Ebrahim Khalil Khan of Karabagh - Javanshir

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Ebrahim Khalil Khan of Karabagh - Javanshir

Persian: ابراهيم خليل بيگ جوانشیر Javanshir
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Arazbar, Karabakh Khanate, Alagarghu - 1721?
Death: May 27, 1806 (74)
Shusha, Azarbaijan (killed by a group led by Russian major Lisanevicin)
Place of Burial: Amarat, Aghdam, Azarbaijan
Immediate Family:

Son of Panah-Ali Khan - SARIJA ALI - Jarchi Bashi sous Nader Shah Afshar - Head of Karabakh - Javanshir
Husband of Hurizadeh - Hurzar Javanshir; N. daughter of Fath Ali Khan Afshar; Private; Bike Khanum of Avaria Javanshir; Private and 7 others
Father of Kichik Khanum Moghadam Javanshir; Mehrali Bey Sarijali Javanshir; Jafargulu Bey Javanshir; Hanlar Agha Javanshir - Colonel; Abbas Gholi Agha Javanshir and 18 others
Brother of Mehr Ali Beg Javanshir and Il-Talibkhan Bey Javanshir

Occupation: 2nd Khan of Karabakh
Managed by: Pentti Aleksi Röppänen
Last Updated:

About Ebrahim Khalil Khan of Karabagh - Javanshir

Head of the Javanshir tribe of the Otuziqi magal early 18th century - 2nd Khan of the Javanshir and the Karabakh Khanate 1758-1806 and 3rd Khan of Ganja r.1781-1784 - hostage of Fath Ali Khan Afshar, the governor of Urumiyeh HIS FATHER IS PANAH ALI KHAN JAVANSHIR [alias Soleiman Soltan]

read https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Karabakh_Khanate http://www.iranicaonline.org/articles/ebrahim-kalil-khan-javansir


Ibrahim Khalil khan Javanshir (1732–1806) was the Azeri Turkic khan of Karabakh from the Javanshir family, who succeeded his father Panah-Ali khan Javanshir as the ruler of Karabakh khanate.


1806 in AZARBAIJAN - In Azerbaijan February 8 - General Sisianov's murder in Baku . June - Khan Ibrahimkhalil khan of Karabakh khan killed by mayor Lisanovich in Khankendi . June 22 - Occupation of Derbent by Russian troops . October 3 - The occupation of Baku by the Russians. October 22 - Battle near Sheki .


2 of his daughters were married to SADEGH KHAN SHAGHAGHI (who in 1797 will join forces with Agha Mohammad Khan Qajar against his father in law - page 123 Frontier Nomads of Iran) and Nazir Ali Khan's son NASIR KHAN SHAHSEVAN (aka Ali Khan) governor of Ardebil of of the Shahsevan (p.120 of Cambridge's Frontier Nomads of Iran by Tapper.)

page 352 of THE HISTORY OF AZERBAIJAN: from ancient times to the present day By Ismail bey Zardabli

When Karīm Khan Zand took control of much of Iran, he forced Panāh Khan to come to Shiraz (Capital), where he died as a hostage.[7] Panah-Ali Khan's son Ibrahim-Khalil Khan was sent back to Karabakh as governor.[3] Ibrahim, succeeding his father (1760), not only ruled over most of Qarābāḡ, but also became one of the major potentates in the Caucasus.

After Kerim khan overrode the whole Iran, he called Panahali khan to Shiraz and made him his counselor and his son Mehrali bey with ruling Karabakh. In 1759, Panahali khan died in Shiraz. Mehrali bey finished strengthening of Shusha and built new fortresses called Asgaran and Agh-oghlan. Soon he was treacherously murdered by Aghasi khan of Shirvan, after which Ibrahimkhalil khan-elder son of Panahali khan – asserted himself in Karabakh. His reign began from overriding of fallen meliks, which lasted till 1787. In that very year, Ibrahim khalil khan attempted to conquer Shamakhi, but was defeated by Fatali khan of Quba. From 1783 Russia began to intervene as well in the struggle between separatist maliks and Ibrahim khan. Intending to occupy the South Caucasus, Russia tried to create a "Christian state" in the Azerbaijan territory, or rather its supporter here with the help of those maliks. Ibrahim khan managed to gather the hostile maliks in Shusha with the help of his high diplomatic skill.

