Elizabeth Brainerd

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Elizabeth Brainerd (Wakeman)

Also Known As: "Arnold"
Birthplace: Haddam, Middlesex, Connecticut
Death: October 22, 1696 (61-70)
Haddam, Middlesex, Connecticut
Place of Burial: East Haddam, Middlesex County, Connecticut, United States
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Samuel Wakeman and Elizabeth Willett
Wife of Joseph Arnold, of Haddam and Dea. Daniel Brainerd, I
Mother of Gideon Arnold; Joseph Arnold; Samuel Arnold; Josiah Arnold; Susanna Brooks and 3 others
Sister of Child Wakeman; Ezibon Wakeman; Johanna Whittaker; Grace Kelly and Hanna Wakeman

Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Elizabeth Brainerd

Elizabeth Wakeman

  • Birth: 1630 - Of, Haddam, Middlesex, Connecticut
  • Death: 22 Oct 1696 - Haddam, Middlesex, Connecticut
  • Parents: Samuel Wakeman, Elizabeth (unknown)
  • Husband: Joseph Arnold (married Sep 6 1662), Daniel Brainerd (married 30 Mar 1693)


  1. Josiah Arnold
  2. Gideon Arnold
  3. John Arnold
  4. Joseph Arnold
  5. Samuel Arnold
  6. Susanna Arnold
  7. Jonathan Arnold
  8. Elizabeth Arnold


Married by 1630 Elizabeth _____; "Elizabeth Wakeman, the wife of Samuell Wakeman," was admitted to Roxbury church as member #25.

Sha had six children by this marriage: a child whi died at sea in 1631, Elizabeth, Bethiah Kelly Phillips, Ezbon, Hannah Hackleton Whittaker, & Elizabeth Arnold. She married (2) by 4 December 1645 Nathaniel Willett

Source: Great Migration Study Project


The Town of Haddam is located in Middlesex County, in the south-central part of Connecticut in the lower Connecticut River Valley. Middletown and East Hampton border the town to the north, East Haddam to the east, Chester and Killingworth to the south, and Killingworth and Durham to the west. With approximately 7,200 residents (2000 census) the town covers 46.7 square miles. Haddam has the distinction of being the only town in the state of Connecticut that is bisected by the Connecticut River, with residents on both sides; Haddam and Higganum are on the west side and Haddam Neck is on the east side.

Plantation at Thirty Mile Island In 1660 the Connecticut Colonial Legislature sent Matthew Allyn and Samuel Willys down the Connecticut River from Hartford to purchase land from the Wangunk Indian Tribe at the place the English called 'Land of Thirty Mile Island'. The island, now known as Haddam Island was thought to be thirty miles from the mouth of the "Grate River" at Long Island Sound (it is only 17 miles from the mouth of river). In May 1662 the Englishmen finally purchased land comprising approximately 104 square miles and extending in six miles on each side of the river from the straits at "Pattyquonck" (now Chester) to the Mattabeseck-Mill River (now Middletown) across to the line of Chatham (now East Hampton). The English paid 30 coats (worth approximately $100) for the land from four Native American chiefs, two queens and others. The Native Americans did set aside some property for their own use including 40 acres at Cove Meadow (Chester) and Haddam Island as well reserving the right to hunt and fish where they pleased.

The first settlers were twenty-eight men and their families from Hartford, Wethersfield and Windsor:

Nicholas & Mariam (Moore) Ackley John & Martha (Steele) Hannison Joseph & Elizabeth (Wakeman) Arnold Richard & Elizabeth (Carpenter) Jones James & Hannah (Withington) Bates Stephen Luxford (No Wife Listed) John & Lydia (Backus) Bailey John Parents (No Wife Listed) Daniel & Hannah (Spencer) Brainerd Thomas & Alice (Spencer) Shayler Thomas & Alice (Spencer) Brooks Simon & Elizabeth (Wells) Smith Samuel & Elizabeth (Olmsted) Butler Thomas Smith (No Wife Listed) William & Katherine (Bunce) Clark Gerrard & Hannah (Hills) Spencer Daniel & Mehitable (Spencer) Cone John & Rebecca (Howard) Spencer William Corby (No Wife Listed) Joseph & Elizabeth (Spencer) Stannard Abraham & Lydia (Tefft) Dibble William & Elizabeth (No Maiden Name Listed) Ventres Samuel & Anna (Burnham) Gaines John & Hannah (No Maiden Name Listed) Webb George & Sarah (Olmstead Gates James & Elizabeth (Clark) Wells John & Mary (Bronson) Wyatt

View of Haddam and the RiverOriginally there were two small settlements on the west bank of the river, the Town Plot was laid out along the southern end of what is presently Walkley Hill Road and extended to the old burying ground (Burial Yard at Thirty Mile Island Plantation) and the Lower Plantation was settled south of the Mill Creek in the area now known as Shailerville. Each proprietor was given a home lot and land for farming. There was also land set aside for a meetinghouse and ministers lot. In October 1668 town was incorporated and given the name Haddam after Much Hadham in England. Haddam had very little tillable agricultural land and the best farming land was located along the river. Early residents utilized all of the natural resources available to them including water, fish, timber and granite in order to survive. The Connecticut River was a major source of income and transportation for the first 200 years of the town existence. Shipyards were built along the river, while many other small tributaries provided waterpower for mills and eventually factories.

