D. Lope Díaz, IV señor de Vizcaya

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About D. Lope Díaz, IV señor de Vizcaya

Lope I Díaz de Haro, IV Señor de Vizcaya born c. 1105 died May 6, 1170

The fourth Lord of Biscay (from at least 1162).

He was an important magnate in Castile during the reign of the Emperor Alfonso VII and in the kingdom of his son and grandson. Between 1147 and 1168 he is recorded as governing Old Castile on behalf of the crown.


FMG MedLands Vizcaya


Wiki - Lope Díaz I de Haro

Lope Diaz de Haro I (? - † May 6 of 1170). Son of Diego López de Haro I and Ms Almicena. Was fourth Lord of Biscay between 1124 and 1170.


He was faithful to Urraca of Leon and Castile as had been his father, which could not intervene in La Rioja, which had seized the husband of Urraca, Alfonso I of Aragon, even though after the death of this, his son Alfonso claimed the throne of Castile. Lope At this time lost the lordship over castles Haro and Buradón for the Aragonese.

In 1130 he settled with his family in the town of Najera, where he will live his successors to the Lordship of Biscay, to the entrance of the first woman to him, after the death of Diego Lopez de Haro V childless. In this village improved Abbey Hospital, which had begun to build the King Alfonso VII.

After the death of Alfonso of Aragon in 1134 without issue, along with other Lope Rioja Najera rebounded the kingdom to give to Alfonso VII, King of Leon. As a reward Alfonso was given the title of count and confirmed in the lordship of the town of Haro, as reflected by a privilege given by the October 10, 1134, which gave the monastery of San Millán various churches and estates, in which began: "Lope Diaz confirmed by his great qual ..."

In 1141 was awarded to Santo Domingo de la Calzada privilege of population, appearing in all documentation Lope as governor of La Rioja.

It was entitled Alferez Real, as it appears since 1158.

After the death of Alfonso VII, Lopez continued to serve his successors, first to Sancho el Deseado and only a year later Alfonso VIII of Castile, son of the former which was only three years old when he ascended the throne.

In 1163 building on the minority of Alfonso VIII, Sancho VI the Wise occupy part of the territory of La Rioja, leaving Logroño, Trains, Navarrete, Ausejo, Arnedo, Quel and Resa in the hands of Navarra. A Lope as governor of La Rioja touch you face them in 1163 and 1167, and afterwards his heir in office, his son Pedro Ruiz in 1174.

He coined a currency called lobis or Lobres, referring to the wolves the symbol of his lineage that contained therein.

En 1169 él y su mujer, donaron a unas monjas benedictinas de Santo Domingo de la Calzada unas tierras en Cañas , para ayudarlas a construir allí una abadía con la condición de que pasasen a cumplir la orden cisterciense . Thus began building the monastery of Santa Maria de San Salvador de Cañas.

Lope came in 1169 purse Zorita with other men, to support the King Alfonso VIII, without this I asked him. Do not let the king to hand him a salary for their assistance, so in gratitude I give the government of the town of Najera, Earl besides this.

He died in 1170 and was buried in the cloister of the Knights of the monastery of Santa Maria la Real de Najera.

[Edit] Nicknames

He called himself Count D Lope Diaz de Haro, having resided in the town of Haro be furnished after his father. The nickname "Haro" would be used since then by their descendants.

In the book History of Spain's King Alfonso X the Wise is referred to as Count Don Lope de Navarra, because they settled in La Rioja, which had belonged to the kingdom of Navarre.

It is also sometimes named as Don Lope de Najera, that tube in government ownership and the town of Najera, of great importance for having been Head of the Kingdom.

[Edit] Descendants

Married Aldonza Rodriguez de Castro (some call Mencia) daughter of Rui Fernandez Calvo and Stephanie Perez de Trava, taking by children:

Diego López de Haro II, his successor.

Lope Lopez. Lord of Miranda de Ebro and Almenara married Maria de Urgel.

Alonso Lopez de Haro. Commander of San Salvador de Soria, the Order of Calatrava.

Martin Lopez de Haro

Probably had another son named Lope Diaz de Haro would have been bishop of Segovia.

Urraca López de Haro, third wife of King Ferdinand.

