Kloosterkerk at The Hague. He makes one other appearance in the Dutch records there on Feb.26, 1630, when he signs a document stating his acceptance of the division of his wife's father's estate.

Capt. John Underhill is first mentioned in New England, when, on Aug.27, 1630, he joined the first church. In Vol.11. of this publication the editor states he was first mentioned Sept 7, 1630, but she had not at that time seen the First Church Records. Just when he arrived in New England is not definitely known but that he came with Winthrop is generally conceded and it is stated in Vol.11. of The Life and Letters of John Winthrop that he (Winthrop) sailed from England April 8, 1630.

Helena, wife of Capt John Underhill, did not join the church until 15, 10 mo., 1633, probably because of her inability to speak the English language and on the 29, 10 mo., 1633, their maid, Margery Hinds, became a member.

On Sept 7, 1630, the Court of Assistants of the Massachusetts Bay Colony met in Charlestown and authorized Underhill be provided with food, money and house rent as the chief military authority of the Colony with Daniel Patrick, who shared the fifty pounds maintenance. He was made Captain before May 18, 1631, and as such was expected to attend Governor Winthrop on his official visits, to arrest notable offenders and locate with others, convenient places for forts on Castle Island, Charlestown and Dorchester. In May 1634 he was elected Deputy to the General Court and on 7 mo. 1 day, 1634 is listed one of Boston's Selectmen.

When he sailed for England in November, 1634, the ostensible reason given by Winthrop was that he "had leave to visit his friends in Holland," but circumstantial evidence indicates that his real mission was to secure considerable additions to the warlike stores of the colony in view of the fact that armed conflict with England was anticipated. He did, at any rate, procure a generous supply of gun-powder from one friend of the colony; and had returned to Boston before September, 1635. During the ensuing winter he was empowered by the General Court to impress labor for the erection of forts and to direct the distribution of ordnance to various vulnerable places on the coast and one of the other specific duties assigned him was the arrest of his friend, Roger Williams, who had taken refuge in Salem, but when the officers arrived there he had fled to more congenial shores to the south to escape punishment by the Puritans for his liberal religious views and became the founder of the Rhode Island and Providence Plantations.

In August, 1636, Capt. John took a prominent part in the punitive expedition to Block Island and he was the eleventh signer on the original roll of membership of The Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company of Boston in 1637, although they did not receive their charter until 13 of 1 mo., 1638. On the 1 mo., 9 day, 1636/7, he was chosen Captain by the General Court "for the country's service" in view of the grave danger which threatened the colony from the Pequot Indians. He proceeded to Say-brook Fort and with Capt. John Mason, was the chief instrument in their complete destruction. However on 2 of 9 mo., 1637, he was discharged from further service but was to have a quarter's pay for a gratuity, but at this same meeting of the General Court he was censored for "putting his hand to a seditious writing," was disfranchised, put from the Captain's place and disarmed. The "seditious writing" was the signing of a petition in favor of Rev. John Wheelwright who had given great offence by a liberal Fast-Day sermon and sentenced to be banished.

Early in 1638, Capt. John sailed for England and on March 24 was in negotiation with the Committee of Providence Island to enter the service of the company in a military capacity. On April 26 his pamphlet, "Newes from America," was entered at Stationers' Hall, London. He had returned to Boston by August first for on that day he sold his house and land there but on the 6 of 7 mo., 1638, the General Court decreed his banishment. He followed Rev. Wheelwright to the neighborhood of Dover and Exeter and ere long was elected Governor of that community, a post he occupied until March; 1640. During the short period of his stay there he was seeking a new abode, for on Sept. 8, 1639, as Governor John Underhill, he asked permission to dwell with the Dutch in New Amsterdam. It was granted him but he did not abide in that neighborhood until several years later.

