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Franz von Suppé

Italian: Francesco Ezechielo Ermengildo de Suppe
Also Known As: "Francesco"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Split, Općina Split, Split-Dalmatia County, Croatia
Death: May 21, 1895 (76)
Vienna, Austria
Place of Burial: Vienna, Austria
Immediate Family:

Son of Peter von Suppé and Katharina von Suppé (Jandovský)
Husband of Therese von Suppé and Sofie von Suppé (Strasser)
Father of Anna von Suppé; Theresie Edelsperger and Peter von Suppé

Occupation: composer and conductor of light operas and other theatre music
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Franz von Suppé

Birth: https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-899X-F74L?i=208&wc=9R24-L23%3A391644801%2C392240201%2C392242901&cc=2040054
1st Marriage: https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:33S7-9R79-B7V?i=216&wc=9P35-FM7%3A107654301%2C107722701%2C123570801%2C124164401&cc=1554443
2nd Marriage: http://data.matricula-online.eu/de/oesterreich/wien/13-lainz/02-03/?pg=41
Death: http://data.matricula-online.eu/de/oesterreich/wien/01-st-augustin/03-10/?pg=66
Obituary: http://anno.onb.ac.at/cgi-content/anno?apm=0&aid=nfp&datum=18950523&seite=18&zoom=2


Franz von Suppé (Francesco Ezechiele Ermenegildo Cavaliere Suppé Demelli)

upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/82/Franz_von_Supp%C3%A9.jpg

Franz von Suppé or Francesco Suppé Demelli (18 April 1819 – 21 May 1895) was an Austrian composer of light operas and other theatre music. He came from the Kingdom of Dalmatia, Austro-Hungarian Empire (now part of Croatia). A composer and conductor of the Romantic period, he is notable for his four dozen operettas.

From Wikipedia:

s3.amazonaws.com/photos.geni.com/p13/16/c6/55/74/534448495a8259ff/_rodna_kuca-birth_house_of_franz_von_suppe_original.jpg

!!! NOTE: His name need and was written correctly in right way first name: Franz, last name: von Suppé, not a first name: Franz von, last name: Suppé - this is incorrectly. !!!

References:

Sources:

  • Gänzl, Kurt. The Encyclopedia of Musical Theatre (3 Volumes). New York: Schirmer Books, 2001.
  • Traubner, Richard. Operetta: A Theatrical History. Garden City, New York: Doubleday & Company, 1983
  • Blažeković, Zdravko. "Franz von Suppé und Dalmatien", Studien zur Musikwissenschaft: Beihefte der Denkmäler der Tonkunst in Österreich, 43 (1994), 262–272.

External links:

Life and education

Franz von Suppé's parents named him Francesco Ezechiele Ermenegildo Cavaliere di Suppé-Demelli when he was born on 18 April 1819 in Spalato, now Split, Dalmatia, Austrian Empire. His Belgian ancestors may have emigrated there in the 18th century. His father – a man of Italian and Belgian ancestry – was a civil servant in the service of the Austrian Empire, as was his father before him; Suppé's mother was Viennese by birth. He was a distant relative of Gaetano Donizetti. He simplified and Germanized his name when in Vienna, and changed "cavaliere" to "von". Outside Germanic circles, his name may appear on programs as Francesco Suppé-Demelli.

He spent his childhood in Zadar, where he had his first music lessons and began to compose at an early age. As a boy he had no encouragement in music from his father, but was helped by a local bandmaster and by the Spalato cathedral choirmaster.[4] His Missa dalmatica dates from this early period. As a teenager in Cremona, Suppé studied flute and harmony. His first extant composition is a Roman Catholic Mass, which premiered at a Franciscan church in Zadar in 1832. At the age of 16, he moved to Padua to study law – a field of study not chosen by him – but continued to study music. Suppé was also a singer, making his debut as a basso profundo in the role of Dulcamara in Donizetti's L'elisir d'amore at the Sopron Theater in 1842.

He was invited to Vienna by Franz Pokorny, the director of the Theater in der Josefstadt. In Vienna, after studying with Ignaz von Seyfried and Simon Sechter, he conducted in the theater, without pay at first, but with the opportunity to present his own operas there. Eventually, Suppé wrote music for over a hundred productions at the Theater in der Josefstadt as well as the Carltheater in Leopoldstadt, at the Theater an der Wien. He also put on some landmark opera productions, such as the 1846 production of Meyerbeer's Les Huguenots with Jenny Lind.

