Is your surname Gove?

Research the Gove family

Share your family tree and photos with the people you know and love

  • Build your family tree online
  • Share photos and videos
  • Smart Matching™ technology
  • Free!

Related Projects

Edward Gove

Also Known As: "Edward Gove"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: London, Middlesex, England
Death: July 29, 1691 (61)
Hampton, (Present Rockingham County), Province of New Hampshire (He believed that he was killed by a slow poison given to him while imprisoned in the Tower of London.)
Place of Burial: Hampton, Rockingham County, New Hampshire, United States
Immediate Family:

Son of John Gove and Mary Mansfield
Husband of Hannah Gove
Father of William Gove; Hannah Clements; Mary Morrill; Abigail Prescott; Peniel Gove and 7 others
Brother of Dea. John Gove, of Cambridge; Humphrey Gove; Mary Goble; Rachel Gove; Hannah Gove and 1 other
Half brother of Humphrey Gove; John Gove; John Mansfield and Elizabeth Mansfield

Occupation: Insurrection leader.
Managed by: W. Gary Thomson
Last Updated:
view all 27

Immediate Family

About Edward Gove

Tried and convicted of treason. Pardoned.


In 1681, John Mason, the inheritor of the New Hampshire land grant was attempting to seize all of the colony's land and property with the aid of Lt. Governor Edward Cranfield. This ongoing outrage prompted Edward Gove, a delegate to the General Assembly to try and raise a rebellion against this corrupt undertaking. Some 90 years too early for the American Revolution, Gove was arrested in downtown Hampton. In court, Gove plead guilty to a lesser charge of rioting. The jury, which had been rigged by Cranfield, returned with the verdict that Gove was guilty of high treason. Fortunately for Gove, Cranfield had to refer death sentences to England for review, and the unfortunate Gove became a resident of the Tower of London before he was released and returned to Seabrook in 1686. By that time, both Cranfield and Mason were long gone, their hopes for ruling New Hampshire dashed.


  • Name: Edward GOVE
  • Sex: M
  • Birth: ABT 1637 2
  • Death: 29 MAY 1691 in Hampton, Rockingham, NH
  • Note: Edward Gove came to Hampton as early as 1665. During Cramfield's administration, he was tried for treason, condemned, and sent to England to be hung. After lying in the Tower two years or more, he was pardoned, returned home and obtained his estate ["Dearborn Genealogy," p. 87].
===============

Edward was of Hampton in November 1665, but he was of Salisbury in March of the same year. Noyes/Libby/Davis, "Genealogical Dictionary of Maine and New Hampshire," (1939), p. 278.; Wheeler, Richard S., "A Note on the Antecedents of John and Mary (Shard) Gove, of London and Charlestown," (New Hampshire Genealogical Record Oct 1994), p. 174.

Father: John GOVE

Mother: Mary SHARD

Marriage 1 Hannah PARTRIDGE

  • Married: ABT 1660 in Salisbury, Essex, MA

Children

  • 1. John GOVE b: 19 SEP 1661 in Salisbury, Essex, MA
  • 2. William GOVE b: 21 OCT 1662 in Salisbury, Essex, MA
  • 3. Hannah GOVE b: MAR 1663/64 in Salisbury, Essex, MA
  • 4. Mary GOVE b: 14 APR 1666 in Hampton, Rockingham, NH
  • 5. Abigail GOVE b: 23 JUL 1667 in Hampton, Rockingham, NH
  • 6. Penuel GOVE b: 10 JUL 1668 in Hampton, Rockingham, NH
  • 7. Abigail GOVE b: 17 APR 1670 in Hampton, Rockingham, NH
  • 8. Ebenezer GOVE b: 23 JUN 1671 in Hampton, Rockingham, NH
  • 9. Edward GOVE b: 13 MAY 1673 in Hampton, Rockingham, NH
  • 10. Jeremiah GOVE b: OCT 1674 in Hampton, Rockingham, NH
  • 11. Rachel GOVE b: 20 JAN 1675/76 in Hampton, Rockingham, NH
  • 12. Ann GOVE b: 9 JAN 1676/77 in Hampton, Rockingham, NH
  • 13. Sarah GOVE b: 5 NOV 1678 in Hampton, Rockingham, NH

Source: http://worldconnect.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db...


