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Eliezer Kaplan

Hebrew: Eliezer Kaplan, אליעזר קפלן
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Minsk, Minsk Province, Belarus
Death: Died
Immediate Family:

Son of Meir Kaplan and Fruma Kaplan
Husband of Devora Kaplan
Father of Atara Kaplan and Datya Ramati
Brother of Avram Kaplan; Miriam Kaplan; Sara Cafri; Haya Klachky; Rivka Mazia Kaplan and 4 others

Occupation: Israel's first Minister of Finance
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:
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Immediate Family

About Eliezer Kaplan

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Eliezer Kaplan

Eliezer Kaplan (Hebrew: אליעזר קפלן‎, 1891 – 13 July 1952) was a Zionist activist, Israeli politician, one of the signatories of the Israeli declaration of independence and the country's first Minister of Finance and Deputy Prime Minister.

Biography

Born in Minsk in the Russian Empire (today in Belarus), Kaplan attended a Heder and high school in Lubitch. He joined the Socialist Zionist Party in 1905, and was one of the founders of the Youth of Zion - Renewal movement in 1908, elected secretary of its Minsk Region branch in 1912. He also helped found the Youth of Zion movement in Russia in 1912 and was a member of its central committee. In 1917 he graduated from a Moscow polytechnic as a building engineer.

In 1919 Kaplan was a member of the Ukrainian delegation to the Versailles Peace Conference. The following year he immigrated to Mandate Palestine, and was involved in merging Youth of Zion with Hapoel Hatzair to form Hitachdut, and following his participation in the Conference of the Zionist Federation in London, was elected to the Zionist Executive Committee. A short while later he was sent to Berlin to run Hitachdut's world office.

Kaplan returned to Mandate Palestine in 1923 and joined the Histadrut's Office of Public Works. A director of the technical department of the Tel Aviv municipality between 1923 and 1925, he was elected to Tel Aviv city council in 1925, remaining on the council until 1933. That year he joined the board of the Jewish Agency and served as its treasurer until 1948.

A member of the Assembly of Representatives, on 14 May 1948 Kaplan was one of the people to sign the Israeli declaration of independence, and was immediately appointed Minister of Finance in the provisional government. He was elected to the first Knesset as a member of Mapai, and retained the Finance Ministry post, also becoming Minister of Trade and Industry in Ben-Gurion's first government. In the second government the Trade and Industry portfolio was given to Yaakov Geri, but Kaplan remained Finance Minister.

He retained his seat and portfolio following the 1951 elections, and in June 1952 became the country's first Deputy Prime Minister. However, he died three weeks later.

The Kaplan Medical Center in Rehovot built in 1953, the Kiryat Eliezer suburb of Netanya and the Eliezer neighbourhood of Kfar Sava were named in his honour.

Education: Attended “Heder” and Russian Language High School in Lubitch and Polytechnic in Moscow: graduated as a Building Engineer (1917)

Knesset Terms:

  • Knesset 1, 2 (Partial tenure) - 14.2.1949 - 13.7.1952

Roles in the Government:

  • Knesset 1
  • Govt. 1, Minister of Finance, Minister of Trade and Industry
  • Govt. 2, Minister of Finance
  • Knesset 2
  • Govt. 3, Until 25/06/1952, Minister of Finance. From 25/06/1952 Until 13/07/1952, Deputy Prime Minister

Public Activities

  • In 1905 joined the Socialist Zionist party
  • One of founders of “Youth of Zion – Renewal” (1908)
  • In 1912 elected Secretary of Minsk Region of Movement
  • During WII was Secretary of “Yakufo” (the Committee to Aid Jewish Refugees Expelled from the Pale of the Settlement)
  • One of founders of the inclusive Russian “Youth of Zion” and member of its Central Committee (1912)
  • Member of the Ukrainian Jewish delegation to the Versailles Peace Conference (1919)
  • In 1920 one of initiators of unification of “Youth of Zion” and “Ha’Poel Hatzair” to form “Hitachdut”, participated in the London Conference of the Zionist Federation and was elected to the Zionist Executive Committee.
  • Several months later was sent to Berlin to manage the World Office of the “Hitachdut”
  • Returned to pre-State Israel in 1923; joined the Board of the “Office of Public Works” of the Histadrut, which later became “Solel Boneh”
  • Director of Technical Department of Tel Aviv Municipality, 1923-1925
  • Member of Tel Aviv City Council, 1925-1933
  • Member of Board and Treasurer of Jewish Agency, 1933-1948
  • Member of Assembly of Representatives and Provisional State Council

