Ednyfed Fychan ap Cynwrig

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Ednyfed Fychan ap Cynwrig

Birthdate:
Birthplace: Dules, Denbighshire, Wales
Death: Died in Of Tregarnedd, Wales
Place of Burial: Llandrillo yn Rhos Church, Llandrillo-yn-Rhos, North Wales
Immediate Family:

Son of Cynwrig ab Iorwerth and Angharad verch Hwfa
Husband of Gwenllian verch Rhys and Tangwystl Goch verch Llywarch
Father of Gruffudd ap Ednyfed Fychan; Gwladus verch Ednyfed Fychan; Philip ab Ednyfed; Gronwy ap Ednyfed Fychan; Cynwrig ap Ednyfed Fychan and 7 others
Brother of Gronwy Foel ap Cynwrig and Einion Ddu ap Cynwrig

Occupation: Councilor & General of Prince Llewelyn ap Iorwerth, Seneschal of the Kingdom of Gwynedd, Krigeth in Efinoydd, Chief Counsellor, Chief Justice, Prince of North Wales
Managed by: Steve Poland
Last Updated:

About Ednyfed Fychan ap Cynwrig

  • Ednyfed "Fychan" ap Cynwrig

Denbighshire, Wales

father:

  • Cynwrig ap Rhiwallon

born Denbighshire,Wales

mother:

  • Annes verch Idnerth

born Maesbrook, Kinnerley, Shropshire,England

siblings:

  • Jane verch Cynwrig born about 1118 Denbighshire,Wales
  • Nynnio ap Cynwrig born Denbighshire, Wales

spouse:

  • Gwladus verch Aldud

Tegeingl ctf, Flintshire, Wales

children:

  • Gwenllian verch Ednyfed

born about 1172 Is Dulas, Denbighshire, Wales

spouse (2nd):

  • Gwenllian verch Rhys

born about 1158 Carmarthenshire, Wales

died 1236

children (from 2nd marriage):

  • Gruffudd ap Ednyfed born about 1186 Henglawdd, Cilcen, Denbighshire, Wales
  • Gronwy ap Ednyfed born about 1195 Trecastell, Llangoed, Anglesey, Wales

biographical and/or anecdotal:

notes or source:

LDS

research of S. E. Oman Salt Lake City

A distinguished general and able Minister of Prince Llywelyn "Magnus", comtemporary 13th century. Seneschal to Llywelyn ab Iorwerth, about 1215. Witness to the Peace of Worcester, 1218. Witness to the Agreement with the Earl of Chester, 1222. His name appears frequently until his death, as ministering to Llywelyn ap Dafydd. His name appears as one of the arbitrators in a convention between Henry III and Dafydd ap Llywelyn, dated at Gloucester 24 Henry III. In letters of patent of Henry III dated at Shewsbury 17 Dec 1232 he is styled "Idnevet Seneschallo ipsius Lewelini". Baron of Bryn Ffanigl. Lord of Lansadwrn. On one occasion, Ednyfed Fychan was sent by his prince in command of the Welsh armies to defend the frontiers against the English, under the command of Ranulph, Earl of Chester, whom he defeated, and slew; also three of the chief commanders and a host of the common soldiers. The rest having been put to flight, he returned in triumph, and displaying the three heads; he was commanded by the prince, in additon to many gifts, as afurther reward, to bear in future for his arms.

EDNYFED FYCHAN ( EDNYFED ap CYNWRIG ) and his descendants . Ednyfed ap Cynwrig (d. 1246 ), claiming descent from Marchudd , was a member of one of a group of kindreds long settled in Rhos and Rhufoniog . As seneschal (in Welsh , distain ) of Gwynedd c. 1215-1246 ( Hist. W. , ii, 684-5), his political and military services to Llywelyn the Great were rewarded, not only by the grant to Ednyfed himself of bond vills in Anglesey , Nantconwy , Arllechwedd Uchaf , and Creuddyn , but also by the concession, made to all the descendants of Ednyfed 's grandfather ( Iorwerth ap Gwrgan ) that they should for the future hold their lands throughout Wales free from all dues and services other than military service in time of war. This special tenure, known as that of ‘ Ŵyrion Eden ,’ is prominent in the 14th cent. in the lordship of Denbigh amongst the collateral branches of the family ( Survey of Denbigh . lv, 297, 303; Ellis , Tribal Law and Custom , i, 113), Ednyfed 's own descendants in the same period are found in the townships of Trecastell , Penmynydd , Erddreiniog , Clorach , Gwredog , Trysglwyn , and Tregarnedd in Anglesey , and in Crewyrion , Creuddyn , Gloddaeth , Dinorwig , and Cwmllannerch in Caerns. ( Rec. Caern. , passim ). They are also found in Llansadwrn in Carms. and at Llechwedd-llwyfan , Cellan , and Rhyd-onnen in Cards. ( Cal. Pat. Rolls , 1225-32 , 271; Carm. Hist. , i, 178; Cal. Fine Rolls , 1327-37 , 304; Cal. Inquisitions , vii, no. 418; Bridgeman , Princes of South Wales , 264). Even before the conquest of 1282 , therefore, Ednyfed 's immediate descendants formed a ‘ministerial aristocracy’ of considerable wealth, and their widespread possessions, combined with the favourable terms on which they were held, made them the forerunners of that class of Welsh squires whose emergence is characteristic of the post-conquest period. The pedigrees are not in complete agreement about the number of Ednyfed 's children, but during the reigns of Dafydd ap Llywelyn and Llywelyn ap Gruffydd ( 1240-82 ) several of his sons figure prominently amongst the counsellors of those princes . For some years before his death in 1268 , GORONWY AB was seneschal to Llywelyn ap Gruffydd ( Hist. W. , ii, 743; Litt. Wall. , 4, 28, 45). His brother, TUDUR AB , was captured during Henry III 's inconclusive campaign against Dafydd ap Llywelyn in Sept. 1245 , and was released in May 1247 on swearing fealty to the king . Despite marks of royal favour in the following years, Tudur was one of Llywelyn ap Gruffydd 's leading advisers after 1256 , succeeding his brother Goronwy as seneschal and remaining faithful to the prince until his death in 1278 . His loyalty was emulated by his son HEILYN ; he had been a hostage in the king 's hands between 1246 and 1263 and he submitted finally to Edward I in 1282 ( Litt. Wall. , 3-4, 26, 50-2, 77, 85, 97-9, 101-3, 109, 111-3; Cal. Close Rolls , 1242-7 (369, 457, 510), 1247-51 (5, 72, 518), 1256-9 (184, 207), 1261-4 (207); Cal. Pat. Rolls , 1232-47 (466, 496), 1258-66 (248); Assize Roll , 9, 14, 118-22, 157, 261; Rec. Caern. , 210-11). The Goronwy ap Heilyn of the period 1277-82 ( Assize Roll , passim ) was probably not of this line. Other sons of Ednyfed in the following of the later princes of Gwynedd were HYWEL ( bishop of S. Asaph , 1240-7 ), CYNWRIG , and RHYS ( Thomas , S. Asaph , i, 215; Litt. Wall. , passim ). For Gruffydd ab Ednyfed and his descendants, see under Sir Gruffydd Llwyd (d. 1335 ) .