In 1795, Ibrahimkhalil khan, who didn’t want to obey Agha Muhammad shah Qajar who conquered whole Iran until then, sent his ambassadors to Russian empress Catherine II to ask for the Russian citizenship. Knowing about these discussions, Agha Mahammad Shah Qajar gathered a great army with overall strength of 85 thousand people, went over the Aras River and approached Shusha, in 1795. Ibrahimkhalil khan, who had only 15 thousand soldiers under his guidance, defended desperately. Siege of the fortress lasted for 33 days, but due to selfless actions of defenders of the fortress, who were ruled by Ibrahimkhalil khan and his vizier, eminent poet Molla Panah Vagif - Agha Muhammad Shah couldn’t conquer the fortress and he was forced to call a siege off. He ordered to devastate outskirts of the country. After their departure Karabakh burst into starvation.

In 1797, Agha Muhammad shah invaded Karabakh again. Until then, situation of Karabakh khanate was extremely difficult: starvation and plague were rife and rampant in the country and many of the citizens of Karabakh were forced to move to other khanates looking for bread. Withstanding of the second siege was impossible and Ibrahimkhalil khan left the city and escaped to Dagestan with his family. But after conquering Shusha, Agha Muhammad Shah Qajar was murdered by his servants and losing its leader the Persian army left Karabakh. Ibrahimkhalil khan came back to Shusha and ruled there for several years as a fully independent ruler. He tried to support good relations with Fathali Shah - a new ruler of Iran, nephew of Agha Muhammad Shah Qajar. But this peace was not durable.

-----------------------------

Mohammad Ebrahim Khan of Karabakh (Ebrahim Khalil Agha II) [Usmiyev] [...He did not acknowledge either Iran's or Rum's [Ottoman] suzerainty. ... Ebrahim's decrees and wishes were carried out in the velayats of Shirvan, Shakki, Ganje, Erevan, Nakhichevan, Khoi, Qaradagh, Tabriz and Ardabil, including even Maraghe and Qaplan Kuh, which is the border between Azarbaijan and Araq.] page 84 A History of Qarabagh - an Annotated translation of Mirza Jamal Javanshir Qarabaghi's Tarikh-e Qarabagh..

https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Кубинское_ханство

[Dizak (Armenian: Դիզակ), also known as Ktish after its main stronghold, was a medieval Armenian principality in the historical Artsakh and later one of the five melikdoms of Karabakh, which included the southern third of Khachen (present-day Nagorno-Karabakh) and from the 13th century also the canton of Baghk of Syunik.[1] The founder of this principality was Esayi abu-Muse, in the 9th century. In the 16-18th centuries Dizak was ruled by the Armenian Melik-Avanian dynasty, a branch of the House of Syunik-Khachen.[1] The seat of the princes of Dizak was the town of Togh (or Dogh) with the adjacent ancient fortress of Ktish. One of the last princes of Dizak, Esayi Melik-Avanian, was killed by Ibrahim Khalil Khan in 1781, after a long-lasting resistance in the fortress of Ktish.] ref: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dizak

genealogie : page 131 THE CAUCASUS.

&

GLOBALIZATION Volume 8 Issue 1-2 2014

[Ibrahim Khalil Agha (II), son of Sarija Ali-bek “had a myulk (arabic for estate) and an orchard in Aghdam. He also had an estate in Arasbar, on the shores of the Arax, as well as pastures and enclosures. He also had a palace called Ibrahim Khalil kalasy in

yaylag (Azeri for summer pastures). This confirmed Ibrahim Khalil Agha’s greatness and glory.”]

Ebrahim khan succede a son pere en 1780. Il est perçu comme un des dirigeants les plus puissants des montagnes de l'Est du Caucase.

En 1795 sous Agha Mohammad Khan Qajar.

En 1796 sous Catherine de Russie qui lui envoie des garnisons pour le renforcer puis sous le Tzar Paul qui lui retire sa protection.

En 1797, lorsque Agha Mohammad Khan Qajar assiege Shusha pour se venger de la trahison de Ebrahim Khan. Heureusement Agha Mohammad Khan est assassine pendant le siege. Ebrahim Khan donne une de ses filles en mariage au successeur de Agha Mohammad Khan, Fath Ali Shah Qajar (Baba Khan)

En 1804-1813 sous le general Tsitsianov

En 1806, Ebrahim Khan se detourne du pouvoir du Shah Qajar Ebrahim Khan sera assassine, avec une de ses epouses et une de ses filles, par les Russes. Ni son fils Mehdi Gholi ni le fils de ce dernier Jafar Gholi ne se battent pour le proteger.

Il sera succede par son fils Mehdi Gholi Javanshir.

from wikipedia : Ibrahim Khalil khan Javanshir (1732–1806) was the Azeri Turkic khan of Karabakh from the Javanshir family, who succeeded his father Panah-Ali khan Javanshir as the ruler of Karabakh khanate.

