Elias B. Caldwell

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Elias Boudinot Caldwell

Birthdate:
Birthplace: Elizabeth, Union County, New Jersey, United States
Death: May 30, 1825 (49)
Washington, District of Columbia, District of Columbia, United States
Place of Burial: Washington, District of Columbia, District of Columbia, United States
Immediate Family:

Biological son of Rev. James Caldwell and Hannah Caldwell
Adopted son of Elias Boudinot, 10th President of the Continental Congress and Hannah Boudinot
Husband of Elizabeth Caldwell and Anne Ogden Bartlett
Brother of Margaret Phillips Canfield; Hannah Ogden Smith; Esther Flynt Finley; Sarah Vredenburgh; Maria Boudinot and 1 other

Occupation: Clerk of the Supreme Court of the United States
Managed by: Erica Howton
Last Updated:

About Elias B. Caldwell

biography

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elias_B._Caldwell

Elias Boudinot Caldwell (April 3, 1776 – May 30, 1825) was a Clerk of the Supreme Court of the United States.

Born in Elizabethtown, New Jersey, Caldwell was two-years-old when his mother, Hannah, was killed by British troops passing through their farm. A short time later in 1781 Reverend James Caldwell, his father, was murdered and Caldwell was adopted by Elias Boudinot, for whom he was named. Caldwell graduated from the College of New Jersey (now Princeton University) and studied law with the said Elias Boudinot until his move to the District of Columbia.

Caldwell worked as a lawyer in Washington, D.C alongside Francis Scott Key for a number of years. Both men were organizing members of the American Society for Colonizing the Free People of Color in the United States an organization that wanted to prompt the gradual end of slavery and create a colony where free slaves could live in peace. Caldwell was the organization's secretary, and Key was on the board of managers. According to David Walker (abolitionist), Caldwell stated during the organization's founding, in reference to enslaved Americans: "The more you improve the condition of these people, the more you cultivate their minds, the more miserable you make them in their present state. You give them a higher relish for those privileges which they can never attain, and turn what we intend for a blessing into a curse."

At the age of twenty-four, in 1800, Caldwell was appointed clerk of the Supreme Court at Washington and held this post until his death in 1825.


From Find A Grave Memorial# 79148047

"Elias Boudinot Caldwell was born in Elizabethtown, New Jersey. He was about two years old when his mother Hannah was killed. He was adopted by his father's friend, Elias Boudinot, for whom he was named. He graduated from the College of New Jersey (now Princeton) and studied law with Elias Boudinot until his move to the District of Columbia in 1800. In 1800, at the age of 24, he was appointed Clerk of the Supreme Court of the United States. He also served in the War of 1812 and was a Captain in the 2nd Regiment Cavalry (Tayloe's) District of Columbia Militia. He was an organizer, along with Francis Scott Key, in the American Society for Colonizing the Free People of Color in the United States, and served as its secretary. At his death on May 30,1825, in Washington, District of Columbia, the Circuit Court of the District of Columbia, County of Washington, and all of its Judges, Members of the Bar, and Officers of the court resolved to attend his funeral, and all were ordered, by resolution of the Court, to wear crape on the left arm for the space of thirty days, as a mark of respect for him. "


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Elias B. Caldwell's Timeline

1776
April 3, 1776
Elizabeth, Union County, New Jersey, United States
1825
May 30, 1825
Age 49
Washington, District of Columbia, District of Columbia, United States
June 1, 1825
Age 49
Washington, District of Columbia, District of Columbia, United States