From Goronwy ab Ednyfed (d. 1268 ) were descended the ‘ Tudors of Penmynydd .’ His son, TUDUR (d. 1311 ), and grandson GORONWY AP (d. 1331 ), appear to have been members of that Welsh official class of which their kinsmen, Sir Gruffydd Llwyd (q.v.) and Rhys ap Gruffydd (d. 1356 ) (q.v.) , were outstanding members. In the next generation the brothers TUDUR and HYWEL AP , both of whom d. c. 1367 , are found in possession of Trecastell , Erddreiniog , and half of Penmynydd in Anglesey and ‘ Gavell Gron. ap Eden .’ (which included the nucleus of the later Penrhyn estate — see below), and half of ‘ Gavell Kennyn ’ in Crewyrion in Caerns. , as well as the Cardiganshire possessions mentioned above. Their possessions in Anglesey and Caernarvonshire passed to Tudur 's sons — GORONWY OF PENMYNYDD (d. 1382 ), EDNYFED OF TRECASTELL (d. c. 1382 ), RHYS OF ERDDREINIOG , GWILYM OF CLORACH , and MAREDUDD , whose precise share of the family inheritance is not known. Goronwy , Rhys , and Gwilym were in the personal following of Richard II . Maredudd , father of Owain Tudur and great-grandfather of Henry VII (see the article Tudors of Penmynydd ), is a more shadowy figure; he was escheator of Anglesey before 1392 and is described in 1404 as an esquire to the bishop of Bangor . The three surviving brothers and their near kinsmen were prominent supporters of Owain Glyn Dŵr (q.v.) . Rhys was executed at Chester in 1412 . The greater part of their lands were forfeited to the Crown and came into the possession of the Griffiths of Penrhyn (q.v.) , also descended from Ednyfed Fychan through Tudur ab Ednyfed . A remnant of the Tudor lands at Penmynydd remained in the possession of the descendants of Goronwy ap Tudur (d. 1382 ) through his daughter Morfydd and her husband, Gwilym ap Gruffydd of Penrhyn . Sources:

Transactions of the Anglesey Antiquarian Society and Field Club , 1951 , 34-72. [See further the articles Griffith of Penrhyn and Williams of Cochwillan in Appendix; Griffith, Pirs; Tudor, Edmund, Jasper, and Owen; Tudor (Thoedor) of Penmynydd; Williams of Marl(e); Williams, John ( 1582-1650 ).] Author:

Professor Glyn Roberts, M.A., (1904-1962), Bangor

Added by HRH Prince Kieren de Muire von Drakenberg


A link to our roots in Wales is provided by the family Coat of Arms which is composed of three men's heads, shown in front profile, on a red background on the shield, and with a single head as the crest above the shield. This particular coat of arms was used EDNYFED FYCHAN who lived from 1170 to 1246 in Wales.

The coat of arms of Ednyfed Fychan was embossed into the plaster work of Britains best preserved Elizabethan town house in Plas Mawr in Conwy (on the north coast of Wales) and can still be seen today. See the full story at http://www.walesonline.co.uk/lifestyle/nostalgia/welsh-history-month-plas-mawr-3406250 It is fun to read.

Louis Alphonsus Williams had a signet ring made on the ocassion of his marriage, with the crest of the coat of arms, a single head, engraved into it. We still have the ring.

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Ednyfed Fychan ap Cynwrig's Timeline

1136
1136
1170
1170
Tregarnedd, Llangevni, Anglesey, Wales
1170
Dules, Denbighshire, Wales
1174
1174
Age 4
Tregarnedd, Llangevni, Anglesey, Wales
1176
1176
Age 6
Tregarnedd, Llangevni, Anglesey, Wales
1180
1180
Age 10
Is Dulas, Denbighshire, Wales
1180
Age 10
Tregarnedd, Llangevni, Anglesey, Wales
1192
1192
Age 22
Is Dulas,,Denbighshire,Wales
1194
1194
Age 24
Tregarnedd, Llangevni, Anglesey, Wales