In 1685 a group of residents moved across the river to settle East Haddam including the Gates, Ackley and Bates families. In 1700 East Haddam formed their own ecclesiastical society and became a separate town in 1734. Haddam Neck, which is also located on the east side of the river, was settled around 1712 but remained a part of Haddam and continues so today.

By 1720 the population of Haddam had grown to 500 and continued to grow steadily, forcing new settlers and younger generations to expand inland to the less fertile areas. Families that came to Haddam in the late 17th century included Walkley, Scovil, Dickinson, Hubbard, Hazelton, Higgins, Knowles, Lewis, Ray, Thomas, Tyler, Burr and Smith, some of which settled in the interior portions of town including Ponsett, Candlewood Hill, Little City, Burr and Turkey Hill.

During the Revolutionary War Haddam men served in the local militia and many citizens participated in privateering, the state sanctioned practice of capturing enemy ships. Privateering gave United State ships permission to capture British ships to cut off their supply lines and furnish our Navy with needed vessels and supplies. Once a ship was captured, it was brought to the nearest friendly port where the ship owner, captain and crew all benefited financially from the seized cargo. It is recorded that in 1779 two British ships, the York and Tryon were captured on the Connecticut River by Haddam made ships captained by Simon Tyler and Samuel Shaylor. Haddam, like many other Connecticut towns, served as a provisionary town during the war supplying troops with food including fish, beef and pork. During the winter of 1778 the horses of Washington's dragoons (cavalry) were housed in Haddam and Durham, which seriously depleted the residents' stock of hay and feed. The following year residents protested and the dragoons were moved to Colchester.