Franz von Suppé died in Vienna on 21 May 1895 and is buried in the Zentralfriedhof.

Suppé's grave at the Zentralfriedhof

Works

Suppé composed about 30 operettas and 180 farces, ballets, and other stage works. Although the bulk of his operettas have sunk into relative obscurity, the overtures – particularly Dichter und Bauer (Poet and Peasant, 1846) and Leichte Kavallerie (Light Cavalry, 1866) – remain popular, many of them having been used in soundtracks for films, cartoons, advertisements, and so on, in addition to being frequently played at symphonic "pops" concerts. Some of the operettas are still regularly performed, notably Boccaccio, Die schöne Galathée and Fatinitza; while Peter Branscombe, writing in The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, characterizes Suppé's song "Das ist mein Österreich" as "Austria's second national song".

Suppé retained links with his native Dalmatia, occasionally visiting Split (Spalato), Zadar (Zara), and Šibenik. Some of his works are linked with the region, in particular his operetta Des Matrosen Heimkehr, the action of which takes place in Hvar. After retiring from conducting, Suppé continued to write stage work, but increasingly shifted his interest to sacred music. He wrote a Requiem for theatre director Franz Pokorny (now very rarely heard); it was first performed on 22 November 1855, during Pokorny's memorial service; an oratorio, Extremum Judicum; three masses, among them the Missa Dalmatica; songs; symphonies; and concert overtures.

Two of Suppé's more ambitious operettas – Boccaccio and Donna Juanita – have been performed at the Metropolitan Opera in New York, but they failed to become repertoire works in the United States.

Two of Suppé's comic operas – Boccaccio and Donna Juanita – have been performed at the Metropolitan Opera in New York, but failed to become repertoire works. He composed about 30 operettas and 180 farces, ballets, and other stage works. Although the bulk of Suppé's operas have sunk into relative obscurity, the overtures – particularly Dichter und Bauer (Poet and Peasant, 1846) and Leichte Kavallerie (Light Cavalry, 1866) – have survived and some of them have been used in all sorts of soundtracks for movies, cartoons, advertisements, and so on, in addition to being frequently played at symphonic "pops" concerts. Some of Suppé's operas are still regularly performed in Europe; Peter Branscombe, writing in the New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, characterizes Suppé's song Das ist mein Österreich as "Austria's second national song". Suppé retained links with his native Dalmatia, occasionally visiting Split, Zadar, and Šibenik. Some of his works are linked with Dalmatia, in particular his operetta The Mariner's Return, the action of which takes place in Hvar. After retiring from conducting, Suppé continued to write operas, but shifted his focus to sacred music. He also wrote a Requiem for theater director Franz Pokorny, three Masses, songs, symphonies, and concert overtures.

Posthumous use

The descriptive nature of Suppé's overtures has earned them frequent use in numerous animated cartoons: Ein Morgen, ein Mittag, ein Abend in Wien (Morning, Noon, and Night in Vienna) was the central subject of the 1959 Bugs Bunny cartoon Baton Bunny. Poet and Peasant appears in the Fleischer Studios 1935 Popeye cartoon The Spinach Overture and the Oscar nominated Walter Lantz film of the same title; the overture to Light Cavalry is used in Disney's 1942 Mickey Mouse cartoon Symphony Hour.

The start of the cello solo (about one minute in) of the Poet and Peasant overture is nearly an exact match to the start of the folk song "I've Been Working on the Railroad", which was published in 1894.

The Light Cavalry Overture was covered in electronic form by Gordon Langford on his 1974 album The Amazing Music of the Electronic Arp Synthesiser.

Morgen, Mittag, und Abend in Wien (Morning, Noon, and Night in Vienna) was the central subject of the Bugs Bunny cartoon Baton Bunny. One small segment of that work, about 6 minutes in, is recognizable[who?] as the inspiration for Dudley Do-Right's theme music. Poet and Peasant appears in the Fleischer Studios 1935 Popeye cartoon The Spinach Overture; the overture to Light Cavalry is used in Disney's 1942 Mickey Mouse cartoon Symphony Hour.

