Gaon Shlomo Yehuda Tabak "Erech Shai"

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Rabbi Shlomo Yehuda Tabak

Hebrew: הרב שלמה יהודה טאבאק, [ערך ש''י]
Also Known As: "ערך ש''י", "שלמה לײב טאבאק"
Birthplace: Sighetu Marmației, Maramureș, Romania
Death: December 16, 1907 (70-79)
Sighetu Marmaţiei, Romanija
Place of Burial: Sighetu Marmatiei, Maramureș County, Romania
Immediate Family:

Son of Pesach Zvi Tabak and Chana Tabak
Husband of Tzivya Tabag; Szasze Tabak and Tzivya צילה Tabak
Father of Haim Tabak; Meir Dovid Tabag; Rivka Fish; Mordecai Tabak; Sholom Tabak and 10 others
Brother of Boruch Tabak; Tzipora Basch; Yehoshua Hoise Tabak; Efraim Tabak; Chaya-Beila Baila Tabak and 5 others

Occupation: Chief Judge of Sighet Rabbinical Court, ãééï, Rabbi, ראב"ד
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Gaon Shlomo Yehuda Tabak "Erech Shai"

Short biography:

Renowned Torah genius Rabbi Shlomo Yehuda Tabak Rosh Av Beit Din of Sighet, author of “Erech Shai” and “Teshurat Shai” (1832-1908). Source

Chief Judge of Sighet Rabbinical Court (Av Beit Din). Better known as the "Erech Shai".

See all information here:


  • 1830 (marriage certificate to second wife Szasze Shapiro)
  • 1832 (contemporary obituary)


  • Shlomo Yehuda (Hebrew name, per tombstone and books printed by him)
  • Shlomo Leib (Yiddish name, per books printed about him and in Imre Binah with his signature-one yud)


Author of several legal works on Shulchan Aruch, interpretation of Tanach, sha'alos and teshuvos:

A listing of the names of people who preordered his books includes some of his family members names with notes as to their relations. See


The most fruitful author in Sziget was the judge, and later head of the rabbinical court, Rabbi Shlomo Leib the son of Reb Pesach Tzvi Tabak. He father was a simple, God fearing Jew. He was born in the year 5692 (1832). He left the city at a young age to go to a place of Torah. He studied with the Yitav Leiv in Gorlice, Rabbi Avraham Yehuda HaKohen Schwartz the author of Kol Aryeh. He studied in the Yeshiva of Rabbi Yehuda Modron when he returned to Sziget. His first wife was the daughter of Reb Mordechai Yisrael the wealthy man of Kriva, who was known as Moti Kriver. She died on 29 Kislev, 5635 (1875). His second wife was the daughter of the aforementioned judge Rabbi Tzvi Aryehh. In the year 5618 (1858), when his rabbi the Yitav Leiv came to Sziget, he appointed him as a rabbinical judge. He was one of the geonim [great scholars] of the country, and authored books on a variety of topics. His renown extended beyond the country. The Gaon of Chrozan wrote in his approbation “I already have heard the depth of his greatness, diligence and fear of Heaven”. In the book Erech Shai on Choshen Mishpat, he wrote in his approbation, “In our generation, we have seen very few such wonderful compositions as this… and not many are as intelligent as he”. Reb Shlomo Leib Tabak died on 11 Tevet 5668 (1908). His Responsa books are in the brief style of the earlier rabbis, and they serve as a firm foundation for rabbinic decisions on monetary matters in particular.

Some of his books published during his life:

Erech Shai on Choshen Mishpat, Sziget 5652 (1892). [1] 165 [8] pages.

Erech Shai on Yoreh Deah, Sziget 5657 (1897). [2] 109 [1] pages.

The Responsa book Temurat Shai on the four sections of the Code of Jewish Law, Sziget 5665, 2, 224 pages.

[Page 12]

The names of the questioners were omitted, and the dates that the responses were written are removed.

All of his books that were published in his lifetime state in their prefaces: “Published through efforts of my dear son, the scholar and renowned wealthy man Shalom, may he live, who lives in Slasovia.

The following were published after his death:

Erech Shai on Orach Chaim, Sziget 5669 (1909). [2] 162 pages.

Erech Shai on Even Haezer Volumes 1 and 2. Sziget 5669. 179; 108 pages.

Erech Shai on Chidushim (new interpretations) of the Talmud. Sziget 5670 (1910). 108 pages.

The Responsa Teshurat Shai second edition, on the four sections of the Code of Jewish Law. Sziget 5670. 102 pages.

Erech Shai on the Torah. Volume 1. Bereshit and Shemot. Sziget 5672. 122 pages. Volume 2 on Vayikra, Bamidbar, Devarim. Seini, 5688 (1928). [2], 167 [2] pages.

Erech Shai on the Prophets, Ketuvim (Hagiographa) and the Five Scrolls (Megillot). Seini 5692 (1932). [2], 69, [1] pages.

All the books of Rabbi Sh. Y. Tabak were published again in photocopy.

Four of his responsa were published in the Responsa of Tiferet Adam, first edition. Sections 25, 71, 72, 75.

Lastly, his descendents published two volumes of Erech Shai, chidushim (new commentaries) on the Babylonian and Jerusalem Talmuds, a collection from his many books. Responsa Erech Shai on the four sections of the Code of Jewish Law, edited and compiled by his grandson Rabbi David the son of Matityahu Appel.

He studied in Ulyhely under Yismach Moshe Teitelboum, and Rav Yaacov Schwartz of Brekszász. He became the dayan of Sziget in 1858. He published his third book 1905 containing answers to 224 questions relating to Jewish problems. He was married at least twice, and survied his last wife. In otherwards was a widow himself, and according to my father, it was his grandmother (Efraim -the brothers– wife) who looked after him at his later years.


Dayan in Sighet MH:N81 MH:I1044


Mechaber Erech Shai.

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Gaon Shlomo Yehuda Tabak "Erech Shai"'s Timeline

Sighetu Marmației, Maramureș, Romania
Berekszasz, Europe, Одеська область, Ukraine
January 3, 1855
Berbesti, Romania
Age 24
Yaakov Swartz Yeshiva, Berekszász, סלובקיה
Age 24
Yaakov Swartz Yeshiva, Berekszász, סלובקיה
- 1907
Age 26
Sigeth, Maramaros, Romania
December 23, 1859
Sighetu Marmației, Maramureș, Romania
Maramures, Romania
סיגעט, Sighetu Marmatiei, MM, Romania