In the 1780s, Ibrahim Khalil Khan emerged as one of the most powerful rulers in the eastern Caucasus. He aspired to bring most of the Muslim-ruled territory from the Caucasus mountains as far south as Tabriz under his sway, but eventually he had to curb his efforts in the face of the rising Qajar power in Iran. He was then allied with the Georgian king Erekle II of Kartli-Kakheti and the two interfered in the affairs of the Erivan khanate and made the Ganja khanate their puppet. The alliance waned after Erekle accepted the Russian protectorate in the treaty of Georgievsk in 1783. Ibrahim maintained contact with the Russian authorities, but did not sign any formal treaty.

In 1795 the ruler of Iran, Agha Mohammad Khan Qajar, attacked the region to bring it again within the Iranian empire. The khans of Ganja, Nakhjavan, and Erevan submitted, but Ibrahim Khan did not. He was defeated in battle and retreated to the fortress of Shusha. After a prolonged siege, Agha Mohammad Khan Qajar failed to take the fortress and left the region. In a verbal truce, Ibrahim Khan acknowledged Qajar supremacy and was permitted to continue to rule as Khan of Karabakh.

In 1796, following Agha Mohammad Khan's return to Persia, Catherine the Great ordered her army to conquer the Caucasus. Ibrahim began negotiating with the Russian commanders and agreed to cooperate with them in exchange for maintaining his rule in Karabakh. Soon after Catherine the Great died, her successor, Paul, abandoned her plans for the region and recalled the Russian troops.

In 1797, Aga Mohammad Khan, angered by the betrayal of Ibrahim Khalil Khan and other khans in the Caucasus, attacked and captured Shusha. Agha Mohammad Khan was assassinated in Shusha five days after its capture. Ibrahim, who had fled to his in-laws in Dagestan, then returned to Shusha and gave Aga Mohammad Khan an honourable burial. In order to retain his position and ensure peaceful relations with Persia, he gave one of his daughters to be a wife of the new shah, Fat′h Ali Shah Qajar.

During the Russo-Persian War (1804–1813), General Tsitsianov promised that Russia would recognize Ibrahim Khan as khan and agreed that Ibrahim's elder son would succeed his father, and the Kurekchay Treaty between Russia and Karabakh was signed on May 14, 1805. Tsitsianov then occupied Shusha and left a Russian garrison stationed there. Tsitsianov's death in 1806 and the breakup of the Russian offensive persuaded Ibrahim Khalil Khan to switch allegiance and ask the shah for aid in ousting the Russian garrison. As the Persian army approached Shusha, Ibrahim Khan left the fortress and camped outside. On 2 June 1806, the Russians, instigated by Ibrahim Khalil Khan's grandson and fearful of their own vulnerability, attacked the camp and killed Ibrahim Khan, one of his wives, a daughter, and his youngest son. To gain support from the local Muslims, the Russians appointed a son of Ibrahim Khalil, Mehdigulu Khan Javanshir, as khan of Karabakh.


read: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Panah_Ali_Khan

son of Sarija Ali - Panah Ali Bek Javanshir of Dizak

The Afshar are one of the Oghuz Turkic peoples. Their originally nomadic Oghuz tribes moved from Central Asia and settled in what is now known as Iranian Azarbaijan. Later some were relocated by the Safavids to Khorasan, Kerman and Mazandaran. They were the source of the Afsharid, Karamanid dynasties, the Baku Khanate, Zanjan Khanate, Urmia Khanate.

Javanshir clan was a Turkic clan in Kharabakh. Between 1748 and 1822, members of the clan functionned as the head of Karabakh Khanate. In 1589, the Javanshir subordinated the Ottomans. In retaliation, in 1612-1613, Shah Abbas induced the Qajar to kill the Javanshir leaders. In 1626-1627, the Javanshir tribe was placed by the Shah under the stewardship of Nourouz beg, a Georgian from the Tulashvili clan and a brother in law of Davud ben Allahverdi who was invested with the governorship of Karabakh.

Panah Ali Khan, forefather of the dynasty and founder of the Karabakh Khanate was a representative of an ancestral aristocracy of a Turkish tribe called Javanshir.

After the dethronement of the Safavids in 1736 by Nader Shah, the landed classes of Ganja and Karabakh gathered in Mugan (the Javanshirs were also among them) deciding to oppose the new shah and agreeing on trying to get the Safavids back on the throne. When this news reached Nader Shah, he ordered all Muslim landowners of the region and their families deported to Khorasan (northeastern Iran) as a punishment. As such, Panah Ali happened to be among the deportees.[4]

In 1747, Panah Ali (Soleiman Soltan), by then already a successful naib and royal gérant de maison, found himself displeased with Nader Shah's attitude towards him and having gathered many of those deported from Karabakh in 1736, returned to his homeland. Due to his reputation as a skillful warrior and his wealthy ancestor's legacy in Karabakh, Panah Ali proclaimed himself and was soon recognized throughout most of the region as a ruler (khan). The shah sent troops to bring back the runaway however the order was never fulfilled: Nader Shah himself was killed in Khorasan in June of the same year. The new ruler of Persia, Adil Shah issued a firman (decree) recognizing Panah Ali as the Khan of Karabakh.

