Gille Míchéil MacDuff Earl of Fife

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Gillemichel MacDuff, 3rd Earl of Fife

Also Known As: "Gille Michael", "Gille Micheil", "Gille Mathiel", "Gillemichael"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Scotland, United Kingdom
Death: before July 1136
Scotland, United Kingdom
Immediate Family:

Son of NN, father of Constantine 'Dufagan'
Husband of N.N.
Father of Hugh (Aed?), Lay Abbot of Abernethy; Duncan MacDuff; Ete ingen Gillemichael; Shaw "Mac-in-Toisich" MacDuff, 1st Chief and Eoghin Gillemicheal MacDuff, Abbot of Abernethy
Brother of Constantine, Earl of Fife

Occupation: 3rd Earl of Fife, 4th Earl of Fife, Fourth Earl of Fife, Earl of fife
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Gille Míchéil MacDuff Earl of Fife

1. GILLIEMATHIL [Gilliemichael] Macduff, son of --- (-before [1135]). Earl [of Fife]. "…Gillemichel Mac duf…" witnessed a charter dated to [1128] by which "David… Rex Scottorum" made grants to the church of Dunfermline[286]. "Gillemichel comite…" witnessed a charter dated to [1130] by which "David…Rex Scottorum" made grants to the monks of Dunfermline[287]. m ---. The name of Gilliemathil’s wife is not known. Gilliemathil & his wife had [three] children:

  • a) [DUNCAN (-1154). No primary source has been identified which confirms Duncan’s parentage but as, apparently, he was the successor of Earl Gilliemathil it is likely that he was his son. Earl of Fife. "…Dunecano comite…" witnessed a charter dated to [1135] by which "David Rex Scottorum" granted Swinton to "Arnulfo…mee militi"[288]. David I King of Scotland granted protection to the clerics of Deer by undated charter, witnessed by "Donchado comite de Fib et Malmori d’Athotla et Ggillebrite comite d’Engus et Ghgillcomded Mac Aed…"[289]. He may have been Regent of Scotland in 1153 during the minority of King Malcolm IV[290]. m ---. The name of Duncan’s wife is not known. Duncan & his wife had [three] children:

i) DUNCAN Macduff (-[Aug/Dec] 1203). He succeeded his father in 1154 as Earl of Fife. "Duncano comite de Fyfe…" subscribed the undated charter under which "Comes David frater regis Scottorum" founded Lindores Abbey[291]. - see below. ii) ADAM ). "William Masculus de Foules" donated "capellam de Foules" to the church of St Andrew’s by undated charter witnessed by "Comite Duncano, Adam fratre comitis…"[292]. "Dunecanus comes de Fif" donated "ecclesiam de Cupre" to St Andrew’s priory by undated charter witnessed by "Hela comitissa, Adam fratre comitis…"[293]. "Dunecanus comes de Fif" donated "ecclesiam de Marchinch" to St Andrew’s priory by undated charter witnessed by "Hela comitissa…Adam clerico fratre comitis…"[294]. "Malcolmus filius Dunecani comitis de Fif" confirmed the donations of "ecclesiam de Cupre…Marking…Sconin, capellam de Katel" made to St Andrew’s priory by "Dunecanus comes pater meus", by undated charter but presumably dated to soon after his father’s death, witnessed by "…Adam fratre comitis…"[295]. "Nesius filius Willelmi" donated "ecclesiam de Lochres" to St Andrew’s priory by undated charter witnessed by "Dunecano comite de Fif…Adam filio Dunec et Horabili sponsa sua…"[296]. The date of his death is not known. m as her [third] husband, ORABILIS, separated wife firstly of ROBERT de Quincy, widow [secondly] of [MORGUND] Earl of Mar, daughter of NES of Mar and his wife --- (-before 30 Jun 1203). "Nesius filius Willi et Orabile filia sua heres" donated "ecclesiam de Losresc" to St Andrew’s priory by undated charter[297]. Her first marriage is confirmed by the undated charter under which her son "Seherus de Quency comes Wintonie" donated "totam terram de Duglyn", held by "Nesus filius Willelmi avus meus" to Cambuskenneth priory[298]. Her second marriage is indicated by the undated charter under which "Orabilis comitissa de Mar filia Nesii filii Willi" confirmed the donation of "ecclesiam de Lochres" made by "pater meus Nesius filius Willi" to St Andrew’s priory, witnessed by "Duncano comite de Fif…"[299]. The question of the precise identity of Orabilis’s second husband is discussed below. Her third marriage is indicated by the undated charter under which "Nesius filius Willelmi" donated "ecclesiam de Lochres" to St Andrew’s priory witnessed by "Dunecano comite de Fif…Adam filio Dunec et Horabili sponsa sua…"[300]. There seems little doubt that the witness was Orabilis, daughter of the donor, and her third husband, as the name is so unusual. "Orabilis filia et heres Dñi Nesii" donated property to St Andrew’s priory by undated charter witnessed by "…Patricio filio Nesii, Dunc filio Elin…"[301]. "Orabilis filia et heres Dñi Nesii" donated "Davach ictar Hathyn" to St Andrew’s priory by undated charter witnessed by "…G. com de Mar…Patricio filio Nesii, Duncan filio Emelin…"[302]. Pope Innocent III confirmed the possessions of Inchaffray Abbey, including the donation of land "in territorio de Gasgt" by "quondam Orable matris Seer de Quinci", by bull dated 30 Jun 1203[303]. Orabilis presumably died before her first husband, given the undated charter under which her son "Seerus de Quinci" confirmed the donation of "Davac Icthar Hathyn" made by "matris mea" to St Andrew’s priory which was witnessed by "…Roberto de Quincy patre meo…"[304]. iii) [AFREKA . Orkneyinga Saga records that Earl Harald married “a woman called Afreka”[305]. Balfour Paul’s Scots Peerage states that she was the daughter of Duncan Earl of Fife but cites no primary source apart from the Orkneyinga Saga, as shown previously which does not state the parentage of Jarl Harald’s wife[306]. The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified. m (repudiated [1154/55]) as his first wife, HARALD Maddadsson Jarl of Orkney, son of MADDAD [of Scotland] Earl of Atholl & his second wife Margaret of Orkney (1134-1206).]

