Guðrøðr Ragnvaldsson/Gofraid, King of Lochlann

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Guðrøðr Ragnvaldsson, Konge av Vestfold

Also Known As: "Godfrey", "Gothfraid"
Birthplace: Norway
Death: Ireland (sudden and horrible fit)
Immediate Family:

Husband of N.N.
Father of Amlaíb / Óláfr Gudrødsson, King of Dublin; Halfdan Iv Ivarsson; Ivarr Gudrodson, king of Dublin and Auisle Gudrodson

Occupation: Konge av Vestfold
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Guðrøðr Ragnvaldsson/Gofraid, King of Lochlann

The demise of Gofraid, King of Lochlann and father of Amlaíb and Imhar (or Ímar) and Auisle is recorded in the Fragmentary Annals of Ireland in 873:

Ég righ Lochlainne .i. Gothfraid do tedmaimm grána opond. Sic quod placuit Deo. (The death of the king of Lochlainn i.e. Gothfraid of a sudden and horrible fit. So it pleased God.) (page 36-37)

Some historians believe that this passage is actually a record of Ímar's death in 873 rather than his father's death.- Alex Moes

The Fragmentary Annals of Ireland record that in 849:

the sixth year of the reign of Máel Sechlainn, Amlaib Conung, son of the king of Lochlann, came to Ireland, and he brought with him a proclamation of many tributes and taxes from his father, and he departed suddenly. Then his younger brother Imar came after him to levy the same tribute.

This source is then clear that Amlaib is the son of Gofraid, who is the king of Lochlann, although the location of "Lochlann" is the subject of some dispute. This word is often translated as "Norway" although Ó Corráin (1998) argues that Lochlann "is Viking Scotland and probably includes Man" at this time and suggests an early date for an organised Kingdom of the Isles.

The arrival of the so-called "Dark Foreigners" in Ireland is first recorded in Irish annals in 849 when the Fragmentary Annals of Ireland state euphemistically that "Amlaib [Olaf] Conung, son of the king of Norway, came to Ireland…with a proclamation of many tributes and taxes from his father, and he departed suddenly"[1122]. Clare Downham discusses the various theories of the meaning of the terms "Dark Foreigners" and "Fair Foreigners" used in early primary sources to describe the Viking raiders[1123]. The identity of the "king of Norway" in question is uncertain. A later passage in the Fragmentary Annals of Ireland names him "Gofraid/Gothfraid, son of Ragnall, son of Gothfraid Conung, son of Gofraid"[1124], and the same source records the death in 873 of "the Norwegian king, i.e. Gothfraid…of a sudden hideous disease"[1125]. "Gofraid/Gothfraid" cannot be linked to any of the main contemporary Norwegian rulers who are shown in the document NORWAY KINGS, although it should be borne in mind that the government of Norway was fragmented at the time with numerous local rulers in different parts of the country who probably all referred to themselves as kings.

Gudrødr of Lochlainn (Historical) was a historical person and dynastic ancestor to Amlaíb and Ímar of Dublin, but his genealogical ascent (i.e. F §401—Iomhar mc. Gothfraidh mc. Ragnaill mc. Gothfraidh Conung mc Gofraidh) is a construct without historical value.1 He was born circa 790. He was the son of Konung av Sverige Ragnarr Lodbrók Sigurdsson (Mythical).2



  • Amlaíb Conung mac rígh Lochlainne (Historical)+ b. c 820, d. 8751
  • Ímar mac rígh Lochlainne, rex Nordmannorum totius Hibernie & Brittanie+ b. c 822, d. 8731

Please see Darrell Wolcott: Hyfaidd ap Bleddri versus Sons of Rhodri Mawr; (Steven Ferry, May 5, 2021.)