Enoch Louis Lowe, Governor

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Enoch Louis Lowe

Death: August 23, 1892 (72)
Immediate Family:

Son of Bradley Samuel Adams Lowe and Adelaide Bellumeau de la Vincendiere
Husband of Esther Winder Polk

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About Enoch Louis Lowe, Governor


Enoch Louis Lowe (August 10, 1820 – August 23, 1892) served as the 29th Governor of the state of Maryland in the United States from 1851 to 1854.

Early life

He was the only child of Bradley Samuel Adams Lowe and Adelaide Bellumeau de la Vincendiere. He was born, August 10, 1820, in the manor-house of The Hermitage, on the Monocacy River, Frederick County, Maryland. At thirteen he entered Clongowes Wood College, Ireland, where he was schoolmates with Thomas Francis Meagher. Three years later he matriculated at Stonyhurst College, England, where he was friends with Francis Mahony, and Miles Gerard Keon, the novelist. He graduated first in his class in 1839.

Studying with Judge John A. Lynch, of Frederick, he was admitted to the bar in 1842.

[edit] Family

In 1844 Lowe married Esther Winder Polk, of Somerset County, Maryland, who was a relative of James Knox Polk. They had eleven children, and seven children survived: Adelaide Victoire, married E. Austin Jenkins; Anna Maria, religiense of the Sacred Heart, died 1889; Paul Emelius; Vivian Polk; Victoire Vincendiere, married John M. Stubbs; Enoch Louis; Esther Polk; Mary Gorter, married Francis de Sales Jenkins.

Political career

Lowe served as a member of the Maryland House of Delegates in 1845, as a member of the Democratic National Convention in 1856, and as a U.S. Presidential elector in 1860. Lowe took the oath of office as Governor of Maryland on January 6, 1851. The most important events of his administration were the adoption of the Maryland Constitution of 1851; the completion of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad to the Ohio River, and a reduction of the state tax rate from 25 cents to 15 cents on a $100.

Civil War

He supported the Confederacy during the Civil War. During the war, he lived at Richmond, Virginia, and Milledgeville, Georgia. After the war, he moved to Brooklyn, New York, joining the law firm of Richard F. Clarke and W. H. Morgan.

He was reported to be a reference in Maryland, My Maryland.

He died at St. Mary's Hospital, Brooklyn, on August 23, 1892. He is buried at Saint John's Cemetery, Frederick, Maryland.


He was, perhaps, the greatest stump speaker of his day. ... Few young men ever had a more brilliant career in this state than Enoch Louis Lowe. ... He had the advantage of collegiate training abroad, with which was combined a pleasing address, winning speech and clear-cut, States' rights, patriotic principles.

James McSherry. Chief Judge of the Court of Appeals of Maryland, writing to a member of his family, paid this tribute to Lowe's memory:

The superb attainments of your father as a forensic and popular orator were perhaps never equalled by anyone who ever lived in this country.

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Enoch Louis Lowe, Governor's Timeline

August 10, 1820
August 23, 1892
Age 72