García I Íñiguez, rey de Pamplona

Is your surname Ennecones?

Research the Ennecones family

García I Íñiguez, rey de Pamplona's Geni Profile

Share your family tree and photos with the people you know and love

  • Build your family tree online
  • Share photos and videos
  • Smart Matching™ technology
  • Free!

Share

Related Projects

Garsea I Ennecones, rey de Pamplona

Also Known As: "Gartzia Eneko Iruñeko errege"
Birthdate: (72)
Death: Died in Lekunberri, Navarre, Spain
Cause of death: killed by Arabs
Place of Burial: Leire, Spain
Immediate Family:

Son of <private> Arista and <private> Velazquez
Husband of Urraca Fortúnez Sanchez de Gascogne and Leodegundis de Asturias, reina consorte de Pamplona
Partner of N.N.
Father of N.N.; Fortún Garcés el Monje, rey de Pamplona; Oneca García de Pamplona; Jimena Garcés de Pamplona, reina consorte de Asturias; Sancho Garcés, Infante de Pamplona and 1 other

Occupation: Rey de Pamplona, Rei de Pamplona, King of Pamplona, (sub- or co-)king of a part of Pamplona in the late 9th century. (The Basque ruling dynasty (Jiménez)., Príncipe de Navarra, Bisnieto del Duque Jimeno de Pamplona., Rey de Pamplona 852, Konge
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:
view all

Immediate Family

About García I Íñiguez, rey de Pamplona

https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Garc%C3%ADa_Ier_de_Navarre

http://genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00106656&tree=LEO

https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Garc%C3%ADa_%C3%8D%C3%B1iguez

García I Íñiguez, (c. 805 - † 870). Rey de Pamplona. Fue regente desde 842.

Hijo de Íñigo Arista, rey de Pamplona, García fue educado en Córdoba. Llevó la dirección de las campañas militares durante los últimos años de vida de su padre.

En mayo de 843 ayudó a Musa II en su insurrección contra el emir de Córdoba; el resultado fue el ataque de Abd al-Rahman II de Córdoba a las tierras de Pamplona, que terminó el mes siguiente con una rotunda victoria del emir sobre García Íñiguez y Musa.

En 859 fue apresado por una expedición normanda. Liberado tras pagar un rescate, Navarra abandonó las antiguas alianzas con los Banu Qasi y se acercó al reino de Asturias. García se alió con el rey asturiano Ordoño I y juntos obtuvieron un importante triunfo ante los musulmanes en la batalla de Abelda (859). Esta victoria cristiana motivó la quiebra del poder de los Banu Qasi y la consiguiente reacción cordobesa.

Su hijo Fortún Garcés fue hecho prisionero por los musulmanes en 860 y estuvo retenido en Córdoba más de 20 años. Entre los años 870 (muerte de García Iñiguez) y 880 (regreso de Fortún Garcés I), parece que gobernó como Regente en Pamplona García Jiménez, hijo de Jimena García (dinastía Jimena).

Durante su reinado se dieron los primeros pasos para favorecer el paso de peregrinos que acudían a Compostela, poniendo las primeras piedras del futuro "Camino de Santiago".

Casado en primeras nupcias en 858 con Oria (Leodegundis), hija de Musà ibn Musà Ibn Fortún. En segundas nupcias con Urraca Giménez, Condesa de Aragón (852-870).

Hijos:

Fortún Garcés I, Rey de Pamplona, casado con Oria (Aúrea). Sancho Garcés de Pamplona. Jimena de Pamplona, casada con Alfonso III "el Magno" (ANCESTRO). Oneca de Pamplona, casada con Aznar II Galíndez (ANCESTRO). Velasquita Garcés.