In 1640 he was excommunicated by the First Church of Boston, only to be shortly restored to its membership, it having been realized by Winthrop and his colleagues that his actions had been woefully misjudged. Towards the end of 1641, in view of disturbances at Dover and uncertainty as to his future, his thoughts again turned towards the Dutch and on Jan.16, 1642, he leased a plantation in Flatlands, which it does not appear he occupied. At the instigation of the Church in Boston who fitted him out with a pinnace to remove himself and family, he was led to locate in Stamford and on the 5 of 2 mo., 1643, he was elected Deputy from there to the General Court of New Haven. By October of that year his services had been requisitioned by Director Kieft for aid against the Indians and in February of 1644 he was in chief command of the force which destroyed the Indian encampment near Greenwich. For those services Kieft made him two grants of land, one being Meuteleers Island, in later years known as Bergen Island and the other a plot on Manhattan Island now occupied by Trinity Church-yard, on which land he took up his abode prior to May 25, 1644. On May 24, 1645, he was elected a member of the Council of New Amsterdam and the same year one of the Eight Men who were elected to adopt measures against the Indians. The Bergen Island property did not come into his possession until May 14, 1646. There is every evidence that he expected to make that place his permanent home, but when Director Stuyvesant came into power, he appointed him Sheriff of Flushing, April 27, 1648, and he removed to that town where he was elected a Magistrate in 1651 and served as such in 1652, but in April, 1653, on learning that the Dutch were plotting with the Indians to attack the English, his relations with Director Stuyvesant became strained and he was imprisoned in New Amsterdam for hoisting the Parliamentary colors and "addressing a seditious paper to the people of Long Island." His incarceration was of short duration and the charges against him were dismissed, the natural outcome of which was that he left Flushing for Newport, R. I., where he offered his services to the Commissioners of the United Colonies in "the common cause of England against the Dutch," and on May 19, 1653, the General Assembly of Rhode Island commissioned him Commander-in-Chief on land with full power to act On June 27, 1653, he seized the Dutch post between Saybrook and Hartford for the English, with permission of the General Court of Hartford. This fort, known as The House of Hope, had long hampered the development of Hartford and had been fortified by the Dutch in 1641. Peace was declared in 1654 and during the short period affecting the foregoing events he had taken up his residence in Southold, L. I., certainly residing there in March of that year and owning property located partially where the Savings Bank now stands. In 1658 his first wife, Helena, died there and there has recently been erected to her memory a small slate stone, to harmonize with those of the pioneers still standing in the Presbyterian Cemetery in that place. * (see notation regarding this passage at the end) Early in the following year he married Elizabeth, daughter of Lieut. Robert and Elizabeth (Fownes-Winthrop) Feake, and sold his property in Southold on April 1st to Thomas Moore. In August of that year he was a resident of Setauket, otherwise known as Cromwell's Bay. Elizabeth Fownes Winthrop was a cousin and widow of Henry Winthrop, son of Governor John Winthrop, said Henry losing his life by drowning shortly after his arrival in New England. Just when Capt. John Underhill located in Oyster Bay is not definitely known, but probably in 1661. Certain it is, the inhabitants there on March 1, 1664/5 appointed him a delegate from that place to the Convention in Hempstead where a body of laws and ordinances for the future government of the Province were promulgated, which continued the laws of the Colony until October, 1683. On April 22, 1665, he was appointed Surveyor of Customs for Long Island and later High Constable and Under Sheriff of the North Riding of Yorkshire on Long Island, by "His Highness the Duke of York." Besides being the intermediary between the colonists and Governor Nicolls with reference to taxation and other matters, the Matinecock Indians especially referred to him as their chief advisor and on Oct. 1, 1666, he presented a petition on their behalf to the Court of Assizes. In recognition of those services they conveyed to John Underhill one hundred and fifty acres of land, the original deed of which is now preserved in the custody of Myron C. Taylor, whose summer home stands on part of that allotment. Prior to April, 1667, Capt. John had been seeking the approval of the Governor for naming that territory Killingworth, to which he had acceded, even the Indian deed being dated "Killenworth," prior to the Governor's written consent. Sometime previous to March 14, 1666/7, Capt. John had asked relief from his military duties for on that date the Governor agreed writing, "by reason of of yor yeares & other cares that attend you, I do allow of your excuse and leave you to your owne Liberty." On Feb.24, 1668/9, Governor Lovelace wrote the inhabitants of Killingworth and Matinecock in reply to one received "by the hands of Captain Underhill," regarding the residents of those places requesting independence of Hempstead, and this appears to be his last official act. He made his will in Killingworth and died there 21 of 7 mo., 1672, and was buried in what is now known as The Underhill Burying Ground, located in Locust Valley, L. I., being a part of the acreage presented to him by the Indians in 1667 and where an imposing monument marks his burial place. Close. by and on a part of the original Indian grant is "Killing-worth," the home of his best known living descendant, Myron C. Taylor.

