Consul (128 & 161) - Marcus Annius Libo

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Marcus Annius Libo

Death: 135 (30-40)
Immediate Family:

Son of Marcus Annius Verus, Roman Consul and Rupilia Faustina
Husband of Fundania
Ex-husband of Fundania
Father of Legatus of Syria (162) - Marcus Annius Libo; Annia Fundania Faustina; Annius Libo and Annia Fundania Faustina
Brother of Marcus Annius Verus, Praetor; Annia Galeria Faustina Major, Roman Empress and Annia Cornificia Faustina
Half brother of Annia

Occupation: Consul
Managed by: Urmas Heinaste
Last Updated:

About Consul (128 & 161) - Marcus Annius Libo

Marcus Annius Libo (Greek: Μαρκος Αννιος Λιβωνος) was a Roman Senator active in the early second century AD. He was consul in 128 as the colleague of Lucius Nonius Calpurnius Torquatus Asprenas.[1] Libo was the paternal uncle of the Emperor Marcus Aurelius.

Libo came from the upper ranks of the Roman aristocracy. He was the son of Marcus Annius Verus, consul III in 126, and Rupilia Faustina. Annius Verus was Spanish of Roman descent. Rupilia was the daughter of Lucius Scribonius Libo Rupilius Frugi Bonus and Salonina Matidia (niece of the Emperor Trajan). Libo is known to have three siblings, two sisters and one brother. His elder sister was the Empress Faustina the Elder (mother of the Empress Faustina the Younger) and his younger sister (whose name is missing, but surmised to be Annia) was the wife of Gaius Ummidius Quadratus Sertorius Severus, suffect consul in 118. His brother was Marcus Annius Verus, the father of Marcus Aurelius.[2]

Beyond his consulship, almost nothing is known of his senatorial career. During the reign of his brother-in-law, Antoninus Pius, he was one of seven witnesses to a Senatus consultum issued to the city of Cyzicus in 138, which sought approval for establishing a corpus juvenum for the education of young men.[3]


Libo married a noblewoman whose name has been surmised as Fundania, daughter of Lucius Fundanius Lamia Aelianus consul in 116.[4] They are known to have together two children:

  • Marcus Annius Libo, suffect consul in 161. He is known to have a son, Marcus Annius Flavius Libo.
  • Annia Fundania Faustina, wife of Titus Pomponius Proculus Vitrasius Pollio, consul II in 176


  1. Alison E. Cooley, The Cambridge Manual of Latin Epigraphy (Cambridge: University Press, 2012), p. 470
  2. Based on the stemma provided by Anthony Birley, Marcus Aurelius: A Biography, revised edition (London: Routledge, 1993), p. 236
  3. Birley, Marcus Aurelius, p. 54
  4. Birley, Marcus Aurelius, p. 236

Marcus Annius Libo

Marcus Annius Libo (Greek: Μαρκος Αννιος Λιβωνος, died 162) was a Roman who lived in the 2nd century. He was the son of Roman consul Marcus Annius Verus and Rupilia Faustina. He was consul in 128 and suffect consul in 161.

Libo's father was Spanish, but was of Roman descent and came from a senatorial family. His mother was a daughter to suffect consul Lucius Scribonius Libo Rupilius Frugi Bonus and Salonina Matidia (niece of the Roman Emperor Trajan). Libo's elder sister was Empress Faustina the Elder (mother of Empress Faustina the Younger) and his younger brother Marcus Annius Verus, was the father of Emperor Marcus Aurelius and paternal grandfather to Emperor Commodus. His cognomen Libo, he inherited from his maternal grandfather.

Libo was consul in 128. In this year, his name is mentioned on a marriage contract was written in Greek and Aramaic on papyrus. This papyrus was dated 4 April 128 and was found in 1961 Naham Hever in the Desert of Judea. During the reign of his brother-in-law, Emperor Antoninus Pius (reigned 138-161), named Libo in a Senatus Consultum (see, Senatus consultum ultimum) and became a senator.

Libo married a noblewoman called Fundania. Fundania bore Libo, two children who were:

  • Son, Marcus Annius Libo, he was Legatus of Syria in 162. In that year, he was with the joint Emperors Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus, in Syria as a part of the Parthian Military Campaign. He died suddenly, possibly from poisoning. His son was Marcus Annius Flavius Libo.
  • Daughter, Annia Fundania Faustina.

When Libo died, against the wishes of Marcus Aurelius, Lucius Verus married Fundania to a Greek freedman called Agaclytus. Aurelius did not attend the ceremony or the banquet.

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