Charles II of England

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Charles II Stuart, King of England, Scotland, and Ireland

Also Known As: "The Merry Monarch", "Prince Charles James", "King of England", ""Öld Rowley" / The Merry Monarch", "King of Scotland", "King of Ireland", "Scotland & Ireland"
Birthplace: St. James's Palace, St. James's, London, England
Death: Died in Whitehall Palace, Whitehall, London, England
Cause of death: Stroke
Place of Burial: Westminster Abbey, Westminster, London, England
Immediate Family:

Son of Charles I, King of England, Scotland, and Ireland and Henrietta Maria of France, Queen of England, Scotland, and Ireland
Husband of Lady Catherine FitzCharles, (Mistress) and Catherine of Braganza, Queen Consort of England
Partner of Christina Bennet; Jean Hamilton; Margaret de Carteret (Cartright); Miss Lucy Walter; Elizabeth Boyle, Lady Shannon and 8 others
Father of Charles FitzCharles, 1st Earl of Plymouth; Walter Swan; Stillborn child1; Stillborn child2; Stillborn child3 and 18 others
Brother of Charles James Stuart, Duke of Cornwall and Rothesay; Mary, Princess Royal and Princess of Orange; James VII of Scotland & II of England and Ireland; Princess Elizabeth of England; Princess Anne of England and 3 others
Half brother of James Stuart and Joanna Taylor

Occupation: King of England, King of Great Britain, Scotland & Ireland
Managed by: Günther Kipp
Last Updated:

About Charles II of England

a short summary from Wikipedia :

Charles II

King of Scotland

Reign: 30 January 1649 – 3 September 1651

Coronation: 1 January 1651

Predecessor: Charles I

Successor Military government led by George Monck

King of England, Scotland, and Ireland

Reign 29 May 1660[2] – 6 February 1685

Coronation 23 April 1661

Predecessor Charles I (de jure)

Council of State (de facto)

Successor James II & VII

Spouse Catherine of Braganza



James Scott, 1st Duke of Monmouth

Charles FitzCharles, 1st Earl of Plymouth

Charles FitzRoy, 2nd Duke of Cleveland

Charlotte Lee, Countess of Lichfield

Henry FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Grafton

George FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Northumberland

Charles Beauclerk, 1st Duke of St Albans

Charles Lennox, 1st Duke of Richmond

House: House of Stuart

Father: Charles I

Mother: Henrietta Maria of France

Born: 29 May 1630 (N.S.: 8 June 1630)

St. James's Palace, London England

Died: 6 February 1685 (aged 54) (N.S.: 16 February 1685)

Whitehall Palace, London

Burial: Westminster Abbey

Religion: Anglican, converted to Roman Catholicism on his deathbed


Wikipedia Links:

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Charles II Stuart, King of Great Britain was born on 29 May 1630 at St. James's Palace, St. James's, London, England. He was the son of Charles I Stuart, King of Great Britain and Henriette Marie de Bourbon, Princesse de France. He married Catarina Henriqueta de Bragança, Princeza de Portugal, daughter of João IV de Bragança, Rei de Portugal and Luiza Maria de Guzman, on 21 May 1662 at St. Thomas à Becket Church, Portsmouth, Hampshire, England. He was also reported to have been married on 3 May 1662 at Winchester, Hampshire, England. He died on 6 February 1685 at age 54 at Whitehall Palace, Whitehall, London, England, from a stroke.He was buried on 14 February 1685 at Westminster Abbey, Westminster, London, England.

    He and Elizabeth Jones, Lady Kildare were associated. He was created 1st Duke of Cornwall [England] on 29 May 1630.2 He was created 1st Duke of Rothesay [England] on 29 May 1630.2 He was invested as a Knight, Order of the Garter (K.G.) on 21 May 1638.He and Elizabeth Killigrew were associated circa 1649.4 He and Barbara Villiers, Duchess of Cleveland were associated between 1659 and 1668.5,6 He gained the title of King Charles II of Great Britain on 8 May 1660.7 Charles II Stuart, King of Great Britain also went by the nick-name of 'Old Rowley'. Charles II Stuart, King of Great Britain also went by the nick-name of 'the Merry Monarch'. He was crowned King of England, Scotland, France and Ireland, Defender of the Faith on 23 April 1661 at Westminster Abbey, Westminster, London, England.7 He and Catherine Pegge were associated. He and Lucy Walter were associated. He and Eleanor Gwynne were associated. He and Louise Renée de Penancoët de Kérouaille, Duchess of Portsmouth were associated. He and Frances Theresa Stuart were associated in 1662. He and Mary Davies were associated circa 1672. He and Hortense Mancini were associated in 1675.1 He and Jane Middleton were associated in 1678.8 
    When his father's cause was lost in 1646 he went to the Isles of Scilly then Jersey and on to France. In 1650 he was crowned King of the Scots at Scone. He invaded England in 1651 and was beaten by Cromwell at the Battle of Worcester and after the battle hid in an oak tree. With difficulty he escaped to France. Returning to England in 1660 he was welcomed as King. Plague struck the country in 1665 killing over 60,000 in London alone and in the next year the Great Fire made 200,000 homeless. That was not all, the Dutch Fleet sailed up the Medway and England had to sue for peace. After the Great Fire, Sir Christopher Wren built a new and better London. Charles had St James Park re-created and built Chelsea Hospital for old soldiers. He supported the sciences, founding Greenwich Observatory and the Royal Society. Boyle Halley and Newton are illustrious names of his reign and Nell Gwynn will be remembered for other reasons. His Chief Minister was Clarendon who freed the Church of its Cromwellian past. Titus Oates raised the alarm of a Popish plot and many Catholics were executed. Charles himself was a Catholic, certainly just before his death and probably before. He had many mistresses and the future Duke of Monmouth was his illegitimate son. Of twenty-six dukes in England today, five are descendants on the wrong side of the blanket of Charles II. His neice was married to William of Orange, as a diplomatic measure. He brought much needed elegance to the land. He has an extensive biographical entry in the Dictionary of National Biography.9
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Charles II of England's Timeline

May 29, 1630
St. James's Palace, St. James's, London, England
June 27, 1630
Chapel Royal, Whitehall, London, England
March 9, 1649
Age 18
Rotterdam, Government of Rotterdam, South Holland, The Netherlands
Age 19
May 6, 1651
Age 20
The Hague, The Hague, South Holland, The Netherlands
Age 24
Rotterdam, Holland (South), Netherlands
Age 26
Age 27
Age 27
London, Greater London, UK
February 25, 1661
Age 30
Westminster, Middlesex, England