  • b) HUGH . His parentage is confirmed by the undated charter, probably dated to [1165/66], under which William King of Scotland confirmed the property of St Andrew’s priory, including a donation of "ecclesiam de Marchinche" by "militis…Egii filii Hugonis filii Gillemihel comitis de Fif"[307]. m ---. The name of Hugh’s wife is not known. Hugh & his wife had one child:

i) GILES . William King of Scotland confirmed the property of St Andrew’s priory, including a donation of "ecclesiam de Marchinche" by "militis…Egii filii Hugonis filii Gillemihel comitis de Fif", by undated charter probably dated to [1165/66][308].

  • c) ETE Macduff (-after 1132). Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the Book of Deer which records the donation made by "Gartnait son of Cainnech and Ete daughter of Gille Michel" for "the consecration of a Church of Christ and Peter"[309]. m GARTNACH Mormaer of Buchan, son of CAINNEACH [Kenneth] & his wife (-after 1132).

http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/SCOTTISH%20NOBILITY.htm#_Toc359671981

Gille Míchéil, Earl of Fife

Probably a younger brother, or perhaps son, of Constantine of Fife.

Mormaer Gille Míchéil, (d bef Jul 1136) is the second man we know for certain to have been Mormaer of Fife from 1130 to 1133, although it is unlikely he actually was the second. He had at least one son, called Aed (=Hugo). Aed would have succeeded Donnchad I under a Celtic system, but as feudal rules of primogeniture came into force during the reign of Donnchad I, it was Donnchad's son, and not Gille Míchéil's, who became the next mormaer. Aed, though, probably succeeded to the leadership of Clann Duib, at least during Donnchad I's minority, and certainly became lay abbot of the monastery of Abernethy, an office which his own son, Orm, later inherited. [The above is based on the assumption that Donnchad (Donald) was Constantine's son. It is at least as likely that he was Gillemicheil's oldest son, and that Aed, as a younger son, had to content himself with the leadership of the clan. -Maven]

Per the marginalia in the Book of Deer, he also had a daughtter, Ete, who married Gartnait, Earl of Buchan.

"III. Gartnait son of Cainnech and Ete daughter of Gille-Michéil gave Pett Meic-Gobraig for the consecration of a church of Christ and of Peter the apostle, and to Columba and Drostán, free of all imposts, with a bond for it to Cormac bishop of Dunkeld, the eighth year of the reign of David. These being the witnesses: Nechtan bishop of Aberdeen, and Léot abbot of Brechin, and Mal-Domnaig(?) son of Mac-Bethad, and Aluine son of Aircill, and Ruaidrí mormaer of Mar, and Mataidín the judge, and Gille-Críst son of Cormac, and Mal-Petair son of Domnall, and Domangart lector of Turriff, and Gille-Coluim son of Muiredach, and Duibne son of Mal-Coluim."

Bibliography

  • Bannerman, John, "MacDuff of Fife," in A. Grant & K.Stringer (eds.) Medieval Scotland: Crown, Lordship and Community, Essays Presented to G.W.S. Barrow, (Edinburgh, 1993), pp. 20–38

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gille_M%C3%ADch%C3%A9il,_Earl_of_Fife


Mac Duff Family Origin

: The Clan Duff claims descent from the original Royal Scoto-Pictish line of which Queen Gruoch of Scotland, wife of Macbeth, King of Scotland was the senior representative.[1] After the death of MacBeth (Medieval Gaelic: Mac Bethad mac Findlaích), Malcolm III of Scotland seized the Crown and his son, Aedh, married the daughter of Queen Gruoch.[1] Aedh was created Earl of Fife and abbot of Abernethy.[1] The early chiefs of Clan MacDuff were the Earls of Fife. Sir Iain Moncreiffe wrote that the Clan MacDuff was the premier clan among the Scottish Gaels.[2] Today, the Earls of Wemyss are thought to be the descendants in the male line of Gille Míchéil, Earl of Fife, thought to be one of the first Clan MacDuff chiefs.[2] Gille-michael MacDuff was one of the witnesses to the great charter of David I of Scotland to Dunfermline Abbey.[1]

1. Way, George and Squire, Romily. (1994). Collins Scottish Clan & Family Encyclopedia. (Foreword by The Rt Hon. The Earl of Elgin KT, Convenor, The Standing Council of Scottish Chiefs). pp. 419 - 420.