When Karīm Khan Zand took control of much of Iran, he forced Panāh Khan to come to Shiraz (Capital), where he died as a hostage.[7] Panah-Ali Khan's son Ibrahim-Khalil Khan was sent back to Karabakh as governor.[3] Ibrahim, succeeding his father (1760), not only ruled over most of Qarābāḡ, but also became one of the major potentates in the Caucasus.


After Nader Shah's accession to power in Iran, Panah Ali Khan was called for a service by Nader Shah, but after several years (in 1738), he was forced to escape from Khorasan to the North Sheki and Shirvan with a group of supporters. Here he created a detachment and was robbing and plundering during ten years.

Murder of Nadir Shah in the result of conspiracy led to collapse of the state established by him. Taking advantage of the central power’s weakening, Panahali khan, with his detachment consisting of 200 riders, arrived Karabakh, which was ruled by Azerbaijan’s serdar at that time (with a residence in Tabriz)[5] and declared himself an independent khan. At that time, Otuziki, Javanshir and Kebirli tribes, which were forcibly evicted to Khorasan, returned to Karabakh. Elder son of Panahali khan - 15 years old Ibrahimkhalil khan also escaped from Khorasan to Karabakh, to his father.

Strengthening of Panah Khan didn’t suit his neighbors’ taste. Haji Chalabi Khan of Sheki drove a newly appeared khan out of Karabakh in that very year, but next year Panahali Khan returned with a strong detachment and destroyed Haji in a stubborn struggle. After this, all Turkic tribes of Karabakh recognized Panahali Khan’s power. Turkic tribes Otuziki, Javanshir and Kebirli dwelling in low-lying regions, became a kernel of Karabakh khanate. The khanate occupied a significant territory and included low-lying and also mountainous parts of Karabakh. Initially, a residence of khan was Bayat Castle, constructed in 1748. Later the ruler moved to Shahbulag Castle. In 1751, unapproachable Panahabad fortress, built by Panah Khan, became the capital of the khanate.

--------------------------------- In less than a year after Shusha was founded (1750-1752), the Karabakh khanate was attacked by Muhammed Hassan khan Qajar, one of the major claimants to the Iranian throne. During the Safavid rule Karabakh was for almost two centuries ruled by the Turkic-speaking clan of Qajar, as rulers of Ganja khanate Ziyadoglu Qajars extended their power to Karabakh, and therefore, Muhammed Hassan khan considered Karabakh his hereditary estate.

Muhammed Hassan khan besieged Panahabad, but soon had to retreat because of the attack on his khanate by one of his major opponents to the Iranian throne, Karim Khan Zand. His retreat was so hasty that he even left his cannons under the walls of Shusha fortress. Panah Ali khan counterattacked the retreating troops of Muhammad Hassan khan and even briefly took Ardabil across the Aras River in the Iranian Azerbaijan.

In 1759, Shusha and Karabakh khanate underwent a new attack from Fatali khan Afshar, ruler of Urmia. With his 30,000-strong army Fatali khan also managed to gain support from the meliks (feudal vassals) of Jraberd and Talysh (Gulistan), however melik Shahnazarian of Varanda continued to support Panah Ali Khan. The siege of Shusha lasted for six months and Fatali khan eventually had to retreat.

In 1761, Karim Khan Zand allied with Panah Ali Khan of Karabakh to defeat Fat'h Ali Khan Afshar of Urmia, who earlier subordinated the khanates of Karabakh, Marageh, and Tabriz.[17]

In 1762, during his war with Kazem Khan of Qaradagh, Panah Khan submitted to Karim Khan Zand, who was consolidating different Khans under his Rule and was bout to besiege Urmia. After the fall of the city, Karim took Panah Khan among the hostages to Shiraz, where he soon died. Panah-Ali Khan's son Ibrahim-Khalil Khan was sent back to Karabakh as governor.

--------------------------------- The Javanshir clan (Azerbaijani: Cavanşirlər; Persian: خاندان جوانشیر‎‎ – Xāndān e Javānšir)[1] was a Turkic clan[2] in Karabakh, which belonged to the Afshar tribe in turn a branch of Oghuz Turks. Between 1748-1822, members of the clan functioned as the head of the Karabakh Khanate.

