Carlota Joaquina Bourbon

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Carlota Joaquina Bourbon

Also Known As: "Carlota Joaquina Teresa Caetana de Bourbon e Bourbon"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Palacio Real de Aranjuez, Madrid, España (Spain)
Death: January 07, 1830 (54)
Palácio Nacional de Queluz, Queluz, Sintra, Portugal
Place of Burial: Lisboa, Portugal
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Carlos IV, rey de España and Mary Louise of Parma
Wife of D. João VI, Rei de Portugal, Brasil e Algarves
Mother of Maria Teresa de Bragança, Princesa da Beira; Francisco António Pio de Bragança, Príncipe da Beira; Maria Isabel de Bragança, Reina de España; D. Pedro I do Brasil e IV de Portugal; Maria Francisca de Assis de Bragança and 4 others
Sister of Carlos Clemente de Borbón, Infante de España; María Luisa Carlota de Borbón, Infanta de España; María Amalia de Borbón, Infanta de España; Carlos Domingo Eusebio de Borbón, Infante de España; Maria Luisa di Spagna, Regina d'Etruria and 8 others

Managed by: FARKAS Mihály László
Last Updated:

About Carlota Joaquina Bourbon

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carlota_Joaquina_of_Spain

http://genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00000822&tree=LEO

Carlota Joaquina de Borbón, Infanta de España

F, #689, b. 25 April 1775, d. 7 January 1830

Last Edited=11 Mar 2007

Consanguinity Index=9.78%

Carlota Joaquina de Borbón, Infanta de España was born on 25 April 1775 at Aranjuez, Madrid, Spain. (2) She was the daughter of Carlos IV, Rey de España and Maria Luisa di Borbone, Principessa di Parma. She married Dom João VI de Bragança, Rei de Portugal e Brasil, son of Dom Pedro III de Bragança, Rei de Portugal and Dona Maria I de Bragança, Rainha de Portugal, on 9 June 1785 at Lisbon, Portugal. (2)

She died on 7 January 1830 at age 54 at Queluz. (2) She was buried at São Vicente de Fora, Lisbon, Portugal. (2)

    Carlota Joaquina de Borbón, Infanta de España was a member of the House of Bourbon. She was baptised with the name of Carlota Joaquina Teresa Cayetana. (2) She gained the title of Infanta de España.

Children of Carlota Joaquina de Borbón, Infanta de España and Dom João VI de Bragança, Rei de Portugal e Brasil

-1. Maria Teresa de Bragança, Infanta de Portugal+3 b. 29 Apr 1793, d. 17 Jan 1874

-2. Maria Isabel de Bragança, Infanta de Portugal+3 b. 19 May 1797, d. 26 Dec 1818

-3. Dom Pedro IV de Bragança, Rei de Portugal+4 b. 12 Oct 1798, d. 24 Sep 1834

-4. Maria Francesca de Bragança, Infanta de Portugal+3 b. 22 Apr 1800, d. 4 Sep 1834

-5. Isabella de Bragança, Infanta de Portugal4 b. 1801, d. 1876

-6. Miguel I de Bragança, Rei de Portugal+ b. 26 Oct 1802, d. 14 Nov 1866

-7. Anne de Bragança, Infanta de Portugal4 b. 1806, d. 1857

Forrás / Source:

http://www.thepeerage.com/p69.htm#i689


Wikipedia:

Español: http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carlota_Joaquina_de_Borb%C3%B3n

Português: http://pt.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carlota_Joaquina_de_Bourbon


Carlota Joaquina of Spain

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Carlota Joaquina of Spain (Portuguese: Carlota Joaquina Teresa de Bourbon e Bourbon; in Spanish: Carlota Joaquina Teresa de Borbón y Borbón) (25 April 1775 - 7 January 1830) was a Queen consort of Portugal. She was the eldest daughter of King Charles IV of Spain and his wife Maria Luisa of Parma.

Biography

She was born in Aranjuez. She was the eldest surviving child born to her parents. She was born in the reign of her paternal grand father, Charles III of Spain (1716-1788). Her father was the second son of Charles III and his Saxon wife Princess Maria Amalia; her mother, Maria Luisa of Parma was a grand daughter of Louis XV of France through her mother Princess Louise Élisabeth of France, Louis XV's favourite daughter. Louise Élisabeth's husband Philip, Duke of Parma was a younger brother of Charles III. Carlota Joaquina's future husband was a grand son of Mariana Victoria of Spain, sister of Charles III and the Duke of Parma.