García Íñiguez of Pamplona From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia García Íñiguez, sometimes García I, II, or III (Arabic: قرسية بن ونقه البشكنشي‎, Garsiya ibn Wannaqo al Baškuniši) was king of Pamplona from 851/2 to his death in 882. He was educated in Córdoba, as a guest at the court of the Emir of Córdoba. He was the son of Íñigo Arista, the first king of their dynasty. When his father was stricken by paralysis in 842, he became regent of the kingdom (or perhaps co-regent with his uncle Fortún Íñiguez). He and his kinsman Mūsā ibn Mūsā ibn Fortún of the Banu Qasi rebelled against the Cordoban emir in 843. This rebellion was put down by Emir Abd-ar-Rahman II, who attacked the Kingdom of Pamplona, defeating García badly and killing Fortún. At his father's death in 851/2, he succeeded to the crown. Following the death of Íñigo Arista, the Banu Qasi leader Mūsā ibn Mūsā pursued a policy of closer allegiance with Muhammad I of Córdoba, leaving García to look to Christian Asturias for an ally. In 859, Mūsā ibn Mūsā allowed a contingent of Vikings to pass through his lands and attack Navarre, resulting in the capture García, who was forced to pay at least 70,000 gold dinars in ransom. Later the same year, Mūsā ibn Mūsā attacked the Pamplonese city of Albelda. García and his new friend Ordoño I of Asturias together dealt Mūsā a crushing blow, killing, it is said, 10,000 of his magnates in the Battle of Albelda. This, in turn, provoked a Muslim response and the next year, 860, saw García's son and heir Fortún captured and imprisoned by the Moors. He languished in Córdoba for the next 20 years. In 870, García formed an alliance with the Muslim rebel Amrūs ibn Amr ibn Amrūs, who had killed Garcia's nephew Mūsā ibn Galindo of Huesca, and the next year was apparently in a new alliance with the sons of Mūsā ibn Mūsā, now in rebellion against Córdoba. García I favoured the pilgrims who travelled to Santiago de Compostela, and attempted to guarantee peace for that traffic. García's death has been subject to scholarly dispute, a result of a paucity of records from the last years of his reign. The lack of subsequent mention of him after 870 led to the suggestion that he died in that year, and as his heir was in the hands of his enemies, it was argued that García Jiménez then governed the kingdom as regent. García's son, Fortún Garcés, is then made to succeed upon his released in 880. There is, however, no evidence for such a regency, and Sanchéz Albornoz has cited evidence that García was still living at the time of his son's return. Thus it is likely that Balparda was reporting accurate tradition when he suggested García and ally Umar ibn Hafsun, fought a battle at Aybar against the troops of Emir of Córdoba in 882, García dying there (although the age provided him, 84 years, is clearly exaggerated). The identity of García's wife or wives is poorly documented, and has been subject to much speculation. An undated confirmation of an earlier lost charter refers to King García and Queen Urraca Mayor, and this is thought by some to refer to García Íñiguez and an otherwise unknown wife. Based on her name alone, it has been suggested that she was of the Banu Qasi, but other historians have given her different parentage, or even a different king as husband. Likewise, royal princess Leodegundia Ordoñez of Asturias, daughter of Ordoño I of Asturias, is known to have married a ruler of Pamplona, and García Íñiguez is one of those speculated to have been this prince. García Íñiguez had following children: Fortún Garcés, the future king. Sancho Garcés, whose only known child, Aznar Sánchez, married a daughter of king Fortún Garcés and by her had queens Toda Aznárez, wife of king Sancho Garcés I, and Sancha Aznárez, wife of king Jimeno Garcés. Onneca Garcés, wife of Aznar Galíndez II. Velasquita Garcés, married to Mutarrīf ibn Mūsā ibn Qasi, Wali of Huesca, son of Mūsā ibn Mūsā. (perhaps) Jimena, wife of Alfonso III of León (assignment of her parentage based on political, chronological and onomastic arguments).


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Garc%C3%ADa_%C3%8D%C3%B1iguez_of_Pamplona
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Garc%C3%ADa_Jim%C3%A9nez_of_Pamplona

García Jiménez of Pamplona

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Jump to: navigation, search

García Jiménez or García II was (sub- or co-)king of a part of Pamplona in the late 9th century.

The Basque ruling dynasty (Jiménez) was apparently in control of a part of what would become the kingdom of Navarre distinct from that held by the descendants of Iñigo Arista. García presumably succeeded his father during the lifetime of García Íñiguez, and is listed by the Códice de Roda as being of "another part of the kingdom" of Pamplona.