New Hampshire Historical Markers:

103. Shapley Line

Town of Seabrook

Based on the 1640 southern boundary of Bachiler's farm, it was surveyed by Capt. Nicholas Shapley in 1657, dividing the Province of New Hampshire from the Massachusetts Bay Colony from 1689-1741. In 1662 three Quaker women, being banished from the territory, were freed south of here by Constable Walter Barefoot. -> Edward Gove, imprisoned in the Tower of London for leading the rebellion against Lt. Gov. Cranfield in 1683 lived nearby. <-

  • * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *

Rockingham County Newspaper -- July 8, 1988

A Grandson Remembers Edward Gove

Hampton's Gove -- Ahead Of His Time

By Doug Gove

[EDITOR’S NOTE: Nearly 100 years before the outbreak of the Revolution, Edward Gove of Hampton led what historians believe was the first armed resistance to the British in the northern colonies. He was, Rev. Edgar Warren wrote in the introduction to the second edition of Dow’s History of Hampton, 1638-1892, “a high-spirited and impulsive man, who resolved not to lightly submit to what he considered an infringement of the people’s ancient prerogatives.”

Many of Gove‘s descendants can be found in the Seacoast today, and one of them — Doug Gove — has submitted the following account of the man he calls “my grandfather.”]

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Edward Gove was a rebel, a person who engaged in armed resistance against an established government, England. He was rebellious and defiant in the Province of New Hampshire in New England at Hampton. That’s my grandfather, eleven generations removed, of whom his colonial neighbors said “he was a strenuous man, and frank even to bluntness. When he believed he was wronged he quickly sought to avenge himself, as far as possible, by his own individual efforts. He did not refrain from forceful language and personal assault and was before the quarterly court several times for such offenses.”

That is one of the skeletons rattling in the closets of most of the Goves in this section of the country.

Fact blends with fiction as Memory Bank travels back in time out 308 years. The King has given Robert Tufton Mason the authority to take care of the affairs of the new province. He is a failure and appoints Unprincipled Governor Cranfield to become his tool. The governor disbands the January 1683 assembly. The people considered this an unreasonable act and an unwarrantable abuse of power. Most however, though indignant at Cranfield’s conduct, considered themselves good citizens and remained passive. Not so for Gove and a few others under his leadership who, in the exuberance of patriotism, “determined to revolutionize the government or at least to effect a reform.”

THE INSURRECTION

Portsmouth was calm and quiet when the January stillness was broken by the barking of Richard Martin’s dog. Another sound, the crunch of frozen snow under the feet of Edward Gove ‘and Jonathan Thing, brought Martin to his door.

“We have a design and our swords are by our sides as well as others, and would see things mended before we will lay them down,” Gove said. “We are going to Dover and you will hear from us in three or four days.”

Friday, January 26, 1688, Reuben Hull, a Portsmouth merchant, was in Dover to pick up. a load of barrel hoops when he met Gove who had his sword and boots on, and said to him, “How now Gove, where are you bound? What’s the matter with you?”

“Matter?” said Gove, “matter enough. We at Hampton have had a town meeting and we resolved as one man that. things shall not be carried on as it is like to be, and we have all our guns ready to stand upon our guard. I have been at Exeter and they are resolved to do the same. I have my sword at my side, and brought my carbine also with me which I have left some where. Jonathan Thing came with me. I have to (talk to) John Pickering and some others, and I am going to Major Waldern’s to see what he will say to it. He did say that the governor had stretched his commission.”

“Gove, what are you mad? Hull replied. “Do you know what you are going to do?”

Gove answered, “If you will be of the other side, we shall know you and if they should take me and put me in jail, I have them that will bring me out.”

DAY OF ACTION

Gove undoubtedly expected that when his arrest was attempted, there would be resistance and then a general uprising. It didn’t happen. He returned to Hampton Saturday, Jan. 27, 1683.

He and 11 other rebels, all on horseback, moved in two lines into the tiny colonial village on the New Hampshire Seacoast, shouting, “Freemen, come out and stand for your liberties.” Led by Gove, they were nearly all from Hampton, with their leader waving his sword and the trumpeter sounding their arrival with a military medley. Gove, seeing no demonstration in his favor at his appearance, lay down his arms and gave himself up to the authorities of the town, as did the others. They were taken into custody by the militia, except the trumpeter, who escaped.

That house arrest didn’t hold the men long and they were soon on the dirt road again where Henry Green, a justice of the peace, saw them. Gove threatened him with his gun.

William Marston, the local constable, armed with the governor’s warrant, soon arrived at Gove’s home and made a diligent search, but he could not find him. Returning homeward in the nighttime, when he could not plainly see, he heard the trumpet as Gove and the trumpeter galloped past them. The constable immediately returned to the Gove homestead. By the time they arrived back at the rebel’s door, the latch string was pulled in, but Gove said, “open the door” and defiantly stood before the constable with his sword or cutlass drawn, pointing towards the assembled gathering.

“Hands off,” he said. “I know your business as well as yourself. I will not be taken in my house.”

Nathaniel Ladd, the trumpeter, stepped to him to assist him with his sword drawn toward the constable’s breast. Marston’s mouth dropped open, his eyes popped out and in an instant he knew what to do — secure more assistance.