The subject of her marriage was arranged by Mariana and Charless III in the late 1770's when Mariana went to Spain to encourage diplomatic relations between the estranged countries. Carlota Joaquina was to marry the Prince of Brazil and Carlota Joaquina's uncle Infante Gabriel would marry Infanta Mariana Vitória of Portugal, another grand child of Mariana Victoria of Spain.

She was like a dwarf, beady-eyed, hook-nosed, pock-marked and so ugly that even her portraits failed to flatter her. As well, she was precocious and had an extremely malevolent nature. Of Portugal's malicious Queens, she was probably the worst.

On 8 May 1785 she was officially married (consummated on 9 January 1790 in Lisbon) to the future João VI, King of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves, the second son of Queen Maria I of Portugal and the late King Consort Pedro III of Portugal.

In 1788, when his eldest brother Joseph, Prince of Brazil, died, João became the first in line to his mother's throne. Soon he received the titles Prince of Brazil and 17th Duke of Braganza. Between 1788 and 1816, Carlota was known as Princess of Brazil. Dom Joao, her husband, was good-natured, indolent, corpulent and almost as ugly as was she. His religious observances bored her and they were quite incompatible. Nevertheless they produced nine children and, because they were all handsome, it was rumoured that especially the younger ones had a different father. After the birth of the ninth child they began to live separate lives, he at Mafra and she at Queluz. Here it was rumoured that she had bought a retreat where she indulged in sexual orgies.

Carlota Joaquina is said to have been ambitious and violent. Her features were reportedly ugly and she was short in stature.[citation needed]

King Joao VI lived in the Palace of Bemposta and Queen Carlota Joaquina in Queluz. Though she lived there quietly, she became decidedly eccentric in dress and behaviour. However, their eldest son, Dom Pedro left behind as regent in Brazil, was proclaimed and crowned on 1 December 1822 as its independent Emperor. Joao VI refused to accept this until, in August 1825, he was persuaded by the British to do so. In March 1826, prematurely aged, he died. Claiming ill-health, Carlota Joaquina refused to attend his deathbed and started the rumour that her husband had been poisoned by the Freemasons.

The Emperor of Brazil now became King of Portugal as well; but knowing this to be impossible, Pedro abdicated in Portugal and made his eldest daughter Queen as well as betrothing her to Dom Miguel, his younger brother. In the meantime Infanta Isabel Maria, Carlota's daughter, was to be the regent in Portugal. About two years later the little queen set out, only to find upon arrival at Gibraltar that her uncle and fiancé had not only removed the regent but declared himself King of Portugal.

While in Brazil, Carlota Joaquina made attempts to obtain the administration of the Spanish dominions in Latin America. Spain itself was under Napoleon and its kings, her father and brother Ferdinand, were held by Napoleon in France. She regarded herself as the heiress of her captured family. Allegedly among her plans was to send armies to occupy Buenos Aires and northern Argentina to style herself as Queen of La Plata. The Portuguese-Brazilian forces, however, only managed to annex the eastern banks of the river as Cisplatina, which were kept in the Empire after 1822 and seceded in 1828 as the Republic of Uruguay.

When the Portuguese Royal Family returned to Portugal in 1821 after an absence of 14 years, Carlota Joaquina met a country that had changed much since their departure. In 1807, Portugal had lived stably under absolutism. Napoleonic troops and the developments in her native Spain had brought revolutionary ideas. In 1820, a liberal revolution commenced in Oporto. A constitutional Cortes Gerais had been promulgated, and in 1821 it gave Portugal its first constitution. The queen had arch-conservative positions and wanted a reactionary development in Portugal. Her husband did not want to renege his vows to uphold the constitution. Carlota Joaquina made an alliance with her youngest son Miguel, who shared his mother's conservative views. In 1824, using Miguel's position as army commander, they took power and held the king a virtual prisoner in the palace, where the queen tried to make him to abdicate in favor of Miguel. However, the king received British help and regained power, finally compelling his son to leave the country. The queen had also to go briefly into exile.

Shortly before King João's death, he nominated their daughter Infanta Isabel Maria as regent, a position usually occupied by the queen dowager.

Carlota Joaquina died in Queluz Palace. It has been said that she committed suicide.