  • Reference: Haddam History
  • The genealogy of the Brainerd-Brainard family in America, 1649-1908 by Brainard, Lucy Abigail
  • Reference: Archive
  • Reference: Archive Pg.31
  • DANIEL1 BRAINERD the progenitor of nearly all of those who bear the name of Brainerd in America, was probably born in Braintree, Essex Co., England, near the year 1641, and was brought to this country when about eight years of age and lived with the Wadsworth† family in Hartford, Conn., remaining there until 1662, when with others, he took up land and made Haddam his permanent home, .... etc.
  • Daniel Brainerd's children were baptized in Middletown, about eight miles distant, before permission was granted to the citizens of Haddam by the General Court of Connecticut to build a church .... etc.
  • https://archive.org/stream/genealogyofbrain01brai#page/n51/mode/1up
  • Pg.32
  • Daniel Brainerd of Haddam, Middlesex Co., Conn., m., about 1663 or '64, Hannah Spencer,* b. about 1641 at Lynn, Mass., dau. of Gerrard and Hannah Spencer of Lynn, Mass., formerly of "The New Town," Cambridge, Mass., afterwards, about the year 1663 or '64, one of the first settlers of Haddam, Conn. Mrs. Hannah (Spencer) Brainerd d. before 1691, or about that time. He m. (2), March 30, 1693, Mrs. Elizabeth (Wakeman) Arnold, b. ___ , dau. of Samuel and Elizabeth ( ___ ) Wakeman, formerly of England. Samuel Wakeman d. at the Bahama Islands in 1641. Mrs. Arnold was mother of Deacon Arnold,† Mrs. Elizabeth (Wakeman) (Arnold) Brainerd d. ___ . He m. (3), November 29, 1698, Mrs. Hannah (Spencer) Sexton, b. probably April 25, 1653, and dau. of Thomas and Sarah (Bearding) Spencer, and widow of George Sexton,‡ who was son of George Sexton of Windsor, Conn. Dea. Daniel Brainerd d. April 1, 1715, ae. 74 yrs., and is buried in the ancient burying ground in Haddam, a few rods east of the Court House. Mrs. Hannah (Spencer) (Sexton) Brainerd, d.
  • .... etc.
    • * .... etc.
  • https://archive.org/stream/genealogyofbrain01brai#page/39/mode/1up
  • Pg.39
  • Children by the first marriage:
    • 2. i. DANIEL, b. March 2, 1665-66, in Haddam, Conn.
    • ii. HANNAH, b. Nov. 20, 1667, in Haddam, Conn.; m. Oct. 3, 1692, Thomas Gates,* b. Jan. 21, 1664-65, in Haddam, Conn., son of George and Sarah (Olmsted) Gates of the same place. .... etc.
    • 2. iii. JAMES, b. June 2, 1669, in Haddam, Conn.
    • 2. iv. JOSHUA, b. July 20, 1671-72, in Haddam, Conn.; bapt. Oct. 7, 1672, in Middletown, Conn.
    • * .... etc
    • https://archive.org/stream/genealogyofbrain01brai#page/39/mode/1up
    • Pg.40
    • 2. v. WILLIAM, b. March 30, 1673-74, in Haddam, Conn.; bapt. May 5, 1674, in Middletown, Conn.
    • 2. vi. CALEB, b. Nov. 20, 1675-76, in Haddam, Conn.
    • 2. vii. ELIJAH, b. about 1677-78, in Haddam, Conn.; bapt. March 26, 1678, in Middletown, Conn.
    • 2. viii. HEZEKIAH, b. May 24, 1680-81, in Haddam, Conn. ; bapt. March 7, 1682, in Middletown, Conn.
  • New England families, genealogical and memorial: a record of the ..., Volume 1 p 72 edited by William Richard Cutter
  • https://archive.org/details/newenglandfamili01cutt_0
  • https://archive.org/stream/newenglandfamili01cutt_0#page/72/mode/1up
  • Elijah Brainerd, son of Daniel Brainerd, married (first) September 28, 1699, Mary Bushnell, born March 10, 1675, daughter of Joseph and Mary (Leffingwell) Bushnell. She died September 11, 1735. Elijah Brainerd married (second) Margaret ____ , September 6, 1738. The will of Elijah Brainerd, who died April 20, 1740, according to the Hartford probate records, bequeaths to his daughter, Mary Pond, and mentions the "right of Moses Pond" in describing land.
  • Daniel Brainerd, father of Elijah Brainerd, and the immigrant ancestor, was born probably at Braintree, county Essex, England, about 1641, and was brought to this country when about eight years old and lived with the Wadsworth family in Hartford, Connecticut. He remained there until 1662, when with others he took up land and made Haddam his permanent home, although at that time it was an unbroken wilderness. His children were baptized in the Middletown church, eight miles from home. He married (first) Hannah Spencer, born about 1641, at Lynn, Massachusetts, daughter of Gerrard and Hannah Spencer, of Cambridge and Lynn, Massachusetts, and Haddam, Connecticut. She died about 1691. Daniel Brainerd married (second) March 30, 1693, Elizabeth (Wakeman) Arnold, daughter of Samuel and Elizabeth Wakeman, both natives of England. Samuel Wakeman died at the Bahama Islands in 1641. Daniel Brainerd married (third) November 29, 1698, Hannah (Spencer) Sexton, born April 25, 1653, daughter of Thomas and Sarah Spencer, and widow of George Sexton. Deacon Daniel Brainerd died April 1, 1715, and is buried in the old burial ground at Haddam. .... Children by first wife: Daniel, born March 2, 1665-66; Hannah, November 20, 1667; James, June 2, 1669; Joshua, July 20, 1671-72; William, March 30, 1673-74; Caleb, November 20, 1675-76; Elijah, about 1677-78; Hezekiah, May 24, 1680-81.
  • .... etc.
  • Elizabeth Wakeman Arnold
  • Birth: 1630 Haddam, Middlesex County, Connecticut, USA
  • Death: 1698 Haddam, Middlesex County, Connecticut, USA
  • Samuel Wakeman and Elizabeth Hopkins are her parents,she married twice, 1st. Joseph Arnold on 6 Sep 1662 in Hartford and they have seven children, all born in Haddam:
    • John Arnold-1664-1741
    • Joseph Arnold-12 Mar 1665-8 Apr 1752
    • Samuel Arnold-1668-20 Mar 1739
    • Josiah Arnold-1671-27 Jan 1712
    • Susanna Arnold(Thomas Brooks)-1675-18 May 1719
    • Jonathan Arnold-14 Aug 1679-19 May 1719
    • Elizabeth Arnold-1682
  • After her first husband died she married Daniel Brainerd of Haddam on 30 Mar 1693.
  • Family links:
  • Spouses:
  • Joseph Arnold (1625 - 1691)
  • Daniel Brainerd (1641 - 1715)
  • Children:
    • John Arnold (1662 - 1741)*
  • Burial: Old Cove Burying Ground, East Haddam, Middlesex County, Connecticut, USA
  • Find A Grave Memorial# 83013082
  • From: Find-A-Grave

[S01785] Ancestry.com: History and Genealogy of the Families of Old Fairfield, Donald Lines Jacobus, (Name: Name: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc.;;).

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Elizabeth Brainerd's Timeline

Haddam, Middlesex, Connecticut
Age 3
Age 3
September 16, 1638
Age 8
Hartford, Connecticut
Haddam, Middlesex County, Connecticut, Colonial America
March 12, 1665
Haddam, Connecticut
Haddam, Middlesex, Connecticut
Haddam, Middlesex, Connecticut, United States