Returning to Gove’s home, the Constable saw Edward Gove, Nathaniel Ladd, John Gove and William Hely quickly mount and ride away.

SUNDAY SHOWDOWN

As the rebel horsemen faded into the gloom, Marston likely didn’t expect to see them so soon. They were back in Hampton the next day, however, with the Seacoast sunshine.

Edward Gove was in front. The trumpeter blew his trumpet as they approached Mr. Sherborn’s house in two files. Their horses pranced and snorted as their breath created plumes of white in the crisp January air. The lieutenant, leading the local militia, spoke to Edward Gove and his men: “Halt and dismount, deliver your arms and surrender. You are being taken directly to court.”

Constables with warrants had been unable to serve them. Now the local militia was augmented by other units as Governor Cranfield feared that Gove’s party might be too strong and commanded the militia of the whole province to be in readiness. Now a strong guard sent by the governor were taking the prisoners in irons from Hampton to Portsmouth.

They were brought before the governor and his council, where Gove behaved himself very insolently. Each of the prisoners then defended himself and his activities. Edward Gove acknowledged that the testimony against him was true. He “railed” at Governor Cranfield, saying he was a traitor and acted under a pretended commission and demeaned himself with “insolence and impudence.”

Judge Richard Waldren pounded his mallet, then solemnly pronounced the sentence. (The followers of Gove were to be held for a later judgment, and most of them were pardoned).

“You, Edward Gove, be drawn on a hedge to the place of execution, and there you shall be hanged by ye neck, and when yet living, be cut down and cast on the ground, and your bowels shall be taken out of your belly, and your privy member cut off and burnt while you are yet alive, your head shall be cut off and your body divided in four parts, and your head and quarters shall be placed where our Sovereign Lord the King pleaseth to appoint. And the Lord have mercy on your soul.”

TOWER OF LONDON

After the trial in Portsmouth in Feb. 1683, Cranfield, fearing to execute the sentence on Gove, sent him to England for the King to deal with. Gove was on board the ship Richard of Boston when it left port March 29.

The Tower of London is in the east end of the city, a group of stone buildings including an ancient fortress, a dark prison, and a royal residence surrounded by a shallow moat and a high stone wall. This was the destination of Edward Gove, where he was sadly to spend the next three years.

Many letters were written by the prisoner and people on his behalf during this time. Finally, Gove, in his cell, took up his quill pen and sent a petition to the King which brought results. In it he stated, “want of rest for 18 days before my apprehension deprived your Petitioner of the use of his reason and the control of his tongue and was the cause of your Petitioner’s indiscreet actions towards the said Mr. Cranfield.” He was released on his own recognizance to plead his pardon April 9, 1686.

THE INTERVENING YEARS

After Gove’s incarceration in the the spring of 1683, the rule under Cranfield continued in its arbitrary and cruel manner.

From the Gove Book, written by William Henry Gove and published at Salem, Mass., in 1922, most of the preceding information has been researched. The author wrote, “the people were horrified at the bloody sentence of Gove and cried aloud for vengeance. It was already whispered about that public meetings would be held to express the indignation at the baseness of the manner in which the conviction was obtained and the cruel barbarity of the sentence, which was intended to awe the people into submission. It had a directly contrary effect.”

One Sunday, Cranfield’s men tried to serve an order in Dover. A tumult ensued, ending when a young girl knocked down one of the officials with the Bible. At other places, the women met the collector of taxes at their doors with scalding water, which proved a perfect barrier to their mission. The men used clubs. Cranfield was removed by the King and escorted, minus his sword, to the Salisbury line with a rope around his neck and his legs tied under the belly of the horse which he rode.

HONOR RESTORED

- A stone marks the final resting place of Edward

- Gove in Hampton's Pine Grove Cemetery

After Gove’ s conviction, his extensive land holdings, buildings and money were confiscated by the governor. This left the family destitute. At a meeting of the council held in Boston, Nov. 9, 1686, it was ordered that a report to the King be made concerning Cranfield’s estate in New England and what money he had received from purchasers of the estate of Edward Gove. All of Gove’s property was returned to him.

Like returning from the dead, Gove came back to his home and renewed his life in Hampton. He had the respect of the people of the province. From the earliest days of the Province of New Hampshire, Gove was involved in its government. He was elected as a member of the assembly from Hampton. He must have known the widespread disaffection and determination of the people not to yield to the demands of the Cranfield regime, and his views were well known to them because of his outspoken sentiments. He was thought to be the right man for the assembly.

Gove died in Hampton on July 29, 1691, at the age of 61. He always contended that a slow poison was administered to him while in prison.

While still living in Norfolk County, he was fined five shillings and the cost of court for shooting a hawk on the Sabbath day. That’s my grandfather and our patriotic ancestor.