[edit]Issue

Maria Teresa Francisca de Assis Antónia Carlota Joana Josefa Xavier de Paula Micaela Rafaela Isabel Gonzaga of Portugal (1793-1874), m. Pedro Carlos of Spain and Portugal (they had one child, Sebastian of Spain). m2. Infante Carlos of Spain, pretender of Spain, widower of her younger sister

António (Francisco António) (1795-1801), 4th prince of Beira

Maria Isabel Francisca of Portugal (1797-1818), m. Ferdinand VII of Spain, her uncle

Pedro de Alcântara Francisco Antônio João Carlos Xavier de Paula Miguel Rafael Joaquim José Gonzaga Pascoal Cipriano Serafim of Portugal (1798-1834), prince of Beira, then Duke of Braganza and Prince of Brazil himself, later Emperor of Brazil

Maria Francisca de Assis da Maternidade Xavier de Paula de Alcântara Antónia Joaquina Gonzaga Carlota Mónica Senhorinha Soter e Caia of Portugal (1800-1834), m. Infante Carlos of Spain, future pretender to the Spanish throne, her uncle

Isabel Maria da Conceição Joana Gualberta Ana Francisca de Assis de Paula de Alcântara Antónia Rafaela Micaela Gabriela Joaquina Gonzaga of Portugal (1801-1876), Regent of Portugal in 1826

Miguel Maria do Patrocínio João Carlos Francisco de Assis Xavier de Paula Pedro de Alcântara António Rafael Gabriel Joaquim José Gonzaga Evaristo of Portugal (1802-1866) later King of Portugal

Maria da Asuncao Ana Joana Josefa Luiza Gonzaga Francisca de Assis Xavier de Paula Joaquina Antonia de Santiago of Portugal (1805-1834)

Ana de Jesus Maria Luís Gonzaga Joaquina Micaela Rafaela Francisca Xavier de Paula of Portugal (1806-1857), m. 1827 Nuno José Severo de Mendoça Rolim de Moura Barreto, 1st Duke of Loulé

[edit]Carlota in Media

Carlota Joaquina - Princesa do Brazil (1994) - Directed by Carla Camurati. Cast: Marco Nanini, Marieta Severo, Vera Holtz, Ney Latorraca and Marcos Palmeira. Tells a summarized tale, mixing history with legend, of the Princess's life, from her childhood until her (mythical) suicide.

O Quinto dos Infernos (2003) - Directed by Wolf Maya. Cast: André Mattos, Betty Lago, Eva Wilma, Marcos Pasquim and Humberto Martins. A television miniseries produced by Globo TV which tells the tale of the Portuguese Royal Family during their stay in Brazil.


Charlotte Joaquina Teresa of Spain (25 April 1775 - 7 January 1830) was a Queen consort of Portugal.

She was the eldest daughter of King Carlos IV of Spain (1748-1819) and his wife Maria Louisa of Parma (1751-1819).

She was born in Aranjuez. On 8 May 1785 she was officially married (consummated on 9 January 1790 in Lisbon) to the future João VI, King of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves, the second son of Queen Maria I of Portugal and the late King Consort Pedro III of Portugal.

In 1788, when his eldest brother Joseph, Prince of Brazil, died, João became the first in line to his mother's throne. Soon he received the titles Prince of Brazil and 17th Duke of Braganza. Between 1788 and 1816, Charlotte was known as Princess of Brazil.

Carlota Joaquina is said to have been ambitious and violent. Her features were reportedly ugly and she was short in stature, though apparently not clearly a dwarf.

While in Brazil, Carlota Joaquina made attempts to obtain the administration of the Spanish dominions in Latin America. Spain itself was under Napoleon and its kings, her father and brother, were held by Napoleon in France. She regarded herself as the heiress of her captured family. Allegedly among her plans was to send armies to occupy Buenos Aires and northern Argentina to style herself as Queen of La Plata. The Portuguese-Brazilian forces, however, only managed to annex the eastern banks of the river as Cisplatina, which were kept in the Empire after 1822 and seceded in 1828 as the Republic of Uruguay.

