Co-Emperor Andronikos Doukas

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Co-Emperor Andronikos Doukas

Also Known As: "Dukas", "Lydas"
Birthplace: Constantinople, Byzantine Empire
Death: 1020 (39-49)
Baghdad, Baghdad Governorate, Iraq
Immediate Family:

Son of Gregoras Doukas
Husband of Skelerina; Eudokia Porphyrogenita and Maria Dukas
Father of Ioannes Doukas; Anna Doukaina and Constantine X, Eastern Roman Emperor

Occupation: a Paphlagonian nobleman who may have served as governor of the theme of Moesia, благородник от Пафлагония, стратег на тема Паристрион
Managed by: Henn Sarv
Last Updated:

About Co-Emperor Andronikos Doukas

The Dukas family

Andronikos Dukas, living ca 1020 (he was related to Emperor Konstantinos (+913) but exactly how is uncertain) had issue:

  • A1. Konstantinos X Dukas, Emperor of Byzantium (1059-67), +1067; 1m: a dau.of Konstantinos Dalassenos; 2m: before 1050 Eudokia Makrembolitissa (+1096)
    • ...
  • A2. Ioannes Dukas, +1088; 1045 Eirene Pegonitissa
    • ...


Andronikos Doukas1 b. circa 950, d. 1029 Father Gregoras Doukas b. before 913

Andronikos Doukas was born circa 950. He was the son of Gregoras Doukas. Strategos of Bulgaria circa 1000. Protostatharios at Byzantine Empire circa 1000. Andronikos Doukas died in 1029. Family


  1. ◦basileus Rhomaiôn Constantine X Doukas+ b. c 1000, d. May 10672,3
  2. ◦Caesar John Doukas+ b. 1012, d. 10883

Citations 1.[S204] Roderick W. Stuart, RfC, 215-35. 2.[S269] C. W. Previté-Orton sCMH I, pg. 536, genealogy table 15, (a) the House of Ducas and Comnenus.. 3.[S25] J. M. Hussey, Cambridge Medieval History, Vol 4, Part 1, pg. 793.


Andronikos Doukas (Greek: Ἀνδρόνικος Δούκας, died ca. 910) was a Byzantine general and rebel in the reign of Emperor Leo VI the Wise (r. 886–912). The first member of the illustrious Doukas line to achieve prominence as a successful general, his rivalry with the powerful eunuch Samonas led to his revolt and eventual defection to the Arabs in 906–907. He died in exile in Baghdad.


Andronikos Doukas is the first prominent member of the Doukas family of whom we know some details.[1] A holder of the exalted title of patrikios, he inflicted a major defeat on the Arabs near Germanikeia in November or December 904. This campaign was possibly waged in retaliation of the Arab sack of Thessalonica, the Empire's second-largest city, a few months earlier.[2][3] Probably after his victory, he was raised to the rank of Domestic of the Schools, i.e. commander-in-chief of the Empire's army.[4]

In 906, he was ordered west to join forces with the fleet under Himerios, which faced a large Arab naval expedition. Andronikos however was reluctant to comply, fearing for his safety: he had received letters from Constantinople warning him that Himerios had been given orders to seize and blind him. In fact, the chroniclers relate, these letters had been sent through the machinations of Samonas, Leo's influential Arab-born eunuch. Samonas bore a personal grudge against the Doukas family ever since Andronikos' son Constantine had seized him during an attempted flight to his native lands a few years earlier.[5] The repeated pleas of Himerios to join him only made Andronikos more suspicious, and he firmly refused to board the flagship. In the event, on 6 October Himerios with his own forces secured a major victory over the Arab fleet. At the news of this, Andronikos with his family and dependents withdrew east and seized the fortress of Kabala, near Iconium.[2][6] There he held out for six months, while Leo sent the new Domestic of the Schools, Gregoras Iberitzes, a relative by marriage to the Doukai, to persuade him to surrender. However, when Andronikos heard the news of the deposition of the Patriarch Nicholas Mystikos, he resolved to flee and asked for aid from the Arabs.[2][7] In early 907 an Arab force came to his aid, and escorted by them, Andronikos and his family crossed the border, first to Tarsus and finally to Baghdad.[8] The flight of Andronikos Doukas represents a peculiar episode: several scholars, such as Alexander Vasiliev and R.J.H. Jenkins, consider it evidence of a real plot against Leo, which included the Patriarch Nicholas Mystikos and perhaps also the admiral Eustathios. Others, such as D.I. Polemis and Shaun Tougher, reject this, explaining it in terms of the rivalry with the powerful Samonas, and Andronikos' untenable position after his refusal to cooperate with Himerios.[2][9]

Despite Andronikos' defection – or because of it, considering that Leo of Tripoli and Damian of Tyre, Byzantium's most dangerous opponents at the time, were Byzantine renegades – Leo was determined to retrieve him. Personal sympathies also played a role: it is evident that Leo was attached to his general, and even wrote a poem in lamentation of his defection.[10] Consequently, the Emperor sent Andronikos a secret message guaranteeing a safe return, hidden inside a candle. Petronas however contrived for this to fall in the hands of the Caliph's vizier, discrediting the general in the Arabs' eyes. Andronikos was then imprisoned in Baghdad and forced to convert to Islam. He probably died there soon after.[11] His son Constantine however managed to escape Baghdad and return to Byzantium, where he was pardoned by Leo and entrusted with senior military commands.[2][12]

The careers of both Andronikos and Constantine, who in 913 also mounted an unsuccessful bid for the throne that cost him his life, entered folk legend and provided the models for two personages in the epic poem Digenes Akritas.[13]


^ Kazhdan (1991), p. 655

^ a b c d e Kazhdan (1991), p. 657

^ Tougher (1997), p. 189

^ Tougher (1997), p. 208

^ Tougher (1997), pp. 208–209

^ Tougher (1997), p. 209

^ Tougher (1997), pp. 209, 213–216

^ Tougher (1997), p. 209

^ Tougher (1997), pp. 215–216

^ Tougher (1997), pp. 39, 216–217

^ Tougher (1997), pp. 209–210, 216

^ Tougher (1997), p. 210

^ Kazhdan (1991), pp. 655, 657


Kazhdan, Alexander, ed. (1991), Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium, Oxford University Press, ISBN 978-0-19-504652-6

Polemis, D.I. (1968), The Doukai: A Contribution to Byzantine Prosopography, London

Tougher, Shaun (1997), The Reign of Leo VI (886–912): Politics and People, BRILL, ISBN 9004097775

John Doukas, Caesar

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

John Doukas or Ducas (Greek: Ιωάννης Δούκας, Iōannēs Doukas), (died c. 1088), was the son of Andronikos Doukas, a Paphlagonian nobleman who may have served as governor of the theme of Moesia and younger brother of Emperor Constantine X Doukas.

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Co-Emperor Andronikos Doukas's Timeline

Of, Trabzon, Turkey
Constantinople, Byzantine Empire
Constantinople, Byzantine Empire
Constantinople, Byzantine Empire
Age 44
Baghdad, Baghdad Governorate, Iraq