Axel von Fersen, Sr.

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Field Marshal Fredrik Axel von Fersen, till Ljung

Swedish: Greve Fredrik Axel von Fersen, till Ljung, Finnish: Marsalkka Fredrik Axel von Fersen, till Ljung
Birthplace: Stockholm, Stockholm County, Uppland, Sweden
Death: April 24, 1794 (75)
Stockholm, Stockholm County, Uppland, Sweden
Place of Burial: Ljungs kyrka, Ljung, Linköping, Östergötland County, Sweden
Immediate Family:

Son of Lt. Gen. Hans Reinhold von Fersen, to Ljung and Eleonora Margretha Margareta Wachtmeister af Mälsåker
Husband of Countess Hedvig Catharina Charlotta De la Gardie
Father of Grevinna Hedvig Eleonora von Fersen; Axel von Fersen, Jr.; Sophia von Fersen and Count Fabian Reinhold von Fersen
Brother of H. Exc. Greve Carl Reinhold von Fersen; Anna Sofia von Fersen and Karl Reinhold von Fersen

Occupation: Fältmarskalk 1770, ledamot av Svenska Akademien, riksråd
Managed by: Private User
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About Axel von Fersen, Sr.

Count Fredrik Axel von Fersen (5 April 1719 - 24 April 1794 [1]) was a Swedish statesman and soldier.

A son of Lieutenant-General Hans Reinhold von Fersen, he entered the Swedish Life Guards in 1740, and from 1743 to 1748 was in the French service in the Royal-Suedois, where he rose to the rank of brigadier.

In the Seven Years' War Fersen distinguished himself during the operations round Usedom and Wollin in 1759, when he inflicted serious loss on the Prussians. But it is as a politician that he is best known. At the Riksdag of 1755-1756 he was elected lantmarskalk, or marshal of the diet, until the revolution of 1772, led the Hat party. In 1756 he defeated the projects of the court for increasing the royal power; but, after the disasters of the Seven Years' War, returned to court.

On the accession of the Caps to power in 1766, Fersen refused to employ the Guards to keep order in the capital when King Adolf Frederick of Sweden, driven to desperation by the demands of the Caps, abdicated, and a seven days’ interregnum ensued. At the ensuing riksdag of 1769, when the Hats returned to power, Fersen was again elected marshal of the diet; but he made no attempt to redeem his pledges to Crown Prince Gustavus (later Gustav III).

He obstructed the measures of Gustavus III, whom he treated with colossal insolence, for several years. He was arrested in 1789 and thereafter remained aloof from politics. His book Historiska Skrifter is mainly autobiographical, but its historical accounts are often biased.[2]

Fersen is best know today as the father of Axel von Fersen the Younger and Sophie von Fersen, two of his four children with his wife Hedvig Catharina De la Gardie.

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Axel von Fersen, Sr.'s Timeline

April 5, 1719
Stockholm, Stockholm County, Uppland, Sweden
July 2, 1753
Stockholm, Stockholm County, Sweden
September 4, 1755
Stockholm, Stockholm County, Uppland, Sweden
March 30, 1757
Stockholm, Stockholm County, Uppland, Sweden
October 7, 1762
Stockholm, Stockholm County, Sweden
April 24, 1794
Age 75
Stockholm, Stockholm County, Uppland, Sweden
Linköping, Östergötland County, Sweden