When the Portuguese Royal Family returned to Portugal in 1821 after an absence of 14 years, Carlota Joaquina met a country that had changed much since their departure. In 1807, Portugal had lived stably under absolutism. Napoleonic troops had brought revolutionary ideas. In 1820, a liberal revolution commenced from Oporto. Constitutional Cortes had been promulgating, and in 1821 they gave Portugal its first constitution. In her native Spain, there had been similar developments in 1812. The queen had arch-conservative positions and wanted a reactionary development in Portugal. Her husband did not want to renege his vows to uphold the constitution. Carlota Joaquina made an alliance with her youngest son Miguel, who shared his mother's conservative views. In 1824, using Miguel's position as army commander, they took power and held the king a virtual prisoner in the palace, where the queen tried to make him to abdicate in favor of Miguel. However, the king received British help and regained power, finally compelling his son to leave the country. The queen had also to go briefly into exile.

Shortly before King João's death, he nominated their daughter Infanta Isabel Maria as regent, a position usually occupied by the queen dowager.

Carlota Joaquina died in Queluz Palace. _____________________________________

https://www.historyofroyalwomen.com/the-royal-women/carlota-joaquin...

Carlota Joaquina of Spain was born on 25 April 1775 as the daughter of Charles IV of Spain and Maria Luisa of Parma. She was hardly out of the cradle when her marriage to the future King John VI of Portugal, though at the time he was not expected to succeed, was arranged. She was then sent to Portugal at the age of ten to be married. Her husband was 18 years old. At the same time, her new sister-in-law was married to her uncle Infante Gabriel of Spain. Reportedly some of the people of Lisbon said that they had given Spain a whiting in exchange for a sardine. She was considered to be marked by smallpox, and she was a restless and mischievous child.1

(public domain) She was not considered to be beautiful, and later in life she was described as, “Her unruly and dirty hair was bound with pearls and diamonds of extraordinary beauty. Her dress was also sewn with pearls of an inestimable value. She wore in her ears a pair of earrings such as I have never seen on any other person; a pair of pear-shaped diamonds, as long as my thumb and of a water as limped as crystal. These were superb and most beautiful ornaments. But the face they framed was so horrible that their beauty was eclipsed. I had the impression that I was looking at some strange being, not of our own species.”2 Her fashion sense was also widely mocked. “I was once at Queluz when she was starting out. When I saw this figure, so strange in itself, now weirdly dressed, I felt as if I were gazing on some fantastic apparition. She was sitting astride a little black horse, small like all Portuguese horses, but bad-tempered enough to make a good rider nervous.”3

When she arrived at the Portuguese court, her mother-in-law, Queen Maria I had begun her mental deterioration. As time passed, Carlota and her husband became more and more annoyed by each other. She considered him to be obstinate and eccentric; he often carried grilled chicken legs to gnaw at idle moments. Four years after her arrival in Portugal, her marriage was consummated, and for Carlota, this kickstarted years of childbearing. They would go on to have nine children. Life changed in 1788 when her husband suddenly became the heir to the throne after the death of his elder brother José, Prince of Brazil of smallpox. He had been married to his aunt, Infanta Benedita of Portugal but they had had no children together. In 1792, Carlota’s mother-in-law had deteriorated so much that a council of physicians declared that there was no hope of recovery and so Carlota’s husband became Prince Regent of Portugal.

In 1806, Carlota plotted to have her husband declared insane as his mother had been. He had simply been ill, but Carlota wrote, “I appeal to you (her father) in the greatest consternation to inform you that the prince is every day becoming more deranged, and as a consequence, I am in danger of ruin, for those men (the prince’s circle) are becoming daily more powerful. The time has come for you to help me, and your grandchildren… The only remedy is for you to send intimation that you wish me to enter the government and that you will not accept a refusal, or else your reply will be to take up arms to avenge the affronts and insults to which you I am constantly exposed… This is the only means of preventing the spilling of much blood in this Kingdom, because the Court wants to draw a sword on my behalf, and the people also… for it is obvious to all that the Prince is out of his mind….” A similar letter was sent to her mother.4 In the end, her plotting came to nothing, though her relationship with her husband never recovered. They began living completely separate lives.

(public domain) The following year, the family was forced to flee to Brazil as Napoleon invaded Portugal. Carlota sent her eldest surviving son to join his father and grandmother on board the Principe Real while she and the other children boarded the Affonso d’Albuquerque. The arrival at Rio de Janeiro was pitiful. Carlota and her children had been compelled to shave their heads and wore white muslin caps as they entered the harbour. At least they were free from the clutches of Napoleon. The family continued to live apart while in exile. Carlota adored her second surviving son Miguel, who lived with her. She and her husband communicated through letters and hardly saw each other for the next four years.