Under the rule of Safavid Persia, the Javanshir clan vied with the Qajars and other Qizilbash tribes over the influence in Karabakh. In the course of the Ottoman-Safavid wars, the Javanshirs subordinated the Ottomans in 1589. In retaliation, in 1612-1613, Shah Abbas I of Persia induced the Qajars to kill the Javanshir leaders. In 1626-1627, the Javanshir tribe was placed by the shah under the stewardship of Nouruz Beg, a Georgian from the Tulashvili clan and a brother-in-law of Davud b. Allahverdi, who was invested with the governorship of Karabakh.

Panah Ali Khan, forefather of the dynasty and founder of Karabakh Khanate, was a representative of an ancestral aristocracy of a Turkic tribe called Javanshir.[4] After Nadir shah’s accession to power in Iran, he was called for a service by him, but after several years, in 1738, he was forced to escape from Khorasan to the North, Sheki and Shirvan, with a group of supporters. Here he created a detachment and was robbing and plundering during ten years.

Murder of Nadir Shah in the result of conspiracy led to collapse of the state established by him. Taking advantage of the central power’s weakening, Panahali khan, with his detachment consisting of 200 riders, arrived Karabakh, which was ruled by Azerbaijan’s serdar at that time (with a residence in Tabriz)[5] and declared himself an independent khan.

Panah Ali Bek - Otar Sultan - Sarja Ali - Hereditary head of the Javanshir tribe Otuziqi magal - founder of the Javanshir dynasty and 1st of the Karabakh Khanate r.1747-1759 during Nader Shah Afshar's and Adel Shah's reign - Dies as hostage in Karim Khan Zand's court

[Shuska was established in the 18th century by Panah-Ali Khan Javanshir Ziyadoglu as a capital of the independent Karabakh khanate.] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Karabakh_Khanate https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Panah_Ali_Khan

Panah Ali Khan was from the Sarijali branch of the clan of Javanshir, who with their associate clan of Otuz-Iki (meaning thirty-two in Azerbaijani) had for long been rivals of the Yirmi-Dört (meaning twenty-four in Azerbaijani) and Ziyadoglu Qajars of Ganja, whose chiefs had been official rulers of Karabakh since Safavid times.[3]

Panah Ali's paternal great grandfather and namesake Panah Ali bey served at the court of Ganja beylerbeys (governors) in the early 17th century, at the time when the region's was directly controlled by the Safavid Empire of Iran. He soon retired, married a woman from the Javanshir clan of Karabakh and had a son by the name of Ali (nicknamed Sarija Ali). They lived in their estate located in Arasbar (Arasbaran) (present-day Khojavend and Agdam rayons of Azerbaijan) but also owned land in Tartar and the northern shores of the Aras River. The Arasbar estate was rebuilt into a castle in Sarija Ali's son Ibrahim Khalil's lifetime and has been known as Ibrahim Khalil Galasi since.

[Ahmed-bek Javanshir, author of a political history of the Karabakh Khanate traced his clan back to the descendants of Argun Khan (1284-1291), the ruler of the Ilkhanate Empire. According to the legend to which the author referred in his book, an ancestor of the Javanshirs was a descendant of Argun Khan called Mamed Khan (Mohammad Khodabandeh Nikola?) , “who lived in the Alagark stow on the shores of the Arax close to the village of Bakhmanly. According to a purchase deed written on a piece of parchment made of gazelle skin, he bought the whole of Karabakh, about 200 versts along and the same length across between the Kurakchay, Kura, Arax, and Alynjachay rivers and Lake Gokcha. He was the only owner, but during his lifetime he divided his dominions between his three sons.”]

After the dethronement of the Safavids in 1736 by Nader Shah, the landed classes of Ganja and Karabakh gathered in Mugan (the Javanshirs were also among them) deciding to oppose the new shah and agreeing on trying to get the Safavids back on the throne. When this news reached Nader Shah, he ordered all Muslim landowners of the region and their families deported to Khorasan (northeastern Iran) as a punishment. As such, Panah Ali happened to be among the deportees.

In 1747, Panah Ali, by then already a successful naib and royal gérant de maison, found himself displeased with Nader Shah's attitude towards him and having gathered many of those deported from Karabakh in 1736, returned to his homeland. Due to his reputation as a skillful warrior and his wealthy ancestor's legacy in Karabakh, Panah Ali proclaimed himself and was soon recognized throughout most of the region as a ruler (khan). The shah sent troops to bring back the runaway however the order was never fulfilled: Nader Shah himself was killed in Khorasan in June of the same year. The new ruler of Persia, Adil Shah issued a firman (decree) recognizing Panah Ali as the Khan of Karabakh.