Hannah's father was once imprisoned in the Tower of London in 1666.

http://www.accsolinc.com/familyroots/family-webs/RobertClements.pdf



https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Gove-30login (Last edit: 15 Apr 2017)

'Edward Gove Sr (abt. 1637 - 1691)

Edward Gove Sr

Born about 1637 in London, England [uncertain]

ANCESTORS

Son of John Gove Sr and Mary Shard

Brother of Mary Gove, John Gove Jr, Humphrey Gove, Mary Gove, Rachel Gove,

Benjamin Gove, Elizabeth Mansfield [half] and John Mansfield [half]

Husband of Hannah (Partridge) Gove —

married about 1660 in Salisbury, Essex, Massachusetts

DESCENDANTS

Father of Abiel Gove, John Gove Sr, William Gove, Hannah (Gove) Clements,

Mary (Gove) Sanborn, Abigail Gove, Penuel Gove, Abigail (Gove) Prescott,

Ebenezer Gove, Edward Gove Jr, Jeremiah Gove, Rachel Gove,

Ann Gove and Sarah (Gove) Dearborn

Died 29 May 1691 in Hampton, Rockingham, New Hampshire

Profile managers: Philip Howe [send private message]

and Marc Hanger [send private message]

Gove-30 created 27 Mar 2011 | Last modified 15 Apr 2017 | Last edit: 15 Apr 2017

12:34: Dana Burns edited the Marriage Data for Edward Gove Sr. [Thank Dana for this].

Contents

[hide] 1 Biography 2 Sources 3 Acknowledgements 4 Biography 5 Sources 5.1 Acknowledgments Biography

Title: Captain Note: #N2353 Note N2353Sarah, b. 1732 [m. John Gove, gr. son of Ebenezer (3)?] (Dow - p604)

Death: Date: 29 MAY 1691 Place: Hampton, Rockingham, New Hampshire, USA[1][2][3] Death: Date: 29 May 1691 Place: Hampton, Rockingham, New Hampshire[4] Death: Date: 29 MAY 1691 Place: Hampton, Rockingham, New Hampshire, USA[5][6][7]

Note: Edward Gove Monument Ancestry.com subscribers may click here to view this material;Edward Gove Marker Ancestry.com subscribers may click here to view this material; Edward Gove, Pine Grove Cemetery Ancestry.com subscribers may click here to view this material; Gove Stone Ancestry.com subscribers may click here to view this material; Edward Gove's Insurrection Ancestry.com subscribers may click here to view this material