In 1816, Queen Maria I died at the age of 81 and Carlota’s husband became King John VI. The following year, their eldest son married Maria Leopoldina of Austria and Carlota made a rare public appearance to attend her son’s wedding. Portugal was also at last released from Napoleon, but the new King was hesitant to return, and the political situation was quickly becoming problematic. It wasn’t until 1821 that Carlota returned to Portugal, taking the coffin containing the body of Queen Maria I with her. Upon arrival, the body was reclothed in a black robe, a cap, gloves, shoes and stockings and four orders. Queen Maria had already been dead for six years, and one of the Princesses attending the ceremonies fainted twice. The body was exposed for two days as the nobility came by to the kiss the gloved hand. Carlota and her husband continued to live apart, and she never went out in public. In truth, she was simply biding her time and continued to plot against her husband. In the end, the Palace of Queluz became her prison.

On 10 March 1826, King John VI died leaving the throne in the hands of the regent Infanta Isabela Maria until the “legitimate heir” returned to the Kingdom. His eldest son had been proclaimed Emperor of Brazil, and it was unthinkable that Portugal should become a dependency of Brazil. It was then decided that Pedro should abdicate the Portuguese throne in favour of his eldest daughter Maria and that she should marry her uncle Miguel, her father’s younger brother. The Brazilian throne would go to Maria’s younger brother. Miguel pretended to accept this situation but usurped the throne immediately upon his arrival. The situation would not be resolved until after Carlota’s death.

Carlota had always supported her son Miguel over her granddaughter. She usually had a miniature of him pinned to her chest. When he left his mother with his troops, she had exclaimed, “Cut off heads for me!”5 From her prison at Queluz, she had grown old and weak. As the end neared, she could not bear to be touched, and she spoke to no one. She died on 7 January 1830; she was still only 54 years old. Just four years later, her beloved son Miguel was banished from Portugal, and the young Maria was restored to the throne. _______________________________________________

àcerca (Português (Portugal))

Carlota Joaquina Teresa Cayetana de Bourbon (Aranjuez, 25 de abril de 1775 — Queluz, 7 de janeiro de 1830) foi uma infanta da Espanha, rainha consorte de Portugal, Brasil e Algarves e Imperatriz Consorte do Brasil. Primogênita de Carlos IV da Espanha, e da rainha Maria Luísa de Parma, casou-se em maio de 1785, aos dez anos de idade, com o então senhor do infantado e duque de Beja (que subiria ao trono em 1816 com o título de D. João VI), numa tentativa de cimentar laços entre as duas coroas ibéricas.

Detestada pela corte portuguesa, onde era chamada de "a Megera de Queluz", Carlota Joaquina também ganhou gradualmente a antipatia do povo, que a acusava de promiscuidade e de influenciar o marido a favor dos interesses da coroa espanhola.

Depois da transferência da corte portuguesa para o Brasil, Carlota Joaquina começou a conspirar contra o marido, alegando que o mesmo não tinha capacidade mental para governar Portugal e suas possessões, querendo assim estabelecer uma regência. Ambiciosa, Carlota também planejava usurpar a coroa espanhola que estava nas mãos de José Bonaparte (irmão de Napoleão Bonaparte).

Após o casamento em 1817 de seu filho D. Pedro com a arquiduquesa austríaca Leopoldina; e com a posterior volta da família real a Portugal em 1821, Carlota Joaquina foi confinada no Palácio Real de Queluz, onde morreu solitária e abandonada pelos filhos em 7 de janeiro de 1830.

Após sua morte, Carlota Joaquina (principalmente no Brasil) tornou-se parte da cultura popular e uma figura histórica importante, sendo o assunto de vários livros, filmes e outras mídias. Alguns estudiosos acreditam que ela tenha tido um comportamento rude e superficial, atribuindo-lhe o facto da mesma odiar o Brasil.