Hostage to Karim Khan ZAND at the same time as Haj Ali Mohammad Khan Moghadam(Javanshir), ruler of Maragheh [page 81 A History of Qarabagh - an annotated translation of Mirza Jamal Javanshir Qarabaghi's Tarikh-e Qarabagh. He was a hostage at Karim Khan Zand's court with[ Fath Ali Khan Afshar, Kazem Khan Qaraje-daghi, Shahbaz Khan and Najafgholi Khan Dunbuli, Hasan Ali Khan Qajar of Erevan, Hajji Khan Kangarlu, the ruler of Nakhichevan, Reza Gholi Khan, the brother of Shahverdi Khan Ziadoglu, the beglarbeg of Ganja, and Hajji Mohammad Gholi Khan, the ruler of Maragheh.] And, I should add : Agha Mohammad Khan Qajar.

Ibrahim Khalil Khan's (1732-1806) father was Panah Ali Khan - a representative of the tribal nobility Turkic tribe Javanshir , the founder of the dynasty of Javanshir and founder of the Karabakh khanate .

After coming to power in Iran, Nadir Shah called him to serve him, but a few years later, in 1738 , Panah Ali was forced to flee from Khorasan to the north, in Shaki and Shirvan, where he created the largest armed groups, looting and robberies.

The murder of Nadir Shah in 1747 led to the disintegration of the state created by him. Taking advantage of the weakening of central authority, Panah Ali with his detachment of 200 riders arrived in Karabakh and declared himself an independent khan. He was supported at the same time by the otuziki tribes of Karabakh, Javanshir and Kebirli who, after having been forcibly resettled in Khorasan by Nader Shah, were returning to the plains. The eldest son of Panah Ali, 15-year-old Khalil Ibrahim Agha [Ebrahim Khalil Agha II - Usmiyev], joined his father at the same time. (page 49 A history of Qarabagh-An annotated translation of Mirza Jamal Javanshir Qarabaghi's Tarikh e Qarabagh.

https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ибрагим_Халил-хан

from 1666 - 1694 ♂ Abbasgulu Khan Qajar [Ziyadoglu-Qajar]

from 1747 - 1761 (1st) Panah Ali Khan Javanshir (Cavanşir, Sarıcalı-Cavanşir) [Javanshir] b. 1693 d. 1761

from 1758 - 1806 (2nd) ♂ w Ibrahim Khalil Khan Javanshir (Cavanşir) [Javanshir] b. 1732 d. December 1806

from 1806 - 1822 (3rd) ♂ Mehdigulu Khan Javanshir (Cavanşir) [Javanshir] b. 1775 d. 1845

♂ Panah Ali Khan Javanshir (Cavanşir, Sarıcalı-Cavanşir) birth: 1693, Tartar District, Karabakh, Persian Empire, (Tartar District = Sarijali) title: from 1747 - 1761, Khan of Karabakh, 1st death: 1761, Shiraz, Persian Empire

http://en.rodovid.org/wk/Special:Tree/821781 http://en.rodovid.org/wk/Special:Titleline/Khan_of_Karabakh

The Independent Karabakh Khanate and Panah Ali Khan Fazl Ali-bek (?-1738) and Panah Ali-bek (c. 1693-1759), the sons of Ibrahim Khalil Agha (II), were enrolled in the army of Nadir-Quli Khan Afshar, chief commander since 1726 of Shah Tahmasib II; in 1736, he displaced the Safavid dynasty and ascended the Persian throne as Nadir Shah (1736-1747).The new shah moved into the magals of the Karabakh beglyarbeks Ziyad-ogly Qajars south of Ganja to undermine their power; they were left with the Ganja District and the title of beglyarbeks of Ganja.

The political situation in Karabakh and even in the whole of Azerbaijan changed.The central and southern magals formerly ruled by the Karabakh beglyarbeks (including the Otuziki and Khamse magals, that is, Varand, Dizag, Talysh, Khachyn and Chilaberd ruled by meliks) were placed under the direct rule of Tabriz and remained under its power until the death of Nadir Shah and formation of an independent Karabakh Khanate in 1747.

