Donagh MacCarthy, 1st Earl of Clancarty

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Donagh MacCarthy

Also Known As: "Donough MacCarthy", "1st Earl of Clancarty", "2nd Viscount Muskerry", "Charles"
Birthplace: Beechcourt, Cork, Ireland
Death: Died in London, Middlesex, England
Immediate Family:

Son of Cormac MacCarthy, 1st Viscount Muskerry and Margaret MacCarthy (O'Brien)
Husband of Eleanor MacCarthy (Butler)
Father of Justin McCarty, Lord Mount Cashell; Justin MacCarthy, Viscount Mountcashel; Callaghan MacCarty, 3rd Earl of Clancarty; Ellen Burke (MacCarthy); Charles MacCarty, Viscount Muskerry and 1 other
Brother of Sheela MacCarty and Mary MacCarty
Half brother of Ellena FitzMaurice (MacCarthy)

Occupation: Irish House of Commons member of Irish Parliment 1634 & 1639
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Donagh MacCarthy, 1st Earl of Clancarty,_Viscount_Muskerry

Donagh [Donough] MacCarthy, 1st Earl of Clancarty, 2nd Viscount Muskerry (died August 1665) was an Irish noble. He married Ellen (Eleanor) Butler (died April 1682), who was the sister of James Butler, 1st Duke of Ormonde). The Earl served as a Munster general during the Irish Confederate Wars. He was one of the ten named in Act for the Settlement of Ireland 1652 as leaders of the Royalist forces in Ireland.

On the death of his father Charles MacCarty, Viscount Muskerry in 1640, Donagh inherited the title. In 1658 Charles II granted him the title of Earl of Clancarty. During most of the Wars of the Three Kingdoms, he was referred to as Viscount Muskerry.


The son of Charles and grandson of Sir Cormac MacCarthy who received English title to his lands towards the end of the 16th century Tudor conquest of Ireland, Donough MacCarthy came from the line of the MacCarthy of Muskerry dynasty based on the barony of Muskerry in what is now western county Cork.

Unlike many Catholic Gaelic Irish families, these MacCarthys prospered in the Protestant English state of Ireland in the early 17th century. However, Donagh MacCarthy was forced into rebellion against this state by the events of the Irish Rebellion of 1641. The rebellion had been launched by Catholic Gaelic Irish gentry from the northern province of Ulster in October 1641. Initially, Muskerry raised an armed force of his tenants and dependants to try to maintain law and order. However, he was prompted to join the rebellion by the atrocities committeed by English President of Munster, William St Leger, against the Irish Catholic population in general.[clarification needed]

In addition, many of Muskerry's relatives, who had lost lands to Protestant settlers in the Plantations of Ireland had already joined the rebellion - a factor which doubtless influenced Muskerry's decision. In 1642, he put his armed men at the service of the Confederate Catholic Association of Ireland, an alternative, Catholic government based in Kilkenny which had been formed by the rebels.

Confederate War

Viscount Muskerry was appointed to the "Supreme Council" of the Confederation of Kilkenny, their effective government. He was part of the team that negotiated with Charles I and his representative in Ireland, James Butler, Earl of Ormonde to secure an alliance between the Irish Confederates and English Royalists in the context of the Wars of the Three Kingdoms. Ormonde was Donough's brother-in-law. Muskerry was sympathetic towards Royalism and disliked the more intranisgent Confederates as represented by Giovanni Battista Rinuccini and Owen Roe O'Neill. As general of the Munster Confederate Army, he has even been accused by one historian (Tadhg O Hanrachain in The Catholic Reformation in Ireland) of sabotaging the campaign of the Munster army before the battle of Knocknanauss in 1647 in order to pressure the Confederates into accepting the deal he and his allies had negotiated with Ormonde.

The Confederates did approve a treaty with Charles II and the English Royalists in 1649, shortly after the execution of Charles I by the English Parliament and the declaration of the Commonwealth of England. However, Ireland was soon invaded by the Parliamentarian New Model Army in 1649 under Oliver Cromwell, who had the twin aims of avenging the uprising of 1641, confiscating enough Irish Catholic owned land to pay off some of the Parliament's creditors and eliminating a dangerous outpost of Royalism. See Cromwellian conquest of Ireland 1649-53.