http://he.wikipedia.org/wiki/אליעזר_קפלן

http://www.knesset.gov.il/mk/eng/mk_eng.asp?mk_individual_id_t=606

About Eliezer Kaplan, אליעזר קפלן (עברית)

אליעזר קפלן (1891 – 13 ביולי 1952) היה פעיל ציוני, סגן ראש הממשלה הראשון ושר האוצר הראשון של ישראל

תולדות חייו ופועלו

קפלן נולד לפרומה ומאיר בעיר מינסק שברוסיה הלבנה (אז בפלך מינסק, בתחום המושב היהודי של האימפריה הרוסית) בשנת 1891. למד בחדר, בגימנסיה רוסית בלוביץ' ובבית הספר הטכני הגבוה במוסקבה (MHTS). סיים לימודיו כמהנדס בניין ב-1917. נישא לדבורה (לבית קפלן), שעבדה שנים רבות כרופאת ילדים. עלה לארץ ישראל בשנת 1920, ומיד נשלח לשנתיים לגרמניה כמקים הסניף המקומי של התאחדות הפועל הצעיר, וכמזכירו. נמנה עם ראשי ההסתדרות והיה מזכיר הוועד הפועל בשנים 1929–1933. בשנים 1933–1948 היה חבר הנהלת הסוכנות היהודית ומנהל מחלקת הכספים בה. כמו כן כיהן כחבר מועצת העיר תל אביב בין השנים 1925–1933. לפי תיאורו של זאב שרף, קפלן היה אחד מארבעת המצביעים במינהלת העם נגד הכרזת העצמאות ב-12 במאי 1948, אם כי יש היסטוריונים החולקים על זאת וטוענים כי הייתה הסכמה כללית על הכרזת המדינה וההצבעה הייתה על נושא אחר. נמנה עם חותמי מגילת העצמאות.

לאחר קום המדינה התמנה לשר האוצר הראשון. בתקופת כהונתו השיג את ההלוואות הראשונות ממקורות בחו"ל, אשר הצילו את המשק הישראלי מהתמוטטות. בתחילת 1952 הגה והוביל את המדיניות הכלכלית החדשה. כשבועיים לפני מותו התפטר ממשרתו, והתמנה לסגן ראש הממשלה. במקביל לכהונתו כשר האוצר, כיהן קפלן בשנים 1949–1950 גם כשר המסחר והתעשייה. על שמו קרויים המרכז הרפואי קפלן ברחובות, שכונת קריית אליעזר בנתניה, שכונת בית אליעזר בחדרה, שכונת קפלן בכפר סבא ורחובות רבים בערי ישראל, בהם רחוב קפלן בת"א. קפלן קבור בחלקת גדולי האומה שבהר הרצל.

כתביו

אליעזר קאפלאן, די ווירטשאפטס-פאליטיק פון דער ציוניסטישער עקזעקוטיווע (דער ובאנייטער קאלאניזאציע-טעטיקייט), ירושלים, לונדון: הסוכנות היהודית לארץ ישראל, תרצ"ה. ‬(ביידיש)

אליעזר קפלן, חזון ומעש (העורך: יוסף שפירא), תל אביב: עם עובד - תרבות וחינוך, תשל"ג.

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Eliezer Kaplan's Timeline

1891
1891
Minsk, Minsk Province, Belarus
1952
July 13, 1952
Age 61
1952
Age 61
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David Ben-Gurion (First Prime Minister of Israel) publicly pronouncing the Declaration of the State of Israel, May 14 1948, Tel Aviv, Israel, beneath a large portrait of Theodor Herzl, founder of modern political Zionism, in the old Tel Aviv Museum of Art building on Rothchild St. The exhibit hall and the scroll, which was not yet finished, were prepared by Otte Wallish.

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