Toda Lopez de Haro, who died on December 1 of 1122


At his death he divided his estate, leaving his son Pedro Ruiz as governor of the Rioja Alta. His son Lope Lopez continue with the office of Mayor Murphy and his firstborn Diego Castilla lord of Biscay.

[Edit] See also

Haro Family


De War, Juan Carlos. "Volume 6, Title 11, Chapter VI", Royal Academy of History (ed.). Illustrations Bascongada genealogical lineages content is the greatness of Spain., Pp. 513-514.

Larrea, Antonio (1968). Editions Literoy (ed.). "Historia de Haro. Recensión's work Hergueta Dimingo.

Don Lope Diaz noveno Señor de Vizcaya fue, el que fin fer llamado acudio al cerco de Çurita, a quien el Rey don Alonfo el octavo por le hazer fu vaffallo, dio en Feudo la ciudad de Najera. Por efto fue llamado don Lope Diaz el de Najera, y el Arçobifpo don Rodrigo le llama el Conde de Najera. El qual defavenido del Rey de Caftilla, fe paffô a Navarra, y por efto fue llamdo el Conde don Lope de Navarra. Finalmente el Rey de Caftilla viendo quan gran Cavallero era, le reftituyô en fu gracia, y le dio por juro de heredad la vida de Haro, que es en la rioja cerca del Rio Ebro, en la qual habitò efte Cavallero, y fue pueblo, q a el y fus decendientes dio el apellido de Haro, que tan poderofo â fido en eftos Reynos, fiendo efte Conde el primero que vfò del. Fue cafado (fegun el Conde don Pedro) con doña Aldonça Rodriguez hija de Ruy Fernandez el Calvo, y fegun Eftevan de Garivay (a quien figo) con doña Mencia hija del Conde don Arias, en quien vuo a don Diego Lopez de Haro Señor de Vizcaya, y a doña Vrraca Lopez Reyna de Leon muger de don Fernando fegundo defte nombre Rey de Leon, y a don Lope Diaz de haro Obifpo de Segovia, y a don Martin Lopez de Haro, y a don Diego Lopez de Haro, que le fucedio en el Señorio. Los cuerpos de todos lôs quales yacen enn el Monafterio de Sancta Maria la Real de Najera. Efte Conde (como efcrive el Conde don Pedro) murio a feys de Mayo año de 1170 y hizo Moneda; que llamaron Lobis, porque yvan eftampados en ella dos Lobos, que eran fus Armas. Tambien ariman, tuvo otra hija don Lope Diaz Señor de Vizcaya llamada doña Gaufreda Reyna de Navarra muger de don Garcia el feptimo Rey de Navarra. Lo qual no apureva Eftevan de Garivay en el capit. 3 libr. 24 de fu hiftoria. NOBLEZA DEL ANDALVZIA Por Gonçalo Argote de Molina, Sevilla 1588. De Don Lope Chico Primer Caudillo del Reyno de Iaen, y de las Armas y fucefsion del apellido de Haro y de Baeça. Cap. LXXXIII. Pág. 85

Lope Díaz I de Haro (c. 1105 – 6 May 1170) was the fourth Lord of Biscay (from at least 1162). He was an important magnate in Castile during the reign of the Emperor Alfonso VII and in the kingdom of his son and grandson. Between 1147 and 1168 he is recorded as governing Old Castile on behalf of the crown.

Political career

Lope was the eldest son of Diego López I and María Sánchez. On his father's death in 1124, Alfonso the Battler seized the Basque señoríos and the Rioja, annexing them to the Kingdom of Navarre. By 17 June 1125 the Battler was in the castle of Haro.[2] Diego was succeeded by the Navarrese magnate Ladrón Íñiguez. Lope was, at the time, probably a youth of about twenty years of age. He is recorded in the Chronica Adefonsi imperatoris (I, §7) among the eleven Castilian noblemen who swore fealty Alfonso VII upon his succession in 1126.