By a popular reconstruction, when King García I supposedly died in 870 while his son and heir Fortún Garcés was imprisoned in Córdoba, García Jiménez is said to have become uncontested regent of the kingdom until he was killed at Aybar (882) in a battle against the Emir of Córdoba. However, there is evidence that García Íñiguez was still living at the time of his son's return in 880, and it may well have been that monarch who was killed in 882. In fact, there is no documentary evidence of García Jiménez playing any role in the government of the greater kingdom.

García Jiménez married firstly to Oneca, "Rebel of Sangüesa" with whom he had the following issue:

   * Íñigo, called 'king' in the Roda Codex, perhaps his father's successor.
   * Sancha, married as her first husband Íñigo Fortúnez, son of king Fortún of Pamplona, and remarried Galindo Aznárez II, Count of Aragon.

García Jiménez married secondly Dadildis de Pallars, sister of count Raymond I of Pallars and Ribagorza, with whom he had the following issue:

   * Sancho, later sole king of Pamplona.
   * Jimeno, king in succession to Sancho.

Preceded by

perhaps

Jimeno Co- or Sub-king in Pamplona Succeeded by

perhaps

Íñigo Garcés

[edit] References

   * Lacarra de Miguel, José María. "Textos navarros del Códice de Roda". Estudios de Edad Media de la Corona de Aragon. 1:194-283 (1945).
   * Pérez de Urbel, Justo. "Lo viejo y lo nuevo sobre el origin del Reino de Pamplona". Al-Andalus. 19:1-42 (1954).
   * Sánchez Albernoz, Claudio. "Problemas de la historia Navarra del siglo IX". Princípe de Viana, 20:5-62 (1959).

This page was last modified on 27 June 2010 at 03:28.


García Jiménez or García II was (sub- or co-)king of a part of Pamplona in the late 9th century.

The Basque ruling dynasty (Jiménez) was apparently in control of a part of what would become the kingdom of Navarre distinct from that held by the descendants of Iñigo Arista. García presumably succeeded his father during the lifetime of García Íñiguez, and is listed by the Códice de Roda as being of "another part of the kingdom" of Pamplona.

By a popular reconstruction, when King García I supposedly died in 870 while his son and heir Fortún Garcés was imprisoned in Córdoba, García Jiménez is said to have become uncontested regent of the kingdom until he was killed at Aybar (882) in a battle against the Emir of Córdoba. However, there is evidence that García Íñiguez was still living at the time of his son's return in 880, and it may well have been that monarch who was killed in 882. In fact, there is no documentary evidence of García Jiménez playing any role in the government of the greater kingdom.

García Jiménez married firstly to Oneca, "Rebel of Sangüesa" with whom he had the following issue:

   * Íñigo, called 'king' in the Roda Codex, perhaps his father's successor.
   * Sancha, married as her first husband Íñigo Fortúnez, son of king Fortún of Pamplona, and remarried Galindo Aznárez II, Count of Aragon.

García Jiménez married secondly Dadildis de Pallars, sister of count Raymond I of Pallars and Ribagorza, with whom he had the following issue:

   * Sancho, later sole king of Pamplona.
   * Jimeno, king in succession to Sancho.

http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Garc%C3%ADa_I_Gal%C3%ADndez

García I Galíndez «el Malo» (?-833), conde de Aragón (820- 833).

Hijo de Galindo Belascotenes, se casó con Matrona, hija de Aznar I Galíndez conde de Aragón. Mató a su cuñado Centulfo y repudió a Matrona para casarse con Nunila de Pamplona, hija de Iñigo Arista rey de Pamplona, con la que tuvo un hijo, Galindo Garcés. Según la tradición, la causa fue que Centulfo y su hermano Galindo I Aznárez le gastaron una broma encerrándolo en una casa la noche de San Juan.

Iñigo Arista le proporcionó un pequeño ejército con el que depuso a Aznar I Galíndez y tomó el gobierno del condado de Aragón (820).

El 824, apoyó a Iñigo contra una expedición franca en Navarra ordenada por Luis el Piadoso y comandada por los condes Elbe y Aznar. Con la ayuda de Musa ibn Fortún, de la familia de los Banu Qasi, los francos fueron derrotados.

Según algunas fuentes, en el 833 dejó el gobierno del condado a su hijo Galindo Garcés.