Sources

↑ Source: #S-2009482842 Data: Text: Birth date: 1630Birth place: London, EnglandDeath date: 29 Jul 1691Death place: Hampton, Rockingham, New Hampshire, USA ↑ Source: #S-2009482839 Page: Birth year: 1642; Birth city: Salisbury; Birth state: MA. Data: Text: Birth date: 1642Birth place: Salisbury, Essex, MADeath date: March 1712Death place: Hampton, Rockingham, NHMarriage date: 1660Marriage place: ↑ Source: #S-2009482847 Data: Text: Death date: 29 May 1691Death place: Hampton, Rockingham, NH, USA ↑ Source: #S-2049665188 Page: Ancestry Family Trees Note: Data: Text: http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=21920874&pid... ↑ Source: #S4 Page: Database online. Data: Text: Record for Ebenezer Gove ↑ Source: #S4 Page: Database online. Data: Text: Record for Edward Gove ↑ Source: #S4 Page: Database online. Data: Text: Record for John Gove Marian S. Henry, "Hannah Partridge, wife of Edward^2 Gove of Hampton, New Hampshire," New England Historical and Genealogical Register 164 (2010):15-22. Reports his birth "about 1637," citing "Wheeler, 'Antecedents of John and Mary (Shard) Gove, of London and Charlestown,' " The New Hampshire Genealogical Record 11 (1994):174-79 at 175." George F. Sanborn, Jr., and Melinde Lutz Sanborn, Vital Records of Hampton, New Hampshire ..., 1:8; digital images, AmericanAncestors.org (accessed 2014). Entry reports "Edward Gove died May 29, 1691." "A Grandson Remembers Edward Gove," Lane Memorial Library (accessed 2013), reproduction of article cited as Doug Gove, "Hampton's Gove -- Ahead of his time," Rockingham County Newspaper, July 8, 1988; appears to have been part of a series, "Hampton 350, 1638-1988." Click here to view this material. "Biography of Edward Gove of Hampton, NH," Lane Memorial Library (accessed 2014); cited as excerpt from William Henry Gove, History and Genealogy of the American Family of Gove and Notes of European Goves (Salem, Mass.: Sidney Perley, 1922), 13-49. http://www.hampton.lib.nh.us/hampton/biog/gove.htm William Henry Gove, The Gove Book: History and Genealogy of the American Family of Gove ... (1922), 13-51; digital images, Internet Archive (accessed 2014). Includes extensive collection of transcribed documents and references. Click here to view this source material in context. Source: S-2009482703 Repository: #R-2009482618 Title: Ancestors of Elizabeth Curtis Greene : who married George B. Carpenter Author: Ancestry.com Publication: Name: Online publication - Provo, UT: The Generations Network, Inc., 2005.Original data - Ancestors of Elizabeth Curtis Greene : who married George B. Carpenter.. unknown: unknown, 19--?.Original data: Ancestors of Elizabeth Curtis Greene : who married Geo Note: Cover title.|||Typescript.|||Includes 2 mounted newspaper clippings, one dated "Ap. 23, 1927."|||Includes bibliographical references. Repository: R-2009482618 Name: Ancestry.com Address: http://www.Ancestry.com Source: S-2009482706 Repository: #R-2009482618 Title: New England Marriages Prior to 1700 Author: Ancestry.com Publication: Name: Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 2006.Original data - Torry, Clarence A. New England Marriages Prior to 1700. Baltimore, MD, USA: Genealogical Publishing Co., 2004.Original data: Torry, Clarence A. New England Marri Source: S-2009482713 Repository: #R-2009482618 Title: History of the town of Hampton, New Hampshire : from its settlement in 1638, to the autumn of 1892 Author: Ancestry.com Publication: Name: Online publication - Provo, UT: The Generations Network, Inc., 2005.Original data - Dow, Joseph,. History of the town of Hampton, New Hampshire : from its settlement in 1638, to the autumn of 1892. unknown: L.E. Dow, 1893, c1894.Original data: Dow, J Note: Paged continuously.|||Vol. 2 (p. 581-1104): genealogical and biographical.|||Includes indexes. Source: S-2009482780 Repository: #R-2009482618 Title: A genealogical history of the Clark and Worth families : and other Puritan settlers in the Massachusetts Bay Colony Author: Ancestry.com Publication: Name: Online publication - Provo, UT: The Generations Network, Inc., 2005.Original data - Johnson, Carol Clark,. A genealogical history of the Clark and Worth families : and other Puritan settlers in the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Cygnet, Ohio: Priv. print. Note: Place of publication from introd.|||Includes bibliographical references (p. 510-512) and index. Source: S-2009482787 Repository: #R-2009482618 Title: The Gove book : history and genealogy of the American family of Gove and notes of European Goves Author: Ancestry.com Publication: Name: Online publication - Provo, UT: The Generations Network, Inc., 2005.Original data - Gove, William Henry,. The Gove book : history and genealogy of the American family of Gove and notes of European Goves. Salem, Mass.: Sidney Perley, 1922.Original dat Note: The manuscript genealogy prepared by Ira Gove to 1891, has been continued to 1920, and greatly enlarged by William Henry Gove. Edited in 1922 by Sidney Perley--NUC pre 1956 imprints.|||Includes index. Source: S-2009482788 Repository: #R-2009482618 Title: Genealogical Dictionary of Maine and New Hampshire Source: S-2009482826 Repository: #R-2009482618 Title: Massachusetts Census, 1790-1890 Author: Jackson, Ron V., Accelerated Indexing Systems, comp. Publication: Name: Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 1999.Original data - Compiled and digitized by Mr. Jackson and AIS from microfilmed schedules of the U.S. Federal Decennial Census, territorial/state censuses, and/or census substitute Source: S-2009482829 Repository: #R-2009482618 Title: New Hampshire Probate Records, 1635-1753 Author: Ancestry.com Publication: Name: Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 2003.Original data - Batchellor, Albert Stillman, ed. Probate Records of the Province of New Hampshire 1635-1740. Concord, NH, USA: Rumford Printing Co., 1907. Metcalf, Henry Harriso Source: S-2009482839 Repository: #R-2009482618 Title: Family Data Collection - Individual Records Author: Edmund West, comp. Publication: Name: Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2000.; Source: S-2009482842 Repository: #R-2009482618 Title: Millennium File Author: Heritage Consulting Publication: Name: Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2003.Original data - Heritage Consulting. The Millennium File. Salt Lake City, UT, USA: Heritage Consulting.Original data: Heritage Consulting. The Millennium File. Salt Lake City, UT, Source: S-2009482847 Repository: #R-2009482618 Title: Family Data Collection - Deaths Author: Edmund West, comp. Publication: Name: Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 2001.; Source: S-2009482848 Repository: #R-2009482618 Title: American Genealogical-Biographical Index (AGBI) Author: Godfrey Memorial Library, comp. Publication: Name: Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 1999.Original data - Godfrey Memorial Library. American Genealogical-Biographical Index. Middletown, CT, USA: Godfrey Memorial Library.Original data: Godfrey Memorial Library. American Source: S-2009482849 Repository: #R-2009482618 Title: Family Data Collection - Births Author: Edmund West, comp. Publication: Name: Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 2001.; Source: S-2009482850 Repository: #R-2009482618 Title: Passenger and Immigration Lists Index, 1500s-1900s Author: Gale Research Publication: Name: Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2009.Original data - Filby, P. William, ed.. Passenger and Immigration Lists Index, 1500s-1900s. Farmington Hills, MI, USA: Gale Research, 2009.Original data: Filby, P. William, ed.. P Source: S-2009482851 Repository: #R-2009482618 Title: U.S. and International Marriage Records, 1560-1900 Author: Yates Publishing Publication: Name: Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2004.Original data - This unique collection of records was extracted from a variety of sources including family group sheets and electronic databases. Originally, the information was d Source: S-2009482853 Repository: #R-2009482618 Title: Ancestry Family Trees Publication: Name: Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com. Original data: Family Tree files submitted by Ancestry members.; Note: This information comes from 1 or more individual Ancestry Family Tree files. This source citation points you to a current version of those files. Note: The owners of these tree files may have removed or changed information since this source citation was created. Source: S20 Author: Yates Publishing Title: U.S. and International Marriage Records, 1560-1900 Publication: Name: The Generations Network, Inc.; Location: Provo, UT, USA; Date: 2004; Repository: #R1 Repository: R1 Name: www.ancestry.com Address: E-Mail Address: Phone Number: Source: S4 Author: Ancestry.com Title: Public Member Trees Publication: Name: Ancestry.com Operations Inc; Location: Provo, UT, USA; Date: 2006; Repository: #R1 Source: S-2049665188 Repository: #R-2139194211 Title: Ancestry Family Trees Publication: Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com. Original data: Family Tree files submitted by Ancestry members. Note: This information comes from 1 or more individual Ancestry Family Tree files. This source citation points you to a current version of those files. Note: The owners of these tree files may have removed or changed information since this source citation was created. Page: Ancestry Family Trees Note: Data: Text: http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=21920874&pid... Repository: R-2139194211 Name: Ancestry.com Address: http://www.Ancestry.com Note:



