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Elen ferch Eudaf Hen

Immediate Family:

Daughter of Eudaf Hen ab Einudd
Partner of Maxentius, Western Roman Emperor
Mother of Antonius Donatus Gregorius
Sister of Cynan ap Eudaf Hen

Managed by: Bernard Raimond Assaf
Last Updated:

About Elen ferch Eudaf Hen

See Peter Bartrum, See Peter Bartrum, (February 7, 2023; Anne Brannen, curator) (February 7, 2023; Anne Brannen, curator)

Please see Darrell Wolcott: Beli Mawr and Llyr Llediath in Welsh Pedigrees; . (Steven Ferry, Aug 25, 2019)

Please see Darrell Wolcott: Maxen Wledig and the Welsh Legends; (Steven Ferry, February 4, 2020.)

Please see Darrell Wolcott: Anwn Dynod ap Maxen Wledig; (Steven Ferry, February 13, 2020.)

Please see Darrell Wolcott; Constans I and his A.D. 343 Visit to Britain; (Steven Ferry, February 16, 2020.)

Please see Darrell Wolcott: Lluan ferch Brychan; (Steven Ferry, March 22, 2020.)

Please see Darrell Wolcott: Harleian Ms 3859; (Steven Ferry, March 8, 2021.)

Please see Darrell Wolcott: Foundations of 'The Men of the North' - Part 1; (Steven Ferry, July 2, 2021.)

Please see Darrell Wolcott: The Interim Kings of Gwynedd's 1st Dynasty; (Steven Ferry, October 19, 2022.)

St. Elen Lwyddog (of the Host) of Britain

Born : Abt. 340

Father Octavius or Eudaf Hen King of Wales (Ewyas)


Marriage - Magnus Maximus (alias Macsen of Rome (West)

Children Abt. 370 - Severa ferch Macsen of Britain (Roman)

Forrás / Source:

Luyddog's father was Constantine Gratianus of Rome III and her mother was <Unknown>. Her paternal grandparents were Flavius Julius Constantius of Rome II and Faustina Rome. She had a half-brother and a half-sister, named Flavius and Justa.

This ancestry is provided elsewhere in this tree

Elen Lluyddog

A Cymric Heroine: Helen of the Hosts

Elen Lluyddog is a Cymric hero known from the Mabinogi of Breuddwyd Maxen Wledig and the Welsh Triads as the wife of Magnus Maximus, who provides him a host for the cpnquest of Rome.

Elen Lluyddog is the heroine of the tale of Breuddwyd Maxen Wledig (the dream of Magnus Maximus) and also figures in triad 30 of the Trioedd ynys Prydain. Elen is the Cymric form of the Classical 'Helen' and Lluyddog is a Cymric word that is often translated as "of the hosts" though it can be more accurately rendered as "who has a host". The epithet is explained in triad 30 in that the host of Elen and Magnus Maximus was one of the "three lost levies" of the Island of Britain for they travelled to Brittany to gain the Emperorship of Rome and never returned (in this they were accompanied by Elen's brother, Cynan.

Though the tale of Magnus Maximus' dream is relatively late and Elen has been conflated within it both with Helen of Troy in terms of her beauty and St Helena (the mother of Constantine the Great) and a purported ancestress of the Dyfed line of princes according to Harleian Genealogy II.

In the Breuddwyd Maxen Wledig Elen is the British wife whom Magnus Maximus takes with him to Rome (this seems to have been an early tradition woven into the tale). However, there are allusions in the story that seem to hearken to an earlier mythology that was incorporated into the mythos of Elen Lluyddog. In Maxen's dream Elen is arrayed in fine robes and jewels. She has attendants playing at gwyddbwyll (the Celtic game of gods and leaders) and has a magical seat that transforms itself to seat two as comfortably as it seats a single person. Magnus Maximus scours Europe hunting for this fair woman and when he finds her at Segontium, sitting in a chair of red-gold he takes her to bed, marries her and as her dowry she requests three strongholds to be made for her in Arfon (which was her chief seat), at Caer Llion and at Caer Fyrddin. To move easily from one Caer to the next Elen had roads constructed between them, and the roads were made by her men. For this reason they are called the Roads of Elen of the Hosts, because she was sprung from the Island of Britain, and the men of the Island of Britain would not have made those hostings for any save for her.

Thus Elen would seem to be an echo of an ancestral deity (both in terms of the Cymric lineages and in terms of being an 'originator' figure) who appears to have been particularly associated with Roman Roads. Indeed, some of these Roman roads are known to this day as Sarn(au) Elen (The Causeways of Elen). Whether this represents the survival of an ancient Brythonic road-builder goddess in later mythos can never be known. However, this is an interesting proposition in light of the discovery of Celtic wooden roadways in Ireland and Europe and the re-appraisal of the Celts rather than the Romans as Europe's first large-scale road builders (though the Celts built roads of perishable wood rather than durable stone).