REI DE NAVARRA, Espanha
García Íñiguez, sometimes García I, II, or III (Arabic: قرسية بن ونّقه البشكنشي‎, Garsiya ibn Wannaqo al Baškuniši) was king of Pamplona from 851/2 to his death in 882. He was educated in Córdoba, as a guest at the court of the Emir of Córdoba. He was the son of Íñigo Arista, the first king of their dynasty. When his father was stricken by paralysis in 842, he became regent of the kingdom (or perhaps co-regent with his uncle Fortún Íñiguez). He and his kinsman Mūsā ibn Mūsā ibn Fortún of the Banu Qasi rebelled against the Cordoban emir in 843. This rebellion was put down by Emir Abd-ar-Rahman II, who attacked the Kingdom of Pamplona, defeating García badly and killing Fortún. At his father's death in 851/2, he succeeded to the crown.

The identity of García's wife or wives is poorly documented, and has been subject to much speculation. An undated confirmation of an earlier lost charter refers to King García and Queen Urraca Mayor, and this is thought by some to refer to García Íñiguez and an otherwise unknown wife. Based on her name alone, it has been suggested that she was of the Banu Qasi, but other historians have given her different parentage, or even a different king as husband. Likewise, royal princess Leodegundia Ordoñez of Asturias, daughter of Ordoño I of Asturias, is known to have married a ruler of Pamplona, and García Íñiguez is one of those speculated to have been this prince.

García Íñiguez had following children:

   * Fortún Garcés, the future king.
   * Sancho Garcés, whose only known child, Aznar Sánchez, married a daughter of king Fortún Garcés and by her had queens Toda Aznárez, wife of king Sancho Garcés I, and Sancha Aznárez, wife of king Jimeno Garcés.
   * Onneca Garcés, wife of Aznar Galíndez II.
   * Velasquita Garcés, married to Mutarrīf ibn Mūsā ibn Qasi, Wali of Huesca, son of Mūsā ibn Mūsā.
   * (perhaps) Jimena, wife of Alfonso III of León (assignment of her parentage based on political, chronological and onomastic arguments).

[edit] Sources

   * Barrau-Dihigo, Lucien. Les origines du royaume de Navarre d'apres une théorie récente. Revue Hispanique. 7: 141-222 (1900).
   * Cañada Juste, Alberto. "Los Banu Qasi (714-924)". Princípe de Viana 41:5-95 (1980).
   * Lacarra de Miguel, José María. "Textos navarros del Códice de Roda". Estudios de Edad Media de la Corona de Aragon. 1:194-283 (1945).
   * Lévi-Provençal, Évariste. "Du nouveau sur le Royaume de Pampelune au IXe Siècle". Bulletin Hispanique. 55:5-22 (1953).
   * Lévi-Provençal, Évariste and Emilio García Gómez. "Textos inéditos del Muqtabis de Ibn Hayyan sobre los orígines del Reino de Pamplona". Al-Andalus. 19:295-315 (1954).
   * Mello Vaz de São Payo, Luiz. "A Ascendência de D. Afonso Henriques". Raízes & Memórias 6:23-57 (1990).

  • Rey de Pamplona

Leo: Europäische Stammtafeln, J.A. Stargardt Verlag, Marburg, Schwennicke, Detlev (Ed.), Reference: II 53.


García I Íñiguez - (Siglo IX) Rey de Navarra (851-870). Después de independizarse de los carolingios, y a diferencia de los aragoneses, que se mantuvieron como condado, los navarros reflejaron su aspiración a una completa autonomía constituyéndose formalmente en un reino gobernando por un monarca. Se sabe poco del carácter de tal institución; los reyes ejercían obviamente como señores del país, intentaban frenar toda invasión extranjera y lo lograron en gran medida gracias a los vínculos de sangre que mantenían con la poderosa familia de los Banu Qasi del Ebro, con los que se hallan emparentados.

El primer rey de Pamplona fue Íñigo Arista, que reinó hasta su fallecimiento en el año 851. Le sucedió en el trono su hijo García I Íñiguez, bajo cuyo reinado la monarquía de Pamplona pasó por difíciles momentos al romperse el pacto con los Banu Qasi. El reino fue atacado entonces primero por los vikingos y luego por los cordobeses, que hicieron prisioneros, respectivamente, al mismo García Iñiguez (858) y a su hijo Fortún Garcés (860).