Fonte: Wikipedia

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carlota_Joaquina_of_Spain

http://genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00000822&tree=LEO

Carlota Joaquina de Borbón, Infanta de España

F, #689, b. 25 April 1775, d. 7 January 1830

Last Edited=11 Mar 2007

Consanguinity Index=9.78%

Carlota Joaquina de Borbón, Infanta de España was born on 25 April 1775 at Aranjuez, Madrid, Spain. (2) She was the daughter of Carlos IV, Rey de España and Maria Luisa di Borbone, Principessa di Parma. She married Dom João VI de Bragança, Rei de Portugal e Brasil, son of Dom Pedro III de Bragança, Rei de Portugal and Dona Maria I de Bragança, Rainha de Portugal, on 9 June 1785 at Lisbon, Portugal. (2)

She died on 7 January 1830 at age 54 at Queluz. (2) She was buried at São Vicente de Fora, Lisbon, Portugal. (2)

    Carlota Joaquina de Borbón, Infanta de España was a member of the House of Bourbon. She was baptised with the name of Carlota Joaquina Teresa Cayetana. (2) She gained the title of Infanta de España.

Children of Carlota Joaquina de Borbón, Infanta de España and Dom João VI de Bragança, Rei de Portugal e Brasil

-1. Maria Teresa de Bragança, Infanta de Portugal+3 b. 29 Apr 1793, d. 17 Jan 1874

-2. Maria Isabel de Bragança, Infanta de Portugal+3 b. 19 May 1797, d. 26 Dec 1818

-3. Dom Pedro IV de Bragança, Rei de Portugal+4 b. 12 Oct 1798, d. 24 Sep 1834

-4. Maria Francesca de Bragança, Infanta de Portugal+3 b. 22 Apr 1800, d. 4 Sep 1834

-5. Isabella de Bragança, Infanta de Portugal4 b. 1801, d. 1876

-6. Miguel I de Bragança, Rei de Portugal+ b. 26 Oct 1802, d. 14 Nov 1866

-7. Anne de Bragança, Infanta de Portugal4 b. 1806, d. 1857

Forrás / Source:

http://www.thepeerage.com/p69.htm#i689


Wikipedia:

Español: http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carlota_Joaquina_de_Borb%C3%B3n

Português: http://pt.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carlota_Joaquina_de_Bourbon


Carlota Joaquina of Spain

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Carlota Joaquina of Spain (Portuguese: Carlota Joaquina Teresa de Bourbon e Bourbon; in Spanish: Carlota Joaquina Teresa de Borbón y Borbón) (25 April 1775 - 7 January 1830) was a Queen consort of Portugal. She was the eldest daughter of King Charles IV of Spain and his wife Maria Luisa of Parma.

Biography

She was born in Aranjuez. She was the eldest surviving child born to her parents. She was born in the reign of her paternal grand father, Charles III of Spain (1716-1788). Her father was the second son of Charles III and his Saxon wife Princess Maria Amalia; her mother, Maria Luisa of Parma was a grand daughter of Louis XV of France through her mother Princess Louise Élisabeth of France, Louis XV's favourite daughter. Louise Élisabeth's husband Philip, Duke of Parma was a younger brother of Charles III. Carlota Joaquina's future husband was a grand son of Mariana Victoria of Spain, sister of Charles III and the Duke of Parma.

The subject of her marriage was arranged by Mariana and Charless III in the late 1770's when Mariana went to Spain to encourage diplomatic relations between the estranged countries. Carlota Joaquina was to marry the Prince of Brazil and Carlota Joaquina's uncle Infante Gabriel would marry Infanta Mariana Vitória of Portugal, another grand child of Mariana Victoria of Spain.

She was like a dwarf, beady-eyed, hook-nosed, pock-marked and so ugly that even her portraits failed to flatter her. As well, she was precocious and had an extremely malevolent nature. Of Portugal's malicious Queens, she was probably the worst.

On 8 May 1785 she was officially married (consummated on 9 January 1790 in Lisbon) to the future João VI, King of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves, the second son of Queen Maria I of Portugal and the late King Consort Pedro III of Portugal.

In 1788, when his eldest brother Joseph, Prince of Brazil, died, João became the first in line to his mother's throne. Soon he received the titles Prince of Brazil and 17th Duke of Braganza. Between 1788 and 1816, Carlota was known as Princess of Brazil. Dom Joao, her husband, was good-natured, indolent, corpulent and almost as ugly as was she. His religious observances bored her and they were quite incompatible. Nevertheless they produced nine children and, because they were all handsome, it was rumoured that especially the younger ones had a different father. After the birth of the ninth child they began to live separate lives, he at Mafra and she at Queluz. Here it was rumoured that she had bought a retreat where she indulged in sexual orgies.