Numerous letters from Capt. John Underhill are preserved in the Winthrop Manuscript owned by the Massachusetts Historical Society and photostats of each one are in the possession of Myron C. Taylor, only two or three being used in this publication. Letters vainly sought by the editor were undoubtedly destroyed in Greenwich, Conn., or in Boston as per the following minute found among the many scraps of paper left by the Winthrop family. It reads as follows: "The eating teeth of time devours all things. A Hogshead of Ancient Papers of value, belonging to our family lost at Greenwich in New England; a barrell full of papers Burnt in a warehouse at Boston." The date is partially destroyed, only the last figure, "8," is readable. The handwriting is of the period of the seventeenth or early eighteenth century.


The following relevant information was emailed to LIG by John Fitton - jfitton@rochester.rr.com

  • The below highlighted reference was to Elizabeth Fones-Winthrop-Feake not the daughter Elizabeth. Elizabeth Fones-Winthrop-Feake was one of my 11th Great Grandmothers. She was quite notorious because after she was abandoned by her mad husband Robert Feake, she married William Hallet (after which Hallets Cove was named). Peter Stuyvesant granted her a divorce from Robert.

RE: "Early in the following year he married Elizabeth, daughter of Lieut. Robert and Elizabeth (Fownes-Winthrop) Feake, and sold his property in Southold on April 1st to Thomas Moore. In August of that year he was a resident of Setauket, otherwise known as Cromwell's Bay. Elizabeth Fownes Winthrop was a cousin and widow of Henry Winthrop, son of Governor John Winthrop, said Henry losing his life by drowning shortly after his arrival in New England.


Religion: Quaker

Served under Captain Miles Standish

Church Organizer

Colony Governor, New Haven, Connecticut

1605-1608 Lived in Bergen-op-Zoom, Netherlands. After Feb. 26, 1630, Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts, Long Island, New York, and Dover, New Hampshire.


Following the death of his first wife and mother in 1658, he married his second wife Elizabeth Feake on 2 December 1658, in Oyster Bay. Feake was a Quaker and converted John to Quakerism before he died.

Elizabeth Feake and her family, much like Underhill, had an important role in the shaping of Colonial America. The daughter of Elizabeth Fones[3] and her second husband Robert Feake, Fones was the subject of much consternation for marrying her third husband William Hallet while her second husband Robert Feake was still alive[4].

Hannah Feake, the second daughter of Robert Feake and Elizabeth Fones and sister of Elizabeth Feake, would go on to become an important figure in the fight for religious freedom in Colonial America. Governor Peter Stuyvesant banned the rights of Quakers to assemble and worship. On 27 December 1657, thirty townsepeople of Flushing, Queens, signed the Flushing Remonstrance protesting this ban. The ban was later tested when Hannah, being a Quaker minister herself, held services in her own home. Her husband was arrested and returned to England, only to be released and allowed to come back again, contributed to the principles codified a century later in the First Amendment of the Bill of Rights granting religious and political freedom to all citizens.