https://www.ancestry.com/genealogy/records/edward-gove_3916416

'Edward Gove

Born in Smithfield, London, England on 1640

to John Gove and Mary Shard.

Edward married Hannah Partridge and had 12 children.

Edward married Hannah Titcomb.

He passed away on 1691 in Seabrook, New Hampshire, USA.

Family Members

Parents

John Gove 1601-1647

Mary Shard 1609-1680

Spouse(s)

Hannah Partridge 1638-1660

Hannah Titcomb 1640-1660

Children

John Gove 1669-1737

William Gove 1662-1663

Hannah Gove 1664-1703

Mary Gove 1666-1731

Penuel Gove 1668-1671

Abigail Gove 1670-1751

Ebenezer Gove 1671-1758

Edward Gove 1673-1675

Jeremiah Gove 1674-1692

Rachel Gove 1676-1677

Ann Gove 1677-1722

Sarah Gove 1678-1732



GEDCOM Source

@R1203558009@ U.S., Find A Grave Index, 1600s-Current Ancestry.com Ancestry.com Operations, Inc.

GEDCOM Source

1,60525::13724390

GEDCOM Source

@R1203558009@ North America, Family Histories, 1500-2000 Ancestry.com Ancestry.com Operations, Inc.

GEDCOM Source

Book Title: The Gove Book : History and Genealogy of the American family of Gove and notes of European Goves 1,61157::48709

GEDCOM Source

@R1203558009@ U.S., Find A Grave Index, 1600s-Current Ancestry.com Ancestry.com Operations, Inc.

GEDCOM Source

1,60525::13724390

GEDCOM Source

@R1203558009@ North America, Family Histories, 1500-2000 Ancestry.com Ancestry.com Operations, Inc.

GEDCOM Source

Book Title: The Gove Book : History and Genealogy of the American family of Gove and notes of European Goves 1,61157::48709

GEDCOM Source

@R1203558009@ U.S., Find A Grave Index, 1600s-Current Ancestry.com Ancestry.com Operations, Inc.

GEDCOM Source

1,60525::13724390

GEDCOM Source

@R1203558009@ U.S., Find A Grave Index, 1600s-Current Ancestry.com Ancestry.com Operations, Inc.

GEDCOM Source

1,60525::13724390

GEDCOM Source

@R1203558009@ North America, Family Histories, 1500-2000 Ancestry.com Ancestry.com Operations, Inc.

