Heinz-Frederic Jolles

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Heinz-Frederic Jolles

Also Known As: "Henry"
Birthplace: Berlin, Berlin, Germany
Death: July 16, 1965 (62)
São Paulo, São Paulo, State of São Paulo, Brazil
Immediate Family:

Son of Oscar Jolles, Dr and Gertrud/Gertrude Jolles
Husband of Elizabeth Henriette Jolles
Father of Oliver De Chalon Jolles
Brother of Sister Jolles

Occupation: German painist and composer
Managed by: Pam Karp - Volunteer Curator
Last Updated:

About Heinz-Frederic Jolles


Henry Jolles (28 November 1902 - 16 July 1965), born Heinz-Frederic Jolles, was a German pianist and composer. Uprooted from his native Germany by the rise of Nazism, he spent his last quarter-century in Brazil.

Henry Jolles was born in Berlin to Dr. Oscar Jolles and his wife Gertrude, née Sternberg. She, at least, was Jewish. The family evidently was prosperous; Oscar, who had received a degree of Doctor of Philosophy at Jena University in 1886, was president and majority owner of the large printing and publishing company H. Berthold AG and near the end of World War I the Kingdom of Württemberg would honor him with the Wilhelmkreuz, a recently created civilian decoration for merit in the war effort, for his management of that company’s metals business.

Henry Jolles at age six played for the celebrated virtuoso and composer Eugen d’Albert, who subsequently greatly influenced the boy’s musical development. After studying piano with Artur Schnabel and Edwin Fischer and composition with Paul Juon and, privately, with Kurt Weill, Jolles began to develop a successful performing career in the 1920s. His academic career also flourished, bringing appointment as professor at the Cologne Music Academy in 1928, at which point he moved from Berlin-Charlottenburg to Cologne.

The ascendancy of the Nazis brought an abrupt halt to this progress and several years of disruptions. In 1933, the regime directed Jolles's dismissal from his Academy position, and by 1934 Jolles had moved to Paris to escape persecution. There, he had some success in re-establishing his performing career and, in 1940 or 1941, married Elisabeth Henriette Sauty de Chalon, but with the fall of France in 1940, Jolles came back into danger from the German occupation. Luck was with him, however, as he received assistance from the American Varian Fry. Jolles thereby secured an entry permit into Brazil and was able to flee France aboard a freighter from Marseille in 1942. Once in Brazil, he settled in São Paulo and changed his name from “Heinz” to “Henry". His mother and sister died in the Auschwitz concentration camp in 1943.

Jolles and his wife would remain residents of Brazil for the rest of their lives. Their sole child, a son named Olivier De Chalon Jolles, was born there in 1945. In 1952, fellow expatriate Hans-Joachim Koellreutter invited Henry Jolles to accept a teaching position at the Escola Livre de Música in São Paulo. There his students included composer Henrique de Curitiba. Jolles died in São Paulo in 1965; his wife died there on 26 March 1968.

Jolles launched a successful career as a performer in the 1920s, earning a reputation as an accomplished performer of both classical and contemporary literature. Of particular note, in 1928 he performed the complete piano works of Franz Schubert in a series of recitals at the University of Heidelberg. Upon fleeing Germany for France after 1933, Jolles met with some success in re-establishing his career, from 1935 to 1939 leading the concert society “La Sonata,” but the German invasion forced him to start yet again in Brazil. That disruption proved one too many; while he returned to touring in Europe in 1946 and in Germany in 1950, and around that time made long playing recordings for the American Haydn Society label he was unable to recapture his earlier success.

The war was also destructive to his work as a composer. The sole survivor of his compositions predating 1933 is a fragment of a work he wrote jointly with Weill for four pianos. Music written after he arrived in Brazil, of course, did not suffer a similar fate. Among those works are piano pieces, a ballet based on Carmen, a sonata for violin and piano, and the song "Ultimo poema de Stefan Zweig,";[5] the last is based on Stefan Zweig’s "Letzte Gedicht," which the poet wrote on the occasion of his 60th birthday in November 1941.



In re Holocaust Victim Assets Litigation Case No. CV96-4849 Certified Award to Claimant Hans Eppenberger, represented by Benedikt Eppenberger and to Claimant Olivier De Chalon Jolles in re Account of Heinz Jolles and Gertrud Jolles Claim Numbers: 223187/MBC,1

300699/MBC, 300717/MBC

Award Amount: 162,500.00 Swiss Francs

This Certified Award is based upon the claim of Hans Eppenberger (“Claimant Eppenberger”) to the account of Heinz Jolles (“Account Owner Heinz Jolles”) and the claim of Olivier De Chalon Jolles (“Claimant Jolles”) (together “the Claimants”) to the account of Heinz Jolles (“Account Owner Heinz Jolles”) and Gertrud Jolles (“Account Owner Gertrud Jolles”) (together the “Account Owners”) at the Basel branch of the [REDACTED] (the “Bank”).

All awards are published. Where a claimant has not requested confidentiality, as in this case, only the name of the bank has been redacted.

Information Provided by the Claimants

Claimant Jolles submitted a Claim Form identifying one of the Account Owners as his father, Heinz Jolles (Henry Jolles or Heinz-Frederic Jolles), who was born on 28 January 1902 in Berlin, and was married to Elisabeth Henriette Sauty de Chalon Jolles in 1941 in France. Claimant Jolles stated that his father, who was Jewish, was a classical pianist who resided at Bismarckstrasse 107 in Berlin-Charlottenburg from 1913 to 1929; at Rondorferstrasse 36 in Cologne from 1929 to 1933; at 40, Rue Boissonade in Paris XIV from 1934 to 1940; and, after his escape to Brazil by means of a cargo ship leaving from Marseille in 1942, at Rua Angatuba 202 in Sao Paulo from 1948 to 1965. Claimant Jolles further stated that his father lived in Berlin with his parents, Oscar and Gertrude Jolles,


Claimant Eppenberger submitted additional claims to the accounts of Adele Jolles and Stanislaus Jolles,

which are registered under the Claim Numbers 223186 and 223188. The CRT will treat the claims to these accounts in separate decisions.2/6

and probably also in Cologne with his mother, Gertrude. The Claimant added that his father died on 16 July 1965 in Sao Paulo, and that his mother died there on 26 March 1968.

Claimant Jolles also submitted a Claim Form identifying the other Account Owner as his paternal grandmother, Gertrude Jolles, née Sternberg, who was born on 28 May 1872 in Breslau, Germany, and was married to Dr. Oscar Jolles, who was the president and majority owner of a large printing and publishing company. Claimant Jolles stated that his grandmother, who was Jewish, resided with her husband and family at Bismarckstrasse 107, Berlin-Charlottenburg from 1913 to 1929, and after her husband’s death on 11 March 1929 in Berlin, probably also at Rondorferstrasse 36 in Cologne, from 1929 to 1933. Claimant Jolles further stated that his grandmother died in 1943 in a concentration camp, most likely in Auschwitz or Treblinka.

See link for full information on Claims Resolution Tribunal http://www.crt-ii.org/_awards/_apdfs/Jolles_Heinz_and_Gertrud.pdf

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Heinz-Frederic Jolles's Timeline

November 28, 1902
Berlin, Berlin, Germany
Age 42
July 16, 1965
Age 62
São Paulo, São Paulo, State of São Paulo, Brazil