Muskerry fought the last three years of this campaign in his own lands in west Cork and Kerry, from where he raised troops from his tenants and guerrilla bands known as "tories". He was one of the last Irish commanders to surrender to the English. Following his defeat by General Roger Boyle, later Earl of Orerry at the Battle of Knocknaclashy 1651 he fell back into the mountains of Kerry. In June 1652 he surrendered, relinquishing his remaining fortress Ross Castle near Killarney on June 27. Following the disbandment of his 5,000 man army, he fled Ireland and later traveled to Spain. He would later be awarded the title of Earl of Clancarty by Charles II, eventually restoring his estates with the Act of Settlement 1662 before his death in London in August 1665. His sons Charles and Justin MacCarthy, Viscount Mountcashel served in the English forces, during the Second Anglo-Dutch War and Williamite war in Ireland respectively.


Children of Donough MacCarthy, 1st Earl of Clancarty and Eleanor Butler:

Helen MacCarthy, Countess of Clanricarde (d. c 29 Jun 1722)
Margaret MacCarthy, Countess of Fingall (d. 4 Jan 1703)
Charles MacCarty, Viscount Muskerry (d. 3 Jun 1665)
Callaghan MacCarty, 3rd Earl of Clancarty (d. 21 Nov 1676)
Justin MacCarthy, Viscount Mountcashel (d. 1 Jul 1694)
Dennis MacCarthy (d. 4 Apr 1694)
Lady Honora MacCarthy

Donough MacCarty, 1st Earl of Clancarty1 M, #8151, b. 1594, d. 4 August 1665 Last Edited=28 Feb 2010 Consanguinity Index=0.26%

    Donough MacCarty, 1st Earl of Clancarty was born in 1594.2 He was the son of Charles MacCarty, 1st Viscount Muskerry and Margaret O'Brien.3,2 He married Eleanor Butler, daughter of Thomas Butler, Viscount Thurles and Elizabeth Poyntz, before 1648.4 He died on 4 August 1665 at London, England.4
    He held the office of Member of Parliament (M.P.) for County Cork from 1634 to 1635.2 He was created 1st Baronet MacCarty [Nova Scotia] circa 1638.2 He held the office of Member of Parliament (M.P.) for County Cork from 1639 to 1640.2 He succeeded to the title of 2nd Viscount Muskerry [I., 1628] on 20 February 1640.2 From 1641 to 1642 he was in arms with the Roman Catholic Irish.2 In June 1651 at Dromagh, Ireland, he was severely defeated by Lord Broghill.2 He was created 1st Earl of Clancarty, co. Cork [Ireland] on 27 November 1658.4

Children of Donough MacCarty, 1st Earl of Clancarty and Eleanor Butler

   Lady Helen MacCarty+1 d. fr 6 Aug 1720 - 29 Jun 1722
   Callaghan MacCarty, 3rd Earl of Clancarty+5 d. 21 Nov 1676
   Charles MacCarty, Viscount Muskerry+4 d. 3 Jun 1665

Children of Donough MacCarty, 1st Earl of Clancarty

   Justin McCarthy, 1st Viscount Mountcashell6
   Lady Margaret MacCarty+7 b. 1646, d. 4 Jan 1703


   [S6] G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume II, page 163. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage.
   [S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume III, page 214.
   [S37] Volume 1, page 792. See link for full details for this source. Hereinafter cited as. [S37]
   [S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume III, page 215.
   [S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume III, page 216.
   [S3409] Caroline Maubois, "re: Penancoet Family," e-mail message to Darryl Roger Lundy, 2 December 2008. Hereinafter cited as "re: Penancoet Family."
   [S15] George Edward Cokayne, editor, The Complete Baronetage, 5 volumes (no date (c. 1900); reprint, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 1983), volume I, page 232. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Baronetage.
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