The Javanshirs, who refused to side with the self-appointed shah in 1736, were later resettled from Karabakh to Horasan. Fazl Ali-bek, the elder of the two brothers and Nadir Shah’s adjutant (eshikagasi), was murdered; Panah Ali-bek, the younger brother, and his retinue fled to Karabakh in 1738. According to Mirza Adigezal-bek, Nadir Shah replaced murdered Fazl Ali-bek with his young-er brother, “handed him the chomak

(staff), clad him in the clothes of an eshik-agasy, and conferred on him the rights of his dead elder brother;” after several days in his new post “the searching and menacing glances that Nadir Shah cast on him and his deliberate malice” forced Panah Ali-bek to flee; Mirza Adigezal-bek believed that Panah Ali-bek found it undignified to “carry the chomak, bow to Nadir Shah, and talk to his osauls.”
=====

successor to Mohammad Hassan Khan 2nd Khan of Ganja r. 1760-1780 as Khan of Ganja.

About ابراهيم خليل بيگ جوانشیر Javanshir (Persian)

http://rijaldb.com/fa/9679/%D8%A7%D8%A8%D8%B1%D8%A7%D9%87%DB%8C%D9%85+%D8%AE%D9%84%DB%8C%D9%84+%D8%AE%D8%A7%D9%86+%D8%AC%D9%88%D8%A7%D9%86%D8%B4%DB%8C%D8%B1

http://rch.ac.ir/article/Details/7613 http://www.rijaldb.com/fa/9679/%D8%A7%D8%A8%D8%B1%D8%A7%D9%87%DB%8C%D9%85+%D8%AE%D9%84%DB%8C%D9%84+%D8%AE%D8%A7%D9%86+%D8%AC%D9%88%D8%A7%D9%86%D8%B4%DB%8C%D8%B1

ابراهیم‌ خلیل‌خان‌ جوانشیر[ویرایش]

او در تمام‌ دوران‌ حکومت‌ کریم‌خان‌ زند تا شروع‌ حکومت‌ قاجاریه‌، به‌ دور از برخوردهای‌ سیاسی‌ با حکومت‌ مرکزی‌ ایران‌، به‌ توسعه اقتدار خویش‌ در منطقه قفقاز مشغول‌ بود. آقامحمدخان‌ قاجار در پی‌ سرکوبی‌ حکام‌ سرکش‌ آذربایجان‌ و واداشتن‌ آنان‌ به‌ اطاعت‌ از خود، از ابراهیم‌ خلیل‌خان‌ نیز خواست‌ تا به‌ اطاعت‌ دولت‌ مرکزی‌ در آید. ابراهیم‌خلیل‌خان‌ نیز در ۱۲۰۷ با فرستادن‌ عبدالصمدبیگ ‌، پسرعموی‌ خود، به‌ رسم‌ گروگان‌ به‌ تهران ‌، اظهار اطاعت‌ نمود. [۱۷]

← تسلیم دربرابر آقامحمدخان‌ قاجار در ۱۲۰۹، آقامحمدخان‌ قاجار نخستین‌ لشکرکشی‌ خود را به‌ سوی‌ قفقاز، برای‌ تسخیر قره‌باغ‌ و سرکوبی‌ ارکلی‌ خان‌ ، والی‌ گرجستان ‌، آغاز نمود. [۱۸] ابراهیم‌ خلیل خان‌، علاوه‌ بر درخواست‌ کمک‌ از دولت‌ عثمانی‌، [۱۹] آشکار و پنهان‌ با ارکلی‌خان‌ و روسها نیز مناسباتی‌ برقرار کرده‌ بود، بنابراین‌ در برابر آقامحمدخان‌ قاجار مقاومت‌ کرد و تسلیم‌ نشد. آقامحمدخان‌ قاجار که‌ موفق‌ به‌ تسخیر قلعه مستحکم‌ شوشی‌ نشده‌ بود، با کشتن‌ عده بسیاری‌ و به‌ اسارت‌ گرفتن‌ دو تن‌ از برادرزاده‌های‌ ابراهیم‌ خلیل‌خان‌، او را به‌ اطاعت‌ واداشت‌. سپس‌ آقامحمدخان‌ برای‌ تسخیر تفلیس‌ به‌ گرجستان‌ رفت‌. [۲۰]

← قتل‌ آقامحمدخان‌ قاجار آقامحمدخان‌ پس‌ از تصرف‌ تفلیس‌ و متواری‌ شدن‌ ارکلی‌خان‌ و در پی‌ اظهار اطاعت‌ دیگر خانهای‌ قفقاز، خواستار تسلیم‌ ابراهیم‌خلیل‌خان‌ شد؛ از این‌رو، در ۹ ذیحجه ۱۲۱۱ عازم‌ شوشی‌ گردید. ابراهیم‌خلیل‌خان‌، که‌ تاب‌ مقاومت‌ در برابر سپاه‌ آقامحمدخان‌ قاجار را نداشت‌، به‌ داغستان‌ گریخت‌. [۲۱] در همان‌ هنگام‌، آقامحمدخان‌ قاجار در کنار قلعه شوشی‌ به‌ قتل‌ رسید و ابراهیم‌خلیل‌خان‌ با شنیدن‌ این‌ خبر به‌ شوشی‌ بازگشت‌ و بیش‌ از پیش‌ بر اقتدار خویش‌ افزود. او همچنین‌ از طرف‌ فتحعلی‌شاه‌ مأمور فرستادن‌ جسد آقامحمدخان‌ به‌ تهران‌ شد. [۲۲] [۲۳]