Junto a la familia reinante destacó en Navarra, desde mediados del siglo IX, la de los Jimeno, que tras el reinado del hijo de García Iñiguez, Fortún Garcés (870-905), se hizo con el poder en la persona de Sancho Garcés I (905-925). La fuerza moral adquirida por la nueva dinastía se prueba por la pervivencia de la misma, la cual conseguiría mantenerse bajo la dirección de una mujer, Toda, durante la minoría y el reinado de García Sánchez I (925-970).

http://www.biografiasyvidas.com/biografia/g/garcia_i_iniguez.htm


García I Íiguez (c.810-870), son of Íñigo Arista from about 842, was regent and led the military campaigns during the last years of the life of his father who fell ill around 841-842 and remained paralytic. It happened to its father in the throne of Pamplona in 851-852, [1] [2] besides that of Sobrarbe.

Garcia was educated in Córdoba. In May 843 he helped his uncle Musa ibn Musa in his insurrection against the emir of Cordoba. The result was the attack of Abd al-Rahman II of Cordova to the lands of Pamplona, ​​that finished the following month with a resounding victory of the emir on García Íñiguez and Musa.

In 859 he was captured by a Viking expedition. Released after paying a ransom of 70,000 gold, [1] [6] abandoned the old alliances with the Banu Qasi and approached the kingdom of Asturias. Garcia allied with the Asturian king Ordoño I and together they obtained an important triumph before the Muslims in the battle of Albelda in 859-860, that also was called the "battle of Monte Laturce" or the one of Clavijo. This Christian victory motivated the bankruptcy of the Banu Qasi's power and the consequent Cordovan reaction.

His son Fortun Garces was taken prisoner by the Muslims in 860 and was held in Cordoba, in a golden exile, more than 20 years. After the death of García Íñiguez in 870 until the return of his son Fortún Garcés of its captivity in Cordova in 882, it seems that governed like Jiménez governor in Jiménez, son of Jimeno García (dynasty Jimena).

During his reign the first steps were taken to favor the passage of pilgrims who came to Compostela, laying the first stones of the future "Camino de Santiago".

Marriage and descent

He was married to Urraca, who does not have any documentary data to know his lineage, although bearing in mind that he had a son named Fortún, a name that several members of the mulad llev dynasty took, he could be the daughter of Fortun Ibn Musa (died 874 ) And cousin sister of Muhammad ibn Lub, the grandfather of the Urraca, Queen Asturian. They were parents of:

Fortun Garcés, king of Pamplona, ​​married to Oria (Áurea), possibly daughter of Lopo Ibn Musa. Sancho Garcés of Pamplona, ​​father of Aznar Sánchez de Larraún, count of Aragon and Valasquita Sánchez, married with Mutarif Ibn Musa, wal of Huesca. Onneca of Pamplona, ​​married with Aznar II Galíndez. He could also be the father of Jimena Garcés, married to Alfonso III the Great, and several parents, including King Garcia I of Leon, who would bear the name of his paternal grandfather. Jimena, however, is not mentioned in the Codex de Roda as the daughter of King Garcia Iniguez.

<Hr>

III - GARCÍA I ÍÑIGUEZ.

Regent 842, King of Pamplona 852; Deceased 870. Married in 1ªnp with:

URRACA DE GASCUÑA, daughter of Count Sancho Sánchez de Gascony. Parents of:

1.- Fotún Garcés, follow the line.

4.- Sancho Garcés, Coregen of Pamplona with García Jiménez 870-82. Father of:

A.- Aznar Sánchez de Larraún, married his cousin-sister Oneca Durr, daughter of King Fortún Garcés. C / s.

5.- Belasquita, married Mutarif ibn Musa of Huesca.

Married in 2ªnp with:

N. DE GOHTIA. Parents of:

3.- Jimena, married in 869-70 with Alfonso III "the Magno", King of Asturias, Leon and Galicia. C / s.

In 3ªnp married with:

LEODEGUNDIA DE LEÓN, daughter of King Ordoño Iº de Asturias. Parents of:.

2 .- Oneca (Íñiga), married Aznar II Galindo, Count of Aragon. C / s.

Http://www.abcgenealogia.com/Navarra00.html

view all 14

García I Íñiguez, rey de Pamplona's Timeline