GEDCOM Source

Book Title: The Gove Book : History and Genealogy of the American family of Gove and notes of European Goves 1,61157::48709

GEDCOM Source

@R1203558009@ Ancestry Family Trees Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com. Original data: Family Tree files submitted by Ancestry members.

GEDCOM Source

Ancestry Family Tree http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=120242842&pi...



American Colonist, Colonial Assemblyman, Revolutionary. Born in England sometime between 1630 and 1637, Edward Gove arrived in the Massachusetts Bay Colony most probably in 1642 with his brother John, undoubtedly as a servant for a household in Salisbury (Massachusetts). He was a planter, weaver, husbandman, Assemblyman, and large land holder, in Hampton, New Hampshire. Edward holds the distinction of being the only known New England colonist convicted of treason and sentenced to be drawn and quartered. For he, along with a number of his sons and sons-in-law, on January 27, 1683, road through Exeter (New Hampshire) calling out to their neighbors to rise and unseat the unpopular Royal Lieutenant Governor of New Hampshire, Edward Cranfield. Appointed in May 1682, Cranfield set about to transform New Hampshire into the familiar landed gentry plantations that existed in England at that time. By 1682, the New Hampshire Colony had been operating semi-autonomously with a President and Council, the Mason family having departed the colony many years before. Cranfield attempted to nullify deeds and titles issued in New Hampshire, collect rents through intimidation for property the owners thought to be their own. He dissolved the longstanding Council, which the colonists viewed as an arbitrary act and contrary to their rights. Into this highly charged environment rose Edward Gove, a Deputy from Hampton, who was "determined to revolutionize the government or at least to effect a reform." On Thursday February 1, 1682/3, Gove with his companions were brought before a Court of Oyer and Terminer in Portsmouth (New Hampshire). The Court found them all guilty of treason , however, most had their sentences commuted. Edward was sentenced : "You, Edward Gove, shall be drawn on a hedge to the place of execution, and there you shall be hanged by ye neck, and when yet living be cut down and cast on the ground, and your bowels shall be taken out of your belly, and your privy members cut off and burnt while you are yet alive, your head shall be cut off and your body divided in four parts, and your head and quarters shall be placed where our Sovereign Lord the King pleaseth to appoint. And the Lord have mercy on your soul." However, the commission to New Hampshire did not include the authority to enforce this sentence and Edward was moved to Boston and awaited transportation to England. On April 2, 1683, Edward embarked on the ship "Richard" for England. Upon his arrival, he was committed to the Tower of London, where he would remain until Sept. 14, 1685. After numerous petitions, on August 26, 1685, King James II issued a pardon to Edward Gove. James II, the last Stuart and Catholic monarch of England, ascended the throne in February 1685, ruled a kingdom with great political divides. It is quite probable that James II issued the pardon in an attempt to quiet growing troubles in the American Colonies. Edward returned to his adopted home and began the process of recovering his property which had been seized at the time of conviction. His family and friends had laid claims against his estate in an attempt to prevent Cranfield from profiting from this affair. Cranfield had written the Masons indicating that he anticipated 3000-4000 pounds to be garnered by this affair and in the end reported only 200 pounds could be gained. Why did Edward take such action against an unpopular and despised Royal Governor, when other leaders of New Hampshire remained silent or quietly working to mitigate the actions of Cranfield? Perhaps the answer lies within the 1683 petition to King Charles II, by Hannah, his wife, which reads, in part, "... her husband, who by means of a distemper of Lunacy or some such like, which he have benn Subject unto (by times) from his youth, and yet is untill now (as his mother was before him) (though at some times seemingly very Rationall) which have occationed him Irationally and evily to demeane himselfe (by means of some unhappy provocation) to such actions .." The standards of behavior at that time can not be compared to those of today. There is little evidence to suggest that Edward was chronically mentally ill or unbalanced, given the positions of authority he was entrusted and his accumulation of large land holdings. Gove himself described the event as something that had regularly occurred in the past. However, Cranfield determined it to be rebellion. The Gove Rebellion precedes the American Revolution by almost 80 years. (bio by: Ken - TN)

www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=7376023

January 27, 1683, Gove headed the move to overthrow the royal government, boldly declaring the liberty and reformation. The rebellion failed, Edward and son John were jailed. Edward Gove was tried and found guilty of high treason and was sentenced February 15 by Judge Major Walderne to be hanged, drawn and quartered. He was sent to England and imprisoned in the Tower of London from June 1683-September 1685 and was the first in New Hampshire to suffer punishment for adhesion to the principles of liberty. He was pardoned September 14, 1685 by King James II.