← سیاست‌ دوگانه‌ ابراهیم‌خلیل‌خان‌ از زمان‌ مرگ‌ آقامحمدخان‌ قاجار در ۱۲۱۱ تا تسلط‌ کامل‌ روسها بر قره‌باغ‌ سیاستی‌ دوگانه‌ داشت‌؛ [۲۴] [۲۵] فتحعلی‌شاه‌ در ۱۲۱۴ با دختر ابراهیم‌خلیل‌خان‌ به‌ نام‌ آقابیگم‌ آقا مشهور به‌ آقاباجی ‌، ازدواج‌ کرد. [۲۶] [۲۷] با این‌ همه‌، هنگام‌ حمله مجدد قوای‌ روسیه‌ به‌ قفقاز در ۱۲۲۰ و با ورود ژنرال‌ روسی‌، سیسیانوف ‌، به‌ قفقاز، ابراهیم‌ خلیل‌خان‌ اطاعت‌ از روسها را پذیرفت‌ و در همان‌ سال‌ با روسها عهدنامه‌ای‌ امضا کرد که‌ بر اساس‌ آن‌، ملزم‌ به‌ پرداخت‌ ده‌ هزار اشرفی‌ به‌ عنوان‌ خراج‌ سالانه‌ و واگذار کردن‌ قره‌باغ‌ به‌ روسها شد. [۲۸]

← اتحاد با روسها پس‌ از علنی‌ شدن‌ همراهی‌ ابراهیم‌خلیل‌خان‌ با روسها، عباس‌ میرزا نایب‌السلطنه‌ به‌ همراه‌ قوایی‌ به‌ سوی‌ آذربایجان‌ حرکت‌ کرد. ابراهیم‌ خلیل‌خان‌ از سیسیانوف‌ یاری‌ خواست‌، اما قوای‌ مشترک‌ روسها و سواران‌ قره‌باغ‌ در نبرد با عباس‌میرزا شکست‌ خوردند و مجبور به‌ عقب‌نشینی‌ شدند. [۲۹] [۳۰] ابراهیم‌خلیل‌خان‌ پس‌ از این‌ ناکامی‌، با آگاه‌ شدن‌ از حرکت‌ عباس‌میرزا به‌ سوی‌ شوشی‌، بار دیگر از سیسیانوف‌ یاری‌ خواست‌ و او نیز سرهنگ‌ کِتلیرفسکی‌ را، با دویست‌ عراده‌ توپ‌ و آذوقه کافی‌، روانه عَسکران‌ نمود [۳۱] [۳۲] اما این‌بار نیز شکست‌ خوردند. ابراهیم‌خلیل‌خان‌ در ۱۲۲۰، در پی‌ اتحاد قبلی‌ خود با نیروهای‌ روسی‌، ژنرال‌ سیسیانوف‌ را به‌ قلعه شوشی‌ راه‌ داد. سیسیانوف چهارصد تن‌ از نیروهایش‌ را به‌ محافظت‌ از قلعه‌ گماشت‌ و اختیار قلعه شوشی‌ را کاملاً به‌دست‌ گرفت‌، [۳۳] اما هنگامی‌ که‌ ابراهیم‌ خلیل‌خان‌ دریافت‌ که‌ قصد نهایی‌ روسها تصرف‌ کامل‌ قره‌باغ‌ است‌ و او حتی‌ قادر به‌ حفظ‌ استقلال‌ ظاهری‌ خویش‌ نیست‌، با ارسال‌ نامه‌ای‌ از عباس‌میرزا خواست‌ تا نزد فتحعلی‌شاه‌ او را شفاعت‌ کند.


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Ebrahim Khalil Khan of Karabagh - Javanshir's Timeline

1732
1732
Arazbar, Karabakh Khanate, Alagarghu - 1721?
1735
1735
Age 3
Sarijally, Karabakh Province
1755
1755
Age 23
1757
1757
Age 25
1772
1772
Age 40
خانباغي, کلیبر, استان اردبیل, Iran
1782
1782
Age 50
Shush, Azarbaidjan
1796
1796
Age 64
Shusha, Karabakh Khanate
1796
Age 64
1806
May 27, 1806
Age 74
Shusha, Azarbaijan
????