Carlota Joaquina is said to have been ambitious and violent. Her features were reportedly ugly and she was short in stature.[citation needed]

King Joao VI lived in the Palace of Bemposta and Queen Carlota Joaquina in Queluz. Though she lived there quietly, she became decidedly eccentric in dress and behaviour. However, their eldest son, Dom Pedro left behind as regent in Brazil, was proclaimed and crowned on 1 December 1822 as its independent Emperor. Joao VI refused to accept this until, in August 1825, he was persuaded by the British to do so. In March 1826, prematurely aged, he died. Claiming ill-health, Carlota Joaquina refused to attend his deathbed and started the rumour that her husband had been poisoned by the Freemasons.

The Emperor of Brazil now became King of Portugal as well; but knowing this to be impossible, Pedro abdicated in Portugal and made his eldest daughter Queen as well as betrothing her to Dom Miguel, his younger brother. In the meantime Infanta Isabel Maria, Carlota's daughter, was to be the regent in Portugal. About two years later the little queen set out, only to find upon arrival at Gibraltar that her uncle and fiancé had not only removed the regent but declared himself King of Portugal.

While in Brazil, Carlota Joaquina made attempts to obtain the administration of the Spanish dominions in Latin America. Spain itself was under Napoleon and its kings, her father and brother Ferdinand, were held by Napoleon in France. She regarded herself as the heiress of her captured family. Allegedly among her plans was to send armies to occupy Buenos Aires and northern Argentina to style herself as Queen of La Plata. The Portuguese-Brazilian forces, however, only managed to annex the eastern banks of the river as Cisplatina, which were kept in the Empire after 1822 and seceded in 1828 as the Republic of Uruguay.

When the Portuguese Royal Family returned to Portugal in 1821 after an absence of 14 years, Carlota Joaquina met a country that had changed much since their departure. In 1807, Portugal had lived stably under absolutism. Napoleonic troops and the developments in her native Spain had brought revolutionary ideas. In 1820, a liberal revolution commenced in Oporto. A constitutional Cortes Gerais had been promulgated, and in 1821 it gave Portugal its first constitution. The queen had arch-conservative positions and wanted a reactionary development in Portugal. Her husband did not want to renege his vows to uphold the constitution. Carlota Joaquina made an alliance with her youngest son Miguel, who shared his mother's conservative views. In 1824, using Miguel's position as army commander, they took power and held the king a virtual prisoner in the palace, where the queen tried to make him to abdicate in favor of Miguel. However, the king received British help and regained power, finally compelling his son to leave the country. The queen had also to go briefly into exile.

Shortly before King João's death, he nominated their daughter Infanta Isabel Maria as regent, a position usually occupied by the queen dowager.

Carlota Joaquina died in Queluz Palace. It has been said that she committed suicide.

[edit]Issue

Maria Teresa Francisca de Assis Antónia Carlota Joana Josefa Xavier de Paula Micaela Rafaela Isabel Gonzaga of Portugal (1793-1874), m. Pedro Carlos of Spain and Portugal (they had one child, Sebastian of Spain). m2. Infante Carlos of Spain, pretender of Spain, widower of her younger sister

António (Francisco António) (1795-1801), 4th prince of Beira

Maria Isabel Francisca of Portugal (1797-1818), m. Ferdinand VII of Spain, her uncle

Pedro de Alcântara Francisco Antônio João Carlos Xavier de Paula Miguel Rafael Joaquim José Gonzaga Pascoal Cipriano Serafim of Portugal (1798-1834), prince of Beira, then Duke of Braganza and Prince of Brazil himself, later Emperor of Brazil

Maria Francisca de Assis da Maternidade Xavier de Paula de Alcântara Antónia Joaquina Gonzaga Carlota Mónica Senhorinha Soter e Caia of Portugal (1800-1834), m. Infante Carlos of Spain, future pretender to the Spanish throne, her uncle

Isabel Maria da Conceição Joana Gualberta Ana Francisca de Assis de Paula de Alcântara Antónia Rafaela Micaela Gabriela Joaquina Gonzaga of Portugal (1801-1876), Regent of Portugal in 1826

