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About Frances Howard

  • 'Lady Frances Howard1
  • 'F, #12648, b. before 1572, d. circa 7 July 1628
  • Last Edited=13 May 2011
  • Consanguinity Index=0.8%
  • 'Lady Frances Howard was born before 1572.4 She married, firstly, Henry FitzGerald, 2nd/12th Earl of Kildare, son of Gerald FitzGerald, 1st/11th Earl of Kildare and Mabel Browne, before 22 February 1589/90.3 She married, secondly, Sir Henry Brooke, 11th Lord Cobham (of Kent), son of Sir William Brooke, 10th Lord Cobham (of Kent) and Frances Newton, circa 27 May 1601.5 She died circa 7 July 1628.4 She was buried on 11 July 1628 at Westminster Abbey, Westminster, London, England.4 Her will was probated on 8 July 1628.4
  • ' She was the daughter of Charles Howard, 1st Earl of Nottingham and Katherine Carey.1,3 From before 22 February 1589/90, her married name became FitzGerald.3 As a result of her marriage, Lady Frances Howard was styled as Countess of Kildare. From circa 27 May 1601, her married name became Brooke. Her last will was dated 21 June 1628.
  • 'Children of Lady Frances Howard and Henry FitzGerald, 2nd/12th Earl of Kildare
    • 1.Lady Elizabeth FitzGerald6
    • 2.Lady Bridget FitzGerald+1 b. c 1590, d. bt 1661 - 25 Dec 1682
  • Citations
  • 1.[S6] G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume I, page 428. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage.
  • 2.[S3409] Caroline Maubois, "re: Penancoet Family," e-mail message to Darryl Roger Lundy, 2 December 2008. Hereinafter cited as "re: Penancoet Family."
  • 3.[S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume III, page 349.
  • 4.[S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume III, page 350.
  • 5.[S21] L. G. Pine, The New Extinct Peerage 1884-1971: Containing Extinct, Abeyant, Dormant and Suspended Peerages With Genealogies and Arms (London, U.K.: Heraldry Today, 1972), page 78. Hereinafter cited as The New Extinct Peerage.
  • 6.[S37] Charles Mosley, editor, Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 107th edition, 3 volumes (Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.A.: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 2003), volume 2, page 2299. Hereinafter cited as Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 107th edition.
  • _________
  • 'Frances HOWARD (C. Kildare/B. Cobham)
  • 'Buried: 11 Jul 1628, Westminster Abbey
  • 'Notes: After Kildare death, she returned to England and became a lady in waiting, vying with a maid of honor, Margaret Radcliffe, for the attentions of Henry Brooke, Baron Cobham. She wed Cobham c. 1600/01 but they did not remain on good terms long. She also feuded for many years with Elizabeth Throckmorton, Lady Raleigh, over her refusal to help Elizabeth win the Queen's forgiveness for her clandestine marriage. In the "Calendar of State Papers - Ireland- we read : "The Queen to the vice treasurer for the Countess of Kildare (1602) Francis (sic) Cobham, late Countess of Kildare and late dowager of Henry, the late Earl of Kildare, has a jointure in Ireland, the profits whereof since our alteration of our coin there have become less beneficial to her, by reason of the charge there on exchange of moneys of that standard into the standard of England, where she lives in attendance upon our person.
  • 'Out of respect for her we are ready to extend to her a favour which we do not grant to others, and to declare that her jointure shall be of such value to her as if there had not been any change in our moneys. For every 100l of the new standard which she assigns shall hereafter deliver to you, you shall cause her to be paid 100l sterling here, without any defalcation for the exchange or any other charge which, by our late proclamation, is laid upon the exchange of moneys of Ireland into England; provided that the Countess do not bring to be exchanged in any year more than 700l." Frances was obviously a favorite of Queen Elizabeth to have been granted this financial advantage.
  • 'At Elizabeth Tudor’s death, Frances was one of two Countesses appointed to lead a delegation of ladies to meet Queen Anne. They were supposed to wait in Berwick, but Frances rushed on to Edinburgh in the hope of winning a position in the Privy Chamber. She did serve as Princess Elizabeth’s governess for a time. Frances’s husband was involved in the plot to assassinate King James and was sent to the Tower in Jul 1603. He was released in 1617 in ill health and died in poverty soon afterward. Frances attempted to obtain a pardon for him, but only in order to save the estate. After his death, she was granted lands worth £5000, but they were held in trust for her by her father and two friends. She continued to occupy Cobham Hall, where the King visited her in 1622. In 1620, she took charge of her granddaughter, Mary Stuart O’Donnell, intending to make the girl her heir, but Mary ran away in 1626 rather than marry the Protestant suitor Frances had picked out for her.
  • Father: Charles HOWARD (1° E. Nottingham)
  • Mother: Catherine CAREY (C. Nottingham)
  • 'Married 1: Henry "Na Tuagh" FITZGERALD (12° E. Kildare) BEF 22 Feb 1590
  • Children:
    • 1. Bridget FITZGERALD
    • 2. Elizabeth FITZGERALD
  • 'Married 2: Henry BROOKE (6° B. Cobham) contract 27 May 1601
  • HOWARD (C. Kildare/B. Cobham)
  • ______________
  • ' Henry Brooke, 11th Baron Cobham (22 November 1564 – 24 January 1618 (Old Style)/3 February 1619 (New Style)) was an English peer who was implicated in the Main Plot against the rule of James I of England.