Historically Speaking: Gove's Rebellion of 1683

On Seacoastonline.com

By Barbara Rimkunas

January 25, 2008 2:00 AM

In the early days of settlement, New Hampshire was disputed territory. Claimed by the heirs of John Mason, who had been granted a charter in 1621, it had nonetheless been settled by groups of English immigrants who scoffed at the Mason claims.

You see, although John Mason had sunk plenty of money into the colony, he died before ever visiting New Hampshire and never turned a profit. His descendants neglected the territory, leaving it open to, well, squatters. By the time the family figured out that there was money to be made, New Hampshire had gone through a number of governments. By 1680, the Masons tried to regain their foothold and talked the King into appointing Edward Cranfield as lieutenant governor. He arrived in New Hampshire in October of 1682 and was immediately disliked by the local Assembly.

Various accounts of Cranfield's personality still exist. Charles Bell described him as, "a needy, arbitrary and unscrupulous man." Joseph Dow called him, "a man as unprincipled and as greedy of gain as the King himself." Within a short period of time, the local assembly had figured out that the only one Edward Cranfield cared about was Edward Cranfield. He was here for one reason only: to get rich.

New Hampshire folks in 1682 were not entirely unlike New Hampshire folks in 2008 — they didn't like to be messed with. The Assembly met and tried to pass legislation that Cranfield would then veto. He, in turn, would attempt to ram bills past the assembly that they would summarily vote down. At a standstill, they tried another tactic — bribery. Voting a bonus of 250 pounds to the governor, the assemblymen were surprised when he accepted the money, but continued to refuse to cooperate. The seething Legislature was just trying to decide what to do next when Cranfield simply dismissed the entire assembly. He had every right. It was within his agreement with His Majesty.

Edward Gove, a well-respected if somewhat hot-headed assemblyman from Hampton, took issue with this miserable Governor and on Jan. 26, 1683, raised a protest of the type most common in the colonies at the time. After considerable drinking in Hampton, Gove rode to Exeter, inflamed the passions of a few men and with swords drawn and pistols loaded the group rode back to Hampton expecting to find a rebellious and supportive crowd waiting for him. Led by Nathaniel Ladd of Exeter — a youthful trumpet player — they raised a ruckus and were promptly arrested. Expecting perhaps a fine or good chewing out, the rebels slipped away during the night but were quickly re-arrested, thrown in irons and hauled to Portsmouth where they discovered, much to their horror, that they were being tried for high treason. The only conspirator who managed to escape was young Nathaniel Ladd who evaded the authorities until well after the trial.

Cranfield was mad. Very mad. And he intended to make an example of these unruly hooligans. The trial was held only two weeks after the rebellion. Most of the men were respited home, but Gove was found guilty. The penalty for high treason was death. Judge Richard Waldern handed down the sentence: "You Edward Gove shall be drawn on a hedge to ye place of Execution and there you shall be hanged by ye neck, and while yet living be cut down and cast upon ye ground, and your bowels shall be taken out of your belly, and your privy members cut off and burnt while you are yet alive, your head shall be cut off, and your body divided in four parts, and your head and quarters shall be place where our Soveraigne Lord ye King pleaseth to appoint."

Even Cranfield must have blanched a bit at the sentencing because he quickly put Gove on a ship and sent him to England to have it carried out. There Gove languished in the Tower of London for three years while His Majesty tried to figure out why his lieutenant governor wanted to execute a man for what seemed like intoxicated taunting. Gove's wife, Hannah, petitioned the king claiming that her husband was prone to "a distemper of lunacy or some such like, which he have been subject to by times from his youth and yet is until now, though at times seemingly rational." Gove himself claimed ignorance of any law breaking, saying that "for 14 or 15 years past the same thing hath been done every year and no notice at all taken of it."

The King relented and cleared Gove out of his jail. He returned to Hampton to live out his days quietly. Edward Cranfield was recalled and the grateful people of New Hampshire made sure he made it to his ship in Boston. They lashed him to his horse, going so far as to tie his feet together with a long rope under the horse's belly. It never pays to annoy people in New Hampshire.

Barbara Rimkunas is curator of the Exeter Historical Society. Her column appears every other Friday and she may be reached at exhissoc@verizon.net.

view all 16

Edward Gove's Timeline

1630
April 14, 1630
London, Middlesex, England
1661
September 19, 1661
Salisbury, Essex County, Massachusetts Bay Colony
1662
October 21, 1662
Salisbury, Essex, Mass
1664
March 5, 1664
Salisbury, MA, United States
1666
April 14, 1666
Hampton, Rockingham, New Hampshire, United States
1667
1667
Probably Hampton, Province of New Hampshire
1668
July 1, 1668
Salisbury, MA
1671
June 23, 1671
Hampton, Rockingham, New Hampshire
1673
May 13, 1673
Salsibury, Essex County, Massachusetts Bay Colony