Miguel Maria do Patrocínio João Carlos Francisco de Assis Xavier de Paula Pedro de Alcântara António Rafael Gabriel Joaquim José Gonzaga Evaristo of Portugal (1802-1866) later King of Portugal

Maria da Asuncao Ana Joana Josefa Luiza Gonzaga Francisca de Assis Xavier de Paula Joaquina Antonia de Santiago of Portugal (1805-1834)

Ana de Jesus Maria Luís Gonzaga Joaquina Micaela Rafaela Francisca Xavier de Paula of Portugal (1806-1857), m. 1827 Nuno José Severo de Mendoça Rolim de Moura Barreto, 1st Duke of Loulé

[edit]Carlota in Media

Carlota Joaquina - Princesa do Brazil (1994) - Directed by Carla Camurati. Cast: Marco Nanini, Marieta Severo, Vera Holtz, Ney Latorraca and Marcos Palmeira. Tells a summarized tale, mixing history with legend, of the Princess's life, from her childhood until her (mythical) suicide.

O Quinto dos Infernos (2003) - Directed by Wolf Maya. Cast: André Mattos, Betty Lago, Eva Wilma, Marcos Pasquim and Humberto Martins. A television miniseries produced by Globo TV which tells the tale of the Portuguese Royal Family during their stay in Brazil.


Charlotte Joaquina Teresa of Spain (25 April 1775 - 7 January 1830) was a Queen consort of Portugal.

She was the eldest daughter of King Carlos IV of Spain (1748-1819) and his wife Maria Louisa of Parma (1751-1819).

She was born in Aranjuez. On 8 May 1785 she was officially married (consummated on 9 January 1790 in Lisbon) to the future João VI, King of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves, the second son of Queen Maria I of Portugal and the late King Consort Pedro III of Portugal.

In 1788, when his eldest brother Joseph, Prince of Brazil, died, João became the first in line to his mother's throne. Soon he received the titles Prince of Brazil and 17th Duke of Braganza. Between 1788 and 1816, Charlotte was known as Princess of Brazil.

Carlota Joaquina is said to have been ambitious and violent. Her features were reportedly ugly and she was short in stature, though apparently not clearly a dwarf.

While in Brazil, Carlota Joaquina made attempts to obtain the administration of the Spanish dominions in Latin America. Spain itself was under Napoleon and its kings, her father and brother, were held by Napoleon in France. She regarded herself as the heiress of her captured family. Allegedly among her plans was to send armies to occupy Buenos Aires and northern Argentina to style herself as Queen of La Plata. The Portuguese-Brazilian forces, however, only managed to annex the eastern banks of the river as Cisplatina, which were kept in the Empire after 1822 and seceded in 1828 as the Republic of Uruguay.

When the Portuguese Royal Family returned to Portugal in 1821 after an absence of 14 years, Carlota Joaquina met a country that had changed much since their departure. In 1807, Portugal had lived stably under absolutism. Napoleonic troops had brought revolutionary ideas. In 1820, a liberal revolution commenced from Oporto. Constitutional Cortes had been promulgating, and in 1821 they gave Portugal its first constitution. In her native Spain, there had been similar developments in 1812. The queen had arch-conservative positions and wanted a reactionary development in Portugal. Her husband did not want to renege his vows to uphold the constitution. Carlota Joaquina made an alliance with her youngest son Miguel, who shared his mother's conservative views. In 1824, using Miguel's position as army commander, they took power and held the king a virtual prisoner in the palace, where the queen tried to make him to abdicate in favor of Miguel. However, the king received British help and regained power, finally compelling his son to leave the country. The queen had also to go briefly into exile.

Shortly before King João's death, he nominated their daughter Infanta Isabel Maria as regent, a position usually occupied by the queen dowager.

Carlota Joaquina died in Queluz Palace.

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Carlota Joaquina Bourbon's Timeline

1775
April 25, 1775
Madrid, España
June 30, 1775
Aranjuez, Madrid, Madrid, Community of Madrid, Spain
1793
April 29, 1793
Lisboa, Portugal
1795
March 21, 1795
Queluz, Sintra, Portugal
1797
May 19, 1797
Queluz, Sintra, Portugal
1798
October 12, 1798
Lisboa, Portugal
1800
April 22, 1800
Capelo Real, Queluz, Lisbon, Portugal
1801
July 4, 1801
Sintra, Lisboa, Portugal
1802
October 26, 1802
Queluz, Sintra, Portugal