2. Moncreiffe of that Ilk, Sir Ian. The Highland Clans. New York City: Clarkson N. Potter, Inc., 1982. Moncreiffe of that Ilk, p.135-136.

See Also: The Peerage: [http://www.thepeerage.com/p57107.htm#i571067]

The Gaelic word "dubh" meaning "black" is the origin of the name Duff which thus goes back further than recorded history. There was a king of Alba named Duff in the 10th century.

Gille Míchéil, Mormaer (Earl) of Fife

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gille_M%C3%ADch%C3%A9il,_Earl_of_Fife

Mormaer Gille Míchéil, (d bef Jul 1136) is the second man we know for certain to have been Mormaer of Fife from 1130 to 1133, although it is unlikely he actually was the second. He had at least one son, called Aed (=Hugo). Aed would have succeeded Donnchad I under a Celtic system, but as feudal rules of primogeniture came into force during the reign of Donnchad I, it was Donnchad's son, and not Gille Míchéil's, who became the next mormaer. Aed, though, probably succeeded to the leadership of Clann Duib, at least during Donnchad I's minority, and certainly became lay abbot of the monastery of Abernethy, an office which his own son, Orm, later inherited.

Bibliography

Bannerman, John, "MacDuff of Fife," in A. Grant & K.Stringer (eds.) Medieval Scotland: Crown, Lordship and Community, Essays Presented to G.W.S. Barrow, (Edinburgh, 1993), pp. 20–38


Note: Gillemichael succeeded Consantine as Earl of Fife. On that basis alone Gillemichael is presumed to be the son of Constantine, but their actually blood relationship, if any at all, is unknown.


Gillemathil, Earl of Fife, was also called Gille Míchéil, Mormaer of Fife.

See "My Lines"

( http://homepages.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~cousin/html/p228.htm#i26272 )

from Compiler: R. B. Stewart, Evans, GA

( http://homepages.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~cousin/html/index.htm )


4th Earl of Fife.
http://www.wikitree.com/wiki/MacDuff-27

Gillemichel MacDuff aka 3rd Earl of Fife Born 1098 in Methil, Fifeshire, Scotlandmap Son of Heth MacCrinan (Dunkeld) Earl of Fife and Tul (Alpin) of Moray Brother of Unknown (Moray) MacEth, Ethelred mac Máel Coluim, Lay Abbott of Dunkeld, Angus Athelred, Causantin Duffagan of Fife Angus, Edelrad Duff Of Fife, Duff McEth (Moray) of Moray, Óengus mac inghine Lulaich, Gruaide Athelred, Unknown Maceth and Angus MacHeth Husband of Unknown (Unknown) MacDuff — married about 1118 in Scotlandmap Father of Shaw Mac-an-Toiseach MacDuff Died about Jul 1136 in Methil, Fifeshire, Scotlandmap Profile managers: European Aristocrats Project WikiTree private message [send private message] and Valerie Greer private message [send private message] MacDuff-27 created 7 Nov 2013 | Last modified 3 Feb 2016 This page has been accessed 611 times.

Contents

[hide] 1 Biography of Gillemichel MacDuff 2 Sources 2.1 Footnotes 2.2 Acknowledgments Biography of Gillemichel MacDuff

Birth: ABT 1098 in Methil, Fifeshire, Scotland Death: BEF Jul 1136 in Methil, Fifeshire, Scotland 1 2 Father: Duff MacEth 2nd Earl of Fife b: ABT 1078 in Methil, Fifeshire, Scotland Marriage 1 Spouse Unknown Children

Duncan MacDuff 4th Earl of Fife b: ABT 1118 in Methil, Fifeshire, Scotland Hugh MacDuff b: ABT 1120 in Methil, Fifeshire, Scotland Hugh Eoghin Abbot of Abernethy b: ABT 1125 in Abernethy, Fifeshire, Scotland Shaw Mac-an-Toiseach MacDuff 1st Chief Mackintosh b: ABT 1127 in Methil, Fifeshire, Scotland Sources

http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=aet-t&id=I53913 Earle of Fife bio http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Earl_of_Fife http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clan-MacDuff

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Gille Míchéil MacDuff Earl of Fife's Timeline

1078
1078
Scotland, United Kingdom
1125
1125
Age 47
Scotland
1129
1129
Age 51
Abernethy, Fifeshire, Scotland
1129
Age 51
Abernethy, Perth and Kinross, Scotland, United Kingdom
1136
July 1136
Age 58
Scotland, United Kingdom
1139
1139
Age 58
????