Captain John Underhill and Elizabeth Feake had five children: Deborah (1659-1697), Nathaniel (1663-1697), Hannah (1666-1757), Elizabeth (1669-1704), and David (1672-1708). Son Nathaniel Underhill settled in Westchester County, New York where he became a prominent citizen and the progenitor of a large number of descendants. There are several streets in Westchester County named for Underhill and his descendants.

Captain John Underhill died on 21 July 1672 and is buried in the Underhill Burying Ground in Locust Valley, New York.

John Underhill's many descendants are represented by the Underhill Society of America.[5]

Children:

Deborah, b. 1659; d. 1698; m. ca. 1676 Henry Townsend (c. 1649-1718)

Nathaniel, b. 1664; d. 1710; m. Mary Ferris

Hannah, b. 1666; d. 1757; m. 1685 Richard Alsop (1660-1718)

Elizabeth, b. 1669; m. Isaac Smith (b. 1657)

David, b. 1672; d. 1708; m. first UNKNOWN, second Hannah

Life and Activities of Capt. John Underhill

Edited from "Underhill Genealogy," by Jossephine C. Frost (Mrs. Samuel Knapp Frost) Brooklyn, NY Vol. 1

Published Privately by Myron C. Taylor in the interests of The Underhill Society of America, 1932

The English Ancestry of Capt. John Underhill has been established back to and including Hugh Underhill, keeper of the wardrobe to Queen Elizabeth in Greenwich Palace, examined, and passed, by the College of Arms in London and traced to armigerous Underhills of Ettington in Warkickshire and their predecessors of the thirteenth century. As to the year of his birth, legend varies between 1597 and 1600; as to place, tradition locates it at Baginton, near Kenilworth (Killingworth) in Warwickshire.

The mother of Capt. John Underhill was a widow living in Holland in 1618, and it should be conceded that he was residing there with her at that time, but no authentic evidence is found concerning him until Nov.28, 1628, on which date the Betrothal Records of Gorinchem and the Hague testify to his betrothal to Heylken, daughter of Willem de Hooch of the former place and in each entry he is described as a Cadet in the Guard of the Prince of Orange. As a sequel to those entries, the marriage of the couple on December 12, 1628, is recorded in the records of the Kloosterkerk at The Hague. He makes one other appearance in the Dutch records there on Feb.26, 1630, when he signs a document stating his acceptance of the division of his wife's father's estate.

Capt. John Underhill is first mentioned in New England, when, on Aug.27, 1630, he joined the first church. In Vol.11. of this publication the editor states he was first mentioned Sept 7, 1630, but she had not at that time seen the First Church Records. Just when he arrived in New England is not definitely known but that he came with Winthrop is generally conceded and it is stated in Vol.11. of The Life and Letters of John Winthrop that he (Winthrop) sailed from England April 8, 1630.

Helena, wife of Capt John Underhill, did not join the church until 15, 10 mo., 1633, probably because of her inability to speak the English language and on the 29, 10 mo., 1633, their maid, Margery Hinds, became a member.

On Sept 7, 1630, the Court of Assistants of the Massachusetts Bay Colony met in Charlestown and authorized Underhill be provided with food, money and house rent as the chief military authority of the Colony with Daniel Patrick, who shared the fifty pounds maintenance. He was made Captain before May 18, 1631, and as such was expected to attend Governor Winthrop on his official visits, to arrest notable offenders and locate with others, convenient places for forts on Castle Island, Charlestown and Dorchester. In May 1634 he was elected Deputy to the General Court and on 7 mo. 1 day, 1634 is listed one of Boston's Selectmen.

When he sailed for England in November, 1634, the ostensible reason given by Winthrop was that he "had leave to visit his friends in Holland," but circumstantial evidence indicates that his real mission was to secure considerable additions to the warlike stores of the colony in view of the fact that armed conflict with England was anticipated. He did, at any rate, procure a generous supply of gun-powder from one friend of the colony; and had returned to Boston before September, 1635. During the ensuing winter he was empowered by the General Court to impress labor for the erection of forts and to direct the distribution of ordnance to various vulnerable places on the coast and one of the other specific duties assigned him was the arrest of his friend, Roger Williams, who had taken refuge in Salem, but when the officers arrived there he had fled to more congenial shores to the south to escape punishment by the Puritans for his liberal religious views and became the founder of the Rhode Island and Providence Plantations.