  • Life
  • The son of William Brooke, 10th Baron Cobham, he was educated at King's College, Cambridge.[1] In 1597 he succeeded his father as Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports under Queen Elizabeth. Shortly after the accession of James I, he was implicated in the 'treason of the main' in 1603. His brother George was executed, and Henry was imprisoned in the Tower of London by James I, probably in an attempt to obtain the Cobham estates for the Duke of Lennox.
  • 'He was the second husband of Lady Frances Howard, daughter of Charles Howard, 1st Earl of Nottingham and Katherine Carey, Countess of Nottingham.
  • He may have been the subject of a number of Elizabethan satires such as Thomas Nashe's Lenten Stuffe, Ben Jonson's Every Man in his Humour, and may have been the model of Shakespeare's Falstaff, who was originally given the name 'Oldcastle'. Sir John Oldcastle was an ancestor of Lord Cobham. Though Falstaff is more likely modeled on his father William Brooke, 10th Baron Cobham (also descended from John Oldcastle) who was married to Francis Newton, whose family name was originally Caradock; referenced in 2 Henry IV when Falstaff sings "The Boy and the Mantle," a ballad in which Sir Caradoc's wife comes away with her fidelity and reputation intact (McKeen 1981). This could point to William Brooke, being married to a Caradock such as the Sir Cacadoc in the ballad sung by Falstaff, as the model for Falstaff rather than Henry, being the son of a Caradock.
  • Cobham and the Main Plot
  • Contemporary accounts portray Cobham as a good natured but unintelligent man. He opposed the ascension of James I to the throne, along with Lord Grey of Wilton, allegedly for pro-Catholic reasons. In fact, Cobham's dislike of James probably did arise from quarrels over religious policy, but Lord Grey was anti-Catholic and opposed James for his monetary policies. Cobham shows little political activity prior to James's time, and he seems generally to have been an uninvolved peer. His brother, Sir George Brooke, on the other hand, was involved in radical religious politics.
  • In 1603, the first year of James I's rule, both Brookes were involved in plots against the king. George Brooke entered into the radical and absurd Bye Plot with two Catholic priests, Watson and Clarke, to kidnap the king and privy council, and force them to ease the political persecution of English Catholics.
  • At the very same time, Grey and Cobham entered into the Main Plot to raise a regiment of soldiers and force a coup d'etat. Cobham and Grey were to raise one-hundred and sixty thousand pounds (a figure that could be safely multiplied by twenty to convert to contemporary money) to bribe or hire an army. Cobham was to be the go-between with the Count of Aremberg, who would do the actual negotiations with the Spanish court for the money. The conspirators, upon seizing government, would depose James and put Lady Arabella Stuart on the throne in his stead.
  • It is very likely that none of the offers from Aremberg were in good faith, and it is exceptionally unlikely that the Spanish court, already deeply indebted to banks in Belgium and Netherlands and having lost its armada and many of its galleons to English pirates, was in any position to offer such an astronomical sum to an unlikely intrigue. However, Cobham believed the offers. He spoke with Sir Walter Raleigh about contacting Aremberg, and he was readying to set forth.
  • However, the Bye plot was discovered through its hireling "swordsmen," and the Bye plot conspirators were imprisoned. George Brooke may have sought to avoid a death sentence by informing on his brother. In any case, he provided information on the Main plot, and Grey, Cobham, and Ralegh were imprisoned in the Tower. During the trial, the evidence was shown to be inconsistent, especially in regard to Raleigh. The Bye plot conspirators were executed in 1603, and the Main plot conspirators were left in the Tower. In 1604 (new style), Cobham's honors in the Knights of the Garter were taken down and expelled.
  • 'Cobham, aged and sick, was released from the Tower in 1618, and died a year later in a "dingy apartment in the Minories."[2]
  • References
  • 1.^ Brooke or Brookes, Henry in Venn, J. & J. A., Alumni Cantabrigienses, Cambridge University Press, 10 vols, 1922–1958.
  • 2.^ Mark Nicholls. "Brooke, Henry, eleventh Baron Cobham (1564-1619)", Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (2004)
  • McKeen, David (1981). A Memory of Honour: The Life of William Brooke, Lord Cobham V.1 Institut Fur Anglistik und Amerikanistik Universitat Salzburg
  • Lex Scripta on the Bye and Main plots
  • ____________
  • 'Henry FitzGerald, 12th Earl of Kildare (1562 – 1 August 1597) was an Irish peer and soldier.
  • Background
  • Kildare was the son of Gerald FitzGerald, 11th Earl of Kildare and Mabel Browne.[1]
  • Military career
  • Nicknamed Henry "na Tuagh", or Henry "of the Battleaxes", he fought against the Spanish invaders in Ireland in 1588. In 1597 he helped quell the Earl of Tyrone's uprising in Ulster, where he was mortally wounded.[1]
  • Family
  • 'Kildare married Lady Frances Howard, daughter of Charles Howard, 1st Earl of Nottingham and Katherine Carey, in 1589. They had no sons and Kildare was succeeded by his brother William FitzGerald, 13th Earl of Kildare.[1]
  • References
  • 1.^ a b c Henry FitzGerald, 2nd/12th Earl of Kildare
  • ____________
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Frances Howard's Timeline

Effingham, Surrey,England
Queen's County (Present County Offaly), Leinster, Ireland
July 11, 1628
Age 56
Bef. July 11, 1628