Lope was appointed a count by 1 February 1135. By the next year (1136) he had been given the government of Nájera, which was to be the centre of his power until his death. By 1138 he was holding Álava and by 1140 Haro, the castle from which his father took the family name. In that year, however, he rebelled and was dispossessed. He seems to have been reconciled to the emperor and reinstated by 1143.In 1146 he was with the imperial court in September and again in November.There is no record of Lope's participation in the conquest of Almería (1147), but it is not unlikely.

In 1149 the emperor made Nájera the capital of a subkingdom for his eldest son, Sancho “the Desired”, but by August 1154 Lope had received de facto control of it again, although he had to wait until August 1155 to be formally re-installed as lord of Nájera. At some point Lope entrusted the government of Nájera to a certain vassal of his, Lucas López, whom he had knighted himself. After the death of Alfonso VII, Lope served Sancho as alférez between November 1157 and July 1158, although in December 1157 that post was briefly held by Pedro Fernández. on 29 November 1157 he issued a fuero to the town of Fañuela.

In 1162 Sancho's son and successor, Alfonso VIII, granted Lope the Trasmiera, the Rioja, and Biscay to govern as tenencias. In that year he used the high-sounding title Count of Nájera and Biscay (comes naiarensis atque bizchayensis) for the first time.

Religious patronage

Lope founded two religious houses on his lands. In 1162 he established the Praemonstratensians in San Juan de la Peña, Begoña, Arratia and Guernica. The founding charter was drawn up by a scribe named John, a chaplain of Santa María la Real de Nájera, and the original survives. Lope subscribed the document with his own hand and embellished his signature with a large cross, the rough features of which suggest the count's lack of familiarity with the pen. It leaves open the question of how literate Lope may have been. In 1169 Lope founded a Cistercian convent at Hayuela (Fayola) in the Rioja. In 1170 it was re-founded at nearby Cañas.

In 1168 Lope gave his brother Sancho his property in the monastery of San Cipriano and in Villamezquina.

Marriage, death and heirs

Sometime before 1162 Lope married a lady named Aldonza (Endolza, Endulcia). Her patronymic is not recorded in primary document and her parentage has been much discussed. The earliest authority to name her father was Pedro de Barcelos in the fourteenth century, who called her Aldonza Ruiz de Castro, a daughter of Rodrigo Fernández de Castro and Elo Álvarez, although she is not mentioned among Rodrigo's children in the De rebus Hispaniae. A century later Lope García de Salazar called his wife Mencía, a daughter of Arias. Luis de Salazar y Castro believed that Lope had an earlier wife, name unknown, who bore him several sons, among them Lope López, who married María de Almenar. This thesis is based in part on the assumption that Lope Díaz was not the type to sire children outside of marriage. Most recently José María Canal Sánchez-Pagín has dissented from the view that Aldonza was a Castilian like her husband. She was widowed while her offspring were still young, and they rose to positions of importance in the León and Galicia, where they would have been considered foreigners if their mother was not a Leonese or Galician.

Considering Aldonza's longevity (she outlived her husband by about forty years, and was probably at least thirty years his junior), she must have been born around 1135. Jaime de Salazar y Acha, in his study of the Vela family, suggested that she was a daughter of Rodrigo Vélaz, and Canal Sánchez-Pagín originally suggested that she was his granddaughter, a daughter of Álvaro Rodríguez. In a document of 1182 recording a donation to San Prudencio de Monte Laturce that survives only in a Spanish translation by Gaspar Coronel, Aldonza calls herself a first cousin (consobrina) of Rodrigo Álvarez, son of Álvaro Rodríguez and Sancha Fernández de Traba. It is most likely, then, that she was a daughter of Sancha's brother, Gonzalo Fernández de Traba. She is known to have had close relations with Gonzalo's other children, Gómez and Urraca. She was a daughter of Gonzalo by his first wife, Elvira, a daughter of Rodrigo Vélaz.

Besides his heir, Diego II, Lope Díaz had three sons—García, Lope, and Rodrigo—and eight daughters—Aldonza, Elvira, Estefanía, María, Mencía, Sancha, Toda, and Urraca, who married Ferdinand II of León as his final wife. Lope died on 6 May 1170, a date confirmed by the Annales compostellani. By June 1171, his widow had entered the convent at Cañas, where for over thirty years she acted as de facto abbess. She was still living in May 1207, when she made a donation to San Marcos de León.