In August, 1636, Capt. John took a prominent part in the punitive expedition to Block Island and he was the eleventh signer on the original roll of membership of The Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company of Boston in 1637, although they did not receive their charter until 13 of 1 mo., 1638. On the 1 mo., 9 day, 1636/7, he was chosen Captain by the General Court "for the country's service" in view of the grave danger which threatened the colony from the Pequot Indians. He proceeded to Say-brook Fort and with Capt. John Mason, was the chief instrument in their complete destruction. However on 2 of 9 mo., 1637, he was discharged from further service but was to have a quarter's pay for a gratuity, but at this same meeting of the General Court he was censored for "putting his hand to a seditious writing," was disfranchised, put from the Captain's place and disarmed. The "seditious writing" was the signing of a petition in favor of Rev. John Wheelwright who had given great offence by a liberal Fast-Day sermon and sentenced to be banished.

Early in 1638, Capt. John sailed for England and on March 24 was in negotiation with the Committee of Providence Island to enter the service of the company in a military capacity. On April 26 his pamphlet, "Newes from America," was entered at Stationers' Hall, London. He had returned to Boston by August first for on that day he sold his house and land there but on the 6 of 7 mo., 1638, the General Court decreed his banishment. He followed Rev. Wheelwright to the neighborhood of Dover and Exeter and ere long was elected Governor of that community, a post he occupied until March; 1640.

During the short period of his stay there he was seeking a new abode, for on Sept. 8, 1639, as Governor John Underhill, he asked permission to dwell with the Dutch in New Amsterdam. It was granted him but he did not abide in that neighborhood until several years later.