Name: Elen "Luyddog" ferch EUDAF

Given Name: Elen "Luyddog" ferch

Surname: Eudaf

Sex: F

Change Date: 13 MAY 2009

Note: !#4568-v1-p18,24*; 1

Birth: 330 in North Britain

Reference Number: > 545 WEL

Death: Y

Father: Eudaf "Hen" b: ABT 286 in North Britain

Marriage 1 Macsen "Wledig" (Maximus) Emperor of BRITAIN b: 322


Annun (Dyfed) ap MACSEN b: 355 in North Wales

Gratian ferch MACSEN b: 374 in Wales, United Kingdom
Severa ferch MACSEN b: 357 in Wales, United Kingdom
Victor ap MACSEN b: ABT 348 in Wales, United Kingdom
Custennin ap MACSEN b: ABT 350 in Wales, United Kingdom
Peblig ap MACSEN b: ABT 351 in Wales, United Kingdom

Abbrev: Pedigree Resource File CD 6

Title: Pedigree Resource File CD 6 (Salt Lake City, UT: Intellectual Reserve, Inc., 1999)serve, Inc., 1999)serve, Inc., 1999).

Repository: Elen (known in Welsh tradition as Elen Luyddog (Helen of the Hosts); also known as Saint Helen of Caernarfon) was a late 4th-century founder of churches in Wales who is remembered as a saint. Traditionally she is said to have been a daughter of the Romano-British ruler Octavius and the wife of Macsen or Magnus Clemens Maximus, Emperor in Britain, Gaul and Spain, who was killed in battle in 388.

Saint Elen (Welsh: Elen Luyddog, lit. "Helen of the Hosts"), often anglicized as Helen, was a late 4th-century founder of churches in Wales. Traditionally, she is said to have been a daughter of the Romano-British ruler Eudaf Hen (Octavius) and the wife of Macsen (Magnus Clemens Maximus), the 4th-century emperor in Britain, Gaul, and Spain who was killed in battle in 388. Although never formally canonized by Rome, Elen is traditionally considered a saint in the Welsh Church; she is known as Saint Helen of Caernarfon in English to distinguish her from the better-known Saint Helena ("Helen of Constantinople").

Elen was mother of five, including a boy named Custennin or Cystennin (Constantine). She lived about sixty years later than Helena of Constantinople, the mother of Constantine the Great, whom she has been confused with in times past. She is patron of Llanelan in West Gower and of the church at Penisa'r-waun near Caernarfon, where her feast day is 22 May.[1] Together with her sons, Cystennin and Peblig (Publicus, named in the calendar of the Church in Wales), she is said to have introduced into Wales the Celtic form of monasticism from Gaul. Saint Gregory of Tours and Sulpicius Severus record that Maximus and his wife met Saint Martin of Tours while they were in Gaul.

Literary tradition

Elen's story is told in The Dream of Macsen Wledig, one of the tales associated with the Mabinogion. Welsh mythology remembers her as the daughter of a chieftain of north Wales named Eudaf or Eudwy, who probably lived somewhere near the Roman base of Segontium, now Caernarfon. She is remembered for having Macsen build roads across her country so that the soldiers could more easily defend it from attackers, thus earning her the name Elen Luyddog (Elen of the Hosts). Since many characters in these tales are thought to be Christianized reflections of older deities (see: Welsh mythology), it has been suggested that Elen reflects (along with Rhiannon, etc.) a tradition of goddesses of sovereignty.[2]


She is said to have ordered the making of Sarn Helen, the great Roman road running from Caernarfon to south Wales via Dolgellau, Pennal and Bremia (Llanddewi Brefi). Though this road bears her name it is considerably older than Elen's accepted time period. Many other Roman roads in Wales bear her name (e.g. Llwybr Elen) and she is thus acknowledged as the patron saint of British roadbuilders[citation needed] and the protectress of travellers. There are over 20 holy wells in Britain dedicated to a "Saint Helen", although these are frequently taken as honoring the mother of Constantine the Great.


(Greek) Ἡ Ἁγία Ἑλένη ἡ Πριγκίπισσα. 22 Μαΐου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ. King Arthur and the Goddess of the Land: The Divine Feminine in the Mabinogion by Caitlin Matthews


Morris, Lewis; Evans, Daniel Silvan (1878). Celtic Remains. J. Parker. p. 159. LCCN 10-13761. OCLC 12825229. OCLC 34225220. Google Book Search. Retrieved on January 25, 2009. (She is listed as ELEN verch Eudaf.) Farmer, David Hugh (1997). The Oxford Dictionary of Saints (4th ed). Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-280058-2. ISBN 978-0-19-280058-9. LCCN 97-12837 OCLC 36597843 (She is listed as Helen of Caernarvon.) Pennick, Nigel (1997). The Celtic Saints: An Illustrated and Authoritative Guide to These Extraordinary Men and Women. New York: Sterling Pub.; London: Thorsons. ISBN 0-7225-3481-7. ISBN 0-8069-9600-5. ISBN 978-0-7225-3481-6. ISBN 978-0-8069-9600-4. LCCN 96-39794. OCLC 35986219. OCLC 36791984. OCLC 59667225.

External links

Celtnet: Nemeton: Celtic Gods: The Cymric Heroine, Elen Lluyddog (Helen of the Hosts) Caer Feddwyd: Elen