List of works

Some of Suppé's more well-known works are listed here, listed with date of first performance. All are operettas unless indicated:

  • Overture Ein Morgen, ein Mittag und ein Abend in Wien (Morning, Noon, and Night in Vienna) – 1844
  • Dichter und Bauer (Poet and Peasant) – August 24, 1846, Theater an der Wien, Vienna
  • Die Irrfahrt um's Glück – April 24, 1853. Theater an der Wien, Vienna
  • Das Pensionat – November 24, 1860, Theater an der Wien, Vienna
  • Die Kartenschlägerin – April 26, 1862, Kai-Theatre Vienna
  • Zehn Mädchen und kein Mann – October 25, 1862, Kai-Theatre Vienna
  • Flotte Burschen – April 18, 1863, Kai-Theater Vienna
  • Pique Dame – Opera – June 22, 1864, Graz (revision of Die Kartenschlägerin; based on the same story by Pushkin as was Tchaikovsky's opera The Queen of Spades)
  • Die schöne Galathee (The Beautiful Galatea) – September 9, 1865, Carltheater Vienna
  • Leichte Kavallerie (Light Cavalry) (MP3, MIDI) – March 21, 1866, Carltheater Vienna
  • Banditenstreiche (Jolly Robbers) – 27 April 1867, Carltheater Vienna
  • Die Frau Meisterin – January 20, 1868, Carltheater Vienna
  • Fatinitza – January 5, 1876, Carltheater Vienna
  • Boccaccio – February 1, 1879, Carltheater Vienna
  • Donna Juanita – February 21, 1880, Carltheater Vienna
  • Der Gascogner – March 22, 1881, Carltheater Vienna
  • Bellmann – February 26, 1887, Theater an der Wien, Vienna
  • Die Jagd nach dem Glück – October 27, 1888, Carltheater Vienna
  • March Oh Du mein Österreich
  • Overture Ein Morgen, ein Mittag und ein Abend in Wien (Morning, Noon, and Night in Vienna)
  • Overture Tantalusqualen

Grave: From Find A Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com : accessed 26 October 2018), memorial page for Franz von Suppe (18 Apr 1819–21 May 1895), Find A Grave Memorial no. 1285, citing Zentralfriedhof, Vienna, Wien Stadt, Vienna (Wien), Austria ; Maintained by Find A Grave .

Composer. He was one of the founders of Viennese operetta, attaining a position in Austria comparable to that of Jacques Offenbach in France. Suppe wrote over 200 compositions for the stage, including 30 operettas, farces, and incidental music. Nearly all these works have slipped into oblivion, but some of their sparkling overtures have survived and remain popular as light music, especially "Morning, Noon and Night in Vienna" (1844), "Poet and Peasant" (1846), and "Light Cavalry" (1866). In the United States, Suppe's music is probably best known for its frequent appearance on the soundtracks of old Hollywood movies and cartoons. Suppe was born in Split, Dalmatia, of Italian and Belgian descent. His real name was Francesco Ezechiele Ermenegildo Suppe-Demelli. He spent most of his life in Vienna and was Kapellmeister of the prestigious Theatre an der Wien from 1845 to 1862. Suppe was also a noted vocalist and sang bass roles in some of his early operettas.

Bio by: Bobb Edwards

Suppé, Franz von

Suppé [zupe:'], Franz von, austrijski skladatelj belgijskoga podrijetla (Split, 18. IV. 1819 – Beč, 21. V. 1895). Nakon osnovne opće i glazbene naobrazbe u Splitu roditelji su ga poslali na studij prava u Padovu, gdje je imao prilike čuti suvremeni operni repertoar i skladati. Od 1835. nastanio se u Beču i potpuno posvetio glazbi. Kao treći kapelnik kazališta u predgrađu Josefstadt isprva je skladao glazbene lakrdije (gotovo 20), a zatim se razvio u prvoga bečkog skladatelja opereta (prva opereta: Pansion – Das Pensionat, 1860), vješto prilagodivši popularnu Offenbachovu operetnu tradiciju bečkim zahtjevima. Među dvadesetak opereta najpoznatije su mu Deset djevojaka, a ni za jednu muža (Zehn Mädchen und kein Mann, 1862), Lijepa Galatea (Die schöne Galathée, 1865) i Boccaccio (1879), u kojima dolazi do izražaja elegancija, živahnost i vješta orkestracija. Pojedine uvertire i arije često su se i samostalno izvodile, osobito pjesma O, ti moja Austrijo (O du mein Österreich, 1849). Popularnost njegovih opereta proširila se i izvan Beča. Već 1860-ih nekoliko njegovih opereta bilo je postavljeno u Zagrebu i Osijeku. Suppé je skladao i nekoliko manje popularnih opera te crkvenu glazbu (Rekvijem, mise i dr.), zborske i orkestralne skladbe, među kojima je i jedna uvertira temeljena na dalmatinskim narodnim napjevima.

Suppé, Franz von, austrijski skladatelj (Split, 18. IV. 1819 – Beč, 21. V. 1895). Potomak obitelji belgijskoga podrijetla doseljene u Split u drugoj polovini XVIII. stoljeća. Za studija medicine u Padovi neko vrijeme učio glazbu kod G. Donizettija, a studij završio u Beču. Kazališni kapelnik u Beču i Bratislavi. Jedan od glavnih predstavnika bečke operete u XIX. stoljeću. Skladbe: operete Lijepa Galatea; Boccaccio; Parižanka i dr., opera Povratak mornara, jedna simfonija, gudački kvartet, misa, rekvijem, popijevke.

From: https://www.geschichtewiki.wien.gv.at/Franz_von_Supp%C3%A9

Suppè Franz de Paola von (eigentlich Francesco Ezechiele Ermenegildo Suppè Demelli), * 18. April 1819 Split, Dalmatien (Kroatien), † 21. Mai 1895 Wien 1, Opernring 23 (Gedenktafel, enthüllt 1924; Zentralfriedhof, Ehrengrab, Grab 32A, Nummer 31 [Stadtrats-Beschluss vom 30. Dezember 1896]; Grabdenkmal von Richard Tautenhayn), Komponist, Kapellmeister, Neffe des Opernkomponisten Gaetano Donizetti. Suppès Großvater zog von Belgien nach Cremona; Ende des 18. Jahrhunderts übersiedelte die Familie nach Split (Eheschließung von Suppès Vater Pietro mit Katharina Landovsky 1817). Als Pietro Suppè nach Zadar versetzt wurde, erhielt Suppè hier Musikunterricht und komponierte bereits 1834 die erste Messe (Uraufführung in der Kirche San Francesco in Zadar). Ein an der Universität Padua begonnenes Jusstudium brach er nach dem Tod des Vaters ab und übersiedelte mit seiner Mutter 1835 nach Wien, wo er am Konservatorium unter Simon Sechter und Seyfried studierte und danach seine über vier Jahrzehnte dauernde Tätigkeit als Kapellmeister begann.

Ab den 1840er Jahren gehörte Suppé zu den gefragtesten Kapellmeistern und Komponisten der Wiener Vorstadtbühnen. 1840-1845 war er unter Direktor Alois Pokorny am Theater in der Josefstadt tätig und wechselte dann mit diesem ans Theater an der Wien, an dem er 1845-1862 als „Chef-Komponist und -Dirigent" bis zu dessen Konkurs (1862) verblieb. 1862-1865 dirigierte Suppè am Treumanntheater, das jedoch 1865 abbrannte. Daraufhin ging er ans Carltheater, an dem er bis 1882 unter Vertrag war. 1846 schrieb er die Ouvertüre zur Posse „Dichter und Bauer" von Carl Elmar (die Operette wurde 1936 nachträglich aufgrund einer Neubearbeitung des Stoffs geschrieben), 1848 das Stück „Der Bandit". Mit seinen Operetten „Paragraph drei" (Uraufführung 8. November 1858 Kärntnertortheater) und „Das Pensionat" (1860) begann der Siegeszug der Wiener Operette. 1862-1865 wohnte er 2, Obere Donaustraße 57, wo er unter anderem die Operetten „Zehn Mädchen und kein Mann" (Uraufführung 25. Oktober 1862 Kärntnertortheater), „Flotte Bursche" (1863) und „Die schöne Galathée" (1865) schrieb. Am Carltheater war er verpflichtet, zu Novitäten die Begleitmusik zu komponieren, auch Ouvertüren und Lieder zu Lokalpossen und Volksstücken; so wurde er unter anderem Schöpfer des Lieds „O du mein Österreich", das sich zu einer Art zweiter Staatshymne entwickelte. Zu Suppès Freunden zählte Nestroy, dessen Texte er vertonte. Er komponierte in dieser Zeit auch eine Reihe bekannter Operetten: Leichte Kavallerie (1866), Banditenstreiche (1867), Fatinitza (1876), Teufel auf Erden (1877), Boccaccio (1879; darin „Hab' ich nur deine Liebe") und Donna Juanita (1880); Fatinitza und Boccaccio gehören zu den Spitzenwerken der klassischen Operette. Vom Carltheater ging Suppè wieder ans Theater an der Wien zurück. Nun komponierte er unter anderem Die Afrikanerin (1883) und Die Jagd nach dem Glück (1888), 1892 den Chor „Die Waffen nieder" (Uraufführung anlässlich des Friedenskongresses). Suppè komponierte 31 Operetten, die Musik zu 180 Possen, eine Messe, ein Requiem und eine Symphonie, Streichquartette und Chorwerke.

In Gars am Kamp, wo Suppè einen Landsitz hatte, befinden sich ein Gedenkstein (an der Suppè-Promenade) und eine Gedenkstätte (im Rathaus). Suppégasse (sic!). Nachlass in der Wienbibliothek im Rathaus.

Literatur:

  • Walter Kleindel: Das große Buch der Österreicher. 4500 Personendarstellungen in Wort und Bild, Namen,
  • Daten, Fakten. Unter Mitarbeit von Hans Veigl. Wien: Kremayr & Scheriau 1987
  • Hugo Riemann: Riemann Musiklexikon. Mainz: Schott 1959-1961
  • Gerhard Renner: Die Nachlässe in der Wiener Stadt- und Landesbibliothek. Wien 1993
  • Otto Keller: Franz von Suppè. Berlin: Wöpke 1905
  • Erwin Rieger: Offenbach und seine Wiener Schule. Wien: Wiener Literarische Anstalt 1920 (Theater und Kultur, 4)
  • Marcel Prawy: Geschichte und Geschichten der Wiener Staatsoper. Wien [u.a.]: Molden 1969
  • Das Josefstädter Heimatmuseum. Wien: Neuer Wiener Pressedienst 2, S. 264, S. 278
  • Das Wiener Heimatbuch – Mariahilf. Hg. von der Arbeitsgemeinschaft des Mariahilfer Heimatmuseums. Wien: Austria Press 1963, S. 192, S. 214
  • Hietzing. Ein Heimatbuch für den 13. Wiener Gemeindebezirkes. Hg. von der Arbeitsgemeinschaft für Heimatkunde in Hietzing. Wien: Österr. Bundesverlag 1925, S. 389
  • Sylvia Mattl-Wurm [Red.]: Interieurs. Wiener Künstlerwohnungen 1830 - 1930. Wien: Eigenverlag 1990 (Sonderausstellung des Historischen Museums der Stadt Wien, 138), S. 172
  • Hans Markl: Kennst du alle berühmten Gedenkstätten Wiens? Wien [u.a.]: Pechan 1959 (Perlenreihe, 1008), S. 60, S. 116
  • Robert S. Budig / Gertrude Enderle-Burcel / Peter Enderle: Ehrengräber am Wiener Zentralfriedhof. Wien: Compress Verlag 1995
  • Hans Markl: Kennst du die berühmten letzten Ruhestätten auf den Wiener Friedhöfen? Band 1: Zentralfriedhof und Krematorium (Urnenhain). Wien: Pechan 1961, S. 93
  • Julius Krommer: Franz von Suppè . Diss. Univ. Wien. Wien 1941

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Franz von Suppé's Timeline

1819
April 18, 1819
Split, Općina Split, Split-Dalmatia County, Croatia
April 19, 1819
Split, Općina Split, Split-Dalmatia County, Croatia
1842
February 5, 1842
Age 22
Bratislava, Bratislava, Bratislavský kraj, Slovakia
1850
June 14, 1850
Age 31
Wien, Wien, Austria
1854
1854
Age 34
Vienna, Vienna, Austria
1895
May 21, 1895
Age 76
Vienna, Austria
May 23, 1895
Age 76
Vienna, Austria