In 1640 he was excommunicated by the First Church of Boston, only to be shortly restored to its membership, it having been realized by Winthrop and his colleagues that his actions had been woefully misjudged. Towards the end of 1641, in view of disturbances at Dover and uncertainty as to his future, his thoughts again turned towards the Dutch and on Jan.16, 1642, he leased a plantation in Flatlands, which it does not appear he occupied. At the instigation of the Church in Boston who fitted him out with a pinnace to remove himself and family, he was led to locate in Stamford and on the 5 of 2 mo., 1643, he was elected Deputy from there to the General Court of New Haven. By October of that year his services had been requisitioned by Director Kieft for aid against the Indians and in February of 1644 he was in chief command of the force which destroyed the Indian encampment near Greenwich. For those services Kieft made him two grants of land, one being Meuteleers Island, in later years known as Bergen Island and the other a plot on Manhattan Island now occupied by Trinity Church-yard, on which land he took up his abode prior to May 25, 1644. On May 24, 1645, he was elected a member of the Council of New Amsterdam and the same year one of the Eight Men who were elected to adopt measures against the Indians. The Bergen Island property did not come into his possession until May 14, 1646. There is every evidence that he expected to make that place his permanent home, but when Director Stuyvesant came into power, he appointed him Sheriff of Flushing, April 27, 1648, and he removed to that town where he was elected a Magistrate in 1651 and served as such in 1652, but in April, 1653, on learning that the Dutch were plotting with the Indians to attack the English, his relations with Director Stuyvesant became strained and he was imprisoned in New Amsterdam for hoisting the Parliamentary colors and "addressing a seditious paper to the people of Long Island." His incarceration was of short duration and the charges against him were dismissed, the natural outcome of which was that he left Flushing for Newport, R. I., where he offered his services to the Commissioners of the United Colonies in "the common cause of England against the Dutch," and on May 19, 1653, the General Assembly of Rhode Island commissioned him Commander-in-Chief on land with full power to act On June 27, 1653, he seized the Dutch post between Saybrook and Hartford for the English, with permission of the General Court of Hartford. This fort, known as The House of Hope, had long hampered the development of Hartford and had been fortified by the Dutch in 1641. Peace was declared in 1654 and during the short period affecting the foregoing events he had taken up his residence in Southold, L. I., certainly residing there in March of that year and owning property located partially where the Savings Bank now stands. In 1658 his first wife, Helena, died there and there has recently been erected to her memory a small slate stone, to harmonize with those of the pioneers still standing in the Presbyterian Cemetery in that place. * (see notation regarding this passage at the end) Early in the following year he married Elizabeth, daughter of Lieut. Robert and Elizabeth (Fownes-Winthrop) Feake, and sold his property in Southold on April 1st to Thomas Moore. In August of that year he was a resident of Setauket, otherwise known as Cromwell's Bay. Elizabeth Fownes Winthrop was a cousin and widow of Henry Winthrop, son of Governor John Winthrop, said Henry losing his life by drowning shortly after his arrival in New England. Just when Capt. John Underhill located in Oyster Bay is not definitely known, but probably in 1661. Certain it is, the inhabitants there on March 1, 1664/5 appointed him a delegate from that place to the Convention in Hempstead where a body of laws and ordinances for the future government of the Province were promulgated, which continued the laws of the Colony until October, 1683. On April 22, 1665, he was appointed Surveyor of Customs for Long Island and later High Constable and Under Sheriff of the North Riding of Yorkshire on Long Island, by "His Highness the Duke of York." Besides being the intermediary between the colonists and Governor Nicolls with reference to taxation and other matters, the Matinecock Indians especially referred to him as their chief advisor and on Oct. 1, 1666, he presented a petition on their behalf to the Court of Assizes. In recognition of those services they conveyed to John Underhill one hundred and fifty acres of land, the original deed of which is now preserved in the custody of Myron C. Taylor, whose summer home stands on part of that allotment. Prior to April, 1667, Capt. John had been seeking the approval of the Governor for naming that territory Killingworth, to which he had acceded, even the Indian deed being dated "Killenworth," prior to the Governor's written consent. Sometime previous to March 14, 1666/7, Capt. John had asked relief from his military duties for on that date the Governor agreed writing, "by reason of of yor yeares & other cares that attend you, I do allow of your excuse and leave you to your owne Liberty." On Feb.24, 1668/9, Governor Lovelace wrote the inhabitants of Killingworth and Matinecock in reply to one received "by the hands of Captain Underhill," regarding the residents of those places requesting independence of Hempstead, and this appears to be his last official act. He made his will in Killingworth and died there 21 of 7 mo., 1672, and was buried in what is now known as The Underhill Burying Ground, located in Locust Valley, L. I., being a part of the acreage presented to him by the Indians in 1667 and where an imposing monument marks his burial place. Close. by and on a part of the original Indian grant is "Killing-worth," the home of his best known living descendant, Myron C. Taylor.

Numerous letters from Capt. John Underhill are preserved in the Winthrop Manuscript owned by the Massachusetts Historical Society and photostats of each one are in the possession of Myron C. Taylor, only two or three being used in this publication. Letters vainly sought by the editor were undoubtedly destroyed in Greenwich, Conn., or in Boston as per the following minute found among the many scraps of paper left by the Winthrop family. It reads as follows: "The eating teeth of time devours all things. A Hogshead of Ancient Papers of value, belonging to our family lost at Greenwich in New England; a barrell full of papers Burnt in a warehouse at Boston." The date is partially destroyed, only the last figure, "8," is readable. The handwriting is of the period of the seventeenth or early eighteenth century.


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Capt. John Underhill's Timeline

1597
October 7, 1597
Bagnton, Warwickshire, England (United Kingdom)
1629
1629
Netherlands
1629
Netherlands
1630
1630
Age 32
Boston, MA
1635
December 14, 1635
Boston, Middlesex, Massachusetts, United States
1642
April 11, 1642
Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts, United States
1659
November 29, 1659
Flushing